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Chine : Des universités abandonnent l'épreuve d'anglais dans leur examen d'entrée

Chine : Des universités abandonnent l'épreuve d'anglais dans leur examen d'entrée | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Les universités chinoises de premier rang ont débuté samedi leurs examens d'entrée indépendants. L'anglais ne figure plus sur la liste des épreuves obligatoires.

Dans la majorité de ces universités, les candidats pour les cursus scientifiques et d'ingénierie n'auront désormais à passer que les examens de mathématique et de physique, tandis que les étudiants en art ne devront passer que les examens de chinois et de mathématique. (...) - french.people.com.cn, 17/03/2013

 

 

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World’s university ‘oligopoly’ accused of blocking OECD bid to judge learning quality

World’s university ‘oligopoly’ accused of blocking OECD bid to judge learning quality | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Ahelo academic and funder blame research elite for thwarting international graduate tests, but criticisms also levelled at multimillion-dollar ‘failure’ (...) - THE, by John Morgan, August 6 2015

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Research metrics have made rivalry part of higher education’s DNA

Research metrics have made rivalry part of higher education’s DNA | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Academics have learned to live with attempts to measure university research, but is this the best way to judge success or failure? (...) - The Guardian, by Peter Scott, 4 August 2015

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Social scientists are alarmed by new legislation on NSF grants

Social scientists are alarmed by new legislation on NSF grants | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Representative Lamar Smith may be among the least popular members of Congress with social scientists. As chair of the House science committee, the Texas Republican has pushed legislation that would result in significantly lower funding levels for social science research supported by the National Science Foundation, and he has repeatedly questioned grants in social science disciplines.(...) - InsideHigherEd, by Scott Jaschik, August 3, 2015

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Japan's universities open up to the world

A devastating natural disaster, a dire need to internationalize its universities, and lucrative funding programs have ushered in a renaissance of science communication in a country better known for its corporate R&D. Leading the pack is a small, young university on a resort island 400 miles south of Japan's mainland, the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University.(...) - Science, by Brian Lin, 31 July 2015

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Tuition fees: UK universities set to charge £10,000 by end of the decade, says major report

Tuition fees: UK universities set to charge £10,000 by end of the decade, says major report | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

UK universities are set to charge £10,000 a year for student fees by the end of the decade, according to a newly-published major report. (...) - The Independent, by Richard Garner, 30 July 2015

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Dépenses en recherche dans les universités: le Québec évite la baisse

Dépenses en recherche dans les universités: le Québec évite la baisse | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Les dépenses en recherche et développement sont en baisse dans les universités canadiennes, et ce sont les sciences et le génie qui écopent le plus.L'exception: le Québec, où les budgets sont en hausse. (...) - La Presse, par Philippe Mercure, 30/07/2015

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[UK] A guide to the government's new rules for international students

[UK] A guide to the government's new rules for international students | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Home secretary Theresa May has just announced new immigration rules that will make life harder for many international students in the UK (...) - The Guardian, by Natalie Gil, 29 July 2015

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[US] How Our Universities Are Failing Us

[US] How Our Universities Are Failing Us | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The Closing of the American Mind dealt with the way academic relativism has failed our democracy, but it did not spark the kind of fruitful conversation that Allan Bloom hoped for; much less did it inspire a systematic effort to rectify the errors of modern academia. Today’s college students say they believe in democracy but cannot explain why, and neither can they explain what they are actually getting with their college education. In the past half century, higher education has gone through a democratizing revolution, with the result that more and more students are being sold an increasingly expensive product that neither their professors nor the deans and presidents of their colleges can even begin to define. (...) - Minding the Campus, by James Piereson, July 27, 2015

 

 

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Study Finds Nearly All Scientific Papers Controlled By Six Corporations

Study Finds Nearly All Scientific Papers Controlled By Six Corporations | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The researchers sifted through tons of studies that were published between the years of 1973 and 2013 and found that the studies were overwhelmingly published by the same six publishers. (...) - True Activist, by John Vibes, July 22, 2015

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Society asks NIH to act now to lessen biomed scientist glut

Society asks NIH to act now to lessen biomed scientist glut | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

ASBMB identifies consensus recommendations in previous reports, plans meeting to craft steps forward.

 

The authors of a new report urging changes in training the U.S. biomedical workforce say they were motivated by a desire for “less talk, more action.” But their prescription for how the National Institutes of Health (NIH) should deal with a glut of young scientists demonstrates why the problem has been so hard to solve. (..;) - Science, by Jocelyn Kaiser, 20 July 2015

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[Germany] Research institutions criticised for employment practice

Germany’s federal and state governments have called on the country’s major research institutions to review their employment conditions and career structures. They are particularly critical of the underrepresentation of women in these institutions.

The Gemeinsame Wissenschaftskonferenz or GWK – the joint higher education and research conference – claims that current regulations on fixed-term jobs at the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, the Helmholtz Association, the Max Planck Society and the Leibniz-Gemeinschaft are “partly dysfunctional”. (...) - University World News, by Michael Gardner,17 July 2015 Issue No:376

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European student union's warning over Bologna dream

The European Students’ Union, or ESU, has warned that the Bologna process, which seeks to harmonise and reform higher education across the continent, is in danger of becoming obsolete because of uneven implementation and poor follow-up of commitments by many European countries. (...) - University World News, by Nic Mitchell, 10 July 2015 Issue No:375

 

 

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Alessandro Vespignani: open data is key to preserve nature of science

Alessandro Vespignani: open data is key to preserve nature of science | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Big data changes the way we do science and replicate it

Physicist Alessandro Vespignani is one of the main experts in networks and statistical and numerical simulations. An Italian scientist, he is currently working at the College of Computer and Information Sciences at Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. In this EuroScientist podcast interview, he shares his views on the need to re-think the concepts of replicability and reproducibility. (...) - Euroscientist, by Luca Tancredi Barone, 29 April 2015


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Tree of Science's curator insight, August 8, 2:58 PM

While the #bigdata revolution is ongoing, there are new challenges in data reproducibility  #openscience #openresearch #opendata

Arnold Haine's curator insight, August 9, 11:56 AM

While the #bigdata revolution is ongoing, there are new challenges in data reproducibility  #openscience #openresearch #opendata

Nicolas Pettiaux's curator insight, August 12, 5:12 AM

One of the key aspect of science is reproducibility. For me that is "if some affirmation said to be science cannot be claimed, based on an independent study, by another team/person, there is NO scientific process taking place. Hence reproducibility is impossible". In order to allows for reproducibility, there are some necessary conditions : the full process must be described, the data must be accessible too. Either by independent production if possible, or by giving full access to the data first analyzed. And the software used must be fully accessible too, because it contains the details of the process, if any software is used. And we all know that the devil hides in the details.


Alessandro Vespignani, rightfully says "the (scientific) validation happens when you have different teams that work at the same time on the same set of data to recover results.” Hence, the data must often, at least if their production or storage is difficult or expensive, be open if not libre (in the sense of libre access)

 In short, in many (most ?) cases, in 2015, in order to do science, the description of the results (= the paper), the data, the software and the comments by the community must all be open and sharable without barrier. Cost is one such barrier.
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African higher education must 'prioritise public mission over private gain'

African higher education must 'prioritise public mission over private gain' | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Senior figure at UN-established agency questions role of for-profits and says universities should be at centre of debates on continent's future (...) - THE, by Chris Havergal, Ausgust 5 2015

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[Algeria] Pas de remise en cause du LMD

[Algeria] Pas de remise en cause du LMD | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Au cours d’une visite qu’il a effectuée, dimanche, à Oran, pour s’enquérir des conditions d’inscription des nouveaux bacheliers dans les différentes universités de la wilaya, le ministre de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche scientifique, Tahar Hadjar, a indiqué que son département avait pris toutes les mesures pour que la prochaine rentrée universitaire se déroule dans de bonnes conditions.(...) - liberte-algerie.com, par Samir Ould Ali, 04/08/2015

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How much does society lose due to job insecurity in the academic sector?

How much does society lose due to job insecurity in the academic sector? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Job insecurity in academia is bad for researchers, for their disciplines and for society which pays them. These are conclusions from recent „Career Tracking of Doctorate Holders Pilot Project Report”. (...) - Open Science, August 3, 2015

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The great beyond: will the UK science budget be cut by 40%?

The great beyond: will the UK science budget be cut by 40%? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Jenny Rohn: Any change in a government brings uncertainty. For scientists in Britain, the waiting game ahead of the November spending review is turning into a nail-biter (...) - The Guardian, by Jenny Rohn, 30 July 2015

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Globe-trotting researchers make a mark with their work

Globe-trotting researchers make a mark with their work | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Data show link between international collaboration, mobility and high-impact research.

 

A succession of bibliometric studies carried out in recent years suggest that international collaboration has a significant positive effect on the quality of research. (...) - THE, by Paul Jump, July 30 2015

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[Madagascar] Enseignement supérieur – La grève illimitée continue

[Madagascar] Enseignement supérieur – La grève illimitée continue | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

L’année universitaire demeure incertaine. Malgré la baisse de ton du syndicat des enseignants-chercheurs, la grève est maintenue. Echec de négociation. (...) - L'Express, 30/07/2015

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Budget showdown leaves US science agencies in limbo

Budget showdown leaves US science agencies in limbo | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Lawmakers face looming deadline to reach a deal — or risk government shutdown.

When the US Congress returns from its late-summer recess in early September, lawmakers and President Barack Obama will have less than three weeks to reach a budget deal for 2016, and in doing so determine the funding of key science agencies. (...) - Nature, by Chris Cesare, 28 July 2015

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Togelius: How not to review a paper

On occasion of several paper reviews I've received recently, and a few I've written, I'd like to give some useful tips for how to review a paper. That is, how to review a paper if you want to do a really, really bad job of it. Note that I work in the AI and Games field, so somewhat different advice might apply to screwing up a paper review in another field. (...) - Blog of Julian Togelius, July 26, 2015

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[UK] Funding reforms mean 'substantially higher debt for poorest students'

[UK] Funding reforms mean 'substantially higher debt for poorest students' | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

ardian)Institute for Fiscal Studies says chancellor’s changes to maintenance grants will ‘increase cost of higher education’ (...) - The Guardian, by Phillip Inman, 21 July, 2015

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[US] Visa restrictions limit academic freedom

A few months ago, New York University Professor Andrew Ross was denied entry to the United Arab Emirates, or UAE, on ideological grounds. The incident put academic freedom in the Arab World under a microscope, but the coverage failed to recognise that the US has similarly unethical restrictions for non-citizen scholars.

Each year many students, faculty and independent scholars are denied entrance to the US based on economic, national, age and other forms of discrimination. These US visa policies discriminate exclusively against citizens of Latin America, Asia, Africa and nations of Muslim majority. The US visa controls are comparable to UAE’s in their effect on academic freedom. (...) - University World News, by Jeffrey Herlihy-Mera, 17 July 2015 Issue No:376

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Congress pushes NIH to spur breakthroughs through prizes

Congress pushes NIH to spur breakthroughs through prizes | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

House bill would apply popular approach to finding cures and improving health (...) - Science, by Kelly Servick, 16 July 2015

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[UK] Government to ‘open higher education market’ to new providers

[UK] Government to ‘open higher education market’ to new providers | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Changes to degree-awarding powers that will step up competition for universities heralded in Productivity Plan. (...) - Times higher Education, par John Morgan, July 10 2015

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