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OLD ENGLISH: Battle of Brunanburh Poem (937 AD) | History Stuff ...

OLD ENGLISH: Battle of Brunanburh Poem (937 AD) | History Stuff ... | History | Scoop.it
I haven't had much time to write lately but have found a couple of interesting links. This one fascinated me. It's basically a poem recited in Olde English. The poem commemorates a battle that was fought between the Wessex ...

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The History of Old English Literature

The History of Old English Literature | History | Scoop.it
Old English Literature The History of Old English Literature     The Old English language, also called Anglo-Saxon, was the earliest form of English. It is difficult to give exact dates for the ris...

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The history of the English language in 100 places - Telegraph

The history of the English language in 100 places - Telegraph | History | Scoop.it
A project tells the story of the English language through 100 locations, starting in Suffolk and ending in Vienna - with stops in Hastings, Beijing and the moon along the way

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Charles Tiayon's curator insight, October 29, 2013 1:47 AM

From a piece of farmland in Suffolk, to Vienna, via Hastings, Beijing and even the moon – it may sound like an unusual journey.

But these are the places, identified in a new study, which have helped to create, shape and spread the English language around the globe – and beyond.

They have all been included in a new project which aims to tell the story of the language through 100 locations.

It has been conducted by the English Project, a charity devoted to study of the subject.

The scheme was launched in 2010, with a request for the public to help, by providing suggested locations.

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Charlemagne - Wikipedia

Charlemagne - Wikipedia | History | Scoop.it

Charlemagne ( /ˈʃɑrlɪmeɪn/; French pronunciation: [ʃaʁ.lə.maɲ]; Latin: Carolus Magnus or Karolus Magnus, meaning Charles the Great; possibly 742 – 28 January 814) was King of the Franks from 768 and Emperor of the Romans (Imperator Romanorum) from 800 to his death in 814. He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe. During his reign, he conquered Italy and was crowned Imperator Augustus by Pope Leo III on 25 December 800. This temporarily made him a rival of the Byzantine Emperor in Constantinople. His rule is also associated with the Carolingian Renaissance, a revival of art, religion, and culture through the medium of the Catholic Church. Through his foreign conquests and internal reforms, Charlemagne helped define both Western Europe and the Middle Ages. He is numbered as Charles I in the regnal lists of Germany (where he is known as Karl der Große), the Holy Roman Empire, and France.


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HISTORY OF CHARLEMAGNE

HISTORY OF CHARLEMAGNE | History | Scoop.it
HISTORY OF CHARLEMAGNE including Charles the Great, King of the Lombards, Conversion of the Saxons, A brief crusade into Spain, Holy Roman Emperor, Aachen or Aix-la-Chapelle, A centre of Christian learning, The Carolingian inheritance, The legendary...

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Stone Age Chinese People First Tamed Cattle Over 10,000 Years Ago

Stone Age Chinese People First Tamed Cattle Over 10,000 Years Ago | History | Scoop.it
A new study provides the first multi-disciplinary evidence that humans in what is now China first domesticated cattle around 8,000 BC.

 

Until now, scientists believed that humans started domesticating cattle around 10,000 years ago in the Near East, which gave rise to humpless cattle, while 2,000 years later humans began managing humped cattle in Southern Asia.

 

However, scientists from China and Europe reveal evidence for management of cattle in north-eastern China around 10,000 years ago. This indicates that Neolithic humans may have started domesticating cows in more regions around the world than was previously believed.

 

A lower jaw of an ancient cattle specimen was discovered during an excavation in north-east China, and was carbon dated to be 10,660 years old.

 

The jaw displayed a unique pattern of wear on the molars, which is best explained to be the results of long-term human management of the animal.

 

Ancient DNA from the jaw revealed that the animal did not belong to the same cattle lineages that were domesticated in the Near East and South Asia.

 

The combination of the age of the jaw, the unique wear and genetic signature suggests that this find represents the earliest evidence for cattle management in north-east China; a time and place not previously considered as potential domestication centre for cattle.

 


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Art and Poetry of the Tang Dynasty World History

 

You will be analyzing different works of art and poetry from the Tang Dynasty (China 816-907) to evaluate the cultural development of the time period.

 

 Some reminders for this assignment.....

.For the  Art chart -- Use bullets of full complete ideas and thoughts.  Do not use quotes. DO NOT  COPY AND PASTE. Draw on prior knowledge as well as listed resources.   4 Art entries with Images. Text must be typed.

 

For the poetry article  --  Answer the questions completely,  but remember  these are short answer ... 1 paragraph per number and use complete sentences.

 

Art

Complete the resource sheet “Art During the Tang Dynasty,” by selecting and examining four examples of artwork. Choose from the various links and books here to complete the assignment :

 

Metropolitan Museum of Art’s online collection (Tang)

Grove Art – Our database use passwords

Bridgeman Art

 

Poetry

To better understand the role poetry played in the Tang society, read the article from Burton Watson …Tang Poetry… (below)  answer the questions below based on information from the article.

 

 To open the article copy the title of the article --go to our databases for Go to our link to EBSCO Host -- use this URL  http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?authtype=uid   Use our school Library's database user name and password.  ....open the Literary Reference Center -- Paste the article title to open the correct article.   ....     Read the article to answer the 3 items below.

 

TOPICS FOR DISCUSSION (from the Watson article)

1. What functions did poetry play in traditional Chinese society? What motives would lead an educated Chinese man or woman to compose poetry? What were looked on as the qualifications for writing poetry?

2. Why was poetry writing one of the requirements for persons taking the civil service exams? What good or bad effects might this have had on the development of poetry in Tang times? (Note that poetry was easy to grade on technical grounds. Also that making it a requirement on the exam meant that persons from all over the Chinese empire had to master the system of rhymes in use in the capital are, i.e., to learn the standard Chinese pronunciation of the time.)

3. What themes seem to be most important in Chinese poetry? What themes that are of major importance in other poetic traditions absent or of minor importance? What characteristics of Chinese society or thought does this reflect?

 

As a learning extension, you may wish to examine these representative poems of the Tang Dynasty:

Poem: Amidst the Flowers a Jug of Wine, by Li Po (http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/amidst-the-flowers-a-jug-of-wine/)

 

Poem: Drinking Alone, by Li Po (http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/drinking-alone/)

 

Poem: Visiting the Taoist Priest Dai Tianshan But Not Finding Him, by Li Po (http://www.chinese-poems.com/lb16.html)

 

Poem: Reading Laozi, by Bo Juyi http://www.chinese-poems.com/bj10.html

 


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3,300-Year-Old Egyptian Cemetery Reveals Commoners' Plight

3,300-Year-Old Egyptian Cemetery Reveals Commoners' Plight | History | Scoop.it
The effort of building the cult city of Amarna overnight may have taken its toll on everyday citizens.

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Ancient Greek and Islamic Philosophy | Fordham, Oct 11-13, 2013

Ancient Greek and Islamic Philosophy | Fordham, Oct 11-13, 2013 | History | Scoop.it
The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy (SAGP) and the Society for the Study of Islamic Philosophy and Science (SSIPS) will hold their Annual Joint Meeting on October 11-13 this year at Fordham Un...

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The History of Islam and The Crusades

The History of Islam and The Crusades | History | Scoop.it

via Islam Exposed:

This is such an important article, I hope everyone will take the time to read. I 've heard so many arguments about the evil Crusaders on Facebook..but its time for people to understand REAL history... The Western nations have been called the imperialists for so long, that we have obscured who the real imperialists throughout history really are.

And now here we are, repeating this history again....And what have we learned from the past? Not too much, it seems. The Crusades was a defensive response to brutal Islamic aggression. It was Islam that threw the world into the dark ages..and kept it there for centuries, until finally, the west and Christendom had had enough and fought back. We are faced with this same problem again today. PLease read the article below for more insight, so that the next time Christians are villanized for the Crusades, you will be informed and armed with the truth.

This time, this terrible satanic force, Islam, will be crushed forever... No more Islam. Good riddance!
*********************************
excerpts from article

" One of the idiocies passed off for decades among Western historians is bemoaning the Crusades as evil. The Islamic world -- the Ummah -- has disseminated this imaginary charge against the West, and like fools, we have absorbed Arab lies and taken the blame to heart. But the most superficial reading of Western history should put that canard to rest...

Historians would blame the Dark Ages on the Germanic Tribes, but the Goths and Vikings readily Christianized and embraced the higher civilization of the lands they conquered. The reality is that Islamic raiding is what produced the Dark Ages. Trade and the economy collapsed under the Muslim threat, plunging Europe into stagnation.

In 1095, after centuries of Muslim aggression, Pope Urban II finally had enough, and called Christians to war. He did so after the Byzantine Empire, now broken away from Roman Catholicism, appealed for fraternal help from the Western Christians to save them from Islam. After over 4 centuries of war with Islam, the Byzantines were on the verge of collapse. Most of Spain was still under Islamic tyranny. Malta and Sicily had only been recently freed.

One may condemn the atrocities of the Crusaders, but what infuriates the objective student of history is that the far greater crimes of Islam are ignored.

The Crusades was Christendom finally fighting back, not always honorably, but against a foe which had plunged Europe into darkness for centuries.

Instead we allowed our students to be brainwashed, and force fed an Islamic line that we have to feel guilty. The Muslims invaded Southern Europe, yet somehow we Westerners are labeled the imperialists.

Islamic aggression did not end with the Crusades.

The reason Columbus headed West was because the Muslims had blocked all trade routes to the East. Yet, we are never told this.

Up until the 16th century, Italy was regularly invaded by Islam. Otranto was taken by the Turks in 1480, and held for only 10 months. Yet, it was time enough to behead over 800 Christians who refused to convert.

Piracy and kidnapping was so common that Catholic Churches in Southern Europe had donation boxes where the faithful could contribute to ransom hostages.

One could go on and on. The Islamic subjugation of Greece and the Balkans. The kidnapping of hundreds of thousands of Christian boys, over the centuries, to be forcibly converted to Islam, and compelled to serve in the Ottoman Army as Janissaries.

The Islamic attempt to take Vienna. Twice! In 1529 and 1683.

A half million or more slaves from the British Isles were kidnapped on the high seas by the religion of peace.
It was not until the U.S. Marines took on the Barbary Pirates and the French razed Algeria that Islamic predation finally stopped in the 19th century; but all of this is forgotten. Somehow, white Christians are the only villains now.

We hear the Muslims bewail about British imperialism; but the British do not want to go back to Egypt. The Muslim do want Andulasia back. We hear about French crimes in Algeria -- which were real -- but do we remember that Islamic predation that was the real agent which caused the Dark Ages. Europeans were in North Africa for only a century, but Islam pounded Europe for 1200 years. Yet, it is the Arabs who claim victim status.

But what do our politicians do, but apologize for the Crusades. Why?! Have the Muslims apologized for 1400 years of their crimes?!

Part of this idiocy stems from a hyper-liberal view of history which views European Christianity as inherently evil. It permeates the culture of academia; and refuses to see the real evil of Islam.

Sadly, a second cause is an ancillary residue of historiography which has a tradition of exaggerating the real crimes of Catholicism out of all proportion. The Spanish call this exaggeration the Black Legend of the Inquisition; and it results in a pseudo-acquittal of Islam, by blaming the Crusades on Catholicism.

Let us not forget that it was Catholic Europe which insulated Northwest European Protestants from Islam's full fury. It was Catholic Spain which eventually broke the Turkish fleet at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571. It was Catholic Poland's Jan Sobieski who saved Northwest Europe at Vienna in 1683 AD. It was the Catholic French who tamed Algeria in 1830.

Let us not forget either that it was Catholic France which saved the Christians of Lebanon in 1860 while the Protestant British were arming the Druze.

The time for apologizing to Islam must end.


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littlebytesnews's curator insight, September 10, 2013 1:31 AM

I agree, it's time to stop apologizing and appeasing our enemies! 

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Ancient Greek and Islamic Philosophy | Fordham, Oct 11-13, 2013

Ancient Greek and Islamic Philosophy | Fordham, Oct 11-13, 2013 | History | Scoop.it
The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy (SAGP) and the Society for the Study of Islamic Philosophy and Science (SSIPS) will hold their Annual Joint Meeting on October 11-13 this year at Fordham Un...

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Islam The Untold Story

Historian Tom Holland explores how a new religion - Islam - emerged from the seedbed of the ancient world, and asks what we really know for certain about the...

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Timbuktu, Ancient Seat of Islamic Learning

Timbuktu, Ancient Seat of Islamic Learning | History | Scoop.it

Timbuktu, the fabled desert city where retreating Muslim extremists destroyed ancient manuscripts, was a center of Islamic learning hundreds of years before Columbus landed in the Americas.

It is not known how many of the priceless documents were destroyed by al Qaida-linked fighters who set ablaze a state-of-the-art library built with South African funding to conserve the brittle, camel-hide bound manuscripts from the harshness of the Sahara Desert climate and preserve them so researchers can study them.


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War

War | History | Scoop.it
The word 'war' comes to English by the old High German language word 'Werran’ (to confuse or to cause confusion) through the Old English 'Werre' (meaning the same), and(...) (War -- Ancient History Encyclopedia: http://t.co/ogPKkFuzE9)...

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(EN) - Medieval English Towns Glossary | trytel.com

(EN) - Medieval English Towns Glossary | trytel.com | History | Scoop.it

"The aim of the Medieval English Towns site is to provide historical information about cities and towns in England during the Middle Ages, with particular but not exclusive emphasis on medieval boroughs of East Anglia and on social, political and constitutional history. A growing selection of primary documents (translated into English) relevant to English urban history is included."


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Summer John's curator insight, March 5, 2013 9:56 PM

Excellent glossary!

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HISTORY OF FEUDALISM

HISTORY OF FEUDALISM | History | Scoop.it
HISTORY OF FEUDALISM including In support of the fighting man, Lord and vassal, Feudal Europe, Complexity and decline

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Charlemagne Biography

Charlemagne 742 (?) - 814 http://www.cloudbiography.com Charlemagne was the King of the Franks whose conquests and expansion led to the revival of art, relig...

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Hauling New Treasure Along the Silk Road  |  The Latest News  |  Global Studies

Hauling New Treasure Along the Silk Road  |  The Latest News  |  Global Studies | History | Scoop.it

AZAMAT KULYENOV, a 26-year-old train driver, slid the black-knobbed throttle forward, and the 1,800-ton express freight train, nearly a half-mile long, began rolling west across the vast, deserted grasslands of eastern Kazakhstan, leaving the Chinese border behind.

 

Dispatchers in the Kazakh border town of Dostyk gave this train priority over all other traffic, including passenger trains. Specially trained guards rode on board. Later in the trip, as the train traveled across desolate Eurasian steppes, guards toting AK-47 military assault rifles boarded the locomotive to keep watch for bandits who might try to drive alongside and rob the train. Sometimes, the guards would even sit on top of the steel shipping containers.

 

The train roughly follows the fabled Silk Road, the ancient route linking China and Europe that was used to transport spices, gems and, of course, silks before falling into disuse six centuries ago. Now the overland route is being resurrected for a new precious cargo: several million laptop computers and accessories made each year in China and bound for customers in European cities like London, Paris, Berlin and Rome.

 

Click headline to access hot link to the NYT's article--

 


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Invention of Gunpowder

Invention of Gunpowder | History | Scoop.it

Describes the invention of gunpowder by Tang Dynasty Chinese alchemists, around 850 A.D.


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Discovering China - The Song Dynasty

After the collapse of the Tang Dynasty, over 50 years of Chaos followed, until a military general named Zhao Kuangyin founded the Song Dynasty, reigning as e...

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Aaronee's curator insight, February 10, 2014 4:27 PM

The song started in 960 AD and lasted over 300 years but the song was spit in two by the North and the South. They used the song to invade other people.

Patrick Kwong's curator insight, February 13, 2014 6:31 PM

China's territory was much larger than its modern day country. This probably explained  why the North Song Dynasty was at constant war with the Jin. But apparently, over time, China lost its mass and its territory.

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An Islamic History of Europe

h/t Karl At Npl
THIS IS THE ENTIRE 86-MINUTE VIDEO
"Historian Tom Holland explores how a new religion - Islam - emerged from the seedbed of the ancient world, and asks what we really know for certain about the rise of Islam.

An Islamic History of Europe

UK Channel 4 has engaged in a direct war against Islam by airing a documentary which distorts the reality of the glorious Faith.

Over 1000 complaints have been made to the channel and another 200 to the UK media regulator Ofcom over a documentary about the origins of Islam.

By way of avoiding an investigation into the matter, an Ofcom spokesman has said, "We will assess them and if we believe there has been a possible breach of the broadcasting code, we would hold an investigation, but no decision to that effect has been taken."

Islam: The Untold Story, presented by Tom Holland, claims there is little written contemporary evidence about the origin of Islam and the life of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH).

As another politically-motivated attempt by followers of the English Defence League (EDL) to misrepresent the realities of Islam, the production is a mere distortion of history presented by someone with no background of religious knowledge.

Holland's works mostly comprise vampire and adventure stories, and his non-fiction books are nothing related to religious issues or Islam.

It is, therefore, not surprising that the 44-year-old writer became the target of many criticisms by Muslim viewers who took to Twitter to vent their fury at his inaccurate claims and imaginative lies about the true divine religion.

The Islamic Education and Research Academy (IERA) also said Holland was making "baseless assumptions" and engaging in "selective scholarship". "Holland has cherry picked from evidence as well as scholarship to take an unsubstantiated and marginalized view on the origins of Islam," the IERA said.

"He saw what he wanted to see and rejected recklessly what he didn't like. His exclusion of established academic positions and material facts points to the only conclusion of justifying his own prejudices and ignorance of Islamic tradition."
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZuNNkojDYg


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Islamic Sharia Law in a Brief

Islamic Sharia Law in a Brief | History | Scoop.it

Muslims consider that Islamic Sharia is the “Law of Allah (God)” which is considered divine and immutable and can never be changed or amended by any means! Hence, Islamic Sharia is still clinging to the ancient 7th century barbaric justice system. Because of this fact, almost anywhere this “Islamic Sharia” is being established as the country’s ruling constitution, world can immediately witness exact face of despotic, barbarian, and totalitarian Islamic rule to all of the Islamic nations. Imposed “Sharia law” immediately becomes the true nightmare for the general public.


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The Byzantine Background to the First Crusade

The Byzantine Background to the First Crusade | History | Scoop.it
Just over nine hundred years ago, Pope Urban II closed a provincial church council at Clermont Ferrand with a rousing call to arms that launched the First Crusade.

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Ancient Islamic Scripts » Muslim Spice

Islam is the only religion today where the revelation of God remained untainted, undistorted, and pristine. As a species humans, who have read books by other humans, then owe it to themselves to read what the Creator ...

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Islamic Sharia Law in a Brief

Islamic Sharia Law in a Brief | History | Scoop.it

Muslims consider that Islamic Sharia is the “Law of Allah (God)” which is considered divine and immutable and can never be changed or amended by any means! Hence, Islamic Sharia is still clinging to the ancient 7th century barbaric justice system. Because of this fact, almost anywhere this “Islamic Sharia” is being established as the country’s ruling constitution, world can immediately witness exact face of despotic, barbarian, and totalitarian Islamic rule to all of the Islamic nations. Imposed “Sharia law” immediately becomes the true nightmare for the general public.


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