History of Cartoons
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History of Cartoons
Milestones in the history of animations.
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Flowers and Trees (1932)

Flowers and Trees (1932)
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Flowers and Trees is a 1932 Silly Symphonies cartoon produced by Walt Disney.  It was orginally done in black and white but was discarded when the decision was made to try using Technicolor. Flowers and Trees used the three-strip Technicolor process, making it the first animated film to be in full color and the first to win an Acadamy Award. 

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Walt Disney Animation Studios' Steamboat Willie-1928

The classic Mickey Mouse cartoon
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With many of the animated films being made without sound, in 1928 Walt Disney made the first animated film with sound. Mickey Mouse was the star, and it was titled Steamboat Willie. It a bit longer than 7 minutes. The sound was done by using the Cinephine manaural, which made it able to sycronize the sound effects with the music.

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Emile Cohl - Fantasmagorie 1908

Émile Cohl created Fantasmagorie in 1908. To make this film, Cohl placed each drawing on an illuminated glass plate and then traced the next drawing-with var...
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Émile Cohl. "cartoonist and animator", who by many historians is reffered to as the true father of animated cartoons, made Fantasmagoria, in 1908. it was created by shooting each of the 700 drawing onto negative film, which gave it a blackboard effect. The main character is drawn by the artist's hand on the camera. The title is reference to the "fantasmograph" which was a version of the magic lantern.

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Film Before Film - Phenakistoscope, Zoetrope, Praxinoscope

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The Phenakistoscope, was created in 1832, by Joseph Antoine Plateau. The phenakistoscope consisted of a series of drawings in a continous steps of motion, which turned independently of another disk that had slots that were cut in it. When looking through the slots resulted in the figures painted on the disk behind to seem as if it was moving.
The Zeotrope (zootrope) is credited to William George Horner, who created a device consisting of a roll of paper with images on it, the roll would be placed in a turning drum, which was pierced with slots around it, gave the impression of movement. Horner named his invention the Daedalum. But it wasn't until 30 years later where the mechanism was polarized by William F. Lincoln and was renamed the Zeotrope.
Then in 1877, the Praxinoscope coming from the zoetrope, was invented by Charles Emile Reynaud. Similar to the zoetrope, it was used by a roll of paper with images, placed in a spinning cylindar. But unlike the zoetrope it had an inner circle of mirrors, which reflected images in such a way that allowed a large amount of people to watch them at once.

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Peter Mark Roget

Peter Mark Roget | History of Cartoons | Scoop.it

http://www.infoplease.com/biography/var/petermarkroget.html

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Peter Mark Roget, in 1824 published a book that focused on the theory of "The persistance of vision" which arrived with many crediting him to the conclusion that "all movement can be broken down into series of fixed images". His theory on the persitance of vision played a major role in the history of film. From this discovery, many researchers after were greatly influenced.

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The Golden Age of Animation

The Golden Age of Animation | History of Cartoons | Scoop.it
An index page listing The Golden Age Of Animation content.
yohana berhe's insight:

The Golden Age of U.S. animation is a period in  the United States that began with the emergence of sound cartoons in 1928. Many memorable films and characters emerged from this period, some including Mickey Mouse, Bugs Bunny, Donald Duck, Goofy, Betty Boop, Popeye, Tom and Jerry and many more. Some of the films that emerged from this period are Snow white and the Seven dwarfs, Dumbo, and Bambi. But moving into the 1950s/1960s  the decline of the era began due to cost productions, and eventually cartoons began to fall out of the popularity in theaters and was moved to television.

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Felix The Cat - Feline Follies - 1919

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In 1919. Felix the Cat, created by the cartoonist Otto Messmer, was instantly recognizable, he a funny cat character that instantly grew popularity with audiences. His first appearance was in the short film called Feline Follies. He's considered to be the "first true animated movie star". But by the late 1920s, with Disney's release of cartoons with Mickey and syncronized sound, ended with Felix fame diminishing considering that Messmer were not willing to move to sound production.

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Humorous Phases of Funny Faces (1906) First Animation In Film

Humorous Phases of Funny Faces is a silent cartoon by J. Stuart Blackton released in 1906. It features a cartoonist drawing faces on a chalkboard, and the fa...
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Directed by James Stuart Blackton, Humorous Phases of Funny faces was made in 1906, which some historians refer to the first animitated film. It used chalkboard sketches and then cut-outs (stop-motion) to clarify the process. It consisted of a clown and a dog jumping through a hoop.

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THAUMATROPE

THAUMATROPE: Was invented in the 1820s. The music is from the 1900s.
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The Thaumatrope, dated back to 1826, has been accredited to John Herschel, and Charles Babbage, but John Ayrton Paris was the first to distribute it commercially.  The thaumatrope was a disc with different images one each side, one of the images had the image of a bird, and the other image had an image of a cage. The disc would get suspended by two strings which were, twisted in a way where when it was pulled tight, the disc would turn very fast, creating an optical illusion that the bird was in the cage.

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The Magic Lantern-1640

The Magic Lantern-1640 | History of Cartoons | Scoop.it

http://www.filmreference.com/encyclopedia/Independent-Film-Road-Movies/Pre-Cinema-MAGIC-LANTERNS.html

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Around 1640, though the inventor is debatable, a Jesuit Priest by the name of Athanasius Kircher desribed in his book about a device that he called catoptric lamp, the first known attempt to project drawings in motion on a screen. a simple slide projector, which used images painted on glass or photographs on glass slides, with images that were drawn on to them, that when operated mechanically it gave movement to the images. Many glass transperrancies that survived from the early 19th century depicted biblical scenes or scenes that was aimed to teach moral lesson but as time passed less edifying scenes became more popular.

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