Higher Education and academic research
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Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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Fundamental science research in Japan in peril - The Mainichi

Fundamental science research in Japan in peril - The Mainichi | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

While Japan continues to celebrate another Nobel Prize this year, concerns have started to emerge that in 20 or 30 years' time, Japan will no longer be producing Nobel prizewinners. The reason is that the government budget supporting basic science is shrinking, negatively affecting Japan's research environment. (...) - The Mainichi, Nov 28, 2016

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Japan's humanities chop sends shivers down academic spines

Japan's humanities chop sends shivers down academic spines | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Japanese universities are cutting humanities and social sciences in favour of ‘practical’ subjects, sparking global concern (...) - The Guardian, by Alex Dean, 26 September 2015

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[Japan] Universities pressed to streamline, and cut humanities

Universities will face pressure to streamline and refocus their mission on developing skills for the global jobs market under sweeping reforms announced last week. The education ministry wants to raise the standing of science and technology and said that humanities departments could be axed. (...)  - University World News, by Suvendrini Kakuchi, 26 June 2015 Issue No:373

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New RIKEN chief pledges to restore public faith in Japanese lab system

Plasma physicist takes reins of scandal-tainted institution.

 

TOKYO—On his first day on the job as the new president of RIKEN, Japan's network of national labs, Hiroshi Matsumoto pledged to follow through on his predecessor's plans for addressing shortcomings that created an environment for research misconduct. "We need to instill high standards of research ethics among individual scientists," he said. (...) - ScienceInsider, by Dennis Normile, 1 April 2015

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Japan: Government selects 37 ‘global universities’

Japan’s Education Ministry has said it will help finance the globalisation and personnel training programmes of 37 universities in the country, including the University of Tokyo, to strengthen their international competitiveness, reports Jiji Press.

The selection of the 37 schools as ‘global universities’ comes after the Education Rebuilding Implementation Council set the goal of having at least 10 Japanese universities in the list of the world’s top 100. Applications were submitted by 104 universities. (...) - University World News, by Jiji Press, 03 October 2014 Issue No:337

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Japan's budget proposals bode well for science

Japan's budget proposals bode well for science | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Administration's emphasis on innovation pays off for researchers.

 

TOKYO—Japan's ministry of education gave the country's researchers something to cheer about today, announcing it was asking for a healthy 18% increase, to $11.1 billion, for science and technology spending in its proposed budget for the next fiscal year. (...) - by Dennis Normile, Science, 28 August 2014

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Le Japon veut devenir "le pays au monde où le contexte est le plus propice à l'innovation" (Yuko Harayama)

"Le Premier ministre japonais Shinzo Abe a fixé comme objectif que le Japon devienne le pays au monde où le contexte est le plus propice à l’innovation." C’est ce que déclare Yuko Harayama, membre exécutive permanente du Conseil japonais pour la science, la technologie et l’innovation, lors d’une conférence à Paris mercredi 7 mai 2014. Ce conseil, "créé dans les années 1990", est placé sous la responsabilité du Premier ministre. Il a intégré, "par modification de la loi, en avril dernier", la dimension d’innovation, "ce qui va au-delà du symbole et l’oblige à travailler avec les industriels", précise Yuko Harayama qui détaille au cours de sa conférence les enjeux, atout s et difficultés de la politique scientifique japonaise à cet égard. (...) AEF, par Anne Roy - Le mardi 20 mai 2014 - dépêche n°480875

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Japan: Boosting foreign student numbers to 300,000

The Japanese government has launched an ambitious scheme to attract 300,000 international students to enrol in its universities, while also encouraging more of its students to go abroad to study.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe last month announced the government’s plans to further the globalisation of Japanese higher education. Abe told the Japanese parliament or Diet the two major pillars of the plan were strengthening English-language proficiency among Japanese students and increasing international student numbers to 300,000 over the next six years. (...)  - University World News, by Suvendrini Kakuchi, 31 January 2014, Issue No:305

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[Japan] Reform of university entrance exam sparks debate

Japan could soon see a new university entrance system to replace the current, highly competitive exam, which is regarded as rigid and inflexible. There has been intense debate over how the new testing system – which is likely to be more rigorous and based on academic performance and thinking skills – should develop. (...) - University World News, by Suvendrini Kakuchi, 14 September 2013 Issue No:287

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Forty-Three University of Tokyo Papers Are Tainted, Says Japanese News Report

Forty-Three University of Tokyo Papers Are Tainted, Says Japanese News Report | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

A leading Japanese newspaper reported today that a University of Tokyo investigative committee has identified 43 papers by a former university researcher that contain falsifications and fabrications. The Asahi Shimbun also reports that the researcher, molecular signaling specialist Shigeaki Kato, will ask journals to retract the papers. The front-page article reported that the problematic data were mostly manipulated images and appear in publications stretching back 16 years. (...) - Science/AAAS, 25/07/2013

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[Japan] Foreign students attracted to a highly educated nation

The emphasis on education in Japan means it has a highly educated adult population, with 46% of 25- to 64-year-olds in 2011 having attained a higher education, says the OECD’s Education at a Glance 2013. This proportion is much larger than the OECD average of 32% and is the third highest among OECD countries, after Canada and Israel.

And tertiary attainment rates among younger adults continue to climb: in 2011, 59% of Japan’s 25- to 34-year-olds had a tertiary education, an 11 percentage-point increase since 2000. This is the second highest proportion among OECD countries after Korea, while the OECD average was 39% and the proportion in the US was 43%. (...) - University World News, 06 July 2013 Issue No:279

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Japan Eyes U.S. National Institutes of Health as Model for a New Agency

Japan Eyes U.S. National Institutes of Health as Model for a New Agency | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

TOKYO—Japan's government may create its own version of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) to foster medical innovation and bridge the gap between the laboratory and the clinic.

The proposal is included in a draft Growth Strategy approved yesterday by the administration's Industrial Competitiveness Council. The plan notes that a "Japanese NIH" could better meld governmental, academic, and private sector efforts "in order to strongly support the commercialization of innovative medical technologies." The new agency would be expected to "formulate a comprehensive strategy and prioritize goals and research targets for medical R&D." In other health-related recommendations, the plan calls for legal and regulatory action to speed up approval of new drugs and medical devices. (...) - ScienceInsider, by Dennis Normile on 13 June 2013

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Japan Stimulus to Boost Science

TOKYO—Japan's government today approved a plan to spend $116 billion to jump-start the economy and set the stage for long-term growth. Sources in the Japanese press are hinting that research on renewable energy and on stem cells could land a significant chunk of the new cash.(...) - ScienceInsider, by Dennis Normile on 11 January 2013

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[Japan] Government softens stance on humanities after uproar

[Japan] Government softens stance on humanities after uproar | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
Japan’s education ministry officials have softened a controversial stance publicised in June 2015 to favour university science courses over the humanities and social sciences for state funding after it sparked an uproar among the academic community. Nonetheless, with the government intent on promoting change, universities are drawing up their reform plans which include new courses in line with the government’s National University Development Plan. (...) - University World News, by Suvendrini Kakuchi, 22 January 2016 Issue No:397
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Japan's universities open up to the world

A devastating natural disaster, a dire need to internationalize its universities, and lucrative funding programs have ushered in a renaissance of science communication in a country better known for its corporate R&D. Leading the pack is a small, young university on a resort island 400 miles south of Japan's mainland, the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University.(...) - Science, by Brian Lin, 31 July 2015

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[Japan] New RIKEN president hopes to hold on to young stars

[Japan] New RIKEN president hopes to hold on to young stars | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Tenure proposal could provide a path to permanent jobs for talented researchers.

Seven weeks into his presidency of RIKEN, Hiroshi Matsumoto at a press conference on Friday outlined his strategy for restoring luster to the scandal-tarnished network of national laboratories. His big new idea: introducing a tenure track system that would retain the best young researchers now on temporary contracts at RIKEN. (...) - Science, by Dennis Normile, 25 May 2015

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Nobel laureate Shuji Nakamura is still angry at Japan

Nobel laureate Shuji Nakamura is still angry at Japan | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Blue LED pioneer criticizes country's treatment of inventors, its educational aims, and its legal system.

TOKYO—Age and recognition haven't mellowed Nobel physics laureate Shuji Nakamura. He and fellow Japanese Hiroshi Amano and Isamu Akasaki shared 2014's physics award for developing a blue light-emitting diode (LED), which was at the center at a bitter patent dispute more than a decade ago at about the time Nakamura left Japan. At a press conference here on Friday—the first in his native country since he picked up his medal in Stockholm last month—Nakamura lashed out at the way Japan treats technology pioneers and criticized what he says is a failing education system. (...) - Science, by Dennis Normile, 19 January 2015

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Japan's researchers face increased ethics oversight

Funding approval will hinge on bolstering research integrity.

 

TOKYO—Scientists in Japan applying for government grants will soon be getting new mandatory reading material: a manual for promoting research integrity.

The manual, to be released by the end of the year, is being developed by the country’s three major funding agencies and the Science Council of Japan, the nation’s largest organization of researchers. (...) - by Dennis Normile, Science, 5 September 2014

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Academic Scandal Shakes Japan

Academic Scandal Shakes Japan | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Accusations of fabricating data and plagiarism by a researcher have prompted questions about the quality of science in a country that still punches below its international weight in cutting-edge research. (...) - by David McNeil, The Chronicle of Higher Education, July 6, 2014

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RIKEN Makes Verdict on Two Problematic Stem Cell Papers Final

RIKEN Makes Verdict on Two Problematic Stem Cell Papers Final | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Judgment of misconduct by lead author Haruko Obokata will stand; she now faces disciplinary procedures.

TOKYO—RIKEN has decided against reopening an investigation into two stem cell papers that concluded that the lead author, Haruko Obokata of RIKEN's Center for Developmental Biology in Kobe, engaged in research misconduct. The institute has yet to decide whether Obokata will be punished. (...) by Dennis Normile, ScienceInsider, May 8 2014

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Updated: Over Scientists' Objections, Japan Adopts State Secrets Law

Updated: Over Scientists' Objections, Japan Adopts State Secrets Law | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Academics fear secrecy will hinder research into the science behind policy decisions.

Japanese scientists and academics are warning that legislation threatening prison terms for those who divulge and publish what the government deems a state secret threatens academic freedom and the public’s right to know. (...) - by Dennis Normile, ScienceInsider, 6 December 2013

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Japan Gets Serious About Creating Its Own NIH

Science is a big winner in Japan's 2014 budget, with the education ministry requesting $12 billion for S&T, a 20% increase over the current year's funding. Biomedical research is about to take off thanks to plans to create a Japanese version of the U.S. National Institutes of Health—though some researchers complain that during the planning process, so far, they've been left largely in the dark. (...) - by Dennis Normile, Science 6 September 2013: Vol. 341 no. 6150 p. 1053

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Japan: Young researchers need more international experience

Since 1995, Japan has implemented Science and Technology (S&T) Basic Plans every five years. The current, Fourth S&T Basic Plan emphasises the promotion of basic research and the development of science and technology professionals, thus reinforcing the importance of graduate school education.  (...) - University World News, by Tomoaki Wada, 20 July 2013 Issue No:281

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Japan Minister Defends New Growth Strategy Emphasizing Targeted Research - ScienceInsider

Japan Minister Defends New Growth Strategy Emphasizing Targeted Research - ScienceInsider | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

TOKYO—Japanese scientists are proving a bit skeptical about the administration's new strategy for economic growth, which includes an emphasis on applied biomedical research. Even before it was officially released on 12 June, several life science-related academic societies raised questions about plans for a Japanese version of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) that would "strongly support the commercialization of innovative medical technologies." (...) - by Dennis Normile on 20 June 2013

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Japan Joins Fight Against Neglected Diseases

Japan Joins Fight Against Neglected Diseases | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Tens of thousands of new compounds will be screened for effectiveness against critical illnesses

Japan is joining global efforts to contain malaria, tuberculosis, and a variety of tropical diseases in a big way. A recently formed public-private partnership will on Saturday formally announce agreements to screen tens of thousands of drug candidates from Japanese private and public sector compound libraries for treatments for illnesses that primarily afflict the poor in developing countries. (...) - ScienceInsider, by Dennis Normile on 30 May 2013

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