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Health Disparities, Health Equity, Health Psychology
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Cancer as a psychological trauma | Mind the Brain

Cancer as a psychological trauma | Mind the Brain | Health Equity | Scoop.it
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The invention of cancer as psychological trauma

It may come as a surprise that the connection between cancer and psychological trauma only appeared in the scientific literature around 1990. A search of “cancer” AND “(psychological trauma or PTSD)” on Thomson Reuters Web of Science can be used to create a graphic display in which only a few studies in the early 90s steadily increase thereafter.


Publications per year Cancer + Trauma

The notion that cancer is traumatic came into play in the late 1980s when changes were contemplated to the DSM criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Diagnosis of PTSD previously required exposure to an event outside the range of normal human experience. The DSM-III specifically ruled out chronic illness as such an event. However, it was anticipated that this exclusion would be removed in the next revision of DSM. The assumption was not that physical illness was necessarily traumatic, but if certain criteria were met, that physical illness could be considered a cause of PTSD.

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Infographic: Weight of the Union 2013 « Healthcare Intelligence Network

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Weight of the Union 2013, an infographic from Anytime Health, examines the macro-implications of obesity on the nation's health. This graphic not only defines the program, but suggests a treatment program to reverse this unhealthy trend, including the recruitment of food and beverage brands to make and market healthier products and the increased access to locally grown food in restaurants and supermarkets.

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JAMA | Evidence-Based PersuasionAn Ethical ImperativeThe Ethics of Evidence-Based Persuasion

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The primacy in modern medical ethics of the principle of respect for autonomy has led to the widespread assumption that it is unethical to change someone's beliefs, because doing so would constitute coercion or paternalism. In this Viewpoint we suggest that persuasion is not necessarily paternalistic and is an essential component of modern medical practice. There are at least 3 different types of persuasion. The first is the removal of biases; the second is recommending a particular course of action and providing evidence and reasons in favor of it; and the third is the potential creation of new biases, which could cross the line into unethical manipulation. The first of these is always mandatory, the second is usually permissible but sometimes inappropriate, and the third is normally impermissible but sometimes acceptable in rare cases.

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Consumer Reports Tackles Cancer Screening Tests - ABC News

Consumer Reports Tackles Cancer Screening Tests - ABC News | Health Equity | Scoop.it
10News
Consumer Reports Tackles Cancer Screening Tests
ABC News
The Consumer Reports recommendations are based on evidence-based reviews from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).

Via Informed Medical Decisions Foundation
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Global Health: Science and Practice Inaugural Issue

Global Health: Science and  Practice Inaugural Issue | Health Equity | Scoop.it
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Current Issue: March 2013Global Health: Science and Practice Journal

Very little of the scholarly literature represents lessons learned from global health programs implemented in the field. Global Health: Science and Practice (GHSP), a new open-access journal, was developed for global health professionals, particularly program implementers, to validate their experiences and program results by peer reviewers and to share them with the greater global health community.

The inaugural March 2013 issue of GHSP illustrates the breadth of topics of current interest to the global health community, using a clear and concise communication style that lays out key concepts prominently.

View sample articles below, or the entire
Current Issue: March 2013

  

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Health in All Policies: Identifying Partners to Address the Root Causes of Health Inequities | Active Living Research

Health in All Policies: Identifying Partners to Address the Root Causes of Health Inequities | Active Living Research | Health Equity | Scoop.it
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This workshop introduced the Health in All Policies history and approach, provided an overview of the tools used to help California’s Health in All Policies Task Force develop a shared vision, and offered participants an opportunity to identify strategies to support Health in All Policies in their own work. The workshop began with a description of Health in All Policies and why we need a collaborative, intersectoral approach to address today’s most challenging health issues (health inequities, chronic disease, climate change, etc.). Presenters described the social determinants of health and equity, and their relationship to Health in All Policies. Participants engaged in a root cause mapping activity, which was used by California’s Health in All Policies Task Force to establish a shared vision and develop collective goals. Through this activity, participants mapped the overlaps between their goals and the work of non-health sectors, considered potential new partners, and left with ideas of how to use a Health in All Policies to support collaborative approaches to their own work.

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IDENTITY --- Ideas Matter Contest of Prezi and TED, designed and created by Hedwyg van Groenendaal

Inspired by TED talk of Bryan Stevenson "We need to talk about an injustice"
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Qualitative Health Research Health disparities Special Table of Contents — April 2013, 23 (4)

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'One Nation Under Stress,' With To-Do Lists And Yoga For All : NPR

'One Nation Under Stress,' With To-Do Lists And Yoga For All : NPR | Health Equity | Scoop.it
Author Dana Becker says that Americans are obsessed with curing stress, rather than identifying and addressing the forces that cause it.
bacigalupe's insight:

"Well, I think, having read a lot of what the media has had to say about stress, it feels like we're using the term to cover just about everything, from a hangnail to the war on terror. But the way that we react to stress also affects the way we are in the world, the way we act, the kinds of options that we have for how to behave. But I don't think anybody is really to blame. It's really about an idea that's taken hold, and it has its cultural moment.

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CES4Health

CES4Health | Health Equity | Scoop.it
CES4Health.info peer reviews, publishes and disseminates products of community-engaged scholarship in forms other than journal articles, including training manuals, policy briefs, curricula, slide presentations, DVDs.
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Alaska Community Health Aides - Cancer Education

Alaska Community Health Aides - Cancer Education | Health Equity | Scoop.it
AKCHAP coordinates the Alaska Community Health Aide Program, assisting Alaskans statewide with health care assessment and coordination in rural areas.
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Food and Beverage Marketing to Children and Adolescents

Food and Beverage Marketing to Children and Adolescents | Health Equity | Scoop.it
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This research review summarizes the academic and industry literature on trends in food marketing to children and adolescents, as well as policy initiatives undertaken to address the contribution of marketing practices to the childhood obesity epidemic, from March 2011 to May 2012.

This review finds that self-regulation by the food and beverage industry is not likely to reduce marketing of unhealthy foods to children and adolescents significantly.

The review also finds that the food and beverage industry can exert significant influence on government efforts to reduce the marketing of unhealthy foods to children and adolescents.

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The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide)

The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide) | Health Equity | Scoop.it
The Community Guide is a resource for evidence-based Task Force recommendations and findings about what works to improve public health.
bacigalupe's insight:

The Guide to Community Preventive Services is a free resource to help you choose programs and policies to improve health and prevent disease in your community. Systematic reviews are used to answer these questions:

Which program and policy interventions have been proven effective?Are there effective interventions that are right for my community?What might effective interventions cost; what is the likely return on investment?
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The Community Guide - Summary - Cancer Screening: Informed Decision Making

The Community Guide - Summary - Cancer Screening: Informed Decision Making | Health Equity | Scoop.it
The Community Preventive Services Task Force finds insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness of informed decision making interventions for: individuals in healthcare settings, community members outside of healthcare settings, or...
bacigalupe's insight:
Promoting Informed Decision Making for Cancer Screening

Informed decision making (IDM) interventions help educate clients about cancer screening and make decisions with respect to their preferences. The aims of IDM interventions are to increase client participation in decision making at a level desired by the client and to promote decisions consistent with client values. These interventions can be delivered in many ways, such as group education or the mass media, and can include the use of decision aids. IDM is not the same as the “shared decision making” between doctors and clients that takes place in clinical settings, but one supports the other. For more on shared decision making, see the report from a working group of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.  [PDF - 259KB]


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Video: Is PSA Screening for Prostate Cancer Necessary?

Study finds regular PSA testing may not be beneficial to men with low levels.
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NOT Recommended: Vitamin D & Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults per #USPSTF

NOT Recommended: Vitamin D & Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures in Adults per #USPSTF | Health Equity | Scoop.it

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has recommended against vitamin D and calcium supplementation in healthy postmenopausal women, citing research showing that such supplementation increases the risk of kidney stones and does not protect against fractures in this population.


Via Seth Bilazarian, MD
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Seth Bilazarian, MD's curator insight, March 19, 2013 4:12 PM

USPSTF has moved from frank enthusiasm with calcium, to caution and questions about a year ago (http://goo.gl/e5LnP ;) to finally not recommending these supplements that may increase cardiovascular risk.

This will hopefully be adopted by patients and doctors.

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Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research CFIR Wiki

Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research CFIR Wiki | Health Equity | Scoop.it
bacigalupe's insight:

he CFIR provides a pragmatic taxonomy of the constructs that influence implementation. Many implementation models, theories, and frameworks have been published. The CFIR embraces, consolidates, and unifies key constructs from these published implementation theories into a single framework. It can be used to guide formative evaluations (pre-implementation assessment of context, on-going evaluation and refinement of implementation and progress, and/or retrospective evaluation to guide interpretation of findings and capture learnings to promote sustained use of implemented change and to inform broader dissemination and implementation). The CFIR can be used to organize findings related to implementation, regardless of the model(s) used to guide implementation. These findings can then be used to systematically build an implementation knowledge base across studies and settings. It is highly recommended that users read the published article describing the CFIR before contributing to this Wiki.[1]. Development of the CFIR and this site is supported by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research & Development Service and the Diabetes QUality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) in Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

We invite you to contribute to the CFIR Wiki by: 1) adding your own suggestions for terms and definitions to the Glossary; 2) adding your own suggestions for refinement to the CFIR taxonomy and domains and construct defintions; 3) adding links and suggestions for qualitative or quantiative measures for CFIR constructs; and 4) indicating your level of endorsement of the terms and definitions included in this Wiki by contributing to discussions.

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Undocumented Americans

Undocumented Americans | Health Equity | Scoop.it
Three undocumented youth who arrived as young children share their stories of how they are fighting hard to achieve their piece of the American dream.
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What is it like to grow up as an undocumented youth in America? In "Undocumented Americans," three undocumented youth who arrived as young children — Jong-Min, Pedro and Silvia — share their stories of how they are fighting hard to achieve their piece of the American dream. Their experiences are emblematic of the struggles of millions of undocumented children and youth in America who deal daily with isolation from peers, the struggle to pursue an education, fears of detention and deportation, and the trauma of separation from family and loved ones. This video calls for valuing the contributions of and caring for all members of our society, even those without documentation.

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Health Disparities to Health Equity: Dr. Paula Braveman

On January 31, 2013, The Colorado Trust hosted a Learning Lunch featuring Paula Braveman, MD, a leading national expert on health equity, as she discussed ba...
bacigalupe's insight:

On January 31, 2013, The Colorado Trust hosted a Learning Lunch featuring Paula Braveman, MD, a leading national expert on health equity, as she discussed barriers to achieving optimal health faced by racial and ethnic minorities, low-income and other disadvantaged populations. Dr. Braveman serves as director of the Center on Social Disparities in Health within the School of Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. She is widely renowned for her efforts to help policy and health leaders better understand and address wide and persistent disparities in health and health care between social groups in the United States and worldwide.

T.R. Reid moderated a discussion with Dr. Braveman following her initial remarks. Reid is well known for his long-time reporting for the Washington Post and NPR commentaries, and author of such works as "The Healing of America: A Global Quest for Better, Cheaper, and Fairer Health Care."

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Equity in the Digital Age: How Health Information Technology Can Reduce Disparities | IssueLab

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Equity in the Digital Age: How Health Information Technology Can Reduce DisparitiesFeb 14, 2013
Publisher(s): Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum; California Pan-Ethnic Health Network; Consumers Union; National Council of La Raza
Issue Area(s): Computers and Technology; Health
Geographic Focus: North America-United States Download nowWhile enormous medical and technological advancements have been made over the last century, it is only very recently that there have been similar rates of development in the field of health information technology (HIT).

This report examines some of the advancements in HIT and its potential to shape the future health care experiences of consumers. Combined with better data collection, HIT offers signi?cant opportunities to improve access to care, enhance health care quality, and create targeted strategies that help promote health equity. We must also keep in mind that technology gaps exist, particularly among communities of color, immigrants, and people who do not speak English well. HIT implementation must be done in a manner that responds to the needs of all populations to make sure that it enhances access, facilitates enrollment, and improves quality in a way that does not exacerbate existing health disparities for the most marginalized and underserved.

- See more at: http://www.issuelab.org/resource/equity_in_the_digital_age#sthash.YMNJvMR9.joQ7rMJ9.dpuf

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Nutrition and Physical Activity Curriculum to Educate Promotores de Salud on Obesity Prevention and Healthy Lifestyles | CES4Health

CES4Health.info peer reviews, publishes and disseminates products of community-engaged scholarship in forms other than journal articles, including training manuals, policy briefs, curricula, slide presentations, DVDs.
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Title: Nutrition and Physical Activity Curriculum to Educate Promotores de Salud on Obesity Prevention and Healthy Lifestyles

 

Abstract: In San Bernardino County (SBC), California, 42 percent of all deaths in the County are attributed to obesity-related causes (1). Equally alarming, 76 percent of Hispanic residents are overweight or obese (2). In order to address this public health concern, El Sol Neighborhood Educational Center (El Sol) and Loma Linda University School of Public Health (LLU SPH) graduate students collaborated to develop and implement a 24-hour nutrition and physical activity curriculum to promote healthy lifestyles, using Community Campus Partnerships for Health principles (3). The curriculum was designed as a resource for organizations that can train promotores de salud (community health workers) and other local leaders optimally positioned to be involved in obesity prevention efforts. Promotores are local leaders who utilize their understanding of their own community's culture and values to provide health education in various settings, including homes, community groups, schools, and churches. A participatory process was used to incorporate the shared knowledge and expertise of El Sol promotores, staff, LLU SPH graduate students, and faculty. The curriculum uses engaging and active approaches to adult learning to provide instruction about healthy lifestyles and advocacy, progressively building on previous modules. It addresses an existing gap in publicly available obesity prevention curricula targeting organizations working with the Hispanic community, which is essential to reducing the prevalence of obesity nationwide.

 

Type of Product: PDF document


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Health Promotion Strategies - Home

Health Promotion Strategies - Home | Health Equity | Scoop.it
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This site tries to provide students, and prospective students, with answers to as many of their questions as possible. It provides a comprehensive introduction to course goals, objectives, schedule, expectations and course assignments. In this way, it should help those considering taking the course in deciding whether to take the course, as well as providing a clear road map for students who have decided to take the course. In addition, complete information is provided concerning required and recommended readings associated with each week’s class. In most cases, URL links are provide,  allowing (University of Toronto) students to access directly the readigns
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