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Videojuegos para educar en salud

Videojuegos para educar en salud | Prevención de VIH-Sida | Scoop.it

Fuente: Healthcare Informatics Magazine

Los videojuegos demuestran cada día su mayor potencial en la educación para la salud. Al hacer que el material educativo más atractivo y divertido, los juegos pueden ser valiosas herramientas de educación en salud. Por ejemplo, los juegos de simulación como SimCity permite a los estudiantes a ver el impacto de sus decisiones en un ecosistema cívica.

La semana pasada vi una gran charla por Nancy Hanrahan, PhD, RN, profesora asociada de enfermería en la Universidad de Pennsylvania, acerca de su experiencia trabajando con equipos multidisciplinarios de estudiantes para crear juegos y simulaciones.

 

Este año, la Escuela de Enfermería de Penn otorgó premios a los mejores juegos relacionados con la asistencia sanitaria. Los equipos de estudiantes, profesores y personal trabajaron juntos para construir nuevas herramientas y aplicaciones. Hay 15 equipos interdisciplinarios centrados en áreas como la retroalimentación de los consumidores a proveedores y juegos que se centran la atención del consumidor y conexiones a las redes sociales para promover estilos de vida saludables. Han creado juegos como Buster Trigger, un juego que enseña a los niños a controlar el asma con inhaladores y otros mecanismos. Se ganan puntos a medida que transcurre el tiempo sin encuentros de asma. Otro juego es ayudar a los jóvenes que viven con el VIH mejorar la adherencia a los programas de asistencia. Pero quizás el proyecto más interesante es una simulación SimCity-como para modelar el sistema de salud mental de la ciudad de Filadelfia. Ella trabajó con Barry Silverman, un profesor de ingeniería de Penn, para crear modelos basados en agentes para capturar la dinámica del sistema de salud mental. El objetivo es brindar apoyo a las decisiones de los administradores de salud pública que tienen pocas herramientas para comparar la efectividad de las intervenciones y gestionar la complejidad de los sistemas.Se pretende reducir  los costos con enfermedades mentales graves de la ciudad $ 850 millones al año, en parte debido a las altas tasas de readmisión hospitalaria de hasta un 30 por ciento. La simulación, llamada Simulación de Operaciones Urbanas de Salud Mental permite a los usuarios experimentar con diferentes políticas gubernamentales, las estructuras organizativas y los indicadores  para determinar diseños óptimos para reducir las tasas de reingreso. El objetivo es desarrollar una solución que reduzca las tasas de reingreso, aumente la salud general de la población de enfermos mentales graves y reduzca los costes. Basada en la teoría de juegos, la simulación utiliza inteligencia artificial para simular las interacciones de 100.000 diferentes "agentes" en el sistema y permite que los responsables políticos para poner a prueba hipótesis y considerar y elegir la opción más eficaz entre las intervenciones posibles.

 

Otro proyecto en el Hospital de la Universidad de Pennsylvania simulará enfoque del hospital a los pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva, con la esperanza de reducir las tasas de reingreso.

 

Otra simulación está basada en madres solteras sin recursos. Se denomina Ciudades Saludables y es una herramienta de educación para profesionales de la salud que necesitan saber que se siente al ser una madre de bajos ingresos y el tipo de decisiones que tienen que tomar. El juego plantea preguntas al jugador: ¿Trabajar más horas para ganar más dinero para la comida y la medicina, o dejar el trabajo temprano para conseguir a sus hijos a una cita médica. Cada decisión tiene ventajas y desventajas y poderosas implicaciones éticas.

 


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COM SALUD's curator insight, January 24, 2013 6:20 AM

Los videojuegos demuestran cada día su mayor potencial en la educación para la salud. Es lo que se llama gamificación y no sólo ayuda a los pacientes a tener más conciencia de su enfermedad y de que no deben abandonar el tratamiento, sino también para autoridades sanitarias y profesionales de la salud sobre cómo diseñar estrategias de prevención con sus pacientes. Cuando estos juegos están basados en multitud de datos reales (big data) son una herramienta de incalculable valor en la concienciación.

Marinela Daniela's curator insight, December 21, 2015 1:17 PM

#sceuned15

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The Spread of AIDS

The Spread of AIDS | Prevención de VIH-Sida | Scoop.it
A handful of AIDS cases were first recognized in the U.S. at the beginning of the 1980s. By 1990, there was a pandemic. In 1997, more than 3 million people became newly infected with HIV.

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Seth Dixon's curator insight, January 3, 2013 11:57 AM

The spread of AIDS/HIV since the 1980s has varied greatly over time and space.  The red lines represent Sub-Saharan countries and the dark blue line on this interactive is the regional average of Sub-Saharan African countries.  The regional trend was on the rise at the end of the 20th century, but is now on a slight decline (but still an major impact on the continent).  Countries such as Botswana and Zimbabwe have made some significant strides in limiting the spread of AIDS (Zimbabwe is the country that 'peaked' in 1997 and has had the steepest decline).


Tags: Africa, medical, development, infographic, diffusion.

Melissa Marie Falco-Dargitz's curator insight, November 23, 2014 12:36 PM

Lack of education, social stigma, and poverty all play into the role of the spread of HIV in the sub sahara African region. This is a stoppable disease, but only with understanding of how it is passed, and education on how to stop the spread. Condoms, monogamy, good hygiene around bodily fluids and education on intravenous drug use are the only ways to slow the progress of AIDS.

 

Martin Kemp's curator insight, December 17, 2015 3:07 PM

you always hear about the aids problem in africa but this graph really puts it into context and you can see how huge of a problem this is. obviously better doctors/education is needed in these places to halt this pandemic

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Four babies born with HIV ‘cured’, fuelling hopes of AIDS vaccine

Four babies born with HIV ‘cured’, fuelling hopes of AIDS vaccine | Prevención de VIH-Sida | Scoop.it
FOUR babies born with HIV were apparently cleared of the infection in a major breakthrough fuelling hopes of a cure for AIDS.

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Webgrrl's curator insight, July 1, 2014 1:39 PM

FOUR babies born with HIV were apparently cleared of the infection in a major breakthrough fuelling hopes of a cure for AIDS.
Details of the Canadian cases will be discussed at an AIDS conference in Melbourne this month.

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How was the AIDS epidemic reversed?

How was the AIDS epidemic reversed? | Prevención de VIH-Sida | Scoop.it

"The breakthrough came in 1996, when a new class of antiretroviral drug called protease inhibitors was launched. These were used in combination with two older drugs that worked in different ways. The combination meant that evolving resistance required the simultaneous appearance of several beneficial (from the virus’s point of view) mutations—which is improbable.  With a viable treatment available, political action became more realistic. AIDS had been a “political” disease from the beginning, because a lot of the early victims were middle-class gay Americans, a group already politically active. Activists were split between those who favoured treating people already infected and those who wanted to stop new infections. The latter were more concerned to preach the message of safe sex and make condoms widely available, so that people could practise what was preached. Gradually, however, activists on both sides realised that the drugs, by almost abolishing the virus from a sufferer’s body, also render him unlikely to pass it on. They are, in other words, a dual-use technology."


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Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 15, 2014 3:22 PM

As the article states, the AIDS virus was not known to the science community during the diseases' first years of emergance, but thanks to science, research was put on the forefront to stop AIDS. Unfortunately, the Disease is still incurable, but as the author says, some cases of the virus disappearing from the sufferers' body, it gives hope that a cure may be found someday. The AIDs virus will always be a hot topic and is referred to as the "Political" disease and must pose a threat to rich people in order for the pharmaceutical companies to develop cures.

Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, December 17, 2014 12:52 AM

This article discusses the recent treatments and their success in treating AIDs. For many years AIDs spread rapidly across Africa and even today it still spreads, luckily two things have begun to slow down it's advance. Both the increase in the use of contraception such as condoms which protect against AIDs as well as the production of antibiotics  made available to many at risk of AIDs. This shows that with decent government backing it is possible to stem outbreaks such as this.

Norka McAlister's curator insight, March 28, 2015 3:13 PM

In the late 1990s, it is estimated that 15 million of people had died because of AIDS in Africa. As all social classes were  affected by the virus, even political figures, many international organizations and private businesses were integrated into research treatment. However, the main obstacle in combating this disease is that there is not enough money to fund the necessary treatment for people in many African countries. Although, many organizations have embarked on campaigns regarding how to prevent this dreadful disease from spreading further and these efforts have proved successful in the past decade.

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El tratamiento de prevención contra el VIH, descubrimiento del año

El tratamiento de prevención contra el VIH, descubrimiento del año | Prevención de VIH-Sida | Scoop.it
Toda la información y actualidad de Salamanca en el primer periódico digital de la ciudad actualizado 24 horas en directo.

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Enfermería Basada en la Evidencia (EBE): Ejemplo de rigor en el estudio de las TIC en salud: la prevención del VIH a través de las TIC | Salud Publica

Enfermería Basada en la Evidencia (EBE): Ejemplo de rigor en el estudio de las TIC en salud: la prevención del VIH a través de las TIC | Salud Publica | Prevención de VIH-Sida | Scoop.it
Ejemplo de rigor en el estudio de las TIC en salud: la prevención del VIH a través de las TIC | @scoopit http://t.co/0h0FEdll...

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Los expertos alertan de la aparición del VIH en edades cada vez más jóvenes

Los expertos alertan de la aparición del VIH en edades cada vez más jóvenes | Prevención de VIH-Sida | Scoop.it
VIH Sida jóvenes Valencia. (EFE).- Profesionales sanitarios y pacientes se reunieron ayer en el hospital Sant Joan de Alicante, en la jornada El SIDA : 32
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30 years of HIV: the virus' co-discoverer says we're getting closer to ending AIDS

30 years of HIV: the virus' co-discoverer says we're getting closer to ending AIDS | Prevención de VIH-Sida | Scoop.it
Dr. Robert Gallo, who co-discovered the cause of AIDS three decades ago and helped pave the way to blood testing for HIV, says a cure is unlikely, despite advances in drug treatments that have dramatically reduced the deaths from infection

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Using Social Media for HIV/AIDS Work: A Golden Opportunity

Using Social Media for HIV/AIDS Work: A Golden Opportunity | Prevención de VIH-Sida | Scoop.it

We live in a social age, breathe the same air as savvy influentials across the country, and speak the language of many women across the world who desire to have their voices heard. Each day young women are actively engaged in their communities through discussions at neighborhood block clubs, student activities on campus, in-class, at church and other youth programs to create change for the future.

Here, the dynamic power that rests within each of these young women reveals the influence of content and how open dialogue about issues people care about, receives exposure.

 

Social media, which took flight nearly 50 years ago, is by far the most advanced and strategic method of communication in the 21st Century. We have the ability to connect with millions of influentials within seconds, and the capacity to spread a message for change instantly. According to the Pew Internet & American Life Project, 70 percent of African Americans, 72 percent of Hispanics and 65 percent of whites are social media users (Pew Internet & American Life Project).

Like many other mission-driven nonprofits, the Red Pump Project has garnered a significant trail of active listeners, thought leaders and consumers interested in education surrounding sexual and reproductive health, which is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. The Red Pump Project Social Media Sites Usage (As of January 27, 2014).

1

Facebook9, 806 likes

2

Twitter7, 251 followers

3

Instagram1,376 followers

4

Flickr957 photos shared

5

YouTube310 video views

6

Tumblr2,000+ for one post

 

Now, you may be thinking “Why Is this Important?” Here’s a few reasons I’ll leave you with: 

Technology, now and more than ever has taken a leading role in the lives of those young and old. Healthcare organizations, nonprofits and many other organizations can take flight with their mission to attract the audience they wish to communicate with. This is a golden opportunity we’ve all been waiting for.Nearly 72% of adults use social media in some way or another.Whether a discussion about prevention, education or female empowerment, social media has the potential to bring forth awareness and value to your mission.The Pew Internet & American Life Project found nearly 15% of users receive health information via social networking sites.Power lies within every message about HIV/AIDS, so continue tweeting, posting and uploading. The power will grow stronger and the message will propel.

Sources: Pew Internet & American Life Project, “Social Networking Sites,” Accessed August, 10, 2013; Pew Internet & American Life Project, “The Social Life of Health Information: Accessed August 23, 2013.

 


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Can male circumcision stem the AIDS epidemic in Africa? : Nature News & Comment

Can male circumcision stem the AIDS epidemic in Africa? : Nature News & Comment | Prevención de VIH-Sida | Scoop.it

As a preventive measure, voluntary male circumcision is gaining favor as a large-scale attack against HIV's spread.


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El tratamiento de prevención contra el VIH, descubrimiento del año

El tratamiento de prevención contra el VIH, descubrimiento del año | Prevención de VIH-Sida | Scoop.it
Toda la información y actualidad de Salamanca en el primer periódico digital de la ciudad actualizado 24 horas en directo.

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The Day I Found Out I Was HIV Positive. (I'm From Rusk, TX) - True Gay Stories

More LGBTQ Stories: http://www.imfromdriftwood.com Help reduce the stigma of HIV/AIDS: http://www.thestigmaproject.com 24-year-old AIDS/LifeCycle rider Chris...
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