History of Animation
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History of Animation
The History of Anime starting the 1917s-2000s. Covering techniques, famous creators, and studios.
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2000s Animation

2000s Animation | History of Animation | Scoop.it

Rozen Maiden (2005) is a supernational, bishojo series by Peach-Pit.


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Meighan Whitlock's insight:

During the 2000s you see an increase of the moe (cute)-style of art and a bishojo (girl) and Bishonen (boy) character design. Other genres that grew with popularity of the genres such as romance, harem, and slice of life story while real robot has suffer a declined. Animes started to be based on visual novels and many shows are being adapted from manga and light novels like Fullmetal Alchemist and Rozen Maiden. You also see during this time revival of earlier anime series like Fist of the North Star and Dragon Ball Z Kai.

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Hayao Miyazaki

Hayao Miyazaki | History of Animation | Scoop.it

Hayao Miyazaki born January 5, 1941. Japanese film director, animator, manga, artist, producer, and screenwriter.


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Meighan Whitlock's insight:

Miyazaki is one of the most famous creators of anime films and has created some of the most influential and well known works of art in not only Japan but also internationally. He is also the co-founder of Studio Ghibli which has produced most of his infamous works like Ponyo and Kiki's delievery service. Princess Mononoke was the highest gross flim in Japan until it was eclipsed by Titanic. Later on another one of his films, Spirited Away, topped Titanic in sales. His last film he created was released on July 20, 2013, The Wind Rises, marks his retirement from creating film works. 

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1970s Animation

1970s Animation | History of Animation | Scoop.it

The film market downsized due to the competition from television and TV series. Companies had to as a result of competition shrunk their staff and many young animators became directors before they would have been promoted. The new young talent allow for a cariety of experimentation. 

Meighan Whitlock's insight:

During this time a popular genre known as mecha came about. One early work that came from this time and is very popular today is Moblie Suit Gundam created 1979. 

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Toei Animation

Toei Animation | History of Animation | Scoop.it

In 1948 Toei Animation was founded and created the first colored anime known as Hakujaden. This movie is widely considered the first "anime" in regards to modern sense. This studio also later on created three of the most well known anime series of all time, Dragon Ball 1986, Sailor Moon 1992, and One Peace 1999.

Meighan Whitlock's insight:

Toei put emphasis on each animator to bring his own ideas to each production. This idea causes a major break from normal anime and begins the moment of "auteuristic" or "progressive anime". Another major contribution of their style was the "money shot", which is putting emphasis on important shots by giving them more detail than the rest.

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Second Generation of Japanese Animators: Kenzo Masaoka

Film created by Kenzo Masaoka titled: "Tora-chan and the Bride"

Meighan Whitlock's insight:

Masaoka was one of the few who tried to bring Japanese animation to the next level regardless of the hard time they were having competing against foreign producers like Disney. Masaoka created the first talkie anime where people voiced over the animation. The anime "Chikara to Onna no Yo no Naka" not only was his first talkie anime but also was the first one to be completely made using cel animation. Cel animation is a technique that helps save time by repeating some parts of each frame from frame to frame.

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1990s Animation

1990s Animation | History of Animation | Scoop.it

Yu Yu Hakusho (1990) is martial arts, fantasy Japanese anime series. Yu Yu Hkausho is directed by Noriyuki Abe and written by Yukiyoshi Ohashi.


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Meighan Whitlock's insight:

With the creation of Dragon Ball, the martial arts genre became popular and produce more series like Yu Yu Hakusho in the 1990. As other forms of genres grown some decline like the Super Robot genre. During this time Neon Genesis Evangelion, a controversial series, was produce and the creator hoped this would revive the anime industry that was declining. In the late 1990s the most expensive animated film up until that time costing $20 million to produce. Anime also beings to cross the borders into the live action field starting with Gokusen, Great Teacher Onizuka in 1999.

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Rhebecca Lowe's curator insight, September 25, 2013 3:49 PM

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1980s Animation

1980s Animation | History of Animation | Scoop.it

In the 1980s the Mecha genre does a shift from giant robots to more of a space operas. During this time it also the beginning of the anime boom. One of the most well known animator Hayao Miyazaki created one of the most influential animes of all time, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind in 1984. Also the success of Dragon Ball introduce a new genre known as martial arts and became very influential in Japanese Animation Industry.


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Mushi Production

In response to Teoi Animation, Osamu Tezuka created Mushi Production as a rival. Mushi production is the pioneer for TV animation in Japan. This studio is responsible for many successful anime TV series like Astro Boy, Princess Knight and so on. In 1973 the company ends up declaring bankruptcy but by this point Tenzuka had already left the company.


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Ashley Robertson's curator insight, November 11, 2013 10:00 PM

When Astro Boy was first released in 1963 by,Osamu Tezuka. The colors where simple, black and white. In addition, though the characters are drawn one dimensionally. The features of the streets, cars, buildings, and homes are not fully detailed, and are also one dimensional. This is credited to technology not being as advanced as todays technology. Furthermore, the fluidity of  the characters are not as fluid as todays characters. For example, when Kachitori is speaking to the audience at his circus, his body remains in one position, but then through rythemic editing, his body shifts to the left and his hands transfer from down to up. Technology plays a huge role in how Japanese animation are created . So it only seems form-fitting that the Tenzuka's verison of Astro Boy has more of vintage look, than  Konaka verison of Astro Boy.

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Impact of Japanese Nationalism on Animation

Impact of Japanese Nationalism on Animation | History of Animation | Scoop.it

During the 1930s the Japanese government placed into effect cultural nationalism. The government pressure animators to produce animations that enforced Japanese spirit and national affliation. Due to the support receive for these films some major live-action studios like Shochiko, joined the animation scene.


Via VERONICA LESTER
Meighan Whitlock's insight:

during this time, Shochiko created the first real feature length animation film, Momotaro's Divine Sea Warriors in 1945 with the help of the Navy. Unforunately it isn't until awhile after the World War that Japan emerges to continue expanding the industry.

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First Generation of Japanese animators

The first 0'23 seconds shows the film, "Namakura Gatana", created by Junichi Kouchi.

Meighan Whitlock's insight:

The earliest Japanese animated films that were discovered were dated back to the 1917. These films were discovered in an antique shop in Osaka, Japan. The creator of the film, "Namakura Gatana" shown in this clip, Junichi Kouchi is through to be the anime pioneer by creating this two-minute film. 

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