History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18
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Sochi Is Haunted by the Ghosts of a Forgotten Genocide

Sochi Is Haunted by the Ghosts of a Forgotten Genocide | History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18 | Scoop.it
The Winter Olympics arrive 150 years after an ethnic cleansing.
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What sets humanity apart - FT.com

What sets humanity apart - FT.com | History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18 | Scoop.it
The Accidental Species: Misunderstandings of Human Evolution, by Henry Gee, University of Chicago, RRP£18/$26, 224 pages Why Dogs Hump and Bees Get Depressed, by Marc Bekoff, New World Library, RRP£13.99/$15.95, 320 pages The Gap: The Science of
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4-book review - 2 arguing that humans are not special and the third arguing that mental time travel, theory of mind, intelligence, culture and morality is what makes us special. The fourth focusses on our ability to cooperate extensively.

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We Are Now Beginning Our Descent | The Junket

We Are Now Beginning Our Descent | The Junket | History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18 | Scoop.it
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Gilmore Schjeldahl - inventor 1950s
in-flight smoking was banned in 1998 on US flights

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According to Scientists, This is The Most Relaxing Tune Ever Recorded

According to Scientists, This is The Most Relaxing Tune Ever Recorded | History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18 | Scoop.it
This eight minute song is a beautiful combination of arranged harmonies, rhythms and bass lines and thus helps to slow the heart rate, reduce blood pressure and lower levels of the stress. The song features guitar, piano and electronic samples of natural soundscapes. A study was conducted on 40 women, who were connected to sensors and…
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"Weightless"

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LRB · Christopher Driver · A Serious Table

LRB · Christopher Driver · A Serious Table | History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18 | Scoop.it
Drake postponed sailing against the Spanish Armada till his game of bowls was over, Nero preferred his lyre to ARP duty, Belshazzar’s feast was rudely interrupted. In that appealing branch of mythology which counterpoints the trivial with the catastrophic, the cooks on HMS Sheffield . . .
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Using Mushrooms to Clean Up Waterways

Using Mushrooms to Clean Up Waterways | History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18 | Scoop.it
Mushrooms are fascinating organisms, with extensive root systems that can extend for miles. They can also clean up pollutants, making them a safe way choice in bioremediation.
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How Much Do You Know About Your Pet’s Nose?

How Much Do You Know About Your Pet’s Nose? | History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18 | Scoop.it
There are pet diseases that can change the appearance of your pet's nose, so make sure you know the warning signs.
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The Heartbreaking History of Divorce

Historian Amanda Foreman explores the other side of love and marriage
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This is just about the history of divorce in England.

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Patriot games: the innovation and drama of Soviet sports

Patriot games: the innovation and drama of Soviet sports | History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18 | Scoop.it
As the Sochi Olympics begin, a new exhibition examines the first collision of art, sport and politics in Russia.
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The Soviets developed the Spartakiad workers’ games, first held in 1928, which provided the opportunity for mass displays of fizkultura – an amalgam of parades, artistic gymnastics, sport, music and dance. The Soviet Union did not take part in the Olympics until 1952.

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The Unique Merger That Made You (and Ewe, and Yew) - Issue 10: Mergers & Acquisitions - Nautilus

The Unique Merger That Made You (and Ewe, and Yew) - Issue 10: Mergers & Acquisitions - Nautilus | History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18 | Scoop.it
At first glance, a tree could not be more different from the caterpillars that eat its leaves, the mushrooms sprouting from its bark,…
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Life is full of complex structures that evolve time and again. Individual cells have united to form many-celled creatures like animals and plants on dozens of separate occasions. The same is true for eyes, which have independently evolved time and again. But the eukaryotic cell is a one-off innovation.
In 1905, the Russian biologist Konstantin Mereschkowski first suggested that some parts of eukaryotic cells were once endosymbionts—free-living microbes that took up permanent residence within other cells. He thought the nucleus originated in this way, as did the chloroplasts that allow plant cells to harness sunlight. He missed the mitochondria, but the American anatomist Ivan Wallin pegged them for endosymbionts in 1923. These ideas were ignored for decades until an American biologist—the late Lynn Margulis—revived them in 1967. In a radical paper, she made the case that mitochondria and chloroplasts were once free-living bacteria that had been sequentially ingested by another ancient microbe.
In 1977, microbiologist Carl Woese had the bright idea of comparing different organisms by sequencing their genes. Woese focused on 16S rRNA, a gene that is involved in the essential task of making proteins and is found in all living things. There were bacteria and eukaryotes and the third type consisted of an obscure bunch of prokaryotes that had been found in hot, inhospitable environments. Woese called them archaea, from the Greek word for ancient.
In 2004, Maria Rivera and James Lake and in 2007, James McInerney found that eukaryotes are merger organisms, formed through an ancient symbiosis between a bacterium and an archaeon.
There is a gut parasite called Giardia and at least a thousand other single-celled eukaryotes, mostly parasites, which also lack mitochon Tria. they are advanced eukaryotes that have degenerated.

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LRB · Jenny Diski · Flowery, rustic, tippy, smokey: a cup of tea

LRB · Jenny Diski · Flowery, rustic, tippy, smokey: a cup of tea | History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18 | Scoop.it
Long before I’d had any thoughts about the importance of ceremony, I understood the nature of a cup of tea. As a child in a very small flat with two argumentative parents, a cup of tea – one of the normal eight to ten cups a day – meant that they were getting on or making up: nobody . . .
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The Happiness Index | Orion Magazine

The Happiness Index | Orion Magazine | History, Science and Miscellaneous - 18 | Scoop.it
Can a tiny country’s effort to put people before profit serve as a model for the rest of the world?
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On Bhutan and its Happiness Index.

Bhutan (Druk Yul)

The Happiness (ghakey) Index 

money=ngultrum,

language=Dzongkha;

bangchung(container);

GDP - term first used in 1934 by Simon Kuznets

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