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Higher Education and academic research
Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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UK prize lets public decide on world's biggest science problem

UK prize lets public decide on world's biggest science problem | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Winning challenge will be focus of £10-million Longitude Prize fund.

 

What should be the next grand innovation challenge in science? That is the question being put to the British public today to help in awarding the £10-million (US$17-million) Longitude Prize, designed to help overcome one of the world’s most pressing scientific problems. (...) - by Katia Moskvitch, Nature, 19 May 2014

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Chinese agencies announce open-access policies

Chinese agencies announce open-access policies | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Researchers will now be required to make papers free to read within one year of publication.

China has officially joined the international push to make research papers free to read. On 15 May, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), one of the country’s major basic-science funding agencies, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), which funds and conducts research at more than 100 institutions, announced that researchers they support should deposit their papers into online repositories and make them publicly accessible within 12 months of publication.(...) - by Richard Van Noorden, Nature, 19 May 2014

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Australia shakes up science budget

Australia shakes up science budget | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Clean-energy agency axed and major funding cuts hit the government's science agency, while biomedical research celebrates gains.

The first budget announced by Australia’s conservative coalition government has polarized scientists.

While medical research is boosted, major cuts will see the abolition of  Australia's renewable-energy agency, as well as cuts and job losses amongst scientists at the government's science agency, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). (...) - by David Cyranoski, Nature, 14 May 2014

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How to get indexed by Google Scholar?

How to get indexed by Google Scholar? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Google Scholar is an 'invitation based search engine’, which means it index content cited by articles already indexed are included in the database. (...) - Blog Open Science, April 11, 2014


Via Tree of Science
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Tree of Science's curator insight, June 9, 12:30 PM

Researchers are using different ways to find scientific articles for their work : free field-centered search engines (i.e. PubMed for life science) or services with subscriptions (like EBSCO, ProQuest, ...). Google Scholar is one of the most worlwide used. To be easily founded, researchers have to correctly indexed their articles. #research #science2dot0 #scientificpublications

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U.S. House Passes Permanent R&D Tax Credit

U.S. House Passes Permanent R&D Tax Credit | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

But legislation likely to languish despite bipartisan support.

 

The U.S. House of Representatives has passed a bill that would permanently extend a popular tax break for companies investing in research. Despite strong bipartisan support, however, the proposal appears unlikely to become law—at least not this year.

The 274 to 131 vote ended several days of sniping over the bill, which would permanently renew the so-called R&D tax credit, which expired at the end of last year. Although both Democrats and Republicans sponsored the legislation, it had drawn a veto threat from the White House because it didn’t provide a way to offset the $156 billion that the tax break is expected to cost over the next decade. (...) - ScienceInsider, by David Malakoff, May 9 2014

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How big data is changing how we study languages

How big data is changing how we study languages | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Big data is enriching the field of language study, but data access needs to be opened up more for academics to scrunitise the figures properly.

Do women really talk more than men? How does disfluency vary with sex and age? Do young people really use "Yeah no" more than older people, and what do they mean by it? Have sentences in formal written English become shorter and simpler over the past few hundred years? Using available digital resources, we can get answers to questions like these in just a few minutes. (...) - by Mark Liberman, The Guardian, 7 May 2014

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German Ethics Council: Government Should Regulate Dangerous Research

German Ethics Council: Government Should Regulate Dangerous Research | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Report recommends legal framework to deal with "dual use research of concern.

The German government should step in with legislation to regulate so-called dual use research of concern (DURC), the type of science that can benefit mankind but may be dangerous in the wrong hands, says a report issued today by the German Ethics Council. The government should set up a national committee to review DURC proposals in advance, says the report. In addition, the panel says action is needed to raise awareness about the issue, both at home and internationally. (...) - by Martin Enserink, ScienceInsider, May 7, 2014

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Knowledge and Innovation Communities network expands

Europe's Knowledge and Innovation Communities, or KICs, have a potential budget of EUR1 billion (US$1.38 billion) each and the huge collaborative research and postgraduate training networks initiative is well under way. Three KICs have been established and a call for proposals recently went out for another two, with more planned in the coming years.

The initiative is being run by the European Institute of Innovation and Technology, or EIT, an independent body set up by the European Union in 2008 to deliver advanced training in innovation and entrepreneurship and to help overcome some of Europe's grand challenges. (...) - University World News, by Jan Petter Myklebust, 02 May 2014 Issue No:318

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Altmetrics: Mistaking the Means for the End

Altmetrics: Mistaking the Means for the End | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

 Should attention metrics play any role whatsoever in researcher assessment?

This Spring has been a season of altmetrics, at least for me, as I have spent much of the last two months either moderating panel discussions on alternative and new metrics, or giving requested talks on the subject. I’ve spoken with librarians, representatives from funding agencies, executives from altmetrics service providers and academics involved in hiring and career advancement decisions. The impressive level of interest in the subject of altmetrics is telling. There is great discontent with the current system for understanding and evaluating scholarly research, and in the era of “big data”, an understandable desire to put some of that data to good use. (...) - by David Crotty, Scholarly kitchen, May 1st 2014

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The Evolving Ecosystem for Journals Publishing

 

The world of journals publishing is constantly changing, and one relatively new entrant is the library as publisher.

When Heraclitus said that you can’t step into the same river twice, I’m pretty sure he was thinking about the journals business. Although the temptation to find fixed points and stark contrasts is great (subscriptions vs. OA publishing, for-profits vs. not-for-profits), the fact is that the environment is pluralistic and fluid–and always has been. (...) - by Joseph Esposito, The Scholarly kitchen, April 30, 2014
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Nicholas Steneck: the pressures making scientists go off-piste

Nicholas Steneck: the pressures making scientists go off-piste | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Nicholas Steneck is director of the Research Ethics and Integrity Program of the Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research and professor emeritus of history at the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor, USA. He is also a consultant to the US Government Federal Office of Research Integrity, HHS.

He has published articles on the history of research misconduct policy, responsible conduct of research instruction, the use of animals in research, classified research and academic freedom, the role of values in university research, and research on research integrity. Most recently, he authored the ORI Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research. (...) - Euroscienst, April 30, 2014

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Research is mostly slow and non-significant

Research is mostly slow and non-significant | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

It’s easy to forget this. We are constantly bombarded with new, exciting science stories every single day. There are a gazillion science bloggers covering the latest discoveries and our twitter stream is full of newly published research results. We don’t generally see much coverage of what really happens when research occurs. Most of the time, the process is rather slow, typically quite boring, and results are often non-significant. (...) - by Christopher Buddle, Scilogs "Expiscor", 30 April 2014

 

 

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Reinventing the Impact Factor for the 21st century

Reinventing the Impact Factor for the 21st century | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

If we were to build a citation reporting system today, what would it look like? In this post, I propose a solution that would do away with a separate Journal Citation Report (JCR) and propose a suitable Impact Factor.

Just as sap flowing in my maple tree alerts me of Spring in upstate New York, I can also tell the season by the type of consulting questions that come my way. For me, Spring means predicting journal Impact Factors before they bloom in June. (...) - by Phil Davis, Scholarly Kitchen, 2014, 04/28

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Chinese agencies announce open-access policies

Chinese agencies announce open-access policies | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Researchers will now be required to make papers free to read within one year of publication.

China has officially joined the international push to make research papers free to read. On 15 May, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), one of the country’s major basic-science funding agencies, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), which funds and conducts research at more than 100 institutions, announced that researchers they support should deposit their papers into online repositories and make them publicly accessible within 12 months of publication. (...) - by Richard Van Noorden, Nature, 19 May 2014

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Spotlight on Women in Science with Sofie Carsten Nielsen

Spotlight on Women in Science with Sofie Carsten Nielsen | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Naturejobs is celebrating Women in Science. Every day this week we’re interviewing an inspirational female scientist. Yesterday, we spoke to Edwina Dunn, founder of dunnhumby and the Tesco Club card.

So far, each of the women in the spotlight series have studied some form of science subject (I’m now including geography is in this group too); some of them have faced barriers in their careers, and all of them are doing things to help other women in science avoid these barriers entirely. (...) - NatureJobs, by Julie Gould, 16/05/2014

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Spotlight on Women in Science with Professor Frances Ashcroft

Spotlight on Women in Science with Professor Frances Ashcroft | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

There is an incredible on-going effort to reduce the barriers that women in STEM subjects face, but with these interviews, Naturejobs hopes to show that when you put your mind to it, and follow your passions, anything is achievable.

We’re starting the series with Frances Ashcroft, a professor of physiology, and fellow of Trinity College of the University of Oxford. She’s got an infectious attitude to both life and science, which you can hear in her voice in the podcast. (...) - by Julie Gould, Naturejobs Blog, 12 May 2014

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Malaysia: Government invests in research universities

Research undertaken by higher education institutions is indispensable in propelling Malaysia towards developed nation status. Therefore under the 10th Malaysia Plan the government has elevated the status of five institutions to become research universities, writes Ainul Huda Mohamed Saaid for Bernama. (...) -  University World News, Bernama 09 May 2014 Issue No:319

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RIKEN Makes Verdict on Two Problematic Stem Cell Papers Final

RIKEN Makes Verdict on Two Problematic Stem Cell Papers Final | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Judgment of misconduct by lead author Haruko Obokata will stand; she now faces disciplinary procedures.

TOKYO—RIKEN has decided against reopening an investigation into two stem cell papers that concluded that the lead author, Haruko Obokata of RIKEN's Center for Developmental Biology in Kobe, engaged in research misconduct. The institute has yet to decide whether Obokata will be punished. (...) by Dennis Normile, ScienceInsider, May 8 2014

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Germany: the career challenges of a single academic track

Germany: the career challenges of a single academic track | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

A recent petition seeking government support to establish more permanent jobs and to limit the number of short term contracts in science and technology positions in Germany has already gathered over 10,000 signatures. It was initiated on 7th March 2014 by a German scientist called Sebastian Raupach, who wrote a letter addressed to the vice chancellor, Sigmar Gabriel, and to the country’s federal minister for education and research, Johanna Wanke. This petition reflects the growing unrest among scientists regarding the limited career path in Germany. - Euroscientist Webzine, May 7th, 2014

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Australia: Federal audit stuns science community

A 'razor gang' operating under the title of a "commission of audit" established by Australia's conservative federal government has called for sweeping changes to the national economy that include widespread cuts in spending and abolition of major science projects with modification of others.

Elected last September, one of the first acts of the government of Prime Minister Tony Abbott was to appoint the commission, dominated by senior business figures and a former conservative senator, to inquire into and recommend ways of overcoming what the government calls "an economic crisis facing Australia". (...) - University World News, by

Geoff Maslen, 02 May 2014 Issue No:318
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U.K. Looks to Scrap Confidentiality Rules for Animal Research

U.K. Looks to Scrap Confidentiality Rules for Animal Research | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Plan includes safeguards to protect scientists and institutions.

The United Kingdom has proposed lifting outdated confidentiality rules that ban the release of information about animal research.

Under Section 24 of the 1986 Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, the Home Office cannot release any information about animal research carried out in the country. This includes, for example, information about people or places applying for animal testing licenses and inspection visit reports. But these rules are now “out of step with [government] policy on openness and transparency,” said Home Office Minister Norman Baker in a public consultation launched yesterday. (...) - by

Tania Rabesandratana, Science, Friday, May 2, 2014
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UK proposes greater transparency on animal research

UK proposes greater transparency on animal research | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Government seeks to ditch rule preventing release of laboratory information.

The government of the United Kingdom wants to jettison rules that prevent it releasing any confidential information it holds about animal research, as part of a continuing push towards openness about such work. (...) - Nature, by Daniel cressey, 01/05/2014

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From fraudsters to fudgers: research integrity is on trial

From fraudsters to fudgers: research integrity is on trial | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Bad behaviour is omnipresent in science. It encompasses everything from outright scientific fraud, such as falsifying data, to other misconducts like cherry-picking data, favourable-looking images and graphs, and drawing conclusions that are not backed up by the actual facts. Overall, it matters more serious than keeping a sloppy lab notebook that no-one else can follow. This raises the deeper question: what drives scientists to behave in such a way? Typically considered quite clever people, why would a researcher behave in a way when, theoretically, one of the backbones of science – results’ replicability – is bound to get you in the end? And that is just one of the watchmen: university colleagues and journal editors must be duped too.(...) - Euroscientist, April 30th, 2014

 

 

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Publish or perish: an incitement to fraudulence

Publish or perish: an incitement to fraudulence | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

More than 120 papers have been withdrawn from subscription databases of two high-profile publishers, IEEE and Springer, because they were computer generated thanks to the SCIgen software designed to generate random computer science research papers. The trouble is that they had no meaning at all. All of them were labelled as peer reviewed and all of them were published in proceedings of actual conferences. (...) - Euroscientist Webzine, April 30th 2014

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Facilitating research collaboration through computing and data infrastructure

Facilitating research collaboration through computing and data infrastructure | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Pirjo-Leena Forsström, director of information infrastructure services at Finland’s IT Center for Science (CSC), will give a keynote speechat next month’s European Grid Infrastructure (EGI) Community Forum in Helsinki, Finland. iSGTW speaks to her ahead of the event to find out more about the work that she and her colleagues have been doing at CSC… (...) - isgtw, by Andrew Purcell, April 30, 2014

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