Higher Education and academic research
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Higher Education and academic research
Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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Rachel Aviv: The Scientist Who Took on a Leading Herbicide Manufacturer

Rachel Aviv: The Scientist Who Took on a Leading Herbicide Manufacturer | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Tyrone Hayes, a biologist at the University of California, Berkeley, has devoted the past fifteen years to studying the herbicide atrazine, which is applied to more than half the corn in the country. During that time scientists around the world have expanded on his findings, suggesting that the herbicide is associated with birth defects in humans as well as in animals. Company documents show that while Hayes was studying atrazine, Syngenta, the agribusiness firm which had originally asked him to conduct experiments on the herbicide, was studying him, as he had suspected for years. Syngenta’s notes reveal that the company’s employees struggled for years to make sense of him. (...) - The New Yorker, by Rachel Aviv, February 10, 2014

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Elsevier opens its papers to text-mining

Researchers welcome easier access for harvesting content, but some spurn tight controls.

Academics: prepare your computers for text-mining. Publishing giant Elsevier says that it has now made it easy for scientists to extract facts and data computationally from its more than 11 million online research papers. Other publishers are likely to follow suit this year, lowering barriers to the computer-based research technique. But some scientists object that even as publishers roll out improved technical infrastructure and allow greater access, they are exerting tight legal controls over the way text-mining is done. (...) - by Richard Van Noorden, Nature, 03 February 2014

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SPECIAL BOSTON (1/6). Cambridge, concentré d’innovation

SPECIAL BOSTON (1/6). Cambridge, concentré d’innovation | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
Le 27 avril 2014, EducPros vous emmène à Boston. En amont de cette learning expedition, zoom sur Cambridge, l’une des villes les plus innovantes du monde où universités d’élite, laboratoires, grandes entreprises et start-ups sont interconnectés. (...) - EducPros, par Jessica Gourdon, 04.02.2014

 

 

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L’Université de Genève classée deuxième la plus internationale au monde

L’Université de Genève classée deuxième la plus internationale au monde | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Les facultés suisses sont réputées dans le monde entier. Pour preuve, ce sont celles qui comptent le plus d'étudiants venus d'ailleurs.

Avec 30% d'étudiants non domiciliés à Genève, l'université de Genève (UNIGE) se place en deuxième position ex-aequo de l'université la «plus internationale» au monde au ranking du Times Higher Education. Un excellent résultat pour la direction de l'établissement. Explications.(...) - par Mariana Eduardo, Tribune de Genève, 03/02/2014

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London Academy of Excellence offers hopes for free school programme

London Academy of Excellence offers hopes for free school programme | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Academic success of selective free school in east London gives Michael Gove chance to set out his vision for reform of education.

In Michael Gove and Andrew Adonis's wildest dreams, the academies and free schools their policies ushered into being would be filled with bright students in spotless classrooms, being encouraged to apply to top universities. (...) - by Richard Adams, The Guardian, 2 February 2014

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Japan: Boosting foreign student numbers to 300,000

The Japanese government has launched an ambitious scheme to attract 300,000 international students to enrol in its universities, while also encouraging more of its students to go abroad to study.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe last month announced the government’s plans to further the globalisation of Japanese higher education. Abe told the Japanese parliament or Diet the two major pillars of the plan were strengthening English-language proficiency among Japanese students and increasing international student numbers to 300,000 over the next six years. (...)  - University World News, by Suvendrini Kakuchi, 31 January 2014, Issue No:305

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L’évaluation des universités, une «farce»?

L’évaluation des universités, une «farce»? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
«Le classement de Shanghaï et celui du Times Higher Education sont très populaires auprès des administrateurs universitaires»

À l’occasion de la sortie de son ouvrage intitulé Les dérives de l’évaluation de la recherche. Du bon usage de la bibliométrie (Éditions Raisons d’agir, Paris), Yves Gingras explique que le monde de la recherche et de l’enseignement supérieur est agité depuis plusieurs années par une véritable « fièvre de l’évaluation ». Si le jugement de type subjectif et qualitatif rendu par les pairs et les experts est toujours d’usage, une tendance au simple résultat chiffré s’est installée, facilitant ainsi la création de palmarès de toutes sortes. C’est le cas notamment des revues savantes, qui se font attribuer un « facteur d’impact », mais aussi des universités elles-mêmes. (..) - Le Devoir, par Benoit Rose, 01/02/2014

 

 

 

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Bulgarian and Romanian students in UK find their maintenance stopped

Bulgarian and Romanian students in UK find their maintenance stopped | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Students with three years' residency say they are being unfairly targeted by rule changes aimed at stemming a flood of migrants. (...) - by Matthew Taylor, The Guardian, 31 January 2014

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U.N. Scientific Advisory Board Inaugurated in Berlin

U.N. Scientific Advisory Board Inaugurated in Berlin | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Panel may come up with follow-up for the Millennium Development Goals.

BERLIN—What do Malaysia's chief science adviser, Abdul Hamid Zakri; Barbadian historian Hilary Beckles; and Italian nuclear physicist Fabiola Gianotti have in common? They all serve on the United Nations' new Scientific Advisory Board, which was inaugurated this morning at the German Federal Foreign Office in the presence of U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. (...) - by Kai Kupferschmidt, Science, 30/01/2014

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Algérie : Grève dans les instituts de langues étrangères El Watan

Algérie : Grève dans les instituts de langues étrangères  El Watan | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Le scénario des interminables grèves qu’ont connu les instituts des langues étrangères de l’université d’Alger risque de se rééditer cette année.

Même si, l’année dernière, les étudiants ont validé leurs modules avec moins de six mois d’études, les mêmes revendications – dont la plus importante : l’accès généralisé au master – sont actualisées. Les étudiants menacent de durcir le ton. Les responsables du secteur sont en quelque sorte en train de récolter les premières conséquences de l’application du système LMD (licence-master-doctorat) dans les universités algériennes. Les revendications exprimées ont trait à la révision des méthodes d’application du système LMD dans les aspects liés à l’accès aux grades de master et doctorat.
Des concours et des seuils de moyennes cadrent aujourd’hui le passage à ces grades. (...) - El Watan, par Fatima Arab, 29/01/2014

 

 

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The Market for Social Sciences and Humanities Publications

The Market for Social Sciences and Humanities Publications | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

A recent research report from Simba Information analyzes the market for publications in the social sciences and humanities.

Dan Strempel of Simba Information has kindly made available to me Simba’s recent report on the market for social sciences and humanities (SSH) publications, Global Social Science & Humanities Publishing 2013-2014. There are not many encouraging signs in this study for publishers, but it’s worthwhile to review the numbers and the structure of the market, some of which may be surprising to many readers. (...) - By Joseph Esposito, blog 'the scholarly kitchen', January 28, 2014

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NIH Takes Steps to Improve Reproducibility

NIH Takes Steps to Improve Reproducibility | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Agency leaders discuss a series of pilot projects in Nature commentary.

For the last few years, concerns have been growing in the biomedical research community that many animal studies can’t be reproduced in other labs. The problem has frustrated industry researchers and raised questions about the basis for some clinical trials. Today, in a comment in Nature, leaders at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) discuss several efforts to improve the reproducibility of preclinical research. (...) - by Jocelyn Kaiser, Science, 27 January 2014

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Denmark: Universities feel stabbed in the back by minister

Over the Christmas period Morten Østergaard, Denmark’s minister for science, innovation and higher education, told a leading newspaper there were far too many courses at universities and the number would be significantly cut. There have also been challenges to the university funding system. Universities have now struck back.

Since 1990 there has been a four-fold increase in the number of bachelor degrees offered by Danish universities. (...) - University World News, by Jan Petter Myklebust, 24 January 2014 Issue No:304

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UK visa problems worry scientists

UK visa problems worry scientists | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Immigration policies scare off foreign talent, warn critics.

 

The United Kingdom’s increasingly tough stance on immigration is driving foreign scientists to competing nations, the academic community has warned.

At a meeting with the Home Office last month, representatives of leading universities and scientific organizations said that unwelcoming government rhetoric about reducing immigration, together with complicated visa procedures for visiting researchers, make Britain an unattractive destination for scholars. (...) - by Daniel Cressey, Nature, 04 February 2014

 

 

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Les universités doivent se corriger, clame Québec

Les universités doivent se corriger, clame Québec | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Le gouvernement Marois invite les universités à rétablir l’équilibre de leurs régimes de retraite, cause directe de leurs déficits endémiques.

 

«La situation déficitaire des régimes de retraite explique les déficits des universités (…) Les directions universitaires doivent s’attaquer à cette question-là rapidement. Il faut qu’elles trouvent un moyen de s’entendre pour modifier certaines règles pour qu’on rétablisse l’équilibre», a dit le ministre de l’Enseignement supérieur, Pierre Duchesne, en entrevue avec le Journal de Québec. (...) - Journal du Quénec, par Régys Caron, 05/02/2014

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A Metric for the Quality of Peer Review: Interview with Adam Etkin of PreSCORE

A Metric for the Quality of Peer Review: Interview with Adam Etkin of PreSCORE | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Adam Etkin describes the workings and rationale for scoring papers and journals based on the rigor of peer review they received prior to publication.

Peer review–the process whereby new results are scrutinized by competent peers before publication–forms the heart of most scientific journals.

In recent months, investigations and allegations have questioned what some journals consider to be a “peer” and what exactly constituted a “review.” The scrutiny received by manuscripts can be so varied across journals, that the term “peer review” may hold very little value in itself. For some journals, the phrase has been used to make entirely false pretenses about what takes place between submission and publication. (...) - the scholarly kitchen by Phil Davis, February 4, 2014

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Roumanie : 3 types d’universités

La Roumanie a rejoint l’Union Européenne le 1er janvier 2007. Elle compte 22 universités ; certaines ont des partenariats avec des universités françaises. Trois d’entre elles ont été évaluées en 2013 par l’Institutional Evaluation Programme (IEP) de l’European University Association (EUA). Et pendant ce temps-là, la France tergiverse sur l’organisation de son système d’évaluation des universités : Ne pas lire le rapport sur le HCERES. (...) - Blog Histoires d'universités, 03/02/2014

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UK: Academic ideals are being crushed to suit private-sector style management

UK: Academic ideals are being crushed to suit private-sector style management | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

If universities continue to heed the call of corporatisation, the role of the academic – as we know it – will become extinct.

As an early-career lecturer in a post-1992 university, I often feel like a rare bird in an ornate cage struggling to maintain its dignity in a discount superstore filled with pets. This bird knows it could have been a proud representative of a noble lineage and chirrups dolefully as it ruffles its plumes, but the song is drowned out by the bustling sale of cheap, plastic imitation bird-objects around it. (...) - by Anonymous academic, The Guardian, 2 February 2014

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Mass movement of the world’s students

early five million international students are likely to be studying for degrees outside their own countries this year in what has become one of humanity’s great mass movements.

Since 2000, when 2.1 million students left home to enrol in a foreign college or university, the number has increased by a staggering 140%, an average of 10% every year.(...)  - University World News, by Geoff Maslen, 31 January 2014 Issue No:305

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[Canada] L’interdisciplinarité: l’ADN de l’INRS et de ses centres de recherche

[Canada] L’interdisciplinarité: l’ADN de l’INRS et de ses centres de recherche | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

«Notre volonté est vraiment de créer des ponts entre les centres »

Il existe quatre centres de recherche qui forment l’ossature de l’Institut dans quatre champs d’activité spécifiques et qui sont axés sur l’essor québécois : l’INRS-Eau-Terre-Environnement, l’INRS-Énergie-Matériaux-Télécommunications, l’INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier et l’INRS-Urbanisation-Culture-Société. (...) - Le Devoir, par Réginald Harvey, 01/02/2014

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University applications hit record high

University applications hit record high | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Ucas reveals 4% increase in the number of applicants to UK universities despite slight decline in number of 18-year-olds.

The proportion of British 18-year-olds applying to university has reached its highest-ever level, according to figures for undergraduate applications in 2014 – thanks to a surge in applications from London and among women. (...) - by Richard Adams and Libby Page, The Guardian, 31/01/2014

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Academics protest at proposal to ban them from blogging

International Studies Association considers blog bar on its journal editors.

Academics across the world are up in arms at a proposal to bar the senior members of the International Studies Association (ISA) from blogging. The proposal says:

"No editor of any ISA journal or member of any editorial team of an ISA journal can create or actively manage a blog unless it is an official blog of the editor's journal or the editorial team's journal.

This policy requires that all editors and members of editorial teams to apply this aspect of the code of conduct to their ISA journal commitments. All editorial members, both the editor in chief(s) and the board of editors/editorial teams, should maintain a complete separation of their journal responsibilities and their blog associations." (...) - by Roy Greenslade, The Guardian, 30 January 2014

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Les spin-off, quand les universités se confrontent au business

Les spin-off, quand les universités se confrontent au business | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Les universités se posent de plus en plus comme acteurs du développement économique et social. Mais est-il facile de passer de la recherche aux résultats concrets? C'est ce que font les spin-off, ces entreprises à la frontières entre les universitaires et le monde économique. (...) - rtbf.be, 29/01/2014

 

 

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Grèce, un traitement de choc inacceptable Appel des syndicats français de la Fédération mondiale des travailleurs scientifiques

Soumis au chantage de la Troïka (UE, BCE, FMI) depuis 2010, les gouvernements grecs successifs multiplient les plans d’austérité. Dès 2010, le FMI avait envisagé une restructuration de la dette publique, mais les chefs d’État et de gouvernement de la zone Euro s’y étaient alors opposés. Deux ans plus tard, au printemps 2012, une restructuration eut lieu : la Grèce était à deux doigts de la cessation de paiement. En effet, entre temps la dette avait effectué un bond, passant de 130 % du PIB à 170 %, et l’économie s’était effondrée avec une chute de 9 % du PIB. Les prêts octroyés par la Troïka dès 2010 conditionnés à des politiques d’austérité drastiques avaient aggravé la crise et n’ont nullement servi à « sauver » le pays, ni à rembourser la dette. Depuis, la même orientation perdure, et la situation empire.(...) - Les syndicats français de la Fédération mondiale des travailleurs scientifiques (FMTS) SNESUP-FSU, SNCS-FSU, SNTRS-CGT, UGICT-CGT, via SLR, 27/01/2014

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UK universities suffer first fall in foreign students since records began

Evidence of the impact on higher education of ambiguous signals from a British government determined to cut net immigration has emerged in the form of the first recorded decline in enrolment of international students from outside the European Union.

First year international student enrolments at all UK higher education institutions fell by 1% in the 2012-13 academic year, with the heaviest declines in student numbers from India and Pakistan. (...) - University World News, by David Jobbins, 23 January 2014 Issue No:304

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