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$1 billion plan to unleash research and innovation drivers

$1 billion plan to unleash research and innovation drivers | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Australian universities have welcomed an announcement by Prime Minister Julia Gillard of a US$1 billion plan to boost jobs through industry and innovation, saying it had the potential to unleash research and innovation as the key drivers of national productivity. (...) - University World News, by Geoff Maslen, 19 February 2013, Issue No:260

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Higher Education and academic research
Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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Open Access and the Public Purse

Last year, we were introduced to a “Draft Tri-Agency Open Access Policy,” put forward by NSERC and SSHRC to harmonize their requirements with the CIHR. Under this policy, all peer-reviewed journal articles based on research funded by these councils must be made available through Open Access (OA), free and online. Researchers could either publish in a journal that is OA or has OA options, or deposit the article in an OA repository within twelve months of publication. There is much to applaud here, particularly for those of us who have long supported OA as a means of making our work more widely available to international research communities that cannot afford increasingly high journal subscription fees or Canadians who are not physically within reach of a university library. (...) - Academic Matters, by Julia M. Wright, July 28th, 2014

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Germany: All universities now free of charge

All German universities will be free of charge when term starts next week after fees were abandoned in Lower Saxony, the last of seven states to charge, reports The Times.

“Tuition fees are socially unjust,” said Dorothee Stapelfeldt, senator for science in Hamburg, which scrapped charges in 2012. “They particularly discourage young people who do not have a traditional academic family background from taking up studies. It is a core task of politics to ensure that young women and men can study with a high quality standard free of charge in Germany.” (...) - The Times via University World News,26 September 2014 Issue No:336

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Higher education and the post-2015 development goals – UNESCO

In a new briefing report, UNESCO has identified tertiary education as a fundamental element towards progress in each of 16 proposed post-2015 global sustainable development goals.

According to the report (http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002296/229603E.pdf), Sustainable Development Post-2015 Begins with Education, higher education is intertwined with the suggested global development targets that will replace the current United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals when they expire next year. (...) - University World News, by Wachira Kigotho, 26 September 2014,  Issue No:336

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[Austria] University leaders concerned over lack of funding

University leaders in Austria are urging the government to provide higher education and research with extra funding. They are above all concerned that without extra support, the country could fail to keep pace with international developments.

Universities Austria, or uniko, representing the heads of the country’s public higher education institutions, has called on the government to “invest in the country’s intellectual infrastructure”. (...) - University World News, by Michael Gardner,26 September 2014 Issue No:336

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[France] Student success a priority, but HE has funding fears

n the wake of criticism from university presidents over lack of resources, Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, the new national education, higher education and research minister, and Geneviève Fioraso, secretary of state for higher education and research, defended their budget and promised priority for ensuring student success during the academic year that is just beginning.

A total of 2,466,500 students are starting the new year, an increase of 1.5% over last year. (...) - University World News, by Jane Marshall, 25/09/2014

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For the sake of Italian science and culture

For the sake of Italian science and culture | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The Italian research system has been endangered by lack of adequate government response to tackle the recession through R&D support.

 

Italian scientific research and university systems are in a dramatic position. The poisonous fruit of the recently approved university reform—referred to as the Gelmini law— assisted by the actions of successive governments, are reaching their goal: downsizing the university system and introducing a political control, never attempted before, on basic research. (...) - EuroScientist Webzine, by Francesco Sylos Labini, 25/09/2014

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L’Université Laval ne peut fonctionner avec 42 M$ de moins

L’Université Laval ne peut fonctionner avec 42 M$ de moins | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

« On est dé-financé depuis de nombreuses années », selon le recteur

 

Estimant que le gouvernement Couillard a «peut-être mal évalué» l’impact de ses compressions budgétaires, le recteur Denis Brière croit que l’Université Laval ne peut fonctionner avec 42 M$ de moins dans ses coffres. (...) - par Valérie Bidégaré, Le Journal Montréal, 23/09/2014

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Scottish scientists look to a more independent future

Scottish scientists look to a more independent future | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Despite 'no' to independence, a promised push for decentralization could benefit research in Scotland and other UK regions.

 

In the run-up to the referendum on Scottish independence, UK Prime Minister David Cameron and other politicians made what some saw as panicked pre-vote pledges to give more autonomy to Scotland’s local government if it remained part of the United Kingdom. (...) - by Daniel Cressey, Nature, 22 September 2014

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Researchers discuss the relationship between higher education and employment

Researchers discuss the relationship between higher education and employment | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

WASHINGTON -- Measuring the job-market returns of college credentials is complex work, according to researchers who gathered here this week for a meeting on higher education data. That makes it challenging, or even risky, for policy makers to use those metrics to hold colleges accountable.

One reason is that earnings data could penalize institutions with a heavy focus on the liberal arts, teacher training or other relatively low-wage fields. Colleges might also shy away from enrolling students who are from lower-income backgrounds and less academically prepared. (...) - by Paul Fain, @insidehighered, September 2014

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Un collectif efface une partie de la dette étudiante américaine

Un collectif efface une partie de la dette étudiante américaine | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Des anciens militants du mouvement Occupy Wall Street ont racheté pour plus de 3 millions d’euros de dette étudiante, contractée par près de 3 000 Américains.La dette étudiante représente la deuxième source d’endettement du pays.. (...) - La-Croix.com, par Anaïs Brosseau, 18/09/2014

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Compressions historiques de 42M$ à l'Université Laval

Compressions historiques de 42M$ à l'Université Laval | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Le Conseil du trésor s'obstine à favoriser le béton au détriment de la formation et de la recherche, selon Éric Bauce, vice-recteur exécutif et au développement.

Depuis 2007, l'Université Laval a réussi à maintenir son équilibre budgétaire. Elle l'a fait malgré un dé-financement gouvernemental chronique qui l'a forcée à compresser, chaque année, ses budgets et à demander aux membres de sa communauté des efforts considérables. 

En juin 2014, le nouveau gouvernement a ajouté, dans le cas de l'Université Laval, un autre manque à gagner récurrent de 42M$ pour l'année 2014-2015.  Il s'agit là de la plus importante compression budgétaire gouvernementale de l'histoire de l'Université Laval. C'est un désengagement gouvernemental dans l'enseignement supérieur équivalant, en moyenne, à 1200$ de moins par étudiant à temps plein par année, ce qui représente environ 42% des revenus provenant des droits de scolarité. (...) -  Le Fil Université Laval, par Eric Bauce, 18/09/2014

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ANALYSIS: Can scientists put a face on basic research?

ANALYSIS: Can scientists put a face on basic research? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Former science committee chair urges community to use a more populist approach in selling new report.

When academics argue for more U.S. government spending on basic research, they usually haul out statistics that demonstrate how research has played an outsized role in spurring economic development. Those numbers may appeal to other scholars, but to date that approach hasn’t been particularly effective in winning over Washington policymakers. Bart Gordon prefers the Peyton index. (...) - by Jeffrey Mervis, Science, 18 September 2014

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Prominent U.S. academics reprise plea for more basic research to fuel innovation

Prominent U.S. academics reprise plea for more basic research to fuel innovation | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

New report makes familiar arguments, but authors hope policymakers will be more receptive this time around.

How long can U.S. science lobbyists keep repeating the same message—that boosting federal funding for basic research and removing barriers to innovation is a proven way to ensure economic prosperity—without tuning out their intended audience? And is there any reason to think that those who have resisted their pleas in the past will warm to their arguments this time around? (...) - b Jeffrey Mervis, Science, 16 September 2014

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How to survive going to university in London

How to survive going to university in London | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Are you starting a degree at a London uni? Are friends at other unis already having more fun? Fear not. There are huge advantages to being a student in the capital. (...) - by Tess Reidy, The Guardian, 27/09/2014

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Progress, problems with researcher mobility in Europe

There has been significant progress in alleviating obstacles to mobility for researchers in Europe – but advances have been uneven and challenges remain in some countries in the areas of recruitment, researcher skills, working conditions and career opportunities – says a Deloitte Consulting report prepared for the European Commission.

The third annual report of a three-year study includes for the first time a composite index of European Union research excellence compared with that of other major economies, which it says can be seen as a proxy for the attractiveness of Europe for researchers. (...) - University World News, by Karen MacGregor, 26 September 2014, Issue No:336

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Projet Minerva : le futur de l'Université ?

Projet Minerva : le futur de l'Université ? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Le numérique bouleverse l'éducation. Avec l'explosion des nouvelles technologies, les méthodes d'apprentissage évoluent, et l'ingénierie pédagogique traditionnelle en est profondément impactée. Coursera, EdX, Khan Academy, Udacity : le phénomène des MOOC - ces cours ouverts et massifs d'envergure internationale - n'a pas fini de faire couler de l'encre, et nous avons plusieurs fois traité le sujet dans les lignes du Bulletin Electronique. (...) - BE Etats-Unis 379, Les Bulletins Electroniques des Ambassades de France, 2014/09/26 

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Les États-Unis déjà dans l'après-Mooc

Les États-Unis déjà dans l'après-Mooc | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Aux États-Unis, on parle beaucoup moins des Mooc qu'il y a deux ans. Ils continuent pourtant de bouleverser l'enseignement supérieur américain. Tour d'horizon des questions qui... (...) - EducPros, Jessica Gourdon, 25.09.2014

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Italian scientists protest against budget cuts, crocodile tears included

Italian scientists protest against budget cuts, crocodile tears included | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Although the upcoming protests of Italian scientists against budget cut is justified, there are many other issues plaguing the italian research system. (...) - EuroScientist Webzine, 25/09/2014

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[Belgique] Des examens d'entrée pour améliorer l'enseignement supérieur ?

[Belgique] Des examens d'entrée pour améliorer l'enseignement supérieur ? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Le centre de réflexion Itinera propose d'introduire un test de sélection à l'entrée du supérieur dans le but de filtrer les étudiants " moins bons et moins motivés ". La Fédération des Étudiants francophones (FEF) s'y oppose et vise à un meilleur financement. (...) - Le Vif, 23/09/2014

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[Belgique] Subsides : « On est dans un cercle vicieux »

[Belgique] Subsides : « On est dans un cercle vicieux » | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

«Assurer un retour rapide à l’équilibre financier»: c’est la première «mesure d’urgence» qui figure dans votre programme électoral. (...) - lavenir.net, 22/09/2014

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[Belgique] "Les universités, poussées à former des masses d'étudiants au rabais"

[Belgique] "Les universités, poussées à former des masses d'étudiants au rabais" | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Il est politiquement correct de vouloir que l'université soit un système pratiquement gratuit et accessible au plus grand nombre. En poursuivant cette logique bien-pensante, le gouvernement francophone semble vouloir augmenter sa mainmise sur l'enseignement supérieur et universitaire. Il a échafaudé pour cela un nouveau décret dit "paysage". (...) - par Pascal De Sutter, Le Vif, 21/09/2014

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[Norway] Official study slams university rankings as ‘useless’

A government-commissioned study of the placement of Norwegian universities in global rankings – in particular compared to other Nordic institutions – has concluded that even the top rankings are so based on subjective weightings of factors and on dubious data that they are useless as a basis for information if the goal is to improve higher education.

The Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research commissioned the Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education, or NIFU, to analyse Norwegian universities’ placements on international university rankings. (...)  - University World News, by Jan Petter Myklebust, 19 September 2014 Issue No:335

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USA : les retraites ponctionnées pour rembourser les prêts étudiants

USA : les retraites ponctionnées pour rembourser les prêts étudiants | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Selon un rapport du Government Accountability Office, de plus en plus de retraités américains peinent à rembourser leur prêt étudiant et voient leur retraite ponctionnée par l’Etat. (...) - vousnousils, par

Elsa Doladille, 18/09/2014

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Politique de la recherche: l'effet planaire

Politique de la recherche: l'effet planaire | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Le service de communication du Cnrs n’est pas du tout d’accord avec l’orientation initiale de la Stratégie nationale de la recherche voulue par Geneviève Fioraso. J’exagère ? A peine. Et certains clous doivent être enfoncés plusieurs fois sinon, ils ressortent. Ou alors, en bon menuisier, il vaut mieux y mettre une vis. (Les photos de l’article proviennent du site web du Cnrs et sont d'Eric Ghigo, de Prasad Abnave et de Sophie Pagnotta). (...) - par Sylvestre Huet, {Sciences⊃2;}, 18/09/2014

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Research and development: Falls in funding

US research and development still suffering from budget battles.

 

US federal spending on scientific research and development is projected to have fallen by 4% from 2011 by the end of this year, according to a report from the US National Science Foundation (NSF) in Arlington, Virginia. The report, which collected data from the 27 US science-funding agencies, shows that spending reached US$140 billion in 2011 and is expected to slip to $134 billion this year. The 2014 total is likely to be even lower, says an NSF spokesperson, because it does not account for a 2013 across-the-board cut to discretionary spending. - Nature 513, 451, 17 September 2014

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