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Foreign-born scientists: mobility patterns for 16 countries

Foreign-born scientists: mobility patterns for 16 countries | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
A cross-country survey of research scientists in 16 countries finds considerable variation in immigration and emigration patterns.(...) Nature Biotechnology, by Chiara Franzoni, Giuseppe Scellato & Paula Stephan, Nature Biotechnology, 30, 1250–1253 (2012)
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Higher Education and academic research
Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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Allemagne : les universités soutenues par les entreprises dans la lutte contre le décrochage

Pour endiguer le décrochage des étudiants, les universités allemandes mettent en place des programmes d'initiation au monde universitaire et des dispositifs d'accompagnement dès le premier semestre. Elles sont soutenues dans ces initiatives par les entreprises soucieuses de recruter une main-d'œuvre qualifiée, qui commence à leur faire défaut. (...) - EducPros, par Marie Luginsland, 06.06.2014

 

 

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No shortcuts to development, basic research is key

The notion that the innovation capabilities of developing economies can ‘leap-frog’ and catch up with developed countries without an investment in basic research is an unfortunate but persistent view, which is likely to prolong dependency on external agencies, according to Venni V Krishna, professor of science policy at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi.

“There is no shortcut to development via science and technology other than strong public policies and state support to oriented or directed basic research,” he told higher education and research policy experts at an expert roundtable meeting in Durban convened to identify topics for the new Research, Higher Education, Development and Innovation – RHEDI – project. (...) - University World News, by Sharon Dell, 06 June 2014 Issue No:323

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Research management – A question of balance?

Is ‘research management’ an oxymoron? – A concept that pits researchers against administrators and threatens to kill the goose that lays the golden egg? Or is it a realistic response to a world in which national wealth is based on knowledge production and the ability to effectively participate in global market networks?

Increasingly, it is the latter: research management throughout the world has become far more professionalised and specialised, with greater emphasis on strategic research planning and research accountability. (...) - University World News, by Sharon Dell, 06 June 2014 Issue No:323

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[Sweden] Government and foundation boosts for research

Sweden’s government is to invest SEK1.6 billion (US$240 million) over the next 10 years in the city of Södertälje, in research and training in medicine and engineering, said Education Minister Jan Björklund last Monday. The next day the Wallenberg Foundation outlined plans to invest a whopping SEK1.7 billion so “Swedish medical research can regain its world leading position”. (...) - University World News, by

Jan Petter Myklebust, 06 June 2014 Issue No:323
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Russie : la réforme de l’Académie des sciences n’a pas eu pour but d’améliorer le système de recherche (note de l’Ifri)

L’objectif principal de la "réforme-révolution" du secteur académique russe menée en 2013 "consistait en la destruction de la RAN (Académie des sciences de Russie), et non pas en la création d’un système de recherche plus efficace", selon une note de la chercheuse Irina Dejina, publiée par l’ Ifri en mai 2014. Ce document "analyse les raisons" de cette "réforme radicale", qui "s’est soldée par la suppression de trois académies sur six existantes" au terme d'un "conflit ouvert" d’une décennie entre le gouvernement russe et la direction de la RAN. L’auteur ne voit pas dans ce processus "de vision claire et cohérente de l’organisation ultérieure du secteur académique en vue d’améliorer la qualité et la productivité de la recherche fondamentale" en Russie, et s’inquiète des conséquences pour cette dernière, notamment en termes de "départ de jeunes chercheurs prometteurs" (...) - AEF, par Anne Roy - Le jeudi 5 juin 2014 - dépêche n°480530

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Un payement de 3.000 dollars US est fixé pour la préparation d’une thèse de doctorat dans les universités de Kinshasa

L’assistant à l’institut IFASIC Didier Mbuyi révèle que la préparation et la soutenance d’une thèse de doctorat dans les établissements d’enseignement supérieur et universitaire de Kinshasa sont conditionnées par le payement d’un montant de 3.000 dollars US. (...) - DigitalCongo, 05/06/2014

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Research funders worldwide commit to open-access push

Leaders of the some of the world’s most prominent research funding organisations have agreed to promote open access more actively, as they prepare to publish a report on the issue.

Members of the Global Research Council discussed and endorsed the report during a meeting held in Beijing from 26 to 28 May. A copy seen by Research Europe highlights concerns with the green and gold models of open access, and about balancing publication charges against licence fees. (...) - by Penny Sarchet, 05/06/2014

 

 

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Federal boost for German science

Federal boost for German science | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Agreement on changes to constitution pave way for university funding shake-up.

Germany’s highly federalized political system has been a pillar of democracy for more than half a century. But even as the country’s constitution has underpinned its stability, it has been a thorn in the side of the scientific community. Universities are largely funded by local governments, and there are tight restrictions on the uses of federal funding — for example, it cannot be used to pay permanent staff or infrastructure costs. This makes it difficult for institutions to compete with the world’s leading research powerhouses.(...) - by Quirin Schiermeier, Nature, 04 June 2014

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Does the scientific journal have a future?

Does the scientific journal have a future? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

This summer, scholars will use the break from teaching to submit manuscripts, review papers and develop new ideas. But even as the major functions of scholarly publishing march on, scholars, publishers and librarians start to ask, “What does the future of the scholarly journal look like?” (...) - by Bonnie Swoger, Blog ' Information Culture', Scientific American, June 18, 2014


Via Julien Hering, PhD
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Julien Hering, PhD's curator insight, July 6, 2:35 PM

Science 2.0, open acces archives of pre-print articles, social media measurement of impact of these article... is there a future for traditional publication pathways ? 

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U.S. Senate Panel Gives NSF a Small Boost

U.S. Senate Panel Gives NSF a Small Boost | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Legislators meet president's request but fall short of House level.

 

A U.S. Senate spending panel has met the president’s 2015 request for the National Science Foundation (NSF)—and that’s depressing news for the agency. (...) - by Jeffrey Mervis, Science, 3 June 2014

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Universités publiques de Côte d’Ivoire: Un déficit de plus de 2.500 enseignants signalé

Universités publiques de Côte d’Ivoire: Un déficit de plus de 2.500 enseignants signalé | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Selon Gnamien Konan, l’explication à cette situation, est qu’il n’y a pas eu "suffisamment d’enseignants formés par rapport au besoin".       Universités publiques de Côte d’Ivoire: Un déficit de plus de 2.500 enseignants signalé
Le ministre de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche scientifique, Gnamien Konan, a signalé un déficit de plus de 2.500 enseignants dans les cinq universités publiques de Côte d’Ivoire (Félix Houphouët-Boigny d’Abidjan-Cocody, Nangui Abrogoua d’Abidjan-Adjamé, Alassane Ouattara de Bouaké, Jean Lorougnon Guédé de Daloa et Peleforo Gon de Korhogo). Il s’exprimait ce dimanche 1er juin, dans un entretien accordé à la radio des Nations unies en Côte d’Ivoire (Onuci-Fm). (...) - Fratmat.info, par Narcisse Angan, 01/06/2014

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In Defense of the Lecture

In Defense of the Lecture | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

A good lecturer doesn’t just deliver facts but models how an expert approaches problems.

I shall say this without shame: I lecture in my courses.

Yes, I know, in every discussion of "flipped classes" we are reminded that lecturing as a means of transferring basic factual information is a poor way to teach. I agree. I want my students to learn basic information before coming to my class. I can either assign reading before class (the old-school way) or require them to watch a video ahead of time (since proponents of flipped classes assure us that online video lectures are a good way to transfer information). What is important is that students be held accountable for learning that basic information when they come to class, either with a short quiz or written assignment (old school) or with an online assessment (hip and flipped). (...) - The Chronicle of Higher Education, by Alex Small, May 27, 2014

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What Motivates Reviewers? An Experiment in Economics

What Motivates Reviewers? An Experiment in Economics | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Shorter deadlines, email reminders, and cash incentives can speed up the peer review process and minimize unintended effects, a recent study suggests. Can it work for other disciplines?

 

“It takes a researcher 3-5 hours to review a manuscript,” editors quip, “whether you give him/her a week or six months!”

I’ve heard many variations on this joke, but the principle remains: most people are motivated by deadlines and need periodic reminders to meet them. (...) - by Phil Davis, The Scholarly Kitchen, May 28, 2014

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Universities respond to a changing landscape

New forces such as economic globalisation and information and communication technologies are shaping universities and research institutions and corresponding operational governance is required, says Professor Leo Goedegebuure, director of the LH Martin Institute at the University of Melbourne in Australia.

He was speaking at the first executive training residential of the Research, Higher Education, Development and Innovation – RHEDI – project held in Durban, South Africa, in late May. There are 48 senior managers, policy-makers and experts from six African and three Southeast Asian countries in the first intake of the capacity-building training. (...) - University World News, by Munyaradzi Makoni, 06 June 2014 Issue No:323

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More research needed on research management

Rather than mimicking ‘best practice’ of top-performing institutions, universities aspiring to the status of research institutions in low- and middle-income countries need to invest more heavily in understanding their own institutional profiles and develop a vision of what it means to be a research university in their national context.

Professor Nico Cloete, director of the Cape Town-based Centre for Higher Education Transformation, said this at an expert roundtable held at the launch of the Research, Higher Education, Development and Innovation – RHEDI – project in Durban in May. (...) - University World News, by Sharon Dell, 06 June 2014 Issue No:323

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Greece: Rector election sparks council vs academic conflict

The ‘election’ – or more appropriately the appointment – of a new rector at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki is once again creating tension between the institution’s management council and its academic community.

Current rector Giannis Mylopoulos, whose term of office is rapidly coming to an end, recently wrote that “according to the new legal system the university authorities will no longer be elected by a direct and democratic vote but indirectly through a system of pre-selection which will be carried out – without specific criteria – by the institution’s management council”. (...) - University World News, by Makki Marseilles, 06 June 2014 Issue No:323

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Political deal to replace student grants with loans

After months of planning and negotiating, Jet Bussemaker, minister for education, culture and science in The Netherlands, has struck an agreement with two opposition parties on a bill that will convert student grants into loans from 1 January 2015. The move will free up €1 billion (US$1.4 billion) from the state higher education budget. (...) - University World News, by Jan Petter Myklebust, 05 June 2014 Issue No:323

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Alain Beretz, nouveau président de la ligue européenne des universités de recherche (LERU)

Alain Beretz, nouveau président de la ligue européenne des universités de recherche (LERU) | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Le 17 mai dernier, Alain Beretz, président de l'Université de Strasbourg a pris la présidence de la Ligue européenne des universités de recherche (LERU). Élu en novembre 2013 par les présidents de la LERU, il succède au professeur Berndt Huber, président de l'Université Ludwig-Maximilians de Munich qui présidait la LERU depuis 2008. (...) - Université de Strasbourg, 05/06/2014

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Chine : Pas assez d'étudiants dans les facs !

Chine : Pas assez d'étudiants dans les facs ! | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

En Chine, les étudiants désertent les universités. Mais pour quelles raisons ? meltyCampus vous en dit plus !

La Chine a beau avoir une population supérieure à un milliard d’habitants, cela n’empêche pas les universités de se vider petit à petit. Au moins sept provinces et une région n’ont pas atteint le quota d’inscription fixé par l’Etat en 2013, et pire encore, les écarts sont conséquents. (...) - meltycampus.fr, par LRobinDesile, 05/06/2014

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Russie : les initiatives d'excellence visent à faire entrer 5 universités dans le top 100 des classements d'ici à 2020

Le projet du gouvernement russe, qui consiste à faire entrer cinq universités du pays dans le top 100 des classements des meilleurs établissements d’ici à 2020, est "plus qu’ambitieux mais très excitant", écrit Oleg Alekseev dans la première édition de la revue Herb (Higher education in Russia and beyond), au printemps 2014. Oleg Alekseev fait partie du Conseil sur l’amélioration de la compétitivité des universités russes, chargé de piloter cette initiative nommée "5/100". Quinze établissements ont d’ores et déjà été sélectionnés et bénéficient d’un soutien financier du gouvernement pour atteindre leurs objectifs, parfois qualifiés de "pas réalistes" dans la revue. Philip G. Altbach, directeur du Centre sur l’enseignement supérieur à l’international de Boston, revient, lui, sur les initiatives d'excellence en Chine. (...) - AEF, par Axel Cadieux - Le mercredi 4 juin 2014 - dépêche n°481775

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PLOS ONE Output Falls 25 Percent

PLOS ONE Output Falls 25 Percent | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Publication output for the largest journal in science continues to fall, just not as fast as leading indicators would predict.

First, let me make a bold admission–the kind that works perfectly for a tweet: “I was wrong.”

In a previous post, I claimed that a precipitous February drop in PLOS ONE article output was the result of a decline in their last Impact Factor. Authors (even those supportive of open access publishing) are sensitive to journal Impact Factors, so a drop in PLOS ONE‘s Impact Factor (from 4.092 to 3.730), reported last June would eventually show up as a drop in publication output 5-6 months later as manuscripts slowly move through their publication process. (...) - Blog 'Scholarly kitchen', by Phil Davis, June 3, 2014

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Fees have not freed universities from state control

Fees have not freed universities from state control | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Increased regulation and changes to funding are on the cards, but, writes Peter Scott, state intervention should instead drive the recreation of the 'public' university. (...) - by Peter Scott, The Guardian, 3 June 2014

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Thoughts on “Positive Academic Leadership”

Thoughts on “Positive Academic Leadership” | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Most management books are completely useless in the context of higher education.  They’re written from a corporate perspective, so they assume things like the presence of carrots and sticks, the possibility of directed turnover, and considerable decision-making autonomy.  Within a parsimoniously-funded, tenure-based, unionized, public sector institution, things simply do not work like that. (...) - Blog Inside Higher Ed "Confessions of a Community College Dean", by Matt Reed, June 1, 2014

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Vers un gel d’un an des frais de scolarité des étudiants français

Vers un gel d’un an des frais de scolarité des étudiants français | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Les étudiants français au Québec pourraient gagner un an avant le renchérissement de leurs frais universitaires, en attendant une «démarche concertée» entre la province canadienne et la France, selon des sources concordantes jeudi.

 

La nouvelle majorité libérale au pouvoir à Québec avait déclenché une vive émotion chez les expatriés — élus, étudiants et diplomates français —, en annonçant une harmonisation du coût des études des étrangers francophones avec celui des étudiants canadiens des autres provinces.

 

Cet alignement reviendrait à tripler le coût des études universitaires des Français, qui paient actuellement le même prix que les Québécois, en vertu d’une entente datant de 1978. (...) - Le Devoir, 29/05/2014

 

 

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New research on retention of international students

New research on retention of international students | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

SAN DIEGO – The main sources of dissatisfaction for international undergraduate students at U.S. institutions relate to finances, according to new research on retention released today at the annual NAFSA: Association of International Educators conference.

International students who responded to a national survey cite access to jobs or internships (37 percent), affordability (36 percent) and availability of scholarships (34 percent) as their main reasons for dissatisfaction, followed distantly by meal plans (26 percent) and quality of housing (17 percent). (...) - by Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Ed, May 28, 2014

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