Après la Google Car, Case IH présente son concept de tracteur autonome. C’est à l’occasion du Farm Progress Show de Boone dans l’Iowa (U.S.A.) que l’engin sans cabine imaginé pour la culture en rang a été dévoilé. Radars, caméras, signaux GPS … quand un constructeur embarque le meilleur de la technologie dans un tracteur, c’est que la transformation du rêve en réalité n’est sans doute pas loin !
Argentina’s soybean growers may plant more of the crop for this season than previously estimated, encouraged by a tax rebate announced earlier this month as President Mauricio Macri maneuvers to bolster support in an opposition stronghold.
soybean Beginning January 2018, the export tax will be reduced by 0.5 percentage points each month until December 2019. WASHINGTON, D.C., U.S. — The Argentine government announced it will delay a previously planned reduction of soybean export taxes until 2018, while implementing a new plan to bolster soybean production in the northern part of country. Beginning January 2018, the export tax will be reduced by 0.5 percentage points each month until December 2019. By the end of 2019, the soybean export tax will be 18%, down from its present level of 30%. In addition, Argentinian President Mauricio Macri explained his plan is intended to bolster soy production in 10 Northern provinces by providing a refund equivalent to 5% of the free on board price (FOB) price of soybeans beginning in March 2017. The 2016-17 soybean area harvested is revised down to 19.3 million hectares due to greater competition from alternative crops, corn and sunflower, and lower-than-expected wheat plantings, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) said in an Oct. 4 report. Argentinian soybean producers enter the season with relatively good margins, the report said. Overall production costs are manageable as agrochemicals costs are generally lower while freight and fuel costs are slightly higher. Soybean crush for the 2016-17 market year was revised down to 41 million tonnes, and 2016-17 soybean exports also were revised down, to 9.5 million tonnes, based on lower soybean supplies. The FAS said producers are in better financial shape generally after the 2015-16 season after the Argentinian government devalued its peso by 50% and lowered export taxes by 5 percentage points for soybeans and their byproducts. The new policy environment and along greater financial resources — personal savings and/or credit – has led to higher demand for technology and interest in long-term investments. One example is the demand for farm machinery, which experienced a 3% increase in sales during the first half of 2016 compared to the same period the year before. Driving the sales uptick was the increased demand for planters, which represent more than 45% of the increased sales of farm machinery, followed by harvesters, tractors and implements.
Monsanto Corp. bought 155 acres in the Avra Valley northwest of Tucson last week, solidifying its efforts to build a greenhouse there to grow corn and soybeans for research. The St. Louis-based company paid $3.74 million Wednesday to a company owned by the Kai farming family of Marana for the land, county records show. The acreage of the purchase raises questions about what if any operations or projects Monsanto plans for the site besides the seven-acre greenhouse. The timing raises questions about why the company bought the site before a proposed tax incentive deal with Pima County is brought to the Board of Supervisors for approval. A Monsanto spokeswoman didn’t return a phone call or an email seeking comment on the purchase. Pima County Administrator Chuck Huckelberry said in an email that he hasn’t heard anything from Monsanto about the purchase, so he can’t answer questions about it. The purchase came nearly two months after Monsanto said it plans to build a greenhouse on seven acres in the Tucson area. The company has said it will hire 40 to 60 employees and its representatives have said it will invest $100 million. It came a few days after the Star reported that Pima County and Monsanto are negotiating a possible incentive deal that would reduce the company’s property tax burden on the site by two-thirds. That proposal probably will go to the Board of Supervisors in November or December, Huckelberry has said. The company has said it plans to start construction on the greenhouse by the end of 2016. The incentive being considered would expand the county’s foreign trade zone to include the Monsanto site. Inclusion in the zone reduces import duties and would offer Monsanto other benefits besides property tax abatements. Monsanto’s proposal is opposed by two of the five county supervisors. They are Democrat Richard Elías, an outspoken liberal and environmental advocate, and Republican Ally Miller, a fierce critic, in general, of Huckelberry’s economic development efforts involving incentives. Monsanto is popular among many farmers who say its seed research and other operations have increased crop production and crop resistance to herbicides. It’s unpopular with other farmers who believe it has too much power, particularly after its recent takeover by Bayer, another seed giant and pharmaceutical manufacturer. The company is also opposed by some environmentalists who don’t like its use of genetically modified seed crops and its production of the Roundup weedkiller, although Monsanto has said it doesn’t intend to plant many, if any, GMO crops in the Avra Valley greenhouse. Pause Current Time 0:00 / Duration Time 0:00 Loaded: 0%Progress: 0%0:00 Fullscreen 00:00 Unmute Republican Supervisor Ray Carroll, another outspoken environmentalist, said he’s still neutral on the proposal, adding he’s been sympathetic to most county economic development efforts. Supervisors Sharon Bronson and Ramon Valadez, who are Democrats, haven’t commented on it yet. On Friday, Carroll said the large land purchase shows that “maybe Monsanto has ideas for other uses. They’re buying a lot more than they need for a greenhouse. I can only assume they’re doing it to make sure they have plenty of room to expand into any other ancillary outgrowth of the arid land greenhouse operation.” As for the purchase’s timing, Carroll said the company seems to be “putting the cart before the horse.” “These people have shown their hand, they’re making a gung-ho move here. Usually, they wait, to see how your foreign trade zone went down and your tax incentives are approved,” he said. At the same time, Carroll said he’s supported several recent job-creation incentive packages including those for WorldView and Caterpillar. He made it a point to say that Monsanto hasn’t announced plans for any activities here that have been controversial elsewhere, such as GMOs. Miller took Huckelberry and the Monsanto incentive package to task on Facebook last week. “Just read the Monsanto article in the paper,” Miller posted on Tuesday. “Well now, another back room deal being negotiated?? People are outraged? It is about time. “These deals need to be thoroughly researched and vetted. Let’s see how many days notice we get on this deal before it is served up for a rubber stamp! Disgusting that I am hearing about this in the media as a county administrator does the deal in the dark of night. Disgusting! Pima County taxpayers deserve better!” Miller said. A Huckelberry spokesman has said that in general, the county administrator believes disclosing details of negotiations can hurt economic development efforts.
A spray containing double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) molecules can inhibit the growth of a notorious fungal pest, according to a new study of barley plants (PLOS Pathog. 2016, DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005901). Such RNA sprays may provide an alternative strategy to traditional chemical pesticides and genetically modified crops for combating agricultural pests. Karl-Heinz Kogel of Justus Liebig University Giessen and colleagues created an RNA that turns off a gene in Fusarium graminearum, a pest of corn, wheat, and barley that reduces crop yields and produces toxins that can contaminate the food supply. Common weapons against this fungus include compounds that block CYP51 enzymes responsible for producing ergosterol, the essential cholesterol analog in fungus. Kogel’s team blocked ergosterol formation in fungi with a dsRNA that bound CYP51 gene transcripts.
DuPont Pioneer researchers are reporting the results of scientific studies demonstrating the potential of CRISPR-Cas as an advanced plant breeding technology to increase the productivity and sustainability of agricultural products. This week, Plant Biotechnology Journal features a Pioneer manuscript describing the first application of CRISPR-Cas to improve a corn plant’s own ability to withstand drought stress.
Monsanto Co's Climate Corporation is building a network of in-field sensors to expand the scope of soil, weather and other data flowing into its digital agriculture tools that help farmers increase crop yields and reduce costs, the company said on Wednesday. San Francisco-based Climate also said it will open up its software infrastructure to third-party developers, enabling them to create new applications that enhance the data-fueled services it currently offers. Climate announced a deal with a Kansas-based soil sensor company on Wednesday but did not disclose terms. The goal is to build an Amazon.com-like network of agriculture products and services that the company says will speed innovation and bolster the capabilities of its Climate FieldView platform. "We see it as the Amazon of agriculture, where we're bringing additional apps up onto that platform and where the best apps win," Hugh Grant, Monsanto's CEO, told investors gathered for an investor event in St. Louis on Wednesday. Agriculture companies have spent hundreds of millions of dollars on technologies that capture and analyze detailed data about plants, soil and weather to help farmers increase yields and lower costs. The companies hope to capitalize on what they believe is the biggest step forward in agriculture since biotech seeds. But many farmers, squeezed by tightening farm profits, have not fully embraced the big data offerings. The strategy of opening up the software platform to developers goes beyond the existing data transfer agreements between Climate and other companies, Climate's chief technology officer, Mark Young, said. Monsanto has spent more than $1 billion in recent years on expanding its digital platform, which has not yet grown into a big revenue generator. The seeds and agrochemicals company says data science is the key to its long-term growth and the "glue" that connects its breeding, biotechnology, chemistry and microbes offerings. FieldView services are used on about 92 million acres of U.S. farmland currently, mostly in free services such as field-specific rainfall totals. Only about 13 million acres are enrolled in the platform's premium services.
SAO PAULO, Brazil --The reduction in the Brazilian soybean production on the 2015/2016 crop and the economic crisis have made the soybean processing industries hit the brakes on the second semester of this year. Recently, the processor of agricultural goods Louis Dreyfus Company declared to Successful Farming Brasil that it will temporarily suspend its bean processing activities in two of its units in Brazil, in Jataí (GO) and Ponta Grossa (PR). According to the company, the decision was made due to the market’s current supply and demand status. There are rumors that Cargill is also halting its soybean operations. Aedson Pereira, analyst from Informa Economics FNP, stated that some companies, which he cannot name, are already planning temporary halts for the coming weeks or months in the states of Mato Grosso and Goiás. “Companies are paralyzing their activities due to the moment we are facing, especially with sparse supply and difficulty for buying. This is common in this scenario,” says Pereira.
An Oct. 17 report in Capital Press says Deere & Co. claims CNH Industrial initiated the complaint with the U.S. Dept. of Justice that led to the DOJ’s blocking of Deere’s acquisition of Precision Planting from Monsanto. According to the government’s complaint, the merger would allow Deere to control 86% of the high-speed planters that allow farmers to double the speed at which they plant seeds. In its response, Deere said the Department of Justice initially cleared the merger, “only to change its mind and bring this lawsuit when a Deere competitor protested.” “However, it is a fundamental maxim that antitrust laws are meant to protect competition, not competitors,” according to Deere’s answer. “Growers deserve the benefits of this transaction and the increased innovation, competition, and consumer choice that a combination of Deere and Precision Planting will create.” According to the Capital Press report, Deere is asking a federal judge to provide confidential information used by DOJ to file its complaint to attorneys from Deere and Monsanto. DOJ’s complaint is based on “investigative material” that was largely provided by CNH Industrial, which leases Precision Planting technology. “In this case, the Deere competitors, especially CNH, are the driving force behind the government’s investigation,” the document said. CNH opposes the release of confidential information gathered by DOJ.
OGDENSBURG, NEW YORK, U.S. — The Ogdensburg Bridge and Port Authority is set to break ground on Oct. 18 on a $2.6 million project at the Port of Ogdensburg in New York. The expansion project is geared toward growing the port’s agriculture import-export business and will include the addition of two 800-ton grain storage bins, a new conveyor system and the rehabilitation of two rail bridges. The project was set to begin in 2017, but was moved up at the request of Senator Patricia A. Ritchie of New York. “With its proximity to Canada, and its location as the last deepwater port for outward bound shipping from the Great Lakes, the Port of Ogdensburg can play a key role in growing our economy and helping to create new jobs,” Ritchie said in April. Ritchie said the project also positions the port to better serve the needs of North Country farmers and agribusinesses by making it easier to move products to newer and bigger markets by both rail and water.
Monsanto has purchased 155 acres of farmland, part of the long-established Kai Family Farm in Marana, where the 30-foot-tall greenhouse will be housed along with ancillary facilities and traditional ground production.
Other cattle feeders in southern Alberta may suffer the same fate as Western Feedlots if a local $3-per-head tax isn’t reversed. Last month, Western Feedlots — one of the country’s largest with 100,000-head capacity at its facilities near Strathmore, High River, and Mossleigh — announced that it would be winding down cattle ownership and feeding operations. The company said the decision was a result of “the current high-risk/low-return environment in cattle ownership.” “In addition to strong headwinds in the cattle industry, the poor political and economic environment in Alberta are also contributing factors to this decision,” said Western Feedlots in a statement.
With Bayer AG’s proposed $66 billion (U.S.) purchase of Monsanto Co., the company that invented Aspirin is poised to take on one of the world’s biggest corporate headaches. A potential cure: dropping the Monsanto name. The German drug and chemical conglomerate is considering that move to avoid sullying its reputation, according to people familiar with internal discussions at Bayer who asked not to be named because the talks are private. No decision has been made, and Bayer’s managers will have some time to think: thanks to antitrust reviews in some 30 jurisdictions worldwide, the purchase isn’t likely to be completed before late 2017. Even if the deal goes through as proposed, merging the two companies into the world’s top maker of seeds and crop chemicals will be a challenge. Bayer will need to integrate a company known for making the herbicide Agent Orange for use in the Vietnam War and tangling with environmental groups over genetically-modified crops. One possibility would be to market Monsanto products such as seed corn and Roundup herbicide under the Bayer CropScience name, said Joachim Kregel, who represents independent investors at the German shareholder association SdK. Bayer, after all, brought Aspirin to market in 1899, and in May it topped a ranking of the world’s most reputable pharmaceutical brands from the Reputation Institute, a marketing consultancy. “If anyone can do it, it’s Bayer,” Kregel said.
Negotiations between Bayer AG and Monsanto Co. are advancing toward a deal after the companies made progress on issues including the purchase price and termination fee, people familiar with the matter said. Bayer Chief Executive Officer Werner Baumann and his U.S. counterpart Hugh Grant have had a series of constructive meetings in recent weeks, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the discussions are private. The companies, in talks to create the world’s largest producer of seeds and pesticides, could reach an agreement in the next two weeks, said the people, who cautioned that negotiations could still fall apart or be delayed. Leverkusen, Germany-based Bayer has been examining Monsanto’s financial accounts as it weighs a new offer, people familiar with the matter said earlier this month. Monsanto in July rejected Bayer’s improved $55 billion bid, describing the $125-a-share proposal as “financially inadequate.” An agreement would end months of back-and-forth that followed Bayer’s initial offer in May. Representatives for Bayer and St. Louis-based Monsanto declined to comment. Shares of Monsanto rose 3 percent to $107.60 at 10:09 a.m. in New York, giving it a market value of about $47 billion. Bayer gained 0.6 percent to 96.51 euros in Frankfurt, valuing the company at about $91 billion. Antitrust Race The global agricultural industry is being reshaped as farmers, hurt by lower commodity prices, spend less, pushing seed and chemical makers to consolidate. Dow Chemical Co. and DuPont Co. announced a plan in December to merge and then break into three entities, including a Monsanto-sized agriculture company. China National Chemical Corp. on Monday received approval from U.S. national security officials for its takeover of Swiss agrochemical and seeds company Syngenta AG, seen as the biggest regulatory hurdle that the $43 billion acquisition faces. Approval for ChemChina’s purchase of Syngenta from the Committee on Foreign Investment in the U.S. has given fresh impetus to Bayer’s pursuit of Monsanto. Given that all three agricultural deals will need antitrust approval, there’s an incentive not to be the last one seeking clearance as the market will already have been consolidated by the other deals. Dow and DuPont face months of haggling with European Union regulators who opened an in-depth probe to check whether the combination may reduce competition in areas such as crop protection, seeds and certain petrochemicals. Syngenta said yesterday it’s working closely with “numerous regulators around the world,” and discussions remain “constructive.” Offer Price Baumann, who became CEO in May after more than 20 years with Bayer, remains convinced of the rationale of the combination and is intent on getting the deal done despite initial disagreements with Monsanto over the price, people familiar with the matter had said. Monsanto may be willing to come to the table for $130 a share, Argus Research analyst Bill Selesky said in June. Analysts at Sanford C. Bernstein said the company may decide to sell if Bayer raises its offer to $135 a share. The German company’s promise to pay Monsanto $1.5 billion if the deal doesn’t pass muster with regulators may also not be enough, analysts, including Jeffrey Zekauskas of JPMorgan Chase & Co., have said.
Créateur et coordinateur du rapport Cyclope qui analyse chaque année le marché des matières premières, Philippe Chalmin n'est pas optimiste. Le titre de l'édition 2016 de son ouvrage, « À la recherche des sommets perdus », est assez éloquent. « Rarement, la tendance sur les marchés mondiaux des matières premières et de commodités aura été aussi marquée qu'en 2015, écrivent les auteurs. Pratiquement tous les marchés se sont inscrits en baisse, et celle-ci est en général très forte. » Les cours de nombreuses matières sont ainsi revenus fin 2015 au niveau de 2004 ou 2005. Un terme est mis « au cycle de fortes tensions qui avait justement débuté à cette époque et qui aura duré un peu moins de dix ans, soit à peu près le temps de l'investissement », signale l'ouvrage. Pas de facteur de reprise visible Aucun facteur ne laisse penser qu'une vraie reprise aura lieu en 2016. Cyclope envisage donc une nouvelle baisse de presque toutes les matières premières, à quelques exceptions près comme le sucre, dont les cours profitent d'un déficit mondial, ou le riz. Pour les spécialistes de Cyclope, l'un des problèmes réside dans l'entêtement des producteurs à augmenter la production indépendamment des signaux du marché, et dans leur capacité à encaisser les baisses de prix. Le fret en est un exemple. L'indice du Dry Baltic index, qui évalue la santé du vrac sec, a atteint en 2015 son plus bas niveau depuis 1984. Les coûts opérationnels d'un bateau ne sont plus couverts, mais « il n'est pas certain que le vrac sec ait encore atteint son plancher », estime le rapport. La flotte mondiale pourrait donc conserver ses effectifs en 2016. En blé comme en maïs, le contexte n'est pas si différent. Cyclope prévoit des récoltes mondiales globalement encore excédentaires, alors même que les stocks sont très élevés. Le maïs pourrait en plus souffrir de la baisse de la demande chinoise, le pays cherchant à limiter ses importations. En soja, la Chine devrait continuer à importer, mais les bonnes perspectives de récolte en Amérique latine ainsi que la libéralisation des exportations argentines sont de nature à tirer les prix vers le bas. Difficile de se réjouir, à moins de changer de point de vue : " cette année encore, la faim et la pauvreté ont régressé dans le monde », indique l'édition 2016 de Cyclope.
Depuis le mois de juin, le prix du porc au Québec accuse une réduction de 21 %. Ce qu’on qualifie de baisse saisonnière des prix arrive beaucoup plus tôt que d’habitude. « L’été a été court », constate le président des Éleveurs de porcs du Québec, David Boissonneault. Celui-ci rappelle que les prix enregistrent traditionnellement …
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