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Higher Education and academic research
Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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NIH Offers to Help Universities Improve Training, Boost Diversity

Biomedical Careers - Although some social scientists and biomedical researchers have complained that U.S. universities are training far more graduate students and postdocs than will ever find jobs in academic research, and others argue that any potential oversupply will find jobs in industry or other sectors, almost everyone agrees: The current training system takes too long and isn't designed to prepare young biomedical scientists for nonacademic jobs. So last week, the National Institutes of Health announced a plan to prepare scientists for a range of careers, move students through their Ph.D.s faster, and bolster the pay of postdocs. Officials say the changes are not aimed at reducing or even stabilizing the number of graduates but are intended to improve the training experience. (...) Science, Vol. 338 no. 6113 p. 1405 , by Jocelyn Kaiser, 14 December 2012
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Postdocs: A voice for the voiceless - Collectif PAPERA

Postdocs: A voice for the voiceless - Collectif PAPERA | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
In its first ten years, the US National Postdoctoral Association has helped to raise the profile of postdocs. But championing their cause still presents challenges.

 

Before Alyson Reed became head of the US National Postdoctoral Association (NPA), she had only the vaguest ideas about what a postdoctoral researcher does. (...) - Nature (Naturejobs) | 489, 461-463 (2012) | 19 September 2012 | by Karen Kaplan

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UK: Proportion of academics with PhDs is 'low'

Analysis of doctorates prompts concerns over adequacy of scholars' training, reports Jack Grove

 

Questions have been raised about whether many scholars are "little or no better qualified than those they are teaching" following an analysis of the latest data on how many academics have a doctorate.

In the study, Malcolm Tight, professor in higher education at Lancaster University, found that just 45.7 per cent of academic staff appeared to possess a doctorate. (...) - By Jack Grove, Times Higher Education, 1 November 2012

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How Higher Education in the US Was Destroyed in 5 Basic Steps

How Higher Education in the US Was Destroyed in 5 Basic Steps | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Higher education is not what it used to be, and that's no accident. (...) - Alternet | October 16, 2012 | By Debra Leigh Scottmardi 23 octobre 2012

 

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How and when social scientists in Government contribute to policy | Impact of Social Sciences

How and when social scientists in Government contribute to policy | Impact of Social Sciences | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Are confidence and real world knowledge the key to impacting on government? Mariell Juhlin, Puay Tang and Jordi Molas Gallart find that academics working with government benefit from an ‘expert’ effect as having an academic background enhances credibility when dealing with policy colleagues.

 

The good news for anyone with a PhD or studying for a PhD is that having a doctoral degree equips social scientists in Government with both greater confidence and ability to apply a whole range of methods and solutions to real world problems. In addition to this “expert” effect, having a PhD did also enhance the credibility of the holder in interactions with policy colleagues as well as with external academics. The fact that social scientists with a Masters or a PhD also had higher positions within the Civil Service (controlling for age, gender and years in service) suggests that higher qualifications, and the skills associated with these, are valued by Government employers. (...) Blog Impact of Social Sciences, Oct 12, 2012

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Harvard et MIT : la pédagogie américaine sous le regard d’étudiants français

Harvard et MIT : la pédagogie américaine sous le regard d’étudiants français | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Reportage à Harvard et au Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) aux États-Unis, où étudiants et enseignants français nous font partager leur expérience de la pédagogie américaine au regard de leur parcours en France, alors que ces universités d’exception bénéficient de moyens faramineux pour accompagner leurs étudiants. Dépaysement garanti à l'heure de la rentrée universitaire française. (...) - educpros.fr

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NIH tackles major workforce issues

NIH tackles major workforce issues | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
US agency aims to expand training options for graduate students and to increase demographic diversity. (...) - Nature, by Meredith Wadman, 12 December 2012
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Scientists wanted

Emerging regions have robust collaborations, but need more researchers.

Researchers are in demand in east Asia, Latin America and southern Africa — regions not considered traditional scientific powerhouses — where doctoral-degree holders tend to leave academia for government or the private sector, says a report. CODOC — Cooperation on Doctoral Education Between Africa, Asia, Latin America and Europe, published on 4 October by the European University Association (EUA) in Brussels, examined international collaboration across fields at universities to assess efforts to build research capacity. It documents ample international collaboration at universities in east Asia and an increasing number in Brazil and Mexico, but notes the need for more research investment in southern Africa to expand such efforts. Thomas Jørgensen, head of the EUA's council for doctoral education and author of the report, says that increasing collaboration hasn't made it any easier to retain academic faculty members at universities in the three emerging regions. But early-career scientists who are willing to leave their home countries can find posts that match their research specialities, he says. “The need for early-stage researchers is desperately there,” adds Jørgensen. - Naturejobs,

Nature 490,573(2012), 24 October 2012

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University postgraduate system 'failing UK economy'

The postgraduate system in the UK's universities is failing to produce the number of highly skilled staff needed by a modern economy, according to the Higher Education Commission, which says the system is geared towards attracting overseas students rather than training more UK students, reports Sean Coughlan for the BBC.

The commission’s report warns that the UK is falling behind in investing in research and calls for urgent reform of the postgraduate sector, saying that in its present state it will cause long-term problems for the UK's economy. A Department for Business, Innovation and Skills spokesperson said: "We recognise there are some concerns." (...) - - University World News, BBC, 28 October 2012

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Leaked Plagiarism Report Puts German Science Minister Under Pressure

Leaked Plagiarism Report Puts German Science Minister Under Pressure | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Germany's Minister for Education and Research Annette Schavan is facing serious accusations of plagiarism from the University of Düsseldorf, which granted her Ph.D. in 1980. In a report leaked to two prominent German media outlets over the weekend, a university reviewer concludes that Schavan's dissertation includes many passages that display "the characteristics of a plagiaristic approach."- by Gretchen Vogel, ScienceInsider,15 October 2012

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[Canada] Économie du savoir ou démesure doctorale? Les universités sont-elles en train de surqualifier leurs étudiants? - Collectif PAPERA

[Canada] Économie du savoir ou démesure doctorale? Les universités sont-elles en train de surqualifier leurs étudiants? - Collectif PAPERA | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Un court article publié dans le journal interne de l’Université Laval nous a interpellés. On peut y lire que lors d’une journée carrière destinée aux étudiantes et étudiants des cycles supérieurs, François Y. Doré, adjoint du vice-recteur aux ressources humaines et directeur du Bureau des affaires professorales et du personnel enseignant et de recherche, présentait aux participants le marché de l’emploi en enseignement universitaire :

 

« … Les perspectives d’emploi sont excellentes dans pratiquement toutes les disciplines pour au moins les dix prochaines années. Pendant cette période, les universités canadiennes devront remplacer 21 000 professeurs qui partiront à la retraite ou quitteront l’enseignement, le scénario le plus pessimiste étant l’engagement de 9000 professeurs et le plus optimiste, de 15 000. » (...) - Université de Sherbrooke

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US postdocs: US–European deal

Agreement will let US postdocs join European research teams. (...) - Nature

 

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