Hallucinogens
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Hallucinogens

Hallucinogens | Hallucinogens | Scoop.it
Definition of Hallucinogens: Hallucinogens are drugs that cause hallucinations—profound distortions in a person's perceptions of reality, including delusions and false notions. In this state, people see...
Jordyn's insight:

- Cultures from the tropics to the arctic have used naturally occurring hallucinogens in plants to induce states of detachment from reality, to precipitate "visions" and thoughts to provide mystical insight, as medical agents, and were largely used during social and religious ritual

- from the 1960s onward, it increased dramatically

-LSD and other hallucinogens became very fashionable in the United States and Europe in the 1960s,

-Many of these individuals wanted to see into their own minds, and wanted to create spiritual or religious experiences.

-There is no evidence that hallucinogens increase creativity, have therapeutic values or provide the user with spiritual insights

- It mimics the actions of serotonin itself by binding to the same receptor sites in the brain.

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How LSD effects the Brain

Jordyn's insight:

 -It mimics the actions of serotonin itself by binding to the same receptor sites in the brain.

-Some doctors/psychologists believe it can affect the brain's levels of glutamate, the main excitatory neurotransmitter. Affecting the glutamate system drastically would give rise to an excitement of the whole nervous system

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Statistics - In The Know Zone

Statistics - In The Know Zone | Hallucinogens | Scoop.it
Jordyn's insight:
LSD leads to approximately 5,000 emergency room visits each year.Approximately 11% of high school seniors surveyed last year have ever used LSD.

Psilocybin Mushrooms and Peyote/Mescaline

Approximately 7% of high school seniors surveyed last year have ever used a hallucinogen other than LSD or PCP.
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HowStuffWorks "LSD Trips"

HowStuffWorks "LSD Trips" | Hallucinogens | Scoop.it
LSD, also sometimes known as acid or Electric Kool-Aid, was the drug of choice for hippies. What made LSD so popular and what are acid trips like?
Jordyn's insight:

Trips on hallucinogens

-Objects that are stable might appear to move or have a halo of light around them. Sometimes objects have trails of light coming from them or appear smaller or larger than they really are.

-synesthesia -- a confusion of sensations between different types of stimuli (rare occasions)

- They feel that their mind has burst through its normal boundaries, and they often claim to have had experiences that are spiritual or religious, with a new understanding of how the world works.

Effects on brain

-intereferes with serotonin receptors

-It has been stated before that LSD remains in the body forever in minuscule amounts in the brain or spinal fluid, but there's no evidence

-There's a medically recognized disorder called Hallucinogen Persisting Perceptive Disorder (HPPD), in which some people who have taken LSD constantly experience visual hallucinations (as opposed to the brief flashbacks).

 

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Hallucinogens, All About Drugs

Hallucinogens, All About Drugs | Hallucinogens | Scoop.it
Jordyn's insight:

-over time change a persons mental and physical capacities

-exist naturally but can be produced sythnthetically

-"bad trips" can result in need of medical attention

-if a person uses them through a long period of time, or uses alot at once, the result can be long-term dangerous effects

-can increase the risk of developing mental problems and permanent damage to concentration and memory

-considered addictive because a tolerance is produced

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saspdhealth - Hallucinogens- Statistics

saspdhealth - Hallucinogens- Statistics | Hallucinogens | Scoop.it
Jordyn's insight:

-In 2008 3.3% of 8th grades had done hallucinogens in their lifetime, 5.5% in 10th grade, and 8.7% in 12th grade. Keep in mind this includes LSD, PCP, Mescaline, Psilocybin/Psilocin, and MDMA.

-Also in 2004 32.9% of state prisoners and 25.9% of federal prisoners had taken hallucinogens in their lifetime.

-means that taking hallucinogens increases your chances of going to jail

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LSD helps to treat alcoholism

LSD helps to treat alcoholism | Hallucinogens | Scoop.it
Retrospective analysis shows hallucinogenic drug helped problem drinkers.
Jordyn's insight:

- LSD plays a role in treating alcoholism

Study, by neuroscientist Teri Krebs and clinical psychologist Pål-Ørjan Johansen of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim

-performed a double-blind trial that compared one dose of LSD to a placebo

- 59% of people who recieved LSD reported less use of alcohol misuse compared to 38% of people who recieved a placebo(out of 536 participants)

- showed statisical significance

 

 

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