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Sites relating to Australia's Gold Rushes
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eurekapedia

eurekapedia | Gold Dust | Scoop.it
A website about The Eureka Stockade and aftermath - eurekapedia http://t.co/DsmgB2Nuwj

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What caused the Eureka Stockade? – Part 3 | Sovereign Hill Education

What caused the Eureka Stockade? – Part 3 | Sovereign Hill Education | Gold Dust | Scoop.it
Was the Government too slow to react? Did they have the time? Many People believe that the problems with Government and licence fees began after all the easy gold was taken, and diggers were forced to take longer to find ...

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Aboriginal Australians key to Gold Rush riches

Aboriginal Australians key to Gold Rush riches | Gold Dust | Scoop.it
Most accounts of the gold rushes have focussed on the the involvement of Chinese immigrants and the rumblings that led to the Eureka Stockade.

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Katrina Ferrer's curator insight, April 6, 2015 9:38 AM

This is a 10 minute interview with Dr Fred Cahir, senior lecturer in Aboriginal Studies, University of Ballarat in which he discusses research on the involvement of Indigenous Australians in Gold Rush society and economics in Victoria. The research, which is a truncated version of the book Black Gold (Cahir 2012) has been meticulously constructed, and paints a nuanced picture of the Djadjawurrung and Wathawarrung peoples as active participants in the economic life of the Gold Rush in Victoria.

 

Without downplaying the degree of racial vilification suffered by Aboriginal populations, and without denying the significance of mining Aboriginal land, Cahir suggests that there was some mutual benefit from cooperation between different cultural communities. Relevant narratives to be explored in class include the significant contribution of Aboriginal people to prospecting activities, the Native Police Force entertainment, child minding and the possum skin trade. Also particularly interesting is the relatively untold story of the sizeable incomes of the some Aboriginal miners and their reinvestment of these profits back into communities.

 

This is one of few detailed and comprehensive texts on Aboriginal life on the Gold Rushes, and can be verified as appropriate against the Queensland Studies Authority guidelines (2007) on appropriate historical resources. However, the presentation is most appropriate for teachers and would be most helpful if the most relevant stories and images are extracted from Black Gold for distribution to students. These could be read in conjunction with student research from the SBS Gold website, and could form part of a project in which students researched the Gold Rush from a particular vantage point.

 

REFERENCES

Cahir, F. (2012). Black Gold: Aboriginal people on the goldfields of Victoria, 1850-1870, Canberra, Australian National University e-Press, retrieved from <https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#search/black+gold/14c58b77f2c2e7c9?projector=1&gt;

 

Queensland Studies Authority. (2007). Selecting and evaluating resources. Retrieved from https://www.qsa.qld.edu.au/downloads/approach/indigenous_g008_0712.pdf

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Video: Australia's Heritage: National Treasures - Eureka Flag.

Video: Australia's Heritage: National Treasures - Eureka Flag. | Gold Dust | Scoop.it
Take a voyage of discovery with Chris Taylor as he reveals the secrets behind a fascinating mix of treasures from Australia’s National Heritage List.

Via Laura Aurisch, Sue Bicknell
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Laura Aurisch's curator insight, March 16, 2013 1:58 AM

This video is a great Stage 3 resource because it can be used as a visual and audio tool to introduce students to the Eureka Stockade, through explanation of the Eureka flag and the creation of Australia's democracy.

 

Many conflicting viewpoints exist surrounding different issues of the Eureka stockade, such as the debatable topic of whether Victoria was already on the path to democracy or whether the Eureka Stockade corrected Victoria's political course? The actor states “history tells us they lost the battle. Legend tells us they set Australia on the path to democracy”. Regardless which viewpoint is held, the Eureka Stockade battle caused political change replacing the miner's licence with the miner's right to vote.

This video could be used to lead discussion points such as

how and why societies develop rules/licences/taxes

what is a democracy

the importance of representation

 

After watching the video, a lesson plan may involve students describing what they believe the miners meant by their “their rights and liberties”. This could then be compared to the Ballarat Reform League charter (retrievable from: http://www.ballaratreformleague.org.au/) and current international human rights (retrievable from: http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml).

 

The main idea of this site is to initiate the concept of the effect on today's society of the Eureka Stockade legacy of political change and Australia's identity of being a country that promotes a “fair go”.

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Biography - Peter Lalor - Australian Dictionary of Biography

Biography - Peter Lalor - Australian Dictionary of Biography | Gold Dust | Scoop.it

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Laura Aurisch's curator insight, April 1, 2013 1:26 AM

This site could be used to learn about Peter Lalor, the oath, the Southern Cross and democracy's advantages and disadvantages.

 

Of the thousands who came from overseas bringing with them unique cultures and beliefs, Peter Lalor was chosen to represent the people of the Ballarat gold fields. To learn the significance of Peter Lalor, the Eureka stockade leader and then politician, students should critically analyse his various contributions to Australia's political history.

 

Peter Lalor's biography suggests his prior familial influence for involvement in revolutionary politics combined with his committed personality were factors in his resultant leadership of the Ballarat Reform League committee. His character is defined by his quote 'I would be unworthy of being called a man, …. were I base enough to desert my companions in danger'.

 

The website states Lalor's famous quote “We swear by the Southern Cross to stand truly by each other to defend our rights and liberties”. Students can investigate the meaning behind the significance of the choice of the symbolism of the Southern Cross, which was used in the Eureka flag without the complete Union Jack.

 

Lalor's believed in 'a system of law reform ….[that] will enable the poor man to obtain equal justice with the rich' which resulted in his reappointment by successive parliaments until he resigned in September 1887. Discuss democracy in relation to under-representation of minorities, for example, the Chinese on the gold fields and Lalor's political influence on their lifestyles. Students can then do mind maps, online research and prepare oral presentations or slide shows of the advantages and disadvantages of Democracy.

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The Early Australian Prospectors Part 1

This Video takes an informed look at the Gold Rushes and early prospecting in Australia. The Video covers the first Gold Rushes of the 1850's and how other d...
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Youtube video on Prospectors. Good overview introducing gold rushes in Australia.

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Eureka Stockade by Alan Boardman – A Unit of Work and Lessons For Yr 5 - Australian Curriculum Lessons

Eureka Stockade by Alan Boardman – A Unit of Work and Lessons For Yr 5 - Australian Curriculum Lessons | Gold Dust | Scoop.it
Summary of lesson plan / unit of work: This unit of work based around the Year 5 National Curriculum ‘Historical Knowledge &

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Education Creations's curator insight, June 5, 2014 9:31 PM

Australian Curriculum Lessons is a site where teachers upload their lessons plans to share with other teachers.  A useful site for busy teachers.

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Gold Licence Or Miner's Right | Australian Gold, History & Culture Info/Australian Gold Rush History - Law & Order - Historic Gold Rush Village Mogo South Coast NSW Australia

Gold Licence Or Miner's Right | Australian Gold, History & Culture Info/Australian Gold Rush History - Law & Order - Historic Gold Rush Village Mogo South Coast NSW Australia | Gold Dust | Scoop.it
The colonial governments created a revenue generating system by forcing each gold digger to buy a licence or miner's right. This revenue was then used to police the goldfields, supposedly to reinforce law and order. 

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Gold - Shaping our identity

Gold - Shaping our identity | Gold Dust | Scoop.it

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Lara Kathleen's curator insight, April 19, 2013 8:04 AM

A great classroom resource for looking at the impact of the Gold Rush on Australia.With particular reference to the social changes that occured with mass immigration between 1851 and 1861, making a huge change to the demographics of Australia.

 

HSIE/Maths lesson idea: Within this resource there are multiple lesson ideas.This idea (linked below) encourages students to create a column graph to compare the country of origin in Australia in 1851 with the country of origin in 1861. This links to the Maths KLA as it involves looking at statistics and processing them into a column graph. Once students have process the data they could write a paragraph underneath describing the changes in population over the decade, highlighting particular increases in migration. 

 

Maths Outcome:DS3.1: Displays and interprets data in graphs with scales of many-to one correspondence. Particularly drawing column graphs using a key or scale and interpreting a column graph using the key or scale

 

http://lrrpublic.cli.det.nsw.edu.au/lrrSecure/Sites/LRRView/13286/gold_nw1.htm

 

Assessment idea: Teachers can assess students on their ability to take data from a table and process it into a graph form. Then from this graph if they are able to make insightful and relevant comments based on the data presented. 

 

Global Perspective: This resource further encourages students to think about Australia's connections with other countries in the world at this time, as it asks students to consider the push and pull factors in coming to Australia (especially focusing on the impact gold had in this)

 

This is a Polish miners view of the mixed society on the diggings 

http://www.egold.net.au/movies/immigration.htm

 

On the bottom of the link there are fantastic support notes for teachers 

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Public Record Office Victoria - Archives of the State Government of Victoria

Public Record Office Victoria - Archives of the State Government of Victoria | Gold Dust | Scoop.it

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Laura Aurisch's curator insight, March 23, 2013 8:04 PM

This site contains copies of original letters written by people involved in the events of the Eureka Stockade, such as Lieutenant Governor Hotham's report on “a serious riot and collision at the Ballaarat Gold Field”. As these documents are true historical artefacts, they could be used as background information before asking students to write expositions or perform debates using the different viewpoints of significant people involved in the Eureka Stockade. Perspectives from Lieutenant Governor Hotham, Police (the Native Police Corps and the British Police), Peter Lalor, and miners should be considered.

 

Another activity would involve students interpreting and rewriting the Ballarat Reform League charter in their own words so that they understand the meaning.

 

This site also has links to the Eureka Stockade timeline. A lesson plan may involve mapping the consecutive steps the miners took before accumulating enough frustration to rebel.

 

The site poses questions for consideration, such as:

What was the purpose in forming the Ballarat Reform League?

Why do you think the thirteen prisoners tried for treason were not found guilty?

Why was the meeting on Bakery Hill so significant – what did it represent to both the authorities and to the diggers?

Could the miners have avoided violence in an effort to achieve their objectives?

 

The main purpose of this site is to enable students to differentiate information based on personal perspectives of 'facts'.

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NOLAN , Sidney |Ned Kelly

NOLAN , Sidney |Ned Kelly | Gold Dust | Scoop.it
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Comes with video describing artwork. I'm teaching some acrylic techniques and then getting students to do a recreation.

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Gold - Stage 3

Sqworl makes it easy to organize and share multiple links with just one url. Easy and clean visual bookmarking.
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A whole stack of really good links on this squorl page.

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Eureka! The rush for gold | State Library of New South Wales

Eureka! The rush for gold | State Library of New South Wales | Gold Dust | Scoop.it
Follow the story of the enterprising people who sought the glittering prize in Eureka! The rush for gold.
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