Medical trials are routinely gamed by manipulating statistics. The old adage about lies, damned lies, and statistics was never more true than in modern drug studies.
It isn’t necessary to have a deep understanding of statistics to comprehend some of the tricks being used. This article discusses some of them in plain English. If you spot them in the report of a study, it’s a good indication that the results are being misrepresented by the authors of the study itself.
Modern news media virtually never examines the studies themselves. Not even medical outlets bother. They simply spew the conclusions claimed by the researchers and the press releases written for them.