Higher Education and academic research
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Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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Student Loans Rising An Overview of Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options

Rising student debt burdens can affect a variety of economic outcomes. For those enrolled in school, student loan debt may affect completion rates, choice of major, and student performance. Once students graduate, student debt can impact career choice and willingness to seek a graduate education. Lastly, student loan burdens can also affect financial decisions later in life, influencing decisions about home purchase and marriage. (...) - Economic studies at Brookings, mai 2014 via Sauvons l'Université !

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À lire de près — surtout par ceux qui penseraient pouvoir compenser le désinvestissement de l’état par des augmentations de frais d’inscription et de prêts étudiants.

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Les dépenses en R&D des organismes de recherche extra-universitaire allemands en hausse

Les dépenses en R&D des organismes de recherche extra-universitaire allemands en hausse | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Au cours de l'année 2012, les organismes de recherche extra-universitaire allemands ont investi près de 11,3 milliards d'euros en recherche et développement (R&D). Ce montant est en hausse de 300 millions d'euros par rapport aux résultats de 2011. Voilà le principal enseignement que livre la dernière édition de l'enquête annuelle de l'Office fédéral des statistiques (Destatis) [1].

Il apparaît tout d'abord que cette hausse se traduit en partie par une augmentation du nombre d'emplois, puisque les effectifs en R&D ont crû de 2,4%, pour atteindre 95 900 postes (équivalent temps plein). Ce chiffre n'était que de 93 700 en 2011. (...) - BE Allemagne 657, Les Bulletins Electroniques des Ambassades de France, 2014/04/30

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Vaste manifestation pour une réforme de l'éducation au Chili

Vaste manifestation pour une réforme de l'éducation au Chili | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Entre 40 000 et 100 000 personnes, selon les sources, se sont rassemblées jeudi dans les rues de la capitale, Santiago.

 

Des dizaines de milliers d’étudiants ont défilé jeudi à Santiago pour manifester en faveur d’une réforme de l’éducation et rappeler à la présidente socialiste Michelle Bachelet, investie il y a deux mois, une de ses principales promesses de campagne.

La manifestation, organisée par les syndicats étudiants, mais aussi des organisations de lycéens a rassemblé quelque 40 000 personnes, selon la police et 100 000, selon les organisateurs, dans le centre de la capitale chilienne. (...) - AFP via Libération, 09/05/2014

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South Korea: Universities becoming ‘industry’ instead of ‘education’

Chung-Ang University in Seoul has undergone rapid restructuring since it was acquired by the Doosan Group in 2008. Now it has begun making ‘incursions’ into areas that have hitherto been up to the students themselves to decide, write Seo Young-ji for The Hankyoreh.

Students who have criticised the moves have reportedly been stigmatised and repressed. For Kim Chang-in, a 24-year-old third-year philosophy student, dropping out was a last-ditch show of resistance. (...) - University World News, by The Hankyoreh, 09 May 2014 Issue No:319

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U.S. House Passes Permanent R&D Tax Credit

U.S. House Passes Permanent R&D Tax Credit | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

But legislation likely to languish despite bipartisan support.

 

The U.S. House of Representatives has passed a bill that would permanently extend a popular tax break for companies investing in research. Despite strong bipartisan support, however, the proposal appears unlikely to become law—at least not this year.

The 274 to 131 vote ended several days of sniping over the bill, which would permanently renew the so-called R&D tax credit, which expired at the end of last year. Although both Democrats and Republicans sponsored the legislation, it had drawn a veto threat from the White House because it didn’t provide a way to offset the $156 billion that the tax break is expected to cost over the next decade. (...) - ScienceInsider, by David Malakoff, May 9 2014

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Overworked and isolated - work pressure fuels mental illness in academia

Overworked and isolated - work pressure fuels mental illness in academia | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Exclusive: Guardian survey shows heavy workloads to blame for mental health problems among academics

 

Academics suffering mental health problems blame their university work directly for their illness, exclusive findings from a Guardian survey reveal.

Heavy workloads, lack of support and isolation are the key factors contributing to mental illness, according to respondents, who range from PhD students to vice-chancellors. (...) - by Claire Shaw, The Guardian, 8 May 2014

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Germany: the career challenges of a single academic track

Germany: the career challenges of a single academic track | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

A recent petition seeking government support to establish more permanent jobs and to limit the number of short term contracts in science and technology positions in Germany has already gathered over 10,000 signatures. It was initiated on 7th March 2014 by a German scientist called Sebastian Raupach, who wrote a letter addressed to the vice chancellor, Sigmar Gabriel, and to the country’s federal minister for education and research, Johanna Wanke. This petition reflects the growing unrest among scientists regarding the limited career path in Germany. - Euroscientist Webzine, May 7th, 2014

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[Maroc] Les autorités peuvent désormais accéder aux universités en cas de menace à la sécurité

[Maroc] Les autorités peuvent désormais accéder aux universités en cas de menace à la sécurité | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Le ministre de l'Intérieur, Mohamed Hassad a annoncé, mardi, l'adoption d'une décision conjointe avec le ministre de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la recherche scientifique et de la formation des cadres, sous forme de circulaire, autorisant les autorités locales à accéder aux universités et aux cités universitaires en cas de menace à la sécurité ou à l'ordre public afin de protéger les vies, les personnes et les biens. (...) - La Vie Eco, 07/05/2014

 

 

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2014-New policy for open access in the post-2014 Research Excellence Framework

2014-New policy for open access in the post-2014 Research Excellence Framework | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

HEFCE and the other three UK funding bodies have published details of a new policy for open access relating to future research assessments after the current 2014 REF.

 

The policy describes new eligibility requirements for outputs submitted to the post-2014 REF. These requirements apply to all journal articles and conference proceedings accepted for publication after 1 April 2016. They do not apply to monographs, other long-form publications, creative or non-text outputs, or data. (...) - HEFCE (Higher Education Funding Council for England), 28 March 2014


Via Julien Hering, PhD
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Les Moocs donnent des ailes aux Africains

Les Moocs donnent des ailes aux Africains | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Les cours en ligne connaissent un succès grandissant sur le continent africain.

Pendant ce temps, à Douala, Arel Kevin a trouvé un local. A la maison en étages et à antenne orange, au lieu-dit Entrée Eglise, près du snack-bar GES Force V. Il a d’abord sollicité son école, l’Institut supérieur de technologies avancée, où il fait un BTS d’informatique industrielle. « Mais vu les tracasseries procédurales, j’ai plutôt approché un ancien camarade de classe compatissant, dont les parents disposent d’une salle de réception en bordure de route. » (...) - Le Monde, par Serge Michel, 04/05/2014

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La Chine débarque en force sur le marché des MOOCs

L'information est passée à peu près inaperçue dans l'Hexagone : début avril, la Chine a fait une entrée en force dans le domaine des MOOCs, ces cours en ligne "massivement ouverts", qui ont été lancés aux Etats-Unis. (...) Blog Le Monde "Focus Campus", 03/05/2014

 

 

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Australia: Federal audit stuns science community

A 'razor gang' operating under the title of a "commission of audit" established by Australia's conservative federal government has called for sweeping changes to the national economy that include widespread cuts in spending and abolition of major science projects with modification of others.

Elected last September, one of the first acts of the government of Prime Minister Tony Abbott was to appoint the commission, dominated by senior business figures and a former conservative senator, to inquire into and recommend ways of overcoming what the government calls "an economic crisis facing Australia". (...) - University World News, by

Geoff Maslen, 02 May 2014 Issue No:318
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Knowledge and Innovation Communities network expands

Europe's Knowledge and Innovation Communities, or KICs, have a potential budget of EUR1 billion (US$1.38 billion) each and the huge collaborative research and postgraduate training networks initiative is well under way. Three KICs have been established and a call for proposals recently went out for another two, with more planned in the coming years.

The initiative is being run by the European Institute of Innovation and Technology, or EIT, an independent body set up by the European Union in 2008 to deliver advanced training in innovation and entrepreneurship and to help overcome some of Europe's grand challenges. (...) - University World News, by Jan Petter Myklebust, 02 May 2014 Issue No:318

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How to get indexed by Google Scholar?

How to get indexed by Google Scholar? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Google Scholar is an 'invitation based search engine’, which means it index content cited by articles already indexed are included in the database. (...) - Blog Open Science, April 11, 2014


Via Tree of Science
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Tree of Science's curator insight, June 9, 2014 3:30 PM

Researchers are using different ways to find scientific articles for their work : free field-centered search engines (i.e. PubMed for life science) or services with subscriptions (like EBSCO, ProQuest, ...). Google Scholar is one of the most worlwide used. To be easily founded, researchers have to correctly indexed their articles. #research #science2dot0 #scientificpublications

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Québec : Les recteurs ont refusé 1,8 milliard $

Québec : Les recteurs ont refusé 1,8 milliard $ | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Même si elles se disent sous-financées à hauteur de 850 millions par année, les universités ont levé le nez sur le réinvestissement de 1,8 milliard que proposait le gouvernement Marois. L’argent avait été mis sur la table lors du sommet sur l’enseignement supérieur tenu en février 2013. (...) - Journal de Québec, par Régys Caron, 11/05/2014

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Why I'm Skipping My Harvard Reunion (A Call to Action)

Why I'm Skipping My Harvard Reunion (A Call to Action) | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

If you're born poor and don't go to college you're likely to remain poor, but if you finish college you're as likely to become rich as to remain poor. At its core, inequality is about education. If there's hope, it must lie with the schools....

In a few weeks, the Harvard class of 1989 will be reuniting in Cambridge. There'll be mini-TED talks, a "Taste of New England Dinner," and a chance to sing with the Boston Pops, but I'll be spending the weekend coaching my son's Little League team and hanging out with my family. (...) - by Evan Mandery, The Huffington Post, 05/06/2014

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Insightful critique and a great read.

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Malaysia: Government invests in research universities

Research undertaken by higher education institutions is indispensable in propelling Malaysia towards developed nation status. Therefore under the 10th Malaysia Plan the government has elevated the status of five institutions to become research universities, writes Ainul Huda Mohamed Saaid for Bernama. (...) -  University World News, Bernama 09 May 2014 Issue No:319

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RIKEN Makes Verdict on Two Problematic Stem Cell Papers Final

RIKEN Makes Verdict on Two Problematic Stem Cell Papers Final | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Judgment of misconduct by lead author Haruko Obokata will stand; she now faces disciplinary procedures.

TOKYO—RIKEN has decided against reopening an investigation into two stem cell papers that concluded that the lead author, Haruko Obokata of RIKEN's Center for Developmental Biology in Kobe, engaged in research misconduct. The institute has yet to decide whether Obokata will be punished. (...) by Dennis Normile, ScienceInsider, May 8 2014

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How big data is changing how we study languages

How big data is changing how we study languages | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Big data is enriching the field of language study, but data access needs to be opened up more for academics to scrunitise the figures properly.

Do women really talk more than men? How does disfluency vary with sex and age? Do young people really use "Yeah no" more than older people, and what do they mean by it? Have sentences in formal written English become shorter and simpler over the past few hundred years? Using available digital resources, we can get answers to questions like these in just a few minutes. (...) - by Mark Liberman, The Guardian, 7 May 2014

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German Ethics Council: Government Should Regulate Dangerous Research

German Ethics Council: Government Should Regulate Dangerous Research | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Report recommends legal framework to deal with "dual use research of concern.

The German government should step in with legislation to regulate so-called dual use research of concern (DURC), the type of science that can benefit mankind but may be dangerous in the wrong hands, says a report issued today by the German Ethics Council. The government should set up a national committee to review DURC proposals in advance, says the report. In addition, the panel says action is needed to raise awareness about the issue, both at home and internationally. (...) - by Martin Enserink, ScienceInsider, May 7, 2014

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Universities seek to boost industry partnerships

Universities seek to boost industry partnerships | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

As drug companies shift focus, academia ramps up its role in bringing discoveries to market.

When Matthew Shair discovered a protein involved in causing blood cancer — and a small molecule that might disrupt that protein — he saw the makings of a new drug. Facing years of costly work to prove its worth, Shair, a chemist at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, did not seek funding from the usual sources, pharmaceutical companies and venture-capital firms. Instead, in 2012, he turned to a Harvard programme that supports preclinical research. It provided him with US$250,000 for preliminary studies in mice and human cells, to determine whether his drug justified under-going clinical trials. (...) - by Erika Check Hayden, Nature, 7 May 2014

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OECD and Pisa tests are damaging education worldwide - academics

OECD and Pisa tests are damaging education worldwide - academics | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

In this letter to Dr Andreas Schleicher, director of the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment, academics from around the world express deep concern about the impact of Pisa tests and call for a halt to the next round of testing (...) - The Guardian, 6 May 2014

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[Belgique] Non, l'ULg n'est pas dans le rouge

Je lis dans l'Echo ce matin que "les finances de l'ULg sont dans le rouge depuis plusieurs années".C'est évidemment faux. Le bilan de l'ULg est systématiquement en boni depuis 2004.Que nous ayons parfois des difficultés pour y arriver, que nous soyons toujours frustrés de ne pouvoir faire autant que nous voudrions, c'est un fait. Mais nous n'avons plus jamais été dans le rouge depuis 10 ans, contrairement aux décennies qui ont précédé. Et ceci grâce à la politique gestionnaire énergique de Willy Legros que j'ai prolongée sur les mêmes principes. Il ne faut pas confondre mesures difficiles à prendre, insatisfaction d'un budget serré, mécontentement d'avoir, faute d'un financement adéquat, à se limiter dans ses ambitions, et être dans le rouge.


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Australia: Higher education faces another major upheaval

Australia: Higher education faces another major upheaval | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Australian universities are preparing for one of the biggest shake-ups higher education has experienced since a Labor government reshaped the sector by consolidating universities and colleges of advanced education in the late 1980s.

Federal Education Minister Christopher Pyne appears to be preparing the ground to extend federal funding to for-profit universities and non-university colleges to create a United States-style system in Australia. (...)  - University World News, by Geoff Maslen, 01 May 2014 Issue No:318

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Postgraduate studies shunned as free tuition scrapped

The Chinese government's decision to scrap free tuition for postgraduate studies - including masters degrees and PhDs - is driving more graduating students to enter the job market instead of remaining in higher education. The trend is likely to intensify the graduate unemployment problem in the country this year.

Free postgraduate studies come to an end at centrally funded universities in China from the 2014 academic year that starts in September.(...) - University World News, by Yojana Sharma, 01 May 2014 Issue No:318

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