Commercial vascular screening services are widely available.
These types of community health screenings typically are offered by private companies, sometimes in partnership with hospitals. The screenings may be offered in vehicles similar to mobile blood banks or provided in schools, churches, or community centers. These tests generally look for problems in your cardiovascular (heart and blood) system that could be associated with a heart attack or stroke.
Typical screening tests include the following:
Stroke/carotid artery ultrasound measures blockages in the arteries to the brain. This test is recommended for people with risk factors for vascular disease like high blood pressure.
Echocardiogram ultrasound shows the heart’s structure and beating function. This is generally not recommended as a screening test for people without symptoms of heart problems or high blood pressure.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm ultrasound measures the size of the major artery that is located in the stomach area. This test is recommended 1 time only for men aged 65 to 75 years who have ever smoked.
Electrocardiogram uses electrodes attached to the chest to evaluate the electrical activity of the heart. Screening for atrial fibrillation (irregular heartbeat) is typically mentioned. This test is generally not recommended as a screening test for patients without symptoms of heart trouble.
Ankle brachial index measures peripheral artery disease (“hardening of the arteries” in the legs) using blood pressure cuffs on the arms and above the ankles. This test is useful for vascular disease screening in the legs for some people.