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Les universités tunisiennes sont-elles prêtes pour le virage post-révolution!

Les universités tunisiennes sont-elles prêtes pour le virage post-révolution! | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
En cette période de remise en question des choix et des modèles d’apprentissage, la Tunisie gagnera beaucoup en collaborant avec ses professeurs, chercheurs, industriels de la diaspora.
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Higher Education and academic research
Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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[Norway] Heated debate over the value of masters degrees

In the past year there has been intense debate about masters degrees in Norway. The debate was launched by Professor Linda Lai at the BI Norwegian Business School, who introduced the concept of mastersyke – which in Norwegian means ‘masters degree illness’, with criticism of the degree supported by major surveys by Lai and Norwegian business.

Lai said at a seminar covered by the major business newspaper Dagens Næringslivthat the need for a masters degree was often exaggerated, and this could harm both students and employers. She based her arguments on a survey of 20,000 staff in the public and private sectors. (...) - University World News, by Jan Petter Myklebust, 16 August 2014 Issue No:330

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Australia: Thousands of foreign students in visa fraud racket

Tens of thousands of foreign students have become permanent residents in Australia as a likely result of widespread fraud and corruption within and outside the federal Immigration Department.

Documents provided to Fairfax Media journalists and an investigation by Monash University academics has revealed that thousands of foreigners have avoided federal regulations and been granted illegal permanent residency visas. The huge numbers involved has led directly to rising unemployment levels among young Australians, including university graduates. (...)  - University World News, by Geoff Maslen, 08 August 2014 Issue No:330

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Research and development: Outsourcing trends

US contract research organizations are multiplying to meet drug-makers' outsourcing needs.

 

US drug-makers are outsourcing more and more of their research and development, mainly to contract research organizations, according to figures released in July by the US National Science Foundation (NSF). The shift could be good news for researchers seeking positions in industry. In 1991, pharmaceutical companies spent about US$800 million on external research and development, but that skyrocketed to $13 billion in 2011, says John Jankowski, head of research and development statistics at the NSF. That growth outstrips that of any other sector. In 1991, industrial extramural research spending totalled $3.3 billion, but by 2011, spending had risen to $25.3 billion for domestic companies alone. Pharmaceutical firms' share of that total was 23% in 1991, but ballooned to 51% by 2011. Jankowski says that much of the increase comes from the outsourcing of clinical trials. The number of US contract research organizations has risen to match the demand, from around 800 in 2000 to more than 3,100 by the end of 2011, according to the Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development in Boston, Massachusetts. - Nature 512, 106, 06 August 2014


Via Julien Hering, PhD
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Stop the deluge of science research

Stop the deluge of science research | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The increasing pace of human discovery is a curse – we need to rethink what it means to publish the results of research.

 

The rapid growth of scientific literature is often seen as evidence, if evidence were needed, that the pace of human discovery is accelerating. On the contrary, however, it is becoming a curse – one that requires us to radically rethink what it means to publish the results of research.

Relentlessly – day after day, year after year – scientists are uncovering new facts about the world. If anything, the startling rate at which this happens appears to be increasing, but how would we know if such an impression was true? One way is to look at the rate at which scientific papers are published and these have indeed been appearing at an ever-increasing rates for decades or even centuries. (...) - by Timo Hannay, The Guardian, 5 August 2014

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Australia's top eight universities push for higher fees, fewer students

Australia's top eight universities push for higher fees, fewer students | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Group of Eight vice chancellor describes deregulation as ‘holy grail’ for universities.

 

Australia’s prestigious Group of Eight (Go8) universities are likely to reduce the number of people they enrol while increasing fees for each student after deregulation, a key backer of the reforms has predicted.

Ian Young, vice chancellor of the Australian National University (ANU) and chairman of the Go8, argued this downsizing would be good news for the non-Go8 universities as it would “free up” more capable students to attend other institutions – “a trickle-down or a flow-across effect”. (...) - by Daniel Hurst, The guardian, 30 July 2014

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Transparency promised for vilified impact factor

Transparency promised for vilified impact factor | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Thomson Reuters vows to be clearer about how science's most misused metric is calculated.

 

The most misused metric in science is getting a makeover — although many researchers would like it to disappear altogether.

Information firm Thomson Reuters says that it will become more transparent over how it calculates impact factors, an annual ranking of more than 10,900 scientific journals that it published on 29 July, along with the names of 39 journals that it is barring from the list. (...) - By Richard Van Noorden, Nature, 29 July 2014

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German University Will Switch Master's Degrees to English

German University Will Switch Master's Degrees to English | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Technical University, in Munich, is planning to switch most master's degrees to English by 2020, The Local reported. Currently about one-third of such programs are in English. The university's president, Wolfgang Herrmann, said, "English is the lingua franca in academia and of the economy." But student leaders are skeptical of switching so many programs to English. (...) - @insidehighered, July 25, 2014

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Des étudiants malgaches vent debout contre la hausse de leurs frais d’études

Des étudiants malgaches vent debout contre la hausse de leurs frais d’études | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Depuis deux semaines, des étudiants de l’université d’Antananarivo sont en grève. Motif : le passage de l’université au système Licence-Maîtrise-Doctorat qui a engendré une hausse globale de leurs frais. Ils réclament une réévaluation de leur bourse et certains ont décidé d’employer la manière forte.(...) - France24, 25/07/2014

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UK universities spending more on outreach and less on bursaries, report shows

UK universities spending more on outreach and less on bursaries, report shows | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Britain’s leading universities have performed a U-turn over the methods they use to attract more disadvantaged students, says a report out today.

University access watchdog the Office for Fair Access reveals they are cutting spending on scholarships and bursaries and putting their efforts into sending students into their schools to raise their aspirations instead. (...) - by Richard Garner, The Independent, 24 July 2014

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Was your student loan worth it?

Was your student loan worth it? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The Commons business committee has said the entire student loan system is nearing a point where it is financially unworkable. We want to know if you feel your student loan was worth it.

Student loans are often the only reason many can afford to even think about going into higher education.

Now the entire student loan system has been declared almost financially unworkable by a group of MPs in charge of scrutinising university policy. The Commons business committee has called for an urgent review of the system just days after he Guardian reported that Vince Cable, the business secretary, had stalled on the sell-off of the student loan book because of fears it would not raise the amount of money predicted. (...) by Elena Cresci, The Guardian, 22 July 2014

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Australia: Senate blocks cuts to university funding

The Tony Abbott government's savings drive has taken another hit after the senate blocked A$435 million (US$408 million) in university cuts originally proposed by Labor, writes Matthew Knott for The Sydney Morning Herald.

The vote is the first indication of how the new senate may vote on the government's sweeping higher education reform agenda, which includes a full deregulation of fees, a 20% across-the-board course funding cut and increased interest on student debts. (...) - University World News from The Sydney Morning Herald, 18 July 2014 Issue No:329

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Poor conditions blamed for Venezuelan scientist exodus

Government-funded universities in Venezuela are witnessing a flight of scientists and professors, leaving them unable to fill posts, according to recent reports.

At Simón Bolívar University, around 240 professors have quit over the past five years – an unusually high number, says Rafael Álvarez, a representative of the university’s Association of Professors.

“I’ve been working here for 34 years and never seen something like this before,” he tells SciDev.Net. “It’s devastating.” (...) - University World News, by Andrea Small Carmona, 18 July 2014 Issue No:329

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New study raises questions about global rankings of citations

New study raises questions about global rankings of citations | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The possession by Saudi Arabia’s King Abdulaziz University of more highly cited researchers than almost any other university in the world raises questions about institutions’ ability to manipulate global rankings.

This is the view of two researchers who last week posted on the arXiv preprint server a paper that ranks universities by the number of highly cited researchers who list them as affiliations. (...) - By Paul Jump for Times Higher Education, @insidehighered, July 17, 2014

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[Germany] Governments are protecting agricultural subsidies to the disadvantage of research and innovation

 Heads of innovation instead of heads of cabbage

EU budget negotiations for 2015 have resulted in European government leaders planning to cut payments for research and innovation by 11% over the proposals of the European Commission. €1.1 billion would no longer be available. (...)  - HRK, German Rector's Conference

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Academics Anonymous: an open letter to university 'leaders'

Academics Anonymous: an open letter to university 'leaders' | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Stop mistaking change for progress, and start trusting the people who work for you.

 

Dear leaders,

I address you as "leaders" because, for some reason (perhaps manager comes too close to rhyming with janitor for your liking), you've increasingly taken to styling yourselves in this way. How grand. How imposing. How spurious. (...) - by anonymous academic, The Guardian, 08 August, 2014

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Open-access website gets tough

Open-access website gets tough | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Leading directory tightens listing criteria to weed out rogue journals.

 

When Lars Bjørnshauge founded a website to index open-access journals in 2003, just 300 titles made the list. But over the next decade, the open-access publishing market exploded, and Bjørnshauge’s Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) along with it. Today the DOAJ comprises almost 10,000 journals — and its main problem is not finding new publications to include, but keeping the dodgy operators out.(...) - by Richard Van Noorden, Nature, 6 August 2014

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U.S. Energy Department to make researchers' papers free

U.S. Energy Department to make researchers' papers free | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

But portal linking to publishers' websites disappoints open-access advocates.

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today unveiled its answer to a White House mandate to make the research papers it funds free for anyone to read: a Web portal that will link to full-text papers a year after they're published. Once researchers are up to speed and submitting their manuscripts, that will mean 20,000 to 30,000 new free papers a year on energy research, physics, and other scientific topics. (...) - by Jocelyn Kaiser, Science, 4 August 2014

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Decision looms on future of E.U. science advice

Decision looms on future of E.U. science advice | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Green groups criticize current adviser—and her office.

 

A row has erupted over the job of chief science adviser to the European Commission, a post created in 2012. Jean-Claude Juncker, the new commission's president-elect, must decide whether to keep the post; nine nongovernmental organizations have called on him to scrap it because they are angered by the support of the current science adviser, Anne Glover, for genetically modified organisms. Many scientific organizations want to keep the position. But even Glover's supporters admit that her position has problems—including a tiny budget and an ill-defined mandate—that the new commission, set to take office in November, needs to fix. (...) - by Kai Kupferschmidt, 31 July 2014

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À l’université de Munich, tous les cours seront désormais en anglais

À l’université de Munich, tous les cours seront désormais en anglais | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Une des meilleures universités d’Allemagne a pris la décision, controversée, de donner tous ses cours de Master dans la langue de Shakespeare, pour gagner en reconnaissance au niveau international. (...) - Le Figaro étudiant, 29/07/2014

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Study finds impact of pre-tenure status on publication rates at Korean universities

Study finds impact of pre-tenure status on publication rates at Korean universities | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Early-stage researchers in South Korea are “significantly” more productive than those further on in their careers, a study has found, partly because the former are striving to gain tenured positions.

Those with up to 10 years’ experience in “hard” subjects such as science, engineering and medicine published an average of eight articles every three years in international journals, but this fell to less than seven when they reached the “established” career stage (11-25 years’ experience). (...) - By David Matthews for Times Higher Education

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The Importance of Funding Basic Science Research

The Importance of Funding Basic Science Research | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

FASEB's Stand Up For Science competition winner brings perspective to the question of why we need to fund basic research.

 

FASEB, the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology runs an annual Stand Up For Science competition, and in 2013, the goal was to increase awareness of the value of US federal funding for biological and biomedical research.

The winning video is below, and it makes a compelling argument for the funding of basic science. So much of the science funding mindset has seemingly been influenced by Wall Street’s  “get rich quick” ethos. Businesses have been encouraged to forsake long term health and success in order to maximize this quarter’s profits to drive the stock price higher. Forget about the future, what about next week? (...) - by David Crotty, Blog "the scholarly kitchen", 25/07/2014

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L'Université de Montréal doit rembourser 18 millions $ perçus en trop

L'Université de Montréal doit rembourser 18 millions $ perçus en trop | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

L'Université de Montréal doit rembourser au gouvernement 18 millions $ perçus en trop pendant 10 ans pour des étudiants qui ont été financés... en double. (...) - par Daphnée Dion-Viens, La Presse, 23/07/2014

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Student loan system is almost financially unworkable, say MPs

Student loan system is almost financially unworkable, say MPs | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Commons business committee calls for review amid fears of multibillion-pound black hole in university funding.

The entire student loan system is nearing a point where it is financially unworkable, the group of MPs in charge of scrutinising university policy has found.

In a scathing report, the Commons business committee called for an urgent review of the system, amid predictions the government is heading towards a multibillion-pound black hole in the funding of universities.

There are growing fears among academics about the student loan system, despite unpopular changes in 2011 that involved tripling tuition fees for students. In its inquiry, the committee found that plans to lift a cap on student numbers, funded by selling the student loan book, may make the funding gap worse. (...) - by Rowena MAson, The Guardian, 22 July 2014

The entire student loan system is nearing a point where it is financially unworkable, the group of MPs in charge of scrutinising university policy has found.

In a scathing report, the Commons business committee called for an urgent review of the system, amid predictions the government is heading towards a multibillion-pound black hole in the funding of universities.

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What counts for academic productivity in research universities?

Publication in high status refereed journals has become a major criterion of academic success in the competitive environment of global higher education. Appearing in internationally circulated journals published in English is especially prestigious. Universities are engaged in a global arms race of publication; and academics are the shock troops of the struggle.

At stake is placement in the global university rankings, the allocation of budgets from governments, national prestige, the ability to attract the best students and professors and a preferred place in the pecking order of academe. (...) - University World News, by Philip G Altbach, 18 July 2014 Issue No:329

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The economics of creative research Research can drive economic development, but only if it is shielded from political whims and capitalist ideas

The economics of creative research Research can drive economic development, but only if it is shielded from political whims and capitalist ideas | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

In these times of economic crisis and austerity, the public funding of scientific research has come under the spotlight. Whilst there is acceptance of the general value of scientific research itself, govern- ments and funding agencies are increas- ingly interested in the performance and cost efficiency of specific research institutes, projects, teams and individuals. (...) - by Ivan Couée, 17 juillet 2014 via Sauvons l'Université !

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