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Higher Education and academic research
Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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Des scientifiques de renom contre les réductions

Des scientifiques de renom contre les réductions | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

"Europe, sauve la science !" implore Gazeta Wyborcza, après la publication d'une lettre ouverte adressée aux dirigeants européens et signée par 42 prix Nobel et 5 médailles Fields (le "Nobel" des mathématiques).

Les signataires pressent les chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement de protéger les dépenses pour la recherche et l'innovation dans le budget 2014-2020 de l'UE.(...) - presseeurop.eu, 23/10/2012

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Université de Koudougou (Burkina Faso): des enseignants racontent leur "calvaire"

Université de Koudougou (Burkina Faso): des enseignants racontent leur "calvaire" | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Cette déclaration relate les sacrifices consentis par les enseignants de l’université de Koudougou pour revenir à une année académique normale et évoque aussi des humiliations quotidiennes que des étudiants feraient subir à leurs enseignants. (...) - fasozine.com, 22/10/2012

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Academies launch universal guide to curb misconduct

Academies launch universal guide to curb misconduct | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

BOGOTÁ] A global network of science academies has issued a set of guidelines for responsible research conduct amid a worldwide increase in irresponsible research behavior, and differing views over what constitutes research misconduct and how to deal with it. "Global standards of behaviour reflecting the universal values of science are not only possible but necessary," says the report, released this week (17 October) by the InterAcademy Panel (IAP). (...) - SciDev.Net, Lisbeth Fog, 19 octobre 2012

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[Italy] L'Aquila Earthquake Experts Found Guilty

In a verdict likely to spur extensive controversy, an Italian judge has ruled that seven earthquake experts are guilty of manslaughter in a case that charged them with providing flawed advice prior to the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake (http://news.sciencemag.org/scienceinsider/2012/09/four-year-prison-terms-sought-fo.html). The defendants are likely to appeal, a process that could last several years. The verdict also calls for damage payments that could amount to many hundreds of thousands of euros. More coming soon. - ScienceInsider, by Edwin Cartlidge and Dan Clery on 22 October 2012

 

Read more about the full verdict : http://news.sciencemag.org/scienceinsider/2012/10/earthquake-experts-convicted-of-.html

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How Do Sexist Comments Affect Women in STEM?

The annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience brings together neuroscientists from around the world to discuss cutting edge research relevant to their fields of study.

Unfortunately, this year’s conference will be known less for advancements in neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders and more for the comments of one participant—evolutionary biologist Dr. Dario Maestripieri from the University of Chicago. On Sunday, October 14, 2012 Dr. Maestripieri posted the following message on Facebook,

“My impressions of the Conference of the Society for Neuroscience in New Orleans. There are thousands of people at the conference and an unusually high concentration of unattractive women. The super model types are completely absent. What is going on? Are unattractive women particularly attracted to neuroscience? Are beautiful women particularly uninterested in the brain? No offense to anyone..” - RateMyPI, by Kevin Hascup on October 21, 2012

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Universities hit by research funding slump

Research funding at Canadian universities hit US$6.6 billion in 2011, a paltry 2.2% rise from the US$6.48 billion raised for research and development in 2010 – and the smallest gain in the past decade, writes Christine Wong for itbusiness.ca.

The latest figures from the Toronto firm Research Infosource indicate that investment in Canadian university research has basically flatlined in the past year. By comparison, research funding levels from 2000 to 2010 saw annual increases of between three and 23%. (...) - University World News, itbusiness.ca, 21 October 2012

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A ranking alternative worth consideration

A ranking alternative worth consideration | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

What US News and World Report started in the 1980s as an assessment said to be based on objective criteria, has morphed into an international status competition.

The US News’ Best Colleges, Times Higher Education, QS and Shanghai Jiao Tong tertiary education rankings systems attract increasing attention with each autumn.

As with any rankings outcome, there are winners and losers. (...) - University World News, by William Patrick Leonard, 21 October 2012

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[Algérie] Université : Par-delà les chiffres et les satisfecits

[Algérie] Université : Par-delà les chiffres et les satisfecits | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

La place de l’Université dans l’échiquier social et économique - Avec près d’un million et demi d’étudiants, l’université algérienne révèle chaque année de nouvelles facettes de sa complexité, marquées toutes du sceau de la ‘’démocratisation’’ d’accès aux études supérieures entamée dès le milieu des années soixante-dix du siècle dernier. Le constat, aujourd’hui, est que cette vision politique s’apparente inévitablement à une massification problématique qui est loin de rendre service ni aux diplômés ni à l’économie du pays. Les taux de réussite au baccalauréat ne cessent, à quelques rares exceptions, de grimper chaque année, sans que l’on soit rassuré sur la validité des notes obtenues et sur la manière dont elles sont obtenues. (...) - La Dépêche de Kabylie, Par Amar Naït Messaoud, 19/10/2012

Avec près d’un million et demi d’étudiants, l’université algérienne révèle chaque année de nouvelles facettes de sa complexité, marquées toutes du sceau de la ‘’démocratisation’’ d’accès aux études supérieures entamée dès le milieu des années soixante-dix du siècle dernier. Le constat, aujourd’hui, est que cette vision politique s’apparente inévitablement à une massification problématique qui est loin de rendre service ni aux diplômés ni à l’économie du pays. Les taux de réussite au baccalauréat ne cessent, à quelques rares exceptions, de grimper chaque année, sans que l’on soit rassuré sur la validité des notes obtenues et sur la manière dont elles sont obtenues.

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Challenging the integrity of research

Challenging the integrity of research | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Stories of scientific misconduct, from plagiarism to falsification and fabrication of results are on the rise.

What leads scientists to make such poor judgements when it comes to their work? And how can you make sure you carry out your research with integrity? For instance, you might not make up your results – but what if you fail to record your data properly making your research hard to replicate? And how bad is it to plagiarise your own work, seeing as you wrote it in the first place? (...) - by Catherine de Lange, Nature Jobs Blog, 17 Oct 2012

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Louise Béliveau (Université de Montréal) : "les Français représentent 30% de nos étudiants étrangers"

L'université de Montréal accueille chaque année quelques 4.000 étudiants français, pour la plupart (70%) dès l'après-bac. De passage à Paris, sa vice-rectrice aux affaires étudiantes, Louise Béliveau, précise l'intérêt que son université porte au public français, alors que 11 universités québécoises sont en pleine promotion dans le sud de l'Hexagone. (...) - educpros.fr, Emmanuel Vaillant, 17.10.12

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A new academic underclass: the adjunct committee member (essay) | Inside Higher Ed

A new academic underclass: the adjunct committee member (essay) | Inside Higher Ed | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

I’ve recently come full circle to where I started my academic life: I am once again working as an adjunct professor. Last December, I left my full-time, tenured position at a small liberal arts/ professional college. I was ready for an early retirement from my institution (even if it didn’t come with an enticement package) -- but I wasn’t ready to stop teaching. Just lately, I’ve been contemplating putting together a proposal offering my services for a new position, which I will unveil here. But first I need to explain how I reached this point. (...) - By Carolyn Foster Segal, Inside Higher Ed, October 18, 2012

 

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Québec : les libéraux pressent le gouvernement de compenser les universités

Québec : les libéraux pressent le gouvernement de compenser les universités | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Malgré la confiance affichée par les dirigeants des universités, les libéraux ont pressé le gouvernement, mercredi, de compenser leurs établissements pour l'annulation de la hausse des droits de scolarité. (...) - par Alexandre Robillard, La Presse, 17/10/2012

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République Togolaise : le gouvernement donne satisfaction aux étudiants

République Togolaise : le gouvernement donne satisfaction aux étudiants | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Un décret sur la classification des diplômes, réglant du même coup les problèmes liés aux licences du nouveau système LMD (licence, master, doctorat), a été adopté mercredi en conseil des ministres.

La mise en place du LMD avait suscité des remous dans les deux universités du Togo.

La maîtrise classique n’existant plus, le gouvernement a tranché en faisant en sorte que ceux qui sont titulaires de la licence LMD, et qui répondent aux critères de l’ancienne maîtrise, puissent participer aux concours de l’administration publique et, en cas de succès, intégrer directement la catégorie A2.

Le décret permet aux titulaires d’une licence LMD de postuler aux concours d’entrée au 3è cycle de l’ENA, et de la magistrature. - republicoftogo.com

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How Higher Education in the US Was Destroyed in 5 Basic Steps

How Higher Education in the US Was Destroyed in 5 Basic Steps | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Higher education is not what it used to be, and that's no accident. (...) - Alternet | October 16, 2012 | By Debra Leigh Scottmardi 23 octobre 2012

 

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Academies launch universal guide to curb misconduct

Academies launch universal guide to curb misconduct | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
With the research boom making science misconduct more common, the time has come for universal guidelines, say academicians.

A global network of science academies has issued a set of guidelines for responsible research conduct amid a worldwide increase in irresponsible research behavior, and differing views over what constitutes research misconduct and how to deal with it.  (...) - SciDev.Net, by Lisbeth Fog, 19 octobre 2012

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Scientific research bodies 'failing to engage public'

Scientific research bodies 'failing to engage public' | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Most scientific research bodies in developing nations are more focused on educating the public than engaging with them, a study says.

Scientific research bodies in the developing world are less likely to encourage public participation with science than their developed world counterparts, a report has found.

Sarah Palmer and Renato Schibeci, writing in Public Understanding of Science on 24 August, examined the requirements of science research funding bodies from Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania, over the period 2004–2011. (...) - SciDev.Net, by Siobhan Chan, 16 octobre 2012

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Jusqu'où monteront les universités chinoises ? Trente millions d'étudiantsTrente millions d'étudiantsTrente millions d'étudiants

Jusqu'où monteront les universités chinoises ? Trente millions d'étudiantsTrente millions d'étudiantsTrente millions d'étudiants | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Depuis plusieurs années, le pays investit dans la matière grise. Il se dote d'établissements de rang mondial et multiplie les partenariats. 

 

Méconnaissables. Quiconque a sillonné la Chine récemment n'a pas manqué de le constater : les universités y sont particulièrement choyées. Partout, des bâtiments modernes, des espaces verts, des gymnases, des stades. Bref, de véritables universités « à l'américaine ». (...) - Les Echos, 23/10/2012

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UK: Can universities afford to stay single any longer?

Work is under way to build the Francis Crick Institute in London, a research behemoth that looks set to project three London universities into the global super-league for biomedicine. The site will not be ready until 2015, but already the building is casting a big shadow over the rest of the country, writes Anna Fazackerley for the Guardian.

The Crick, as it is known in academia, is intended to develop better treatments for diseases by bringing together scientists from different disciplines to study everything from stem cells to influenza. It is also a thundering testament to the power of partnership. (...) - University World News, Guardian, 21 October 2012

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Lords debate on modernising higher education in Europe

The main job of the European Union select committee in the House of Lords is to monitor the UK government’s handling of the multitude of proposals, programmes and directives that emanate from the European Union (EU).

The Modernisation of Higher Education in Europe debate, which took place on 11 October, was about proposals published in September by the European Commission titled Supporting Growth and Jobs – an Agenda for the Modernisation of Europe’s Higher Education Systems [COM (2011) 567].

The commission’s thesis was that the potential contribution of higher education to Europe’s prosperity remains underexploited. (...)  - University World News, Baroness Margaret Sharp, 21 October 2012

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[Québec] Droits de scolarité: des universités remboursent leurs étudiants |

[Québec] Droits de scolarité: des universités remboursent leurs étudiants | | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Plusieurs universités rembourseront leurs étudiants après avoir inclus la hausse annuelle de 254$ des droits de scolarité imposée par l'ex-gouvernement Charest sur les factures du trimestre d'automne, a appris La Presse. (...) - par Gabrielle Duchaine, La Presse, 20/10/2012

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Droits de scolarité : Québec n'a pas décidé si les universités seront compensées | Grands Titres | Radio-Canada.ca

Droits de scolarité : Québec n'a pas décidé si les universités seront compensées | Grands Titres | Radio-Canada.ca | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Le ministre québécois de l'Enseignement supérieur, Pierre Duchesne, n'est pas encore en mesure de dire si son ministère versera une somme d'argent pour compenser les universités à la suite de l'annulation de la hausse des droits de scolarité. (...) - radio-canada.ca, 19 octobre 2012

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[Université] McGill restera finalement au Québec

[Université] McGill restera finalement au Québec | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

C'est avec soulagement que le RSEQ (Réseau du sport étudiant du Québec) a appris, mercredi soir, que Sport universitaire de l'Ontario (SUO) refusait la demande de transfert des Redmen de l'Université McGill, acheminée en mai dernier. (...) - par Sébastien Lajoie, La Presse, 18/10/2012

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Study: Deregulated Universities Don't Have Better Outcomes

A study released Wednesday by Policy Matters Ohio, a nonpartisan think tank, found that deregulating the governance structure of public higher education institutions -- a primary component of Ohio Governor John Kasich's higher education agenda-- doesn't have a significant effect on outcomes such as enrollment, graduation rate and the number of low-income students who graduate, but could lead to higher tuition rates, at least in the states examined. The study looked at three classes of institutions: "highly deregulated" (Virginia and Colorado), "partially deregulated" (Illinois, New Jersey and Texas), and "coordinated" (Kentucky, Maryland and Minnesota) and compared their outcomes to that of the nation and Ohio over the past decade. (...) - Inside Higher Ed, October 18, 2012

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There’s something fishy about citations: We need a method of assessing the support of research if we want to change the ‘publish or perish’ culture

There’s something fishy about citations: We need a method of assessing the support of research if we want to change the ‘publish or perish’ culture | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Current citation biases give us only the narrowest slice of scientific support. Bradley Voytek writes that while BrainSCANr may have flaws, it gives the reader a quick indication of how well-supported an academic argument is and could provide a new way of thinking about citations.

Science has a lot of problems. Or rather, scientometrics has a lot of problems. Scientific careers are built off the publish or perish foundation of citation counts. Journals are ranked by impact factors. There are serious problems with this system, and many ideas have been offered on how to change it but so far little has actually been affected. Many journals, including the PLoS and Frontiers series, are making efforts to bring about change, but they are mostly taking a social tactic: ranking and commenting on articles.I believe these methods are treating the symptom, not the problem. (...) - by Bradley Voytek, LSE blog "Impact of Social Sciences", Oct 17, 2012


Via Julien Hering, PhD
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[Maroc] Rentrée universitaire : des défis et des maux - LE MATIN.ma

[Maroc] Rentrée universitaire : des défis et des maux - LE MATIN.ma | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
L’Université de Casablanca accueille, pour la rentrée 2012-2013, 33 000 étudiants environ, dont près de 14 700 nouveaux inscrits.

 

La rentrée universitaire 2012-2013 a été ponctuée par l’organisation, au niveau du Conseil de la région du Grand Casablanca, d’une journée d’information autour du thème «Défis de la rentrée universitaire actuelle». La rencontre s’est déroulée en présence des présidents des Universités Hassan II de Casablanca et de Mohammedia, ainsi que des membres du Conseil et d’acteurs accordant un intérêt à l’enseignement. L’objectif de cette rencontre est d’approfondir le débat autour de questions à caractère urgent, afin de sortir avec des recommandations à même de tirer l’enseignement vers le haut à travers une approche qualité. (...) - 17 Octobre 2012 - Abdelhakim Hamdane, LE MATIN

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