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Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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L'impressionnant magot de l'université Harvard

L'impressionnant magot de l'université Harvard | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Alors qu'elle fête son 378ème anniversaire, Harvard University vient d'annoncer qu'elle avait reçu un don record de 350 millions de dollars. Un joli cadeau qui vient alimenter sa gigantesque cagnotte... (...) - Capital, par Sandrine Chauvin, 08/09/2014

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US: A radical change in peer review

US: A radical change in peer review | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

A pilot project to ease pressure on NSF's vaunted peer-review system required grant applicants to review seven competing proposals.

 

A recent pilot project by the National Science Foundation (NSF) aimed at easing the strain on its vaunted merit review system featured an unusual twist: Grant applicants were required to review seven proposals from peers competing for the same pot of money. The approach created a captive—and highly motivated—pool of reviewers for program managers within NSF's Civil, Mechanical and Manufacturing Innovation Division, saving them time. And using mail reviews rather than panels also saved NSF money. The quality of the reviews also seemed to be comparable to what is generated with NSF's traditional approach to peer review. NSF officials are weighing whether to expand the pilot to other programs. (...) - by Jeffrey Mervis, Science, 17 July 2014

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US: AAAS Unveils Updated Data on Humanities Funding

US: AAAS Unveils Updated Data on Humanities Funding | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The American Academy of Arts & Sciences made its case for the humanities in high-profile report last year called “The Heart of the Matter.”In the year since, the academy says its Commission on the Humanities and Social Sciences has heard consistent requests from college and university personnel and others for more accessible data on the topic. So the academy on Thursday unveiled three new or updated data troves in which decision makers and others interested in the humanities can find facts and figures to continue the national conversation. (...) - Inside Higher Ed, June 20, 2014

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Off to Silicon Valley (7/10). Sur NovoEd, les MOOC prennent pied dans le monde réel

Off to Silicon Valley (7/10). Sur NovoEd, les MOOC prennent pied dans le monde réel | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
En amont de la Learning Expedition organisée à l'automne 2014, EducPros vous emmène dans la Silicon Valley pour un voyage au cœur des nouvelles technologies appliquées à l'éducation. Il y a quelques années, des enseignants de Stanford créaient les plates-formes de MOOC (Massive open online courses) Coursera et Udacity. Aujourd'hui, l'université elle-même a lancé sa start-up, NovoEd, une interface d'un nouveau genre, qui cherche un ancrage dans la vie réelle. (...) - EducPros, par Coralie Garandeau, 12.06.2014
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Partisan battling derails vote on disputed bill to reshape U.S. energy science programs

Partisan battling derails vote on disputed bill to reshape U.S. energy science programs | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Democrats block House science panel debate on bill once known as EINSTEIN.

Comity on the science committee of the U.S. House of Representatives reached a new low today.

Twenty-two minutes after the committee’s energy panel convened to start the process of debating and approving a bill to reauthorize the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) research and development programs, Representative Cynthia Lummis (R–WY) gaveled the session to a close without taking any votes on the proposed legislation. It was the latest—and most graphic—illustration of how partisan distrust has crippled the committee’s ability to do its job. (...) - by Jeffrey Mervis, Science, 11 June 2014

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George Peterson (Georgia Tech) : "Les universités européennes vont vers un système à l’américaine"

"Les universités européennes vont vers un système à l’américaine : jusqu’ici, elles étaient financées par les États, et elles vont maintenant vers un dispositif de responsabilité partagée", estime George Peterson, président de Georgia Tech (USA), le 23 mai 2014, de passage en France pour inaugurer l’Institut Lafayette, un bâtiment de Georgia Tech Lorraine dédié à l’innovation technologique. "Aujourd’hui, 15 % du budget de Georgia Tech vient de l’État. Nous sommes passés d’une université 'financée' par l’État à une université 'soutenue' par l’État, avant peut-être de n’être plus qu’une université 'localisée' dans l’État !", dit-il. "Le coût de l’éducation augmente, aux États-Unis comme en Europe. Et les dépenses sociales et de santé amoindrissent les ressources des États pour l’éducation. Il faut en chercher de nouvelles : la philanthropie, les familles, peut-être la formation en ligne." (...) - AEF, par Sarah Piovezan - Le mercredi 28 mai 2014 - dépêche n°481395

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Universities seek to boost industry partnerships

Universities seek to boost industry partnerships | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

As drug companies shift focus, academia ramps up its role in bringing discoveries to market.

When Matthew Shair discovered a protein involved in causing blood cancer — and a small molecule that might disrupt that protein — he saw the makings of a new drug. Facing years of costly work to prove its worth, Shair, a chemist at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, did not seek funding from the usual sources, pharmaceutical companies and venture-capital firms. Instead, in 2012, he turned to a Harvard programme that supports preclinical research. It provided him with US$250,000 for preliminary studies in mice and human cells, to determine whether his drug justified under-going clinical trials. (...) - by Erika Check Hayden, Nature, 7 May 2014

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Is university expensive?

Is university expensive? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

As I love infographics (even though I know they're often not the result of thorough research and their data typically does not hold together - but hey, they are pretty), I'm always on the hunt for interesting infographics about higher education. Recently, I came across the following infographic about the cost of graduate school. (...) - PhD Talk, April 27, 2014

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NSF's Science Board Criticizes Bill to Alter Agency's Programs

NSF's Science Board Criticizes Bill to Alter Agency's Programs | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Unusual step by NSF's oversight body highlights ongoing dispute with Congress.

The presidentially appointed oversight body to the National Science Foundation (NSF) has taken the unprecedented step of publicly criticizing pending legislation that it feels would be harmful to the $7 billion research agency. (...) - by Jeffrey Mervis, Science, April 24 2014

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Russian science: US sanctions put research at risk

Scientific collaboration during the cold war was one of the few links between the United States and the Soviet Union. It is sad and ironic that today's partnerships may now bear the brunt of US sanctions as a result of the situation in Ukraine (see Nature 508, 162; 2014). (..) - by Konstantin Severinov, Nature 508, 458, 23 April 2014

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Éducation et crowdsourcing : l'innovation made in USA

Éducation et crowdsourcing : l'innovation made in USA | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

REVUE DE PRESSE - ÉTATS-UNIS. Alors que les start-up éducatives sont à la recherche de modèles de développement, de croissance et de tarification efficaces, la solution se trouve peut-être dans des industries voisines. (...) EducPros,  par Alice Gillet  |  Publié le 09.04.2014

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Skewed rankings

Female researchers avoid collaborating with lower-ranked female colleagues.

Female full professors are less likely than men to co-author papers with assistant professors of the same sex, finds a study (J. F. Benenson et al. Curr. Biol. 24, R190–R191; 2014). Study authors calculated the expected co-author combinations for papers published from 2008 to 2011 by psychologists at 50 US and Canadian universities. They found 14 pairings of senior and junior women, compared with the expected 29, and 76 pairings of senior and junior men, compared with the expected 61. Women's tendency to pair with another woman of the same rank impedes their academic mobility, says co-author Joyce Benenson of Emmanuel College in Boston, Massachusetts. (...) - Nature 507, 265 (2014), 12 March 2014

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Le déclin de l'université américaine

Le déclin de l'université américaine | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Economie de la connaissance. Si on en croit les « Projections of Education Statistics to 2022 », le 41e rapport d'une série commencée en 1964, l'Amérique de 2022 sera moins diplômée qu'aujourd'hui.

Ah, les universités américaines… leur prestige, leur rayonnement ! Ah, ces temples à médailles Fields et à Nobel pour lesquels la jeunesse était traditionnellement prête à s'endetter à vie… Vous seriez surpris si on vous disait que les Américains nés en l'an 2000 et après vont tenter d'éviter le passage par cette case qu'on croyait obligatoire ? C'est pourtant ce qui est en train de se tramer de l'autre côté de l'Atlantique. (...) - Le Monde, par Maryline Baumard, 12/03/2014

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U.S. Energy Department to make researchers' papers free

U.S. Energy Department to make researchers' papers free | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

But portal linking to publishers' websites disappoints open-access advocates.

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today unveiled its answer to a White House mandate to make the research papers it funds free for anyone to read: a Web portal that will link to full-text papers a year after they're published. Once researchers are up to speed and submitting their manuscripts, that will mean 20,000 to 30,000 new free papers a year on energy research, physics, and other scientific topics. (...) - by Jocelyn Kaiser, Science, 4 August 2014

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US: Scripps ends merger talks with USC

US: Scripps ends merger talks with USC | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Faculty revolt seems to have sunk a plan to bail out cash-strapped research institute.

 

The marriage is off. Officials at the Scripps Research Institute announced yesterday that they’ve called off discussions with the University of Southern California (USC) on a possible merger. The two institutions began exploring the idea of partnering last month. But a bitter revolt from Scripps faculty seems to have scuttled the talks. (...) - by Robert F. Service, Science, 10 July 2014

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Essay says colleges and universities should be judged by employability

Essay says colleges and universities should be judged by employability | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Employability Is Our Job - Universities, as seats of learning and powerhouses of research, are stepping up to assume a new role. In the wake of a global financial meltdown and consequent challenges to the fabric of many societies, universities are emerging as powerful catalysts and indeed drivers of socioeconomic growth – not only through research or technology transfer, but by assuming responsibility for preparing students for jobs in delivering today’s highly skilled workers and tomorrow’s innovators and leaders of industry. (...) - by Wendy Purcell, Inside Higher Ed, June 13, 2014

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Why UK universities should adopt US-style degrees

Why UK universities should adopt US-style degrees | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The universities minister has called for degree courses to have a major and minor option. But the UK could benefit from adopting other aspects of the US system, says Robert Segal. 

I am finishing my 20th year of teaching in the UK. I came to Lancaster University from my native US in 1994, and in 2006 I left Lancaster for the University of Aberdeen. I was born, raised, and educated in the US. But by now I think I fathom the very different UK conventions. (...) - by Robert Segal, The Guardian, 11 June 2014

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U.S. Senate Panel Gives NSF a Small Boost

U.S. Senate Panel Gives NSF a Small Boost | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Legislators meet president's request but fall short of House level.

 

A U.S. Senate spending panel has met the president’s 2015 request for the National Science Foundation (NSF)—and that’s depressing news for the agency. (...) - by Jeffrey Mervis, Science, 3 June 2014

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Off to Silicon Valley (5/10). Changer le monde avec le numérique ?

Off to Silicon Valley (5/10). Changer le monde avec le numérique ? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

En amont de la Learning Expedition organisée à l'automne 2014, EducPros vous emmène dans la Silicon Valley pour un voyage au cœur des nouvelles technologies appliquées à l'éducation. C’est le nouvel eldorado des venture-capitalists. Jamais autant d’argent n’a été investi dans ce secteur. Illustration à travers l’histoire de Imagine K-12, un "accélérateur" de start-up liées à l’éducation et au numérique. (EducPros, par Coralie Garandeau, 23.05.2014)

 

 

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Route 128 : Harvard, la doyenne des universités américaines

Route 128 : Harvard, la doyenne des universités américaines | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Une anecdote qui en dit long sur son prestige : le gouverneur de la Réserve fédérale américaine, Jeremy Stein, vient de renoncer à sa fonction pour ne pas perdre son poste d'enseignant à Harvard, ce qui lui serait arrivé s'il s'était absenté plus longtemps de son poste. Mais Harvard ce sont surtout 47 prix Nobel, 48 prix Pulitzer, 32 chefs d'Etat, une bibliothèque qui comprend 19 millions d'ouvrages, 21.000 étudiants qui paient en moyenne 11.000 dollars par an - mais le prix monte à 60.000 pour ceux qui ne bénéficient d'aucune aide -, un fond de dotation de 32 milliards de dollars. (...) - FranceInfo, 28/04/2014

 

 

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Survol des modes de financement de l’enseignement supérieur dans différents pays

Pour mieux comprendre les enjeux du financement des universités au Québec, l’Université du Québec a réalisé un survol des modes de financement de l’enseignement supérieur au Québec, en Ontario, en Alberta, en Colombie-Britanique, en Angleterre, en France, en Australie, au Texas, en Nouvelle-Zélande, en Finlande, en Norvège et en Californie.  Ces travaux sont cités dans le rapport d’étape du Chantier sur la politique de financement des universités. (...) - L’éveilleur, par Lise Lafrance, 24/04/2014

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[US] Grants: Funder storm

[US] Grants: Funder storm | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

A confluence of budget disappointments has confounded US scientists and left many uncertain about their future.

Last May, Heidi Fisher feared that her career as an evolutionary geneticist might be over. Although she was a postdoc in a large, successful lab at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and had numerous publications under her belt, she was struggling to secure a faculty position at a university where she could continue her studies on adaptive mating strategies in deer mice. (...) - by Helen Shen, Nature, 508, 555-556, 23 April 2014

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Michigan: la discrimination positive interdite

La Cour suprême des États-Unis a validé aujourd'hui une loi du Michigan interdisant la discrimination positive dans l'enseignement supérieur, un coup porté à ces mesures héritées du mouvement pour les droits civiques des années 1960. (...) - Le Figaro, 22/04/2014

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Boston, là où s'invente l'éducation de demain

Boston, là où s'invente l'éducation de demain | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
Des laboratoires à la pointe de la recherche, une vie étudiante dynamique et un foisonnement de start-up dédiées, notamment, à l'éducation, font de Boston un véritable écosystème de l'innovation. EducPros vous propose de découvrir quelques-uns des lieux et des acteurs de cette ville étonnante, tournée vers l'avenir. (...) - EducPros, par Sophie Blitman, 12.03.2014
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Reasons to NOT be an Adjunct [INFOGRAPHIC]

Reasons to NOT be an Adjunct [INFOGRAPHIC] | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The growing adjunct crisis

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