Higher Education and academic research
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Higher Education and academic research
Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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Tunisie : La réforme du système universitaire est un grand chantier

Tunisie : La réforme du système universitaire est un grand chantier | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Pr. Mahmoud Triki, doyen de Mediterranean School of Business (MSB) plaide pour une relation étroite entre l’entreprise et l’université tunisienne. - L'Economiste Maghrébin, 01/05/2014

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Enrico De Angelis's curator insight, June 3, 2014 4:52 PM

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From fraudsters to fudgers: research integrity is on trial

From fraudsters to fudgers: research integrity is on trial | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Bad behaviour is omnipresent in science. It encompasses everything from outright scientific fraud, such as falsifying data, to other misconducts like cherry-picking data, favourable-looking images and graphs, and drawing conclusions that are not backed up by the actual facts. Overall, it matters more serious than keeping a sloppy lab notebook that no-one else can follow. This raises the deeper question: what drives scientists to behave in such a way? Typically considered quite clever people, why would a researcher behave in a way when, theoretically, one of the backbones of science – results’ replicability – is bound to get you in the end? And that is just one of the watchmen: university colleagues and journal editors must be duped too.(...) - Euroscientist, April 30th, 2014

 

 

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Publish or perish: an incitement to fraudulence

Publish or perish: an incitement to fraudulence | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

More than 120 papers have been withdrawn from subscription databases of two high-profile publishers, IEEE and Springer, because they were computer generated thanks to the SCIgen software designed to generate random computer science research papers. The trouble is that they had no meaning at all. All of them were labelled as peer reviewed and all of them were published in proceedings of actual conferences. (...) - Euroscientist Webzine, April 30th 2014

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Research is mostly slow and non-significant

Research is mostly slow and non-significant | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

It’s easy to forget this. We are constantly bombarded with new, exciting science stories every single day. There are a gazillion science bloggers covering the latest discoveries and our twitter stream is full of newly published research results. We don’t generally see much coverage of what really happens when research occurs. Most of the time, the process is rather slow, typically quite boring, and results are often non-significant. (...) - by Christopher Buddle, Scilogs "Expiscor", 30 April 2014

 

 

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Diplômés mal formés et pas beaucoup mieux payés : le scénario américain se répète-t-il au Canada?

L’institution universitaire n’a pas eu bonne presse cette semaine.  D’après l’étude Salaires et taux d’emploi à temps plein des jeunes titulaires d’un diplôme d’études secondaires et des jeunes titulaires d’un baccalauréat, 1997 à 2012  de Statistique Canada,(...) - L’éveilleur, par Jean-Sébastien Dubé, 30/04/2014

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Free tuition in Scotland benefits wealthiest students the most - study

Free tuition in Scotland benefits wealthiest students the most - study | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Report estimates lack of fees, plus cuts in grants to poorer students leave middle-class families £20m a year better off Welsh students get most financial support in UK. (...) - by Severin Carrell, The Guardian, 29 April 2014

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Funding UK higher education: why we shouldn't copy Australia

Funding UK higher education: why we shouldn't copy Australia | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Adopting the Australian tuition fee system could result in poorer students staying away from expensive courses. 

A new report by the Higher Education Policy Institute (Hepi) recommends that UK policymakers pay much closer attention to Australia's "advanced" university funding system, which shares many of the features of the UK system, but at considerably lower taxpayer expense. (...) - by Gill Wyness & Richard Murphy, The Guardian, 28 April, 2014

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Reinventing the Impact Factor for the 21st century

Reinventing the Impact Factor for the 21st century | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

If we were to build a citation reporting system today, what would it look like? In this post, I propose a solution that would do away with a separate Journal Citation Report (JCR) and propose a suitable Impact Factor.

Just as sap flowing in my maple tree alerts me of Spring in upstate New York, I can also tell the season by the type of consulting questions that come my way. For me, Spring means predicting journal Impact Factors before they bloom in June. (...) - by Phil Davis, Scholarly Kitchen, 2014, 04/28

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Why open access should be a key issue for university leaders

Why open access should be a key issue for university leaders | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Universities are drowning in digital information. It's time senior leaders made openness – and its consequences – their concern.

Universities are digital machines these days. But many of the decisions that have to be made as a result are not technical at all. They are about the nature of research and its public benefits, about how learning and teaching takes place, and how we confront difficult ethical issues. Strategic choices that are made now will have significant implications for the ways in which knowledge will be created and shared in the future. (...) - by Martin Hall, The Guardian, 18 February 2014


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Joining a start-up fresh out of university

Joining a start-up fresh out of university | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

In 2009, Dan Senor and Saul Singer christened Israel the “Start-Up Nation” in their best-selling book, a title that Israelis have whole-heartedly embraced. The book details how Israel has experienced success in the high-tech sector, seeing hundreds of software and communications businesses start, many of which have flourished. (...) - Naturejobs Blog, by julie Gould, 25 April 2014

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Research universities to shape Africa's future success

Research universities to shape Africa's future success | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Recognition that universities - and research universities in particular - are critical to development and to building knowledge economies will enable Africa to grow its prosperity for the next 50 years, African Union chair Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma said last week. (...) - University World News, by Munyaradzi Makoni, 25 April 2014 Issue No:317

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More UK students consider study abroad, but US numbers drop

The number of British students considering study overseas has increased by 17% in a year to more than one in three, a report by Education Intelligence, the British Council's higher education research division, has found.

A survey of 2,630 UK students found that 37% were considering overseas study, compared with 20% in March 2013. (...) - University World News, by David Jobbins, 24 April 2014 Issue No:317

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NSF's Science Board Criticizes Bill to Alter Agency's Programs

NSF's Science Board Criticizes Bill to Alter Agency's Programs | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Unusual step by NSF's oversight body highlights ongoing dispute with Congress.

The presidentially appointed oversight body to the National Science Foundation (NSF) has taken the unprecedented step of publicly criticizing pending legislation that it feels would be harmful to the $7 billion research agency. (...) - by Jeffrey Mervis, Science, April 24 2014

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The Evolving Ecosystem for Journals Publishing

 

The world of journals publishing is constantly changing, and one relatively new entrant is the library as publisher.

When Heraclitus said that you can’t step into the same river twice, I’m pretty sure he was thinking about the journals business. Although the temptation to find fixed points and stark contrasts is great (subscriptions vs. OA publishing, for-profits vs. not-for-profits), the fact is that the environment is pluralistic and fluid–and always has been. (...) - by Joseph Esposito, The Scholarly kitchen, April 30, 2014
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Nicholas Steneck: the pressures making scientists go off-piste

Nicholas Steneck: the pressures making scientists go off-piste | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Nicholas Steneck is director of the Research Ethics and Integrity Program of the Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research and professor emeritus of history at the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor, USA. He is also a consultant to the US Government Federal Office of Research Integrity, HHS.

He has published articles on the history of research misconduct policy, responsible conduct of research instruction, the use of animals in research, classified research and academic freedom, the role of values in university research, and research on research integrity. Most recently, he authored the ORI Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research. (...) - Euroscienst, April 30, 2014

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Top universities opt for public bonds to plug the funding gap

Top universities opt for public bonds to plug the funding gap | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Bonds allow universities to raise a lot of money over a long period – but they should act quickly, one lawyer argues.

With universities struggling to maintain student numbers and find new sources of funding, the latest report from the Higher Education Funding Council for England (Hefce) doesn't make the landscape any cheerier. (...) - by Sarah Seed, The Guardian, 30 April 2014

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Facilitating research collaboration through computing and data infrastructure

Facilitating research collaboration through computing and data infrastructure | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Pirjo-Leena Forsström, director of information infrastructure services at Finland’s IT Center for Science (CSC), will give a keynote speechat next month’s European Grid Infrastructure (EGI) Community Forum in Helsinki, Finland. iSGTW speaks to her ahead of the event to find out more about the work that she and her colleagues have been doing at CSC… (...) - isgtw, by Andrew Purcell, April 30, 2014

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A. Benkirane : "La recherche scientifique au Maroc requiert plus de gouvernance que de financement."

A. Benkirane : "La recherche scientifique au Maroc requiert plus de gouvernance que de financement." | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Le chef du gouvernement Abdelilah Benkirane, a estimé, mardi à Rabat, que le recherche scientifique requiert plus de gouvernance que de financement.

M. Benkirane, qui a présenté la gouvernance et les compétences en tant que conditions sine qua non pour le développement de la recherche scientifique, s'est dit convaincu de la compétence des cadres marocains et de leur capacité à réaliser du succès tant au niveau national qu'international. (...) - La Vie éco, 30/04/2014

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Se droguer pour réussir à l’université

Se droguer pour réussir à l’université | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Aux États-Unis, l’utilisation des médicaments stimulants à des fins de performance concerne 1,5 % à 35 % des étudiants. Elle est plus fréquente dans les universités les plus compétitives. Au Québec, le phénomène est peu documenté, et son évolution méconnue, une fois l’entrée des étudiants sur le marché du travail. Notre recherche visait à comprendre les pratiques et les représentations de jeunes adultes québécois, étudiants et travailleurs. Nos résultats s’appuient sur des entretiens réalisés avec 26 personnes, âgées de 18 à 25 ans, vivant à Montréal et ayant consommé des médicaments stimulants pour améliorer leur performance, sans détenir de prescription.(...) - par Christine Thoër et Michèle Robitaille, Le Devoir, 29 avril 2014

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Route 128 : Harvard, la doyenne des universités américaines

Route 128 : Harvard, la doyenne des universités américaines | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Une anecdote qui en dit long sur son prestige : le gouverneur de la Réserve fédérale américaine, Jeremy Stein, vient de renoncer à sa fonction pour ne pas perdre son poste d'enseignant à Harvard, ce qui lui serait arrivé s'il s'était absenté plus longtemps de son poste. Mais Harvard ce sont surtout 47 prix Nobel, 48 prix Pulitzer, 32 chefs d'Etat, une bibliothèque qui comprend 19 millions d'ouvrages, 21.000 étudiants qui paient en moyenne 11.000 dollars par an - mais le prix monte à 60.000 pour ceux qui ne bénéficient d'aucune aide -, un fond de dotation de 32 milliards de dollars. (...) - FranceInfo, 28/04/2014

 

 

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Boost for lower-income UK students keen to obtain 'debt-free degree'

Boost for lower-income UK students keen to obtain 'debt-free degree' | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Sutton Trust summer-schools scheme to encourage poorer students to higher education expands to world-class US universities.

"For me it was a no-brainer," Harvard student Gemma Collins said of her decision last year to reject a Cambridge University offer and head instead from Blackpool Sixth Form College to a fully-funded Ivy League education. (...) - by Lucy Ward, The Guardian, 27 April 2014

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Is university expensive?

Is university expensive? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

As I love infographics (even though I know they're often not the result of thorough research and their data typically does not hold together - but hey, they are pretty), I'm always on the hunt for interesting infographics about higher education. Recently, I came across the following infographic about the cost of graduate school. (...) - PhD Talk, April 27, 2014

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Why scientists should stop publishing

Earlier this month a Japanese researcher was found guilty of scientific misconduct and two groundbreaking studies published in Nature were retracted. This is a symptom of a broken system.

Ask most scientists why they pursued a career in research and the majority will tell you that they had an innate passion for discovery. However, the current 'publish or perish' culture in academia is arguably impeding the discovery process. (...) - by Brianne Kent, University World News, 25 April 2014 Issue No:317

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[Sénégal] L’apurement des dettes et le rééquilibrage des budgets, "problème majeur" des universités (ministre) (Agence de Presse Sénégalaise)

Dakar, 25 avr (APS) - Les universités sénégalaises peinent depuis une dizaine d'années à apurer leurs dettes auprès de leurs fournisseurs et à équilibrer leurs budgets, a indiqué vendredi à Dakar Mary Teuw Niane, ministre de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche. (...) - Agence de Presse Sénégalaise, 25/04/2014

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Survol des modes de financement de l’enseignement supérieur dans différents pays

Pour mieux comprendre les enjeux du financement des universités au Québec, l’Université du Québec a réalisé un survol des modes de financement de l’enseignement supérieur au Québec, en Ontario, en Alberta, en Colombie-Britanique, en Angleterre, en France, en Australie, au Texas, en Nouvelle-Zélande, en Finlande, en Norvège et en Californie.  Ces travaux sont cités dans le rapport d’étape du Chantier sur la politique de financement des universités. (...) - L’éveilleur, par Lise Lafrance, 24/04/2014

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