Advances in agricultural science and technology (S&T) have contributed to remarkable increases in food production since the mid-twentieth century. Global agriculture has grown 2.5-3 times over the last 50 years.
This has let food production keep pace with human population growth so that, overall, there are enough calories produced per capita. However, progress toward reducing hunger is variable across the world...
Hunger and malnutrition affect every aspect of human development and persist for various reasons including unequal access to land, to sufficient and nutritious food, and to other productive resources.
Adequate food production is necessary but insufficient to ensure national nutritional security. In India, for example, millions of households suffer from chronic undernourishment and malnutrition despite the fact that favourable years produce more than enough grain, and there is a public distribution system designed to supply poor households with subsidised grain.
Agricultural production needs to increase to address this unequal access to food and resources, and to meet the needs of a growing world population. It may need to increase by an estimated 70 per cent globally and by 100 per cent in developing countries by 2050 in order to keep pace with population growth and shifting diets.
Reformed agrifood systems will also need to navigate complex resource limits imposed, in part, by environmental degradation to which modern agriculture has contributed.
So the challenge for agriculture is three-fold: to increase agricultural production, especially of nutrient-rich foods, to do so in ways which reduce inequality, and to reverse and prevent resource degradation.
S&T can play a vital role in meeting these challenges - for example, by developing innovations that smallholders with limited resources can afford and use...
U.S. News & World Report Food companies fear even one state GMO label law CBS News It's not the first time there's been a public push to require food companies to label products if they contain genetically modified ingredients.
Sodium is a necessary nutrient, but most people overdo it on salt. The daily recommendation is to limit sodium intake to 2,300 milligrams per day (less if you suffer from high blood pressure). Given our love of the kitchen staple, it’s not surprising that more and more salt choices are appearing on store shelves. Besides standbys like table salt and kosher salt, you may have come across fancier options like pink Hawaiian or fleur de sel. But no matter which salt you choose, it’s best to keep the portions in check. Here’s how several salts differ in sodium content, flavor and culinary uses.
Julie Borlaug says her grandfather would want “less rhetoric and more action” in efforts to end world hunger, during a panel discussion at the World Food Prize symposium in downtown Des Moines.
Norman Borlaug, a Nobel Prize winner whose plant research is credited with saving millions of lives, would like us “to diversify … who we reach out to,” said Julie Borlaug, who works at the institute for international agriculture at Texas A&M named for her grandfather...
The number of scientists who have signed onto a statement challenging the safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has climbed to more than 230 today.
The list is expected to continue growing as more scientists are given the opportunity to weigh in on the safety of the organisms, which were quietly introduced into the US food supply in the late 1990s with no labeling requirement.
One new signature on the list in particular stands out: Dr. Belinda Martineau, a former member of the Michelmore Lab at the University of California Davis Genome Center, who helped commercialize the world’s first GMO whole food, the Flavr Savr tomato.
Dr. Martineau issued a statement along with her signature:
"I wholeheartedly support this thorough, thoughtful and professional statement describing the lack of scientific consensus on the safety of genetically engineered (GM/GE) crops and other GM/GE organisms (also referred to as GMOs). Society's debate over how best to utilize the powerful technology of genetic engineering is clearly not over. For its supporters to assume it is, is little more than wishful thinking.”
It it's true that from the hundreds of GM crops already approved for human and animal consumption somewhere in the world only few have been thoroughly safety tested, we are in a much worse shape than what I've thought.
WBUR Effects Of Blood Sugar On Short-Term Memory WBUR A new study in Neurology, the journal of the American Academy of Neurology, finds that even small elevations in blood sugar can influence short-term memory, decreasing our ability to do things...
Calorie-Counting Mouse Assesses Nutrition By Pointing And Clicking PSFK The gadget sends a list of ingredients and nutritional information to a companion smartphone app, which makes it easy to evaluate your food before you've put it in your mouth.
1 November 2013, Inhabitat, Lori Zimmer -- "Hantz Woodland has bought 150 acres of land that will be transformed into the world's largest urban farm.
Hundreds of vacant lots in Detroit, Michigan will soon be transformed into the world’s largest urban farm. Governor Rick Snyder has just approved the plan proposed by a private company that has bought up 150 acres of land. Hantz Woodlands will turn the sites into workable farmland to produce fresh food for the Detroit area. ...
Read more: Hundreds of Vacant Lots to Become World's Largest Urban Farm in Detroit | Inhabitat - Sustainable Design Innovation, Eco Architecture, Green Building
The remarkable health benefits of Epsom salt baths
Epsom salts have been used by many different cultures for hundreds of years. They have a number of different beneficial properties and are used in gardening, household cleaning and detoxifying the body. These salts are very inexpensive and can be purchased at bulk discounts in garden centers nearly everywhere. Using Epsom salt baths is an advanced detoxification strategy that has remarkable health benefits.
Post workout nutrition recovery is a critical part of any training or fitness program because our bodies are extremely responsive to receiving and using the nutrients we provide it at this time, enabling us to successfully recover and progress stronger and improved for future challenges and workouts.
It has been suggested in research that our bodies are up to three times faster at replacing muscle carbohydrate stores in the 60 minutes following exercise as opposed to several hours later, and the sooner after exercise the better, as we are even more responsive at this point.
A meta-analysis of studies on heart health and saturated fats concluded there was no association between cardiac issues and saturated fats.
The saturated fat-high cholesterol myth over the last few decades has resulted in many Americans eating and drinking more low and no fat foods and beverages. Yet, heart disease rates have continued to rise along with obesity.
Dr. Davis explains the cause of most heart attacks and coronary problems is atherosclerotic plaque from inflammation and calcium deposits, which can build up and rupture or clog the arteries. He and noted cardiologists Stephen Sinatra and Dwight Lundell have expressed the same viewpoint.
While there can be some cholesterol in the plaque, cholesterol itself is waxy and pliable. Cholesterol is important for brain matter, nerves and all other cellular structural components. Calcium deposits (calcification) in artery interiors are much worse components of plaque.
Calcium belongs in your bones and not in your arteries. Vitamin K2, magnesium, and vitamin D help transport calcium out of your blood and into your bones. Dr. Davis recommends avoiding cholesterol panels for heart health concerns and opting for a measure of coronary atherosclerotic plaque.
Use plain whole milk yogurts, unsweetened, and add healthy honey instead. Get away from processed foods of all types, eliminate hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated oils, and decrease sugar and HFCS (high fructose corn syrup) intake while completely avoiding synthetic sugar substitutes.
Incorporate organic cold pressed olive oils, avacodo oil, coconut oil, and real butter into your diet. Eat lots of avocados while you’re at it. Very healthy. If you eat meat, use grass fed meats that are antibiotic and hormone injection free.
2 November 2013, Grist, Gary Nabhan -- "Seeds banks and libraries provide an important resource for farmers hoping to hedge their bets in times of uncertainty. It's time for the rest of America to get on board.
Consumer demand in the U.S. has never been stronger for a diversity of seeds and other planting stock of heirloom and farmer-selected food crops, as well as for wild native seeds. One of the many indicators that the public wants alternatives to Monsanto is that more than 150 community-controlled seed libraries have emerged across the country during the last five years. And over the last quarter century, those who voluntarily exchange seeds of heirloom and farmer-selected varieties of vegetables, fruits, and grains have increased the diversity of their offerings fourfold, from roughly 5,000 to more than 20,000 plant selections. During the same timeframe, the number of non-GMO, non-hybrid food crop varieties offered by seed catalogs, nurseries, and websites has increased from roughly 5,000 to more than 8,500 distinctive varieties. ..."
The attack of the hipster tomatoes: Getting real with local foods Twin Cities Daily Planet (blog) It is interesting to watch this process unfold, seeing how farmers, advocates, and urban design professionals are envisioning and (sometimes) working...