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Camps de réfugiés et environnement au Kenya

Les questions environnementales ont pris ces dernières années une importance croissante dans le domaine de l’aide humanitaire et notamment dans celui de l’assistance aux réfugiés. Cette attention grandissante se manifeste de plusieurs manières. C’est d’abord l’apparition vers 1994-1995, d’une unité « environnement » au sein du HCR finançant des séminaires, des guides environnementaux et un nombre croissant d’études sur l’impact de l’arrivée des réfugiés dans les régions d’accueil. La prise en compte de cette nouvelle préoccupation répondait à l’évidence aux conclusions de la Conférence de Rio.

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Humanitarian waste management in emergency and medium-term operations

Humanitarian waste management in emergency and medium-term operations | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it
In humanitarian contexts, local infrastructures and environmental policies are often too weak to handle wastes produced by NGOs. As a result, humanitarian organizations must find solutions to ensure that the wastes they produces - including biomedical, chemical, automotive and electronic wastes regarded as hazardous by the Basel Convention - are handled responsibly.
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Mainstreaming the Environment into Humanitarian Response (ERM report for DFID)

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Somali Refugees Show How Conflict, Gender, Environmental Scarcity Become Entwined

Somali Refugees Show How Conflict, Gender, Environmental Scarcity Become Entwined | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it

Over the past two years, the author have been working with Somalis living in Canada to document how environmental conditions shaped their decisions to leave their home country.

In all cases, concerns for their personal safety and the wider impacts of political instability and internal conflict were their immediate motivations for leaving Somalia. But the environment did play a role for many, and seems to have done so disproportionately by gender.

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Greenhouse gas assessment in the humanitarian sector

Greenhouse gas assessment in the humanitarian sector | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it

Greenhouse gas assessment allows organizations to evaluate their contribution to global warming and guide the reduction of their carbon footprint. Several French humanitarian NGOs have carried out such assessments since 2009, this technical sheet sum up these experiences.

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Revue Humanitaire n°38 - Au défi de l’anthropocène : la nécessaire alliance des humanitaires et des environnementalistes ?

Revue Humanitaire n°38 - Au défi de l’anthropocène : la nécessaire alliance des humanitaires et des environnementalistes ? | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it

le dernier numéro de la revue de Médecins du Monde est consacré au rapprochement entre ONG humanitaires et associations de protection de l'environnement.

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"Environment and humanitarian action - Increasing Effectiveness, Sustainability and Accountability" - UNEP/OCHA study

Humanitaire vert's insight:

Full version is available here : https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/system/files/documents/files/EHA%20Study_summary_final_0.pdf

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Mitigation of environmental risks linked to e-waste recycling - MDM project in the Philippines

Mitigation of environmental risks linked to e-waste recycling - MDM project in the Philippines | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it

In 2013, the community organizers of Médecins du Monde accompany the communities of e-waste recyclers to promote practices and behavior changes and to mitigate the health and environmental impacts of e-waste recycling.

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Green travel: how NGOs can reduce their carbon footprint

Green travel: how NGOs can reduce their carbon footprint | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it

It's ironic that organisations who seek to do good can negatively impact the environment. Find out how to minimise the damage

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Sustainable development at the ICRC - 2012 report

This is the first annual report on sustainable development at the ICRC.

It documents the progress that has been achieved in the implementation of sustainable development principles throughout the organization in 2012.

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Mainstreaming the environment into humanitarian action – Resource centre

Mainstreaming the environment into humanitarian action – Resource centre | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it

UNEP's resource centre on the mainstreaming of environment in humanitarian action and early recovery. Plenty of documents, guidelines and best practices.

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Can doing good be done better? (Harvard School of Public Health)

Can doing good be done better? (Harvard School of Public Health) | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it
Better-trained aid workers, closer coordination among relief agencies, and a bigger dose of humility while working in unfamiliar cultures would help ensure that the billions of dollars spent each year on humanitarian assistance are not wasted.
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Sustainability in humanitarian procurement

Sustainability in humanitarian procurement | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it

Studies carried out by ACF, the ICRC and MSF show that a significant part of the environmental impacts of humanitarian work can be attributed to goods and services purchased. Furthermore, the majority of these impacts do not arise during the organisation's possession of the product but upstream (raw materials extraction, manufacturing, supply and transport...) or downstream (usage by beneficiaries, end-of-life...). Purchasing is therefore a key activity for organisations when it comes to improving the long-term environmental footprint humanitarian interventions.

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Sphere and sustainability: A matter of time

The levels of assistance recommended by Sphere have not been formulated to be provided over an extended timescale, therefore, when crises perpetuate, agencies are unable to sustain full support and the affected population has to find coping mechanisms within their new environment; for instance to find new livelihoods such as farming, fishing or selling firewood to substitute food aid. When it comes to assistance involving infrastructures such as water supply, the problem which often arises is whether the displaced population possess the skills and resources to maintain the systems put at their disposal in order to compensate for diminishing external support. In other words, after some time, the issue of the sustainability of such systems becomes increasingly important.

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When disaster strikes, the private sector plays a role too [WFP]

When disaster strikes, the private sector plays a role too [WFP] | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it

The international organizations that are the first to act when disaster strikes were called out last week by the UK branch of Doctors Without Borders. One group spared the criticism is the private sector. That is because, until recently, they were not really thought of as an important player.

 

That is changing. Companies like Ikea, Coca-Cola and Google are now a contributing to relief efforts following a crisis, and making a profit while at it. They are not only working with the relief groups on the ground, but on their own and with small businesses in different countries.

 

The involvement of business in humanitarian assistance is not all that new. Local businesses will sell food, water and other supplies in the wake of a disaster. However, nobody really knows how much the private sector is contributing. There is no comprehensive accounting in what happens, just case studies and anecdotes....

 

...The two researchers published a report this week that sought to answer what the private sector is doing, how it is contributing to humanitarian responses and what it means going forward. They find that not only is the private sector is a key player, but it can compliment the activities undertaken by governments, NGOs and international bodies, like the UN and the US. Humanitarian crises, emergency preparedness and response: the role of business and the private sector uses the consultation of 203 stakeholders, from donors to the private sector to the Red Cross, and other research to determine just how the private sector acts following and preceding a disaster.

 

Cases from Jordan, KENYA, Indonesia, and Haiti illustrate the many ways that the private sector is contributing.....

 

“By developing services for low-income households, insurance companies such as ACA can help increase the financial inclusion of the poor as a way to build their resilience to shocks and reduce their vulnerability to risks,” say Zyck and Kent, in the report. Another area of note is the transfer of money. Cash transfers are sent through phones to people who enroll in drought insurance in Kenya.

 

Meanwhile, banks in Jordan are working with the WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME to allow Syrian refugees access distributed money. The UN food agency is also working with smaller businesses to accept electronic vouchers to be used while shopping for groceries and household supplies.

 

“The private sector has transformed cash transfers, telecommunications and logistics in humanitarian crises. Insurance companies in Asia and Africa are blunting the humanitarian consequences of droughts and cyclones, and banks are helping to rapidly transfer money to those affected by disasters. Businesses are also tackling sanitation and disaster preparedness...."

 


Via Robin Landis
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Climate change and its impacts: growing stress factors for human societies

This article focuses on the possible evolution of climate in the course of the twenty-first century and on a number of key climate impacts that may determine the future course of human societies, as well as issues that may confront them such as rivalries over natural resources and possible environmentally driven conflicts and migrations.

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Green Recovery & Reconstruction: Training Toolkit for Humanitarian Aid

Green Recovery & Reconstruction: Training Toolkit for Humanitarian Aid | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it

The GRRT is a formation on the mainstreaming of environment in emergency relief and reconstruction. It was developed by the WWF and the American Red Cross. All modules are available in free download.

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UNEP-OCHA online training

UNEP-OCHA online training | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it

UNEP and OCHA offer free online trainings on environmental topics related to humanitarian actions (assessment, preparedness, waste management...)

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Achats humanitaires : enjeux de cohérence et de responsabilité

Achats humanitaires : enjeux de cohérence et de responsabilité | Green humanitarian | Scoop.it

All studies show that procurement is a key function to reduce the environmental impact of humanitarian operations.
Article by the French Humanitarian & Environment Network

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