Nutrition & Health
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Nutrition & Health
Curating articles on #food, #nutrition, #health including related topics such as #malnutrition #obesity #diabetes #foodlabeling #stunting #supplements. #biofortified, #omega-3s. Senior editor/curator - Margaret Carroll Boardman Ph.D.
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UNICEF Nigeria - Community-based treatment for malnutrition earns praise in northern Nigeria

UNICEF Nigeria - Community-based treatment for malnutrition earns praise in northern Nigeria | Nutrition & Health |

23 July 2013, UNICEF, Niyawe, Nigeria, Roar Bakke Sorenson -- "More than a half million children in northern Nigeria have been treated for malnutrition with peanut paste provided by UNICEF. Now villagers refer to the old Hausa kings of West Africa when speaking of the well-being of children, calling them the ‘Children of the King’.


Nigeria’s rates of childhood stunting and wasting are among the highest in the world, particularly in the north, where the country reaches into the Sahel region. In many cases these conditions can be life threatening if not treated properly.


In 2009, in collaboration with the Nigerian Government, UNICEF started a pilotproject based on research recommending treatment of malnourished children in their home communities, rather than in far-off hospitals or health clinics, a treatment that often comes with an enormous cost for the family.


Fatima Yashia is one of the mothers who brought her child, 22-month-old Osman, to the Katanga primary health care centre for treatment. Osman is one of more than 500,000 children who have been through the programme in northern Nigeria in the last five years. Eating ready-to-use therapeutic food over a period of eight weeks, children are able to recover quickly from malnutrition. ..."

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Mali: Unicef and Partners Sound Alarm On Nutrition Crisis in Northern Mali

Mali: Unicef and Partners Sound Alarm On Nutrition Crisis in Northern Mali | Nutrition & Health |

24 July 2013, UN News Service -- "The humanitarian community is sounding the alarm on a nutrition crisis in Gao, in northern Mali, that is taking a toll on the most vulnerable and children under the age of five in particular, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) said.

A nutrition and mortality survey carried out by Mali's Ministry of Health and its partners, including UNICEF, found that the rate of global acute malnutrition (GAM) is 13.5 per cent making it a "serious" nutrition situation according to UN classification.

The situation is even more worrying in the Bourem health district, where the rate of GAM is 17 per cent, exceeding the emergency threshold of 15 per cent set by the World Health Organization (WHO).

During the next six months, 22,730 children will be at risk for acute malnutrition, UNICEF warned in a news release. ..."

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Swazi Study: How Hunger "Stunts" African Economies

Swazi Study: How Hunger "Stunts" African Economies | Nutrition & Health |

26 July 2013, World Food Programme -- "The high cost of child malnutrition in Swaziland was showcased at the launch of the latest country-level study in the Cost of Hunger in Africa (COHA) series on 18 July. The Cost of Hunger in Swaziland, produced by the Government of Swaziland with support from WFP, is the first COHA study in southern Africa and among the first to quantify the social and economic impacts of child undernutrition.


The more than 60 people attending the launch in the capital Mbabane, including high-level representatives from the New Partnership for African Development and the United Nations Economic Commission on Africa, learned that Swaziland loses 3.1 percent of its gross domestic product (GDP), or some US $92 million annually, from the long-term impact of chronic childhood hunger. Some 270,000 adults, or more than 40 percent of the labor force, suffer from physical stunting as a result of chronic malnutrition in early childhood.


The study documents how high stunting rates result in lower work productivity, higher national health costs, missed work hours due to illness, and lower rates of educational attainment. In manual activities, the associated loss is estimated at SZL 126 million (US$ 14.8 million) of potential productivity not realized. In non-manual activities, where the losses are associated with lower schooling achievement, the economic losses are estimated at SZL 251 million (US$29.5 million) in a single year.


Moreover, an estimated 37 million working hours were lost in 2009 as a result of people who were absent from the workforce as a result of nutrition-related deaths. This represents SZL 340 million (US$40 million), which is equivalent to 1.4 percent of the country's GDP. ..."


Photo: Swaziland’s Chief Economist, Ms. Lonkhuleko Magagula, presents the Cost of Hunger in Africa: Swaziland report on behalf of the Ministry of Economic Planning and Development

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Southern Africa facing disaster as food crisis looms

Southern Africa facing disaster as food crisis looms | Nutrition & Health |

U.K. Dept for Intn'l Development, 11 July 2013 -- "International Development Minister Lynne Featherstone announces support to help millions facing food crisis in Malawi and Zimbabwe.


Britain will provide up to £35 million to help millions of the world’s poorest people survive a looming food crisis that is set to grip Southern Africa, International Development Minister Lynne Featherstone announced in Malawi today.


Rising food prices have combined with unpredictable weather to leave food stocks dangerously low across the region.


Malawi, which was a net exporter of maize just a few years ago, has now seen stocks depleted to a quarter of its annual average after the worst harvest in 7 years. Meanwhile maize prices have more than doubled over the past year.


In Zimbabwe, early indications show that the harvest will be significantly worse than last year, when 1 in 5 people in rural areas – 1.6 million people – did not have enough to eat before British support was dispersed.


International Development Minister Lynne Featherstone said:


“Countries across Southern Africa are facing disaster as a looming food crisis threatens to leave millions hungry.


“British support will save countless lives in 2 of the worst-affected countries in the region, ensuring the most vulnerable people in Malawi and Zimbabwe are not forgotten as the crisis worsens.”


Britain will provide up to £20 million in food assistance to Malawi over the next 12 months. The humanitarian package will support the World Food Programme (WFP) and international NGOs, and will provide:


* Nearly half a million vulnerable people with food and cash transfers;

* school meals to over 800,000 school children; and

* treatment for 18,000 malnourished children and pregnant women."


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