Japanese Animation
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What Is Anime?

What Is Anime? | Japanese Animation | Scoop.it
A quick introduction to Japanese animation, with many common questions answered.
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Anime is a type of animation, which origins come from Japan. It uses colorful images, strong characters, and stories to draw in the audience. Though some think anime and cartoons are the same, they actually aren't. For example, take Spongebob Squarepants and Soul Eater. What makes Soul Eater and Spongebob different is Soul Eater has a storyline. Soul Eater is about a group of teenagers that attend Death Weapon Meister Academy, who are striving become Meister or the ulitmate death weapon or scythe that will one day rid the world of choas. Each character brings a characteristic, trait or attribute to the show that allows the audience to connect with, which brings more to the storyline. On the other hand, Spongebob Squarepants is just a cartoon about nautical nonsense and aquatic sea animals doing human activities and living human lives. In addition, another dissimilarity between these two is that Soul Eater is not just geared towards children, but it also for teenagers and adults. Were as SpongeBob is more of a children show, but it also attracts adults because their children.

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Katsudo Shashin - First Japanese Animation? (1907)

An Anime from 1907, Wikipedia says it may be the first anime ever, and yes, the full film is only 4 seconds.
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According to Wikipedia, this may be the first Japanese animation, but that still remains a mystery. Katsudo Shashin is an animation, released in 1907. This short animation is shot on a fifety frame, which was drawn directly on to the celluloid strip. According to, The Animation Encyclopedia: A Guide to Japanese Animation, this animation depicts a boy writing "Kanji" on the board, turning around, taking off his hat, and saluting.

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Old School vs. New School: Tezuka's Astro Boy (1963) Part 1

In the year 2000 AD, the brilliant scientist Dr. Boynton, grief-stricken over the death of his son, Astor Boynton, III, in an automobile accident, decides to...
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When Astro Boy was first released in 1963 by,Osamu Tezuka. The colors where simple, black and white. In addition, though the characters are drawn one dimensionally. The features of the streets, cars, buildings, and homes are not fully detailed, and are also one dimensional. This is credited to technology not being as advanced as todays technology. Furthermore, the fluidity of  the characters are not as fluid as todays characters. For example, when Kachitori is speaking to the audience at his circus, his body remains in one position, but then through rythemic editing, his body shifts to the left and his hands transfer from down to up. Technology plays a huge role in how Japanese animation are created . So it only seems form-fitting that the Tenzuka's verison of Astro Boy has more of vintage look, than  Konaka verison of Astro Boy.

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Japanese animation (Influence) vs. American animation (Rip-off)

As I told before, please, this video is an analysis; and I tried to be Objective in all, If you are a zealot then just don't comment or rate, I'm asking ever...
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Kimba the White Lion was created by Osuma Tenzuka in the 1960s. Kimba the White Lion started as a manga in 1950. Later on it  became a television series and a feature film, but a new name, Jungle Emporer Leo: Feature Film. The series follows Kimba through his life as he tries to follow in the foot steps of his dead father by trying to get animals and humans to communicate to each other through a mutual understanding. On the other hand, The Lion King, which was directed by Roger Allers and Rob Minkoff, in 1994. The movie is about future king, Simba. Being blamed for the death of his own father and forced to go into exile, while leaving his own identity behind. He returns as an adult to find out the truth about the death of his father. These two animations are very similar in terms of scences. For example, Kimba running through the everglades and Simba running through a desert. Kimba and his father sitting on a rock talking, just like Simba and his father were on Pride Rock talking. The characters also have similar counterparts, for example, Kimba and Kitty, Simba and Nala, Mufasa and Sarabi are equivelant to Caesar and Snowene. But the difference between these two are the stories being told. Kimba the White Lion is looking for equality between animals and humans, while The Lion King portrays the quote, "Family will stab you in the back for anything".Japanese anime has influenced alot of American films and TV shows, and when comparing Kimba to The Lion King you can the various similarities. Whether Disney will admit it or not The Lion King is a Knock off verison of Kimba the White Lion.

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Pushing the horror envelope: Deadman Wonderland- Senji's right eye gets taken out

One of the nastiest things I've seen in Deadman Wonderland. Fuck the Uchiha way of taking someone's eye out. This is more gruesome.
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Japanese animations are known for being anything but ordinary. However, horror animes are pushed past their limitations. A prime of example of a horror anime being pushed past it's limitation is, Deadman Wonderland. Deadman Wonderland is about a boy, Ganta Igerashi, who is accused of murdering his entire class. He is sent to what is known as Deadman Wonderland. Deadman Wonderland on the inside is a prison, but from a spectators view it is a theme-park ran by prison wards. Each prisoner has a neck band on that will inject lethal poison into them within three days if they do not consume an antedote, which is in the form of candy. In addition, they must compete and win these gruesome challenges to obtain the antedote. However, some do not make out alive, or some do, but they wind up missing some part of their body. for instance, Senji competes in a challenge called carnival corpse. Carnival Corpse is a fight between opponents and the loser must spin the wheel to see what he or she loses. Senji lost the fight with Ganta, he spun the wheel and has his right eye ripped out. The creator spared no exspense with this scene or any of scene in Deadman Wonderland, which is exactly why the show is awesome, but cringe worthy because of scenes like Senji's.

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The History of Anime

The History of Anime | Japanese Animation | Scoop.it
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Japanese animation first started during WWII. The government forced the citizens to either do as the government says or pay the piper. According to Fredrick Schodts's book: Manga Manga: The world of Japanese Comics, if someone failed to comply to the government then punishment was used. For instance, prevention of detention, bans on writing, and social ostracisms. On the other hand, people who played by the rules were rewarded with rehab programs and community support. In 1940, organizations for cartoonists began to form such as, New Cartoonists Association (Shin Nippon Mangaka Kyokai) and The New Cartoonists Faction Group (Shin Mangaha Shudan). People who were not banned from working or in the army, created comics strips the depicted propaganda that was used against opposing nations.

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Anime Culture

Anime Culture | Japanese Animation | Scoop.it
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There are alot of differences between Japanese and American anime in terms of culture. For example, insecurities. In Japanese anime you will see a character trying to better himself such as, training. For example, in bleach episode 123, Ichigo Karosaki is seen trying to harness his inner hollow. On the other hand, Superman, a very popular superhero is never seen trying to better himself, whether it is ttraining or pyschologically. I think the culture Japanese anime is shaped by wanting to strive for better instead of settling. Americans settle for the "American-Dream" lifestyle, which consists of a white pickett-fence, wife, kids and a decent home, but there is more to it than just the traditional way. Striving for more pushes one past their limitations, as well as molding them into well-rounded person.

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How Japanese Anime Has Changed and Evolved

How Japanese Anime Has Changed and Evolved | Japanese Animation | Scoop.it
While Japanese anime first appeared as early as 1917, it began to flourish in the 1960s with the spread of television throughout Japan. And over the years, its styles have changed.
Ashley Robertson's insight:

Japanese animation has evolved drastically since it first aired on TV in the 1960s to the early 1980s. Firstly, the characters are drawn one deminsionally, and with less aesthetics and features, but same facial structure. However, in the 1980s to the mid 1990s, the characters are asymmetrical in terms of body, and facial features. Furthermore, in the 1990s to current decade, Japanese anime has competely changed. The character s have more facial and body aesthetics. In addition, the characters have  brightly colored and shiny skin. Also, the background is colorful, as well as the costumes and hair color. Compared to the began of Japanese animation there are more vibrant colors and personality that these individual characters have. Than when they were first introduced.

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Old School vs. New School: Konaka's Astro Boy (2003) Part 2

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As stated earlier, Tenzuka's verison of Astro Boy is vintage. However, fast-foreward four decades later, Konaka, releases Astro Boy in 2003, using Tenzuka production. Contrasting the two television series, Astro Boy (2003) is more colorful, vibrant and not to mention certain scences have a beautiful feel and look. For example, While Dr. O'Shay brings Astro Boy to life a cord comes out of a socket. Once he places the chord back in the proper socket an explosion happens. Afterwards, bright, vibrant sparks gently float down and Astro is lit brightly, before changing into his true form. In addition, since technology has drastically changed, the scences are now steady paced, they move with more fluidity, and the scenary is more detailed than in Astro Boy (1963). Lastly, Astro himself is also different. Compared to the 1963 verision, he resembles  a girl, facially. He had a girl voice and is slightly taller, than his 2003 counterpart. The reason for Astro's looks in 1963, is that the target audience were boys, so by making his face resemble a girl with a matching voice. This drew in the male audience viewers. On the other hand, in 2003, Astro resemble a boy and has the voice to match his look. The target audience remains to be boys, but some girls were also into Astro boys looks too.

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Japanese anime is a marketing success

Japanese anime is a marketing success | Japanese Animation | Scoop.it

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Ashley Robertson's insight:

MomoCon is a Japanese anime, manga, gaming, comics and costume convention that is held yearly in Atlanta, Ga. In addition, MomoCon proves that Japanese animation is not only successful in Japan, but also in the Southeast of North America. In fact, in 2011, MomoCon had over 10,000 attendees. Since the convention is a three day event, Friday, Saturday and Sunday and ticket are twenty-five, thirty, and twenty-five dollars. MomoCon brought in $850,000.00 dollars in just ticket sales. But if including merchandise sales, then MomoCon can have possibly brought in $900,000.00 or more. Furthermore, in 2012, MomoCon attendence rate increased by 2,200 and so did revenue by $187,000.00. MomoCon brings in people across the globe to enjoy and share the same common interest as other people from states and countries, which is the love of Japanese animation.

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