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Ice Age Lion Man Carved From Mammoth Ivory Makes It The World's Oldest Sculpture

Ice Age Lion Man Carved From Mammoth Ivory Makes It The World's Oldest Sculpture | Historical Updates | Scoop.it

The star exhibit initially promised for the British Museum’s “Ice Age Art” show will not be coming—but for a good reason. New pieces of Ulm’s Lion Man sculpture have been discovered and it has been found to be much older than originally thought, at around 40,000 years. This makes it the world’s earliest figurative sculpture.

 

The story of the discovery of the Lion Man goes back to August 1939, when fragments of mammoth ivory were excavated at the back of the Stadel Cave in the Swabian Alps, south-west Germany. This was a few days before the outbreak of the Second World War. When it was eventually reassembled in 1970, it was regarded as a standing bear or big cat, but with human characteristics.

The ivory from which the figure had been carved had broken into myriad fragments. When first reconstructed, around 200 pieces were incorporated into the 30cm-tall sculpture, with about 30% of its volume missing.

Further fragments were later found among the previously excavated material and these were added to the figure in 1989. At this point, the sculpture was recognised as representing a lion. Most specialists have regarded it as male, although paleontologist Elisabeth Schmid controversially argued that it was female, suggesting that early society might have been matriarchal.

The latest news is that almost 1,000 further fragments of the statue have been found, following recent excavations in the Stadel Cave by Claus-Joachim Kind. Most of these are minute, but a few are several centimetres long. Some of the larger pieces are now being reintegrated into the figure.

 

Even more exciting than the discovery of new pieces, the sculpture’s age has been refined using radio-carbon dating of other bones found in the strata. This reveals a date of 40,000 years ago, while until recently it was thought to be 32,000 years old. Once reconstruction is completed, several tiny, unused fragments of the mammoth ivory are likely to be carbon dated, and this is expected to confirm the result.

This revised dating pushes the Lion Man right back to the oldest sculptures, which have been found in two other caves in the Swabian Alps. These rare finds are dated at 35,000 to 40,000 years, but the Lion Man is by far the largest and most complex piece. A few carved items have been found in other regions which are slightly older, but these have simple patterns, not figuration.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Historical Updates
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Watch 1000 Years of European Borders Change In 3 Minutes

Watch 1000 Years of European Borders Change In 3 Minutes | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
This time-lapse video has never been more relevant. As the eyes of the world are fixed on events in Ukraine and Crimea, its good to have a little perspective on the ever-changing flux of borders throughout time. Very cool!

Via Dr. Susan Bainbridge
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Diane Therrien's curator insight, September 3, 2014 9:48 PM

Great learning tool!

Kirsten Wilson's curator insight, September 4, 2014 12:23 AM

Great visual to show students about the 5 themes of Geography

Rosa Saló Sagué's curator insight, September 19, 2014 3:40 AM

History

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The Archaeology News Network: Ice-Age megafauna extinctions linked to humans, not climate

The Archaeology News Network: Ice-Age megafauna extinctions linked to humans, not climate | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
Ness Crouch's insight:

An interesting article that seems to throw more ideas about climate change into the mix. I think I'll need a little more convincing to prove to me that climate change didn't have anything to do with the megafauna extinction. Climate change surely played some role. 

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The Archaeology News Network: 5000-year-old water system discovered in western Iran

The Archaeology News Network: 5000-year-old water system discovered in western Iran | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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The Archaeology News Network: Skeleton linked to Irish Viking king

The Archaeology News Network: Skeleton linked to Irish Viking king | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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Using Social Media to Teach Visual Literacy in the 21st Century Classroom

Using Social Media to Teach Visual Literacy in the 21st Century Classroom | Historical Updates | Scoop.it

That we have evolved our favorite forms of communication is obvious without more than simply watching our students walk through the hallways. It would be easy to demonize social media and each medium that it provides for human interaction. But it would be educationally valuable to embrace it, turning it into an opportunity for our students to develop an appreciation for the advanced cognitive skills they employ on a daily basis. Why not study the highly visual communication models connecting the thoughts that mean the most to them with the social networks where they live their lives?


Via Nik Peachey
Ness Crouch's insight:

Visual Literacy has a new emphasis in the Australian Curriculum. This is certainly a good article to give ideas for embedding some good quality practice in digital learning. 

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Wayan Eka Budiartha's curator insight, March 6, 2014 4:55 AM

add your insight...

 
Alfredo Corell's curator insight, March 8, 2014 3:15 PM

Visual literacy matters


Visual literacy is the ability to:

  1. Process and make meaning of information presented in an image.
  2. Communicate our own ideas through principles of design.
  3. Create our own messages that capture our visual thinking in a way that conceptualizes problems to given solutions.
Rebekah Crouch's curator insight, August 4, 2015 10:15 PM

Visual Literacy has a new emphasis in the Australian Curriculum. This is certainly a good article to give ideas for embedding some good quality practice in digital learning. 

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Lexical Distance Among the Languages of Europe

Lexical Distance Among the Languages of Europe | Historical Updates | Scoop.it

  This chart shows the lexical distance — that is, the degree of overall vocabulary divergence — among the major languages of Europe. The size of each circle represents the number of speakers ...

 

And yes, English has its deepest roots in German...the French aspects were tacked on after the Norman Conquest.


Via Seth Dixon
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This isn't my normal area of interest but I found this fascinating!

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Cecilia White Scow's curator insight, March 13, 2014 5:14 PM

Very interesting visual. 

ethanrobert's curator insight, March 19, 2014 10:20 AM

This is a wonderful map that truly shows language families and their roots. In Europe, I was rather surprised when I seen that the Romance branch was much larger than that of the Germanic. All of the ancient Germanic groups such as the Jutes, Angols, and the Saxons were well versed in combat. Considering they conquered much of Western Europe, how is it that the Romance group is bigger than the Germanic? Also, in Eastern Europe, the Albanian language has no reason to exist. In a region dominated by the Slavic group with no environmental barriers, the Albanian language should not exist.~Ethan.

Arya Okten's curator insight, March 27, 2014 10:33 PM

Unit II

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The Archaeology News Network: Prehistoric rock art found in Scottish Highlands

The Archaeology News Network: Prehistoric rock art found in Scottish Highlands | Historical Updates | Scoop.it

#archaeolog

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The Archaeology News Network: The contribution of digital reconstructions in the study of Minoan Crete

The Archaeology News Network: The contribution of digital reconstructions in the study of Minoan Crete | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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A great new insight into Minoan Crete. 

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Elusive Rock Art Exposed in Hawaii - Archaeology Magazine

Elusive Rock Art Exposed in Hawaii - Archaeology Magazine | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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Fantastic images of a not often seen site!

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The Real Pirates of the Caribbean

The Real Pirates of the Caribbean | Historical Updates | Scoop.it

Explore the travels and exploits of five real pirates of the Caribbean. Click through the tabs to track the adventures of each pirate overlaid on Spanish ports and pirate strongholds in the area. Zoom into the map to see additional detail.


Via Seth Dixon
Ness Crouch's insight:

Excellent site... though we don;t study pirates I'm sure I'd have some kids that would love to be extended by looking at this!

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Jared Medeiros's curator insight, February 11, 2015 10:00 PM

This pirate excursion map is so cool and gives a great look at the travels of different pirates.  As we get farther away from these time periods, it seems like the idea of these Caribbean pirates are fictional.  To hear true historical events about these individual pirates is very interesting.  I would  love to take a time machine back to Port Royal during these times to experience that madness.

Brian Wilk's curator insight, March 28, 2015 9:34 AM

Imagine the horror a native of the Caribbean must have felt when white men came into their scenic lands and pillaged their villages and plundered their treasuries? Blackbeard otherwise known as Edward Teach, would light slow burning cannon fuses and place them in his beard to create an aura about him as he fought and raided these port of call. Calico Jack Rackham, a great pirate name if there ever was one, was best known for having  a pair of female pirates aboard. Instantly becomes one of my heroes! Then you have William Parker who was actually an opportunist backed by England who plundered Spanish treasures throughout Central America. Here is my favorite pirate joke; what is a pirate's favorite letter? "R" you say? No, it's the letter "C", pirates love the sea....

Helen Teague's curator insight, September 14, 2015 9:28 AM

very interesting interactive map

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The Archaeology News Network: Babylonian tablet describes how to build 'Noah's ark'

The Archaeology News Network: Babylonian tablet describes how to build 'Noah's ark' | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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Study Concludes Child Sacrifice Took Place in Ancient Carthage - Archaeology Magazine

Study Concludes Child Sacrifice Took Place in Ancient Carthage - Archaeology Magazine | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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Violence, infectious disease and climate change contributed to Indus civilization collapse

Violence, infectious disease and climate change contributed to Indus civilization collapse | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
A study of skeletal remains from the ancient city of Harappa provides evidence that inter-personal violence and infectious diseases played a role in the demise of the Indus Civilization.
Ness Crouch's insight:

Very Interesting!

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2.6m historic pictures posted online

2.6m historic pictures posted online | Historical Updates | Scoop.it

Via Tom D'Amico (@TDOttawa)
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Jennifer Foster Harper's curator insight, August 31, 2014 3:54 PM

Great resource for Primary Sources.

 

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The Archaeology News Network: New Inca road to Machu Picchu discovered

The Archaeology News Network: New Inca road to Machu Picchu discovered | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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I always enjoy new news about Machu Picchu :)

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What a 66-million-year old forest fire reveals about the last days of the dinosaurs

What a 66-million-year old forest fire reveals about the last days of the dinosaurs | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
As far back as the time of the dinosaurs, 66 million years ago, forests recovered from fires in the same manner they do today, according to a researchers. During an expedition in southern Saskatchewan, Canada, the team discovered the first fossil-record evidence of forest fire ecology -- the regrowth of plants after a fire -- revealing a snapshot of the ecology on earth just before the mass extinction of the dinosaurs.
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Google App Scripts for Educators

Google App Scripts for Educators | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
"The rise of Google, the rise of Facebook, the rise of Apple, I think are proof that there is a place for computer science as something that solves problems that people face every day." By Eric Sch...

Via Timo Ilomäki
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I've only just discovered the usefulness of Google Apps Scripts. This is a great help!

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Gust MEES's curator insight, March 8, 2014 2:55 AM


Great list...


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11 Tips For Students To Manage Their Digital Footprints -

11 Tips For Students To Manage Their Digital Footprints - | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
11 Tips For Students To Manage Their Digital Footprints by Justin Boyle If you’ve scratched your head over suggestions to manage your “digital footprint,” you aren’t the only one. A surprisingly large percentage of people...

Via Gust MEES
Ness Crouch's insight:

This is a great article (yet again from TeachThought). Chris' quote here is certainly a key fact we need to instill in our students. If you haven't followed any of Chris' work you should take a look, a great Aussie, doing some amazing work. 

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Bruno Conte's curator insight, March 10, 2014 3:22 AM

To my students @Free Your Talent and all @Social4Social

RESENTICE's curator insight, March 10, 2014 6:29 AM

Des conseils pour maîtriser son identité numérique...

María Dolores Díaz Noguera's curator insight, March 10, 2014 8:53 AM

Their Digital Footprints....Great one¡

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The Archaeology News Network: Decline of Bronze Age 'megacities' linked to climate change

The Archaeology News Network: Decline of Bronze Age 'megacities' linked to climate change | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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Unknown Mummy Examined in Germany - Archaeology Magazine

Unknown Mummy Examined in Germany - Archaeology Magazine | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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Very interesting! 

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The Archaeology News Network: 'Little Pompeii' found 70 km northeast of Venice

The Archaeology News Network: 'Little Pompeii' found 70 km northeast of Venice | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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800,000-year-old footprints found in Britain

800,000-year-old footprints found in Britain | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
Archaeologists are surprised to find 800,000-year-old footprints in ancient estuary mud in England.
Ness Crouch's insight:

Fantastic find! I think this could show some really interesting information about the colonisation of Europe!

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4,600-Year-Old Step Pyramid Excavated in Egypt

4,600-Year-Old Step Pyramid Excavated in Egypt | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
The purpose of the pyramid, which predates the Great Pyramid of Giza, is a mystery. It may have been used as a symbolic monuments dedicated to the royal cult that affirmed the power of the king in the southern provinces.
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Still finding pyramids after all these years 

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Christian Mosaics Unearthed in Byzantine Basilica - Archaeology Magazine

Christian Mosaics Unearthed in Byzantine Basilica - Archaeology Magazine | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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Beautiful mosaics discovered in a Christian church Israel. It always amazes me that these creations last so long.

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The Archaeology News Network: Swedish divers unearth Stone Age settlement

The Archaeology News Network: Swedish divers unearth Stone Age settlement | Historical Updates | Scoop.it
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Swedish Atlantis?  Interesting!

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