History of The Bollywood Film Industry
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The Origins of Bollywood

The Origins of Bollywood | History of The Bollywood Film Industry | Scoop.it

Bollywood is the Indian version of Hollywood. The name originated from a wordplay on Hollywood, with the H being replaced with a B to represent the city of Bombay (now known as Mumbai), the center of the Indian Film Industry. It was in 1913 when the first film, Raja Harishchandra, was released. Though this movie was a silent film, it was the sole reason why this industry soared later on.

 

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From Silent to Sensation

From Silent to Sensation | History of The Bollywood Film Industry | Scoop.it

Soon after the first film was released, the film industry took a toll. Now, the focus was placed upon giving voice to actors. As technological advances occured, the hope for films with voice strengthened and in 1931, the first talking and singing sensation, Alam Ara, was released. Actors now had to ability to talk, shout, cry, laugh and sing on screen. As a result, new personalities, such as Debaki Bose, Chetan Anand, S S Vasan and Nitin Bose, emerged. From there, movies were inventd in different languages under the theme of religion and the film industry soared.

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The Golden Ages

The Golden Ages | History of The Bollywood Film Industry | Scoop.it

The Golden Ages started as a result of inspiration of India's independence from the 1940s to the 1960s. It was during this time that the film industry boomed and the movies produced during this period are still considered famous. The actors were one of the best. Guru Dutt, Dev Anand, Raj Kapoor and Dilip Kumar were and still are known as the legendary heros of the time. The most popular and remembered actresses of the time were Mala Sinha, Meena Kumari, Nargis, Nutan, Madhubala, and Waheeda Rehman. This was the age where the films gained a new meaning, a new theme: the social theme. These films dealt mostly with the urban working-class society and showed the realities of life in the cities.

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70s - 90s

70s - 90s | History of The Bollywood Film Industry | Scoop.it

These decades were the backbone to the modern industry. It was in these years that Masala Movies and Romantic Films were introduced. It was during this time that Bollywood embraced the western action and incorporated it into its films. During this time, Sholay (1975), Maine Pyar Kiya (1987), Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998) and many other films were released. 

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The Modern Era

The Modern Era | History of The Bollywood Film Industry | Scoop.it

Special effects, Dolby digital sound, screenplay and international appeal were only the basics of this era. This was the start of the stars of today, Aamir Khan, Salman Khan, ShahRukh Khan, Madhuri Dixit, Akshay Kumar and Juhi Chawla. This was the era where aesthetics were the prime focus. Through the ages, the Indian Cinema has reflected the culture, ethics, principles, and political beliefs of its people. It has portrayed the values of the Indian community and will continue to do so in the upcoming decades ahead.

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Dadasaheb Phalke

Dadasaheb Phalke | History of The Bollywood Film Industry | Scoop.it
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Dadasaheb Phalke is known as the Father of Indian Cinema. He has produced Raja Harishchandra (1913), Lanka Dahan (1917), Shri Krishna Janma (1918) and many more films in his time. Today, he is remembered through the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, which is considered as the prestigious award in the Indian Cinema.

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Amar Akbar Anthony

A movie that incorporates romance and masala (spice) in a unique twist. This movie is about three brothers who are seperated at birth and grow up into different religions. One brother is Christian, the other is Hindu, and the third is Muslim. The Hindu brother falls in love with a girl and this story takes a toll when the three brothers meet to help Amar gain the love of his life. 

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Chale Chalo ~Lagaan

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Lagaan is an inspirational movie created to demonstrate how Indian citizens fought against the British to gain control of their homeland during the fight for independence. Lagaan is translated as land tax. Lagaan is a story of one village's fight against the ruling British to remove the lagaan or land tax from their lands. It is a story that was once narrated decades ago but was lost somewhere in the pages of history and has now been found and retold as a legacy. 

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Om Shanti Om

"The powerful and intense final song from Om Shanti Om with my own English translation. Telling the story is the one and only King Khan! "

Farhan Charania's insight:

Om Shanti Om, a Vedic Mantra which contains a religious and philosophical meaning. It is a hymm that is said for peace. Peace for human beings, peace for living and nonliving beings, and peace for all that lives on this universe. This clip shows the extraordinary way in which religion is incorporated into films. It demonstrates the way in which reincarnation occurs and how hindus believe that though a soul is transferred into a different body, it retains the memories which it has gone through in its previous life. 

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Bollywood in Action

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Singham, meaning Lion, is a movie produced in 2011. It takes advantage of every technological advancement in the film industry. Just this clip exemplifies the unique way in which technology is used to its fullest in order to entertain the audience.

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