Higher Education and academic research
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Higher Education and academic research
Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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[Côte d'Ivoire] Réhabilitation des universités : Le conseiller technique du président de la République : Les 110 milliards Fcfa sont insuffisants

« Je ne suis pas l’avocat du ministre Bacongo, parce que lui-même est avocat de formation. Mais je peux vous affirmer que les 110 milliards de Fcfa qui ont servi à la réhabilitation des 5 universités (Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Alassane Ouattara, Peleforo Gbon, Nangui Abrogoua et Lorougnon Guédé) sont insuffisants ». (...) - par Franck Bissie, L'infodrome, 07/08/2013


 

 

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Is Access to the Research Paper the Same Thing as Access to the Research "Results"?

Is Access to the Research Paper the Same Thing as Access to the Research "Results"? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Is access to the research paper really the same thing as access to the research results themselves? Are funding agencies creating a false equivalency by confusing the two? And does this confusion favor researchers in some fields over others? (...) - The Scholarly kitchen,by David Crotty ⋅ Aug 6, 2013

 

 

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Too much hype

Too much hype | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Scientists have to promote their work. But they should fight the pull to oversell it, says Monika Maleszewska.

If you had asked me a few years ago what makes a scientist, I would have said curiosity. Now, after almost three years pursuing my PhD, I would probably say political skills. Genuine curiosity does indeed make a good scientist, but the ability to promote one's work makes a successful one. (...) by Monika Maleszewska, Nature 500,113 (2013), 31 July 2013

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Bridging the Gap Between Undergraduate Education and Research

Bridging the Gap Between Undergraduate Education and Research | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Undergraduate science education is changing.  Fading are the days of large introductory lectures, where faceless students are merely consumers of certain knowledge to be later regurgitated on an exam. That model of teaching might get the information across, but it fails to engage students.  Where the infamous ‘weed-out’ courses do succeed, however, is in depleting the science talent pool: only 40% of students intending to major in a STEM discipline actually graduate with that major. (...) - Student Blog on PLOS, by Rachel Cotton, July 26, 2013

 

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High Level Group on the Modernisation of Higher Education: train the professors to teach

High Level Group on the Modernisation of Higher Education: train the professors to teach | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The EU high-level group on modernisation of higher education publishes its first report today on improving the quality of teaching and learning in universities. The group, chaired by former President of Ireland Mary McAleese, makes 16 recommendations (see Annex 1) which include a call for mandatory certified training for professors and other higher education teaching staff, more focus on helping students to develop entrepreneurial and innovative skills, and the creation of a European Academy of Teaching and Learning.(...) - europa, 18/06/2013

 

 

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Read and download the report: http://fr.slideshare.net/CollectifPAPERA/modernisation-higher-edjune2013

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USA: Foundation Pledges $90 Million for Physics Research

USA: Foundation Pledges $90 Million for Physics Research | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The foundation launched by Intel co-founder Gordon Moore announced yesterday that it will spend $90 million over a 5-year period to support basic research in condensed matter physics. Citing a need to make up for flattening federal funding for basic research, as well as new opportunities provided by nanotechnology, the foundation says that their funds will back the investigation of materials in which the collective behavior of electrons and other components lead to novel emergent behavior such as superconductivity. (...) - Science/AAAS, 2013-07-31

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[Sénégal] Université de Thiès : les vacataires cessent toute activité pédagogique pour réclamer trois ans d'indemnité

[Sénégal] Université de Thiès : les vacataires cessent toute activité pédagogique pour réclamer trois ans d'indemnité | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

M. Diatta, qui s’exprimait lors d’un point de presse, précise que les vacataires ont ainsi décidé d’arrêté les enseignements et de suspendre l’encadrement des étudiants qui préparent leur mémoire de fin de cycle.

Ils ont aussi décidé de boycotter les différents examens ainsi que les soutenances.

“Les états de vacation de 2010 à 1013 n’ont toujours pas été payés’’, a fustigé Babou Diatta, indiquant que le paiement au niveau de certaines unités de formation et de recherche (UFR) “n’est ni exhaustif ni intégral’’.

Selon lui, la cessation de toute activité pédagogique se poursuivra jusqu’ à la satisfaction de la revendication des vacataires.

Samedi, lors d’une assemblée générale, ils avaient déjà dénoncé avec la plus grande fermeté le non paiement de leurs indemnités, depuis trois ans. - SeneNews.com, 30/07/2013

 

 

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Scottish independence could leave UK universities with £10bn pensions deficit

Scottish independence could leave UK universities with £10bn pensions deficit | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
Universities Superannuation Scheme says funds face potential crisis under strict EU laws on cross-border pensions

The UK's universities could face an immediate pensions shortfall of nearly £10bn if Scotland votes for independence next year, leaving the pensions fund in crisis. (...) by Severin Carrell, The Guardian (Scotland correspondent), Monday 29 July 2013

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[Russie] Les universités ne répondent pas aux besoins de l’économie

[Russie] Les universités ne répondent pas aux besoins de l’économie | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

En Russie, juristes et économistes sont en sureffectifs.

Les universités ne parviennent pas à donner des formations professionnalisantes à leurs étudiants et à les orienter vers les secteurs qui ont de plus gros besoins. Les experts évoquent diverses pistes pour remédier à ces manquements dans les parcours universitaires. (...) - | La Russie d'Aujourd'hui, 25/07/2013

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USA: Universities’ revenue drive obscures broader mission

When the Supreme Court ruled that you couldn’t patent human genes, Ambry Genetics began offering women a test for the BRCA genes, which are linked to breast cancer. But last week, Myriad Genetics, the firm that has enjoyed a de facto monopoly on BRCA tests in recent years, sued – in conjunction with two universities – writes Timothy B Lee for The Washington Post.  (...) - University World News, by The Washington Post,20 July 2013 Issue No:281

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Japan: Young researchers need more international experience

Since 1995, Japan has implemented Science and Technology (S&T) Basic Plans every five years. The current, Fourth S&T Basic Plan emphasises the promotion of basic research and the development of science and technology professionals, thus reinforcing the importance of graduate school education.  (...) - University World News, by Tomoaki Wada, 20 July 2013 Issue No:281

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South Africa: Improved open access research platform launched

A vastly improved scheme that provides free access to African research will be launched by South Africa’s Minister of Science and Technology Derek Hanekom on 22 July. The scholarly platform became a full family member of the SciELO Network Global Portal three months ago.

Since its inception in 1987 in Brazil, the online open access SciELO indexed platform has been successfully implemented in another eight countries: Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Cuba, Spain, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela. (...) - University World News, by Ishmael Tongai, 20 July 2013 Issue No:281

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Danemark : "Il est possible de protéger nos bourses étudiantes des citoyens de l'UE"

Danemark  : "Il est possible de protéger nos bourses étudiantes des citoyens de l'UE" | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Le Danemark attendait avec beaucoup d’inquiétude l’arrêt que la Cour de justice européenne a rendu le 18 juillet sur l’attribution des bourses étudiantes en Allemagne, souligne le Jyllands-Posten

La Cour, s’appuyant sur le principe de libre circulation des citoyens dans l’UE, a décidé que l’Allemagne n’a pas le droit de refuser une aide financière aux étudiants s’il ne résident pas sur le territoire depuis 3 ans.

Or le gouvernement danois exige des étudiants étrangers 2 années de résidence sur le territoire au cours des 10 années précédant la demande de bourse. Le Danemark craint donc que l’arrêt de la Cour ne fasse jurisprudence et ne les oblige à accorder des allocations étudiantes à tous les citoyens européens qui le demandent.

Mais, soulignent des experts dans Jyllands-Posten, il est possible de contourner l’arrêt de la Cour :

Les bourses étudiantes peuvent par exemple être transformées en emprunt. On peut également exiger que l’un des parents travaille dans le pays (...) Si la Cour de justice européenne statue que c’est légal, nous pouvons adapter notre législation

- (...) presseeurop, Jyllands-Posten, 19/07/2013

 

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Academic freedom for whom? - Changing Higher Education

Academic freedom for whom? - Changing Higher Education | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

 A significant change in any component of a stable business model is likely to have significant impact on all other components of the model. In an earlier post, I discussed the business model for higher education (How can we think... (...) - by Lloyd Armstrong from blog "Changing Higher Education"

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Moocs: if we're not careful so-called 'open' courses will close minds

Moocs: if we're not careful so-called 'open' courses will close minds | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Massive open online courses, or Moocs, are likely to offer 'higher education for the masses' with fewer teachers, says Peter Scott

 

I have tried, really hard, not to write about Moocs. But I can't keep it up forever, and what better time than the silly season to write about this phenomenon, which may transform higher education, or just turn out to be another damp squib. (...) by Peter Scott, The Guardian, 5 August 2013

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Strict Limits on Animal Research Stun Italian Scientists

In a major victory for animal rights activists, the Italian Parliament on Wednesday approved a bill that puts drastic limitations on animal testing. Scientists have warned that the provisions, voted by the Senate earlier this month, will severely hurt biomedical research in their country—but they haven't given up hope yet that the measures will be canceled.

“This Italian bill is brutal and is going to kill basic research,” says Roberto Caminiti, a physiologist at the University of Rome La Sapienza and chair of the Committee on Animals in Research for the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies. (...) - ScienceInsider, by Marta Paterlini, August 2, 2013

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A New Kind of Peer Review?

A New Kind of Peer Review? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Writing in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, a Dr Yvo Smulders of the Netherlands makes a proposal: A two-step manuscript submission process can reduce publication bias

 

Smulder’s point is that scientific manuscripts should be submitted for peer review with the results and discussion omitted. The reviewers would judge the submission on the strength of the methods and the introduction alone. If they recommended publication, the authors would then send them the full paper. (...) - Neuroskeptical Blog, July 13, 2013


Via Julien Hering, PhD
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Australia's Top Scientist Calls for a National Strategic Science Policy

Australia's Top Scientist Calls for a National Strategic Science Policy | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Australia's top science adviser yesterday warned the nation that it was time to feel a "sense of urgency" about its slipping science and technology expertise or risk falling behind the rest of the world scientifically and economically.

 

Ian Chubb, the Australian government's chief scientist, made the remarks while unveiling a position papercalling for a strategic plan to advance science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in the nation. (...) - Science/AAAS, by 2013-08-01

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Postdoc salaries hold strong Down Under - 31 July 2013 - New Scientist

As research funding takes a hit the world over, Australian postdocs are weathering the economic storm

When funding cuts lead to the closure of small labs around the globe, what's a postdoctoral fellow to do? For an increasing number of postdocs the world over, the answer is simple: go to Australia. (...) - NewScientist, by Sarah-Jane Collins, 31 July 2013

 

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L'éditeur scientifique PLoS : pour une immersion dans le monde de l’Open Access

L'éditeur scientifique PLoS : pour une immersion dans le monde de l’Open Access | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
Tout l'été, HackYourPhD vous invite à découvrir, sous forme de cartes postales numériques, les initiatives et les lieux innovants qui réinventent le monde de la recherche d’aujourd’hui. Cofondatrice du projet, Célya Gruson-Daniel relate ici son escale à San Francisco et sa visite de PLoS, the Public Library of Science, éditeur scientifique majeur dans le mouvement de l'Open Access. Nouveau billet de ce "Voyage au cœur de l’OpenScience". (...) - EducPros, par Célya Gruson-Daniel, 29.07.2013

 

 

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Forty-Three University of Tokyo Papers Are Tainted, Says Japanese News Report

Forty-Three University of Tokyo Papers Are Tainted, Says Japanese News Report | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

A leading Japanese newspaper reported today that a University of Tokyo investigative committee has identified 43 papers by a former university researcher that contain falsifications and fabrications. The Asahi Shimbun also reports that the researcher, molecular signaling specialist Shigeaki Kato, will ask journals to retract the papers. The front-page article reported that the problematic data were mostly manipulated images and appear in publications stretching back 16 years. (...) - Science/AAAS, 25/07/2013

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Déficit d'universités en Indonésie : solliciter les ressources en ligne

Déficit d'universités en Indonésie : solliciter les ressources en ligne | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

En Indonésie, l'éducation supérieure apparaît toujours comme un objectif difficilement atteint : en 2011, 2,9 millions d'individus ont postulé pour des études supérieures, et seul 1,1 million d'entre eux a pu obtenir une place pour poursuivre leurs études. Pour rattraper le retard, il faudrait compter au total sur 60 nouvelles universités à construire d'ici 2030. L'apprentissage en ligne se présente donc comme une alternative plus qu'envisageable. (...) - ActuaLitté, 24/07/2013

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[Fiji] Universities ink deal

[Fiji] Universities ink deal | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

THREE Fijian universities signed an agreement establishing the Pacific Islands Universities Research Network (PIURN) last Wednesday.

Comprising of 11 universities from around the Pacific including USP, FNU and the University of Fiji, PIURN hopes to improve communication and collaboration between Pacific Island universities.

Some of the network's goals are to develop shared research training initiatives, strengthen the quality and quantity of research, and using the knowledge to benefit Pacific Island communities. (...) - Fiji Times Online, by Daniel Naidu, Monday, July 15, 2013

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[Europe] The rise of English in academe – A cautionary tale

The rise of English as the global academic language is picking up legal steam in Europe. In late May, amid much controversy, the French National Assembly approved changes to the 1994 Toubon law. Those changes would ease restrictions on courses taught in English at French universities.

The following day, a regional court in Italy went in the opposite direction, striking down plans at the elite Polytechnic University of Milan to offer all masters- and doctoral-level courses in English beginning with the 2014 academic year. (...) - University World News, by Rosemary Salomone, 20 July 2013 Issue No:281

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Germany: New university programmes meet student demand better

The majority of students in Germany appear to be studying the subjects of their choice at the institutions they have chosen, according to a survey commissioned by the education ministry.

The first nationwide survey among masters students in their first year revealed that 95% of them were studying what they wished to study, and that 78% were at the institution they had chosen. Also, 82% referred to a smooth transition from the bachelor to masters courses. (...) - University World News, by Michael Gardner, 20 July 2013 Issue No:281

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