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The Spanish Conquest (1519-1521) : Mexico History

april 21, 1519--the year ce acatl (one reed) by aztec reckoning-- marked the opening of a short but decisive chapter in mexico's history. on that day a fleet of 11 spanish galleons sailing along...
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Conquistador

When the Spanish discovered the New World, they conquered many of the great Native American civilizations. The Inca were among them, and they too fell to the...
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Spanish colonization of the Americas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Colonial expansion under the crown of Castile was initiated by the Spanish conquistadores and developed by the Monarchy of Spain through its administrators and missionaries. The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Christian faith through indigenous conversions. It lasted for over four hundred years, from 1492 to 1898.

Beginning with the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus, over nearly four centuries the Spanish Empire would expand across: most of present day Central America, the Caribbean islands, and Mexico; much of the rest of North America including the Southwestern, Southern coastal, and California Pacific Coast regions of the United States; and though inactive, with claimed territory in present day British Columbia Canada; and U.S. states of Alaska, Washington, and Oregon; and the western half of South America.[1][2][3] In the early 19th century the revolutionary movements resulted in the independence of most Spanish colonies in America, except for Cuba and Puerto Rico, given up in 1898 following the Spanish-American War, together with Guam and the Philippines in the Pacific. Spain's loss of these last territories politically ended Spanish colonization in America.

Since the early 15th century, Portuguese explorers, sailing in caravels, had established new southward routes to Asia, by travelling along the coast of West Africa. In 1488, they rounded the Cape of Good Hope and explored East Africa; later, they discovered rich trading regions in Indonesia, and established trading ports on the western coast of Indonesia, and later India. In 1485, Christopher Columbus unsuccessfully tried to persuade King John II of Portugal (João II) to sponsor an expedition to Asia, meant to be reached by sailing westwards, across the Atlantic Ocean. That alternative route, different from the theoretical eastward route, was based on calculations of the Earth's circumference made by Columbus which showed the measurement to be substantially less than the classic 10,000 mile figure given by Eratosthenes in the 3rd century BC. The Portuguese Court, which agreed with the figure provided by Eratosthenes, rejected Columbus' proposal because they believed that the distance to Asia over the open Western Ocean was too great for the ship's crews to survive the journey without being able to make port and resupply. In 1488, Columbus re-presented his plan to John II of Portugal, who refused him. This refusal was based on the recent discovery, by Bartholomeu Dias, of the eastward route to Asia along the African coast and across the Indian Ocean.

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Spanish Conquistadors

Visit this site dedicated to providing information about Spanish Conquistadors.Fast and accurate details and facts about the history of Spanish Conquistadors.Learn the facts about Spanish Conquistadors of the Elizabethan Age.
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