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Global melt: Satellite images show that Antarctica loses 159 gigatons of ice each year

Global melt: Satellite images show that Antarctica loses 159 gigatons of ice each year | Heal the world | Scoop.it

Antarctica is now losing about 160 billion tons of ice a year to the ocean – twice as much as when the continent was last surveyed, says scientists.

 

A team of scientists from the UK Centre for Polar Observation and Modeling, led by researchers at the University of Leeds, have produced the first complete assessment of Antarctic ice sheet elevation change. They used measurements collected by the European Space Agency’s CryoSat-2 satellite mission, which carries an altimeter specially designed for this task.

 

On average, West Antarctica lost 134 gigatons of ice, East Antarctica three gigatons, and the Antarctic Peninsula 23 gigatonnes in each year between 2010 and 2013 – a total loss of 159 gigatons each year.

 

The polar ice sheets are a major contributor to global sea level rise and, when combined, the Antarctic losses detected by CryoSat-2 are enough to raise global sea levels by 0.45 millimeters each year alone.

 

In West Antarctica, ice thinning has been detected in areas that were poorly surveyed by past satellite altimeter missions, said researchers.

 

These newly-mapped areas contribute additional losses that bring altimeter observations closer to estimates based on other approaches. But the average rate of ice thinning in West Antarctica has also increased, and this sector is now losing almost one third (31 per cent) as much ice each year than it did during the five year period (2005-2010) prior to CryoSat-2′s launch.


“We find that ice losses continue to be most pronounced along the fast-flowing ice streams of the Amundsen Sea sector, with thinning rates of between 4 and 8 meters per year near to the grounding lines of the Pine Island, Thwaites and Smith Glaciers,” said lead author Dr Malcolm McMillan from the University of Leeds.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Extending empathy is key to human survival, says academic (Wired UK)

Extending empathy is key to human survival, says academic (Wired UK) | Heal the world | Scoop.it

Society needs to undergo an empathic revolution if we are to survive as a species, says Anita Nowak of McGill University speaking at PINC 15 in the Netherlands.


There is a spectrum of empathy, says Nowak, with pity at one end, empathy at the other and compassion and sympathy somewhere in between. Pity, while being an emotional reaction to someone else's pain, also involves an element of looking down on people -- this is where a lot of foreign aid and paternalistic philanthropy has come from.

 

When we empathise, however, we recognise
that we all share a common humanity and
that we are all inherently worthy.

 

Extending empathy, Nowak continues, is the only human emotion that expresses equality between humans.

by KATIE COLLINS


Via Edwin Rutsch
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David Hain's curator insight, May 21, 2014 6:37 AM

Will learning to be truly empathetic save us from ourselves?

Lon Woodbury's curator insight, May 21, 2014 1:02 PM

This is becoming a major issue and one of the goals of mindfulness etc.  It is going to be interesting to see how this focus works out as more people take a critical look. -Lon

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From THE SOCIAL ANIMAL by David Brooks - YouTube

From birth, we seek intimate connections, bonds made possible by empathy — the ability to love and to share the feelings of others. Review scientific and his...

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Scientists cure mice of rare liver disease by 'editing' their DNA

Scientists cure mice of rare liver disease by 'editing' their DNA | Heal the world | Scoop.it
Researchers in Massachusetts used a technique known as Crispr to correct a single ‘letter’ of the genetic alphabet in diseased mice.
Ruth Obadia's insight:
Named Crispr, technique can correct a single ‘letter’ of the genetic alphabetIt does this by using enzymes to target specific parts of the DNA databaseIt could treat disorders like sickle-cell anaemia and Huntington’s diseaseCrispr might also be used to correct gene defects in human IVF embryos, allowing disorders to be ‘ironed out’ before a baby is born



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Plastic Bank: How to solve the plastic pollution problem and poverty at the same time

Plastic Bank: How to solve the plastic pollution problem and poverty at the same time | Heal the world | Scoop.it
We all know there's too much plastic making its way into the environment; here's an innovative solution to a seemingly intractable problem.
Ruth Obadia's insight:

The problem lies in the fact that to recycle it, the various types of plastic need to be sorted, which is the opposite of what happens once they make their way into the ocean ecosystem; as Plastic Bank's David Katz points out in the video below, there are places in the world where beaches are covered with more plastic than sand — to deal with it requires humans to sort it again. That organizing will happen at Plastic Bank sorting and recycling facilities in the countries where the project will be based, the first of which is Peru.

Why not just pay people cash directly for collecting plastic? Frankson says there are concerns with corruption. But it's likely also because of an idea the company calls "social plastic," which sounds like it will have an edge over other types of recycled plastic — at least from a marketing perspective for the companies that buy it.  "It's not just plastic they are collecting. It's....social plastic. Social plastic is any plastic harvested by the poor for reward, or taken from the ocean, beaches and waterways," Frakson says. "So companies can have not just recycled plastic, but social plastic, which also helps lift someone out of poverty."
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"Our society needs to re-establish a culture of caring" #NelsonMandela #LivingTheLegacy - via @NelsonMandela

"Our society needs to re-establish a culture of caring" #NelsonMandela #LivingTheLegacy  - via @NelsonMandela | Heal the world | Scoop.it
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A School With No Teachers, Where Students Teach Themselves

A School With No Teachers, Where Students Teach Themselves | Heal the world | Scoop.it
The school, simply named 42, requires no high school diploma and no money to apply. It's turning French education on its head, but it may also solve some of the country's most pressing problems.
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“We don’t want to teach them stuff. We want them to find solutions on problems, because we don’t know the problem in the future. So we are creating students able to learn by themselves.”
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Coursera

Coursera | Heal the world | Scoop.it
Take free online classes from 80+ top universities and organizations. Coursera is a social entrepreneurship company partnering with Stanford University, Yale University, Princeton University and others around the world to offer courses online for anyone to take, for free. We believe in connecting people to a great education so that anyone around the world can learn without limits.
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Scientists use bug power to save sabra cactus - Nature & Environment

Scientists use bug power to save sabra cactus - Nature & Environment | Heal the world | Scoop.it
The hope is that ladybugs can save the prickly pear from the threat of aphids.
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Rescooped by Ruth Obadia from Psychology, Sociology & Neuroscience
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How Disasters Bring Out Our Kindness | TIME.com

How Disasters Bring Out Our Kindness | TIME.com | Heal the world | Scoop.it
In disasters, it's human nature to band together and be kind to one another in order to survive

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Ruth Obadia's insight:

And during disasters, our social networks largely determine our fates: the more connections we have and the stronger our bonds are to each other, the more likely we are to survive, not just physically but emotionally. To prevent and treat post-traumatic stress disorder, these ties are the best medicine. It’s when we face the toughest times that our true nature reveals itself: we’re in it together. Though no one wants to face catastrophe, when we do, it can bring unexpected gifts— but only if we share and value each other.

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‘Paradise Built in Hell:’ How Disaster Brings Out the Best in People | TIME.com

‘Paradise Built in Hell:’ How Disaster Brings Out the Best in People | TIME.com | Heal the world | Scoop.it
In her 2009 book, A Paradise Built in Hell, author Rebecca Solnit describes how in the aftermath of natural and man-made disasters — such as the one unfolding in Japan — human beings tend to respond by banding together, not tearing apart.

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7 Ways to Stop Snoring Naturally

7 Ways to Stop Snoring Naturally | Heal the world | Scoop.it
7 Ways to Stop Snoring Naturally - Snoring can affect an entire family. It can lead to poor sleep, irritation, fatigue during the day, and increases the risk of many health issues. Find here 7 effective ways to stop snoring naturally.
Ruth Obadia's insight:

A few lifestyle tips to reduce snoring:

Lose weight: losing only 10% of body weight can reduce the fatty tissue in the back of your neck and reduce the pressure on the airways. It improves air flow and reduces or even stops snoring.Exercise: will help you to lose weight and it tones the muscles around your throat and can reduce snoring as well.Quit smoking: smoking irritates the mucus membranes of your throat and nose, causing congestion and blocked sinuses.Avoid alcohol and sedatives: they relax the muscles around your throat and interfere with breathing, making it more likely to snore at night. Both alcohol and sleeping pills are associated with the development of apnea and cardiovascular diseases.Stay hydrated: the mucus in your throat and nose becomes thicker and stickier when you don’t drink enough fluids. Stay hydrated and avoid nasal congestion.Avoid caffeine, dairy, and soy milk: they increase mucus production which can block your throat and nose
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Teachers’ Most Powerful Role? Adding Context

Teachers’ Most Powerful Role? Adding Context | Heal the world | Scoop.it
When information is available in abundance, teachers will still be subject matter experts, but their true value will lie in their ability to facilitate and share the expertise of their students.
Ruth Obadia's insight:

Group work can be assigned and completed, but the classroom teacher must unite it together into something more. They must recognize the potential of the individual work that the students do and unite it together into a greater and more powerful work. When information is available in abundance, teachers will still be subject matter experts, but their true value will lie in their ability to facilitate and share the expertise of their students.

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The Gardeneers: Two Chicago School Teachers on a Mission to Change Schools Through Gardens

The Gardeneers: Two Chicago School Teachers on a Mission to Change Schools Through Gardens | Heal the world | Scoop.it
The Gardeneers team provides a unique and customized combination of services for schools looking to implement school gardens in Chicago, Illinois.

Via Alan Yoshioka, Jocelyn Stoller
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Colorful honey

Colorful honey | Heal the world | Scoop.it
French beekeepers found themselves in a shady situation when their bees produced honey in different colors than natural. Since their bees were making colorful honey, they decided to investigate and discovered that their bees were feeding on the M&M's colorful shells. Only 4 km away from the beehives Mars had a biogas plant that was processing waste from producing M&M.
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Psst. Look over here.

Psst. Look over here. | Heal the world | Scoop.it

"Eye contact — even with characters on food packages — makes us feel a connection ..."


Via Leona Ungerer
Ruth Obadia's insight:

Only actual eye contact fully activates those parts of the brain that allow us to more acutely and accurately process another person’s feelings and intentions. Think of it as a cognitive jump-start that occurs whenever you lock eyes with another person, whether in front of you or across a crowded room.

Even the brains of legally blind people have been shown to light up when someone looks them in the eye. It’s a sort of primal awareness and why you sometimes feel someone is looking at you before you turn and see them. This has obvious evolutionary benefits for detecting and discerning potential mates and predators.

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Utah is Ending Homelessness by Giving People Homes

Utah is Ending Homelessness by Giving People Homes | Heal the world | Scoop.it
Earlier this month, Hawaii State representative Tom Bower (D) began walking the streets of his Waikiki district with a sledgehammer, and smashing shopping carts used by homeless people. “Di
Ruth Obadia's insight:

How did Utah accomplish this? Simple. Utah solved homelessness by giving people homes. In 2005, Utah figured out that the annual cost of E.R. visits and jail stays for homeless people was about $16,670 per person, compared to $11,000 to provide each homeless person with an apartment and a social worker. So, the state began giving away apartments, with no strings attached. Each participant in Utah’s Housing First program also gets a caseworker to help them become self-sufficient, but they keep the apartment even if they fail. The program has been so successful that other states are hoping to achieve similar results with programs modeled on Utah’s.

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Co-operative Behaviour: Neuroscience Insights

Co-operative Behaviour:  Neuroscience Insights | Heal the world | Scoop.it
Co-operation is essential for the functioning of human societies — and several current public policy initiatives, including health and lifestyle and environmental campaigns, depend upon it. Many attempts to persuade people to co-operate and collaborate, however, fail — or succeed for only a limited time. Understanding the neural mechanisms for co-operation can help in developing more effective ways of promoting collective behaviour and in designing policies to achieve societal aims.

Via Kasia Hein-Peters
Ruth Obadia's insight:
Co-operation with others can be inherently satisfying — and that it’s not contingent on the prospect of material reward. (A 2004 experiment, for example, found increased activity in the reward system of the brain for mutual co-operation decisions, even when controlling for the amount of money earned by the decision itself.)Playing games with another human being is more satisfying (rewarding) than playing with a computer partner.The learning of co-operative behaviour is partly dependent on reciprocation — we tend to co-operate, over the longer term, with those who behave well towards us.Co-operation can be motivated by the anticipation of guilt — activity in regions of the brain associated with ‘negative affective states’ increases when people match the expectations of other players.The ability to understand the mental states of others, traditionally referred to as ‘theory of mind’, plays an important part in co-operation.Co-operation is context-specific, depending partly on prior knowledge of others and their trustworthiness.
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Kasia Hein-Peters's curator insight, April 20, 2014 8:10 AM

Co-operation in business

David Hain's curator insight, May 6, 2014 3:46 AM

More insights from neuroscience about how to collaborate effectively.

John Thurlbeck, FCMI FRSA's curator insight, May 7, 2014 3:05 AM

As a developing leader this is the way forward! Effective collaboration makes for great successes and mutuality is a wonderful principle to anchor your leadership behaviour upon! Thanks to David Hain for the great link!

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40 Crazy Natural Phenomena You Won't Believe Actually Happen On Earth. I'm In Absolute Awe...

40 Crazy Natural Phenomena You Won't Believe Actually Happen On Earth. I'm In Absolute Awe... | Heal the world | Scoop.it
What planet are we on?
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» Connecting with Others Through Music - World of Psychology

» Connecting with Others Through Music - World of Psychology | Heal the world | Scoop.it
It’s probably not too difficult to fathom how certain music may mirror your own thoughts and feelings.
Ruth Obadia's insight:

“I’ve witnessed music bringing people together,” Paul Reardon Rovira said. “The melodies of a song will cause people to think alike, the harmonies will cause people to feel a certain something, and the rhythms will inspire us to move our bodies. In this way, music is like magic.”

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We feel, therefore we learn: The neuroscience of social emotion. Daniel Siegel - YouTube

Presenting at the Mind and its Potential conference, Dr Daniel Siegel MD speaks about Interpersonal Neurobiology, an interdisciplinary view of life experienc...

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The DNA Sat Nav: Find Your Ancestor’s Home From 1,000 Years Ago

The DNA Sat Nav: Find Your Ancestor’s Home From 1,000 Years Ago | Heal the world | Scoop.it
  Tracing where your DNA was formed over 1,000 years ago is now possible, thanks to a revolutionary technique developed by a team of international scientists led by experts from the University of Sheffield.                  Credit: Image courtesy of University of Sheffield The ground-breaking Geographic Population Structure (GPS)…
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Are Chia Seeds The Perfect Superfood?

Are Chia Seeds The Perfect Superfood? | Heal the world | Scoop.it
Are Chia Seeds The Perfect Superfood?
Ruth Obadia's insight:

Consider these facts about Chia seeds:
- 2.5 times more protein than kidney beans
- 3 times the antioxidant strength of blueberries
- 3 times more iron than spinach
- 6 times more calcium than milk
- 7 times more vitamin C than oranges 
- 8 times more omega-3 than salmon 
- 10 times more fiber than rice 
- 15 times more magnesium than broccoli 

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Video: Special Coverage: La Crosse Compassion Project - Define Compassion

Video: Special Coverage: La Crosse Compassion Project - Define Compassion | Heal the world | Scoop.it

After one year of planning and months of hard work, more than 6,000 canvasses are now on display at the Pump House Regional Arts Center in La Crosse until June 28.


Each piece of art was created by students as part of La Crosse School District’s Compassion Project.


Organizers believe the work done by these students could have a profound impact on the entire community.


Related Content

News 8 Eye Piece: Compassion ProjectLa Crosse Compassion Project: Each canvas tells a storyPreview event held for the La Crosse Compassion ProjectAquinas' Compassion Project to be on displayUW-L students, staff to share their idea of compassion



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Barbara Kerr's curator insight, May 3, 2014 6:29 PM

What a beautiful way to spread compassion in a community!

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Getting Free Of Self-Importance Is The Key To Happiness: Polly Young-Eisendrath at TEDxMiddlebury - YouTube

At TEDxMiddlebury 2013 Polly Young-Eisendrath discusses the idea that we can control and manage our lives as counter to our happiness. After considering the ...

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