Report from Pearson and Economist Intelligence unit draws on international case studies of learning and skills such as › the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS)
› the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS)
› the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)
› the initial output from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), which looks at cognitive skill levels across the population. to consider and compare learning and education systems in different countries worldwide.