Global Lingua Franca
Follow
Find
1.8K views | +0 today
 
Rescooped by Vlad Rassypninsky from English as an international lingua franca in education
onto Global Lingua Franca
Scoop.it!

English as a lingua franca -- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

English as a lingua franca (ELF) is the use of the English language "as a common means of communication for speakers of different first languages”.[1] ELF is also “defined functionally by its use in intercultural communication rather than formally by its reference to native-speaker norms”[2] whereas English as a foreign language aims at meeting native speaker norms and gives prominence to native speaker cultural aspects.[3] While lingua francas have been used for centuries, what makes ELF a novel phenomenon is the extent to which it is used – both functionally and geographically. A typical ELF conversation may involve an Italian and a Dane chatting at a coffee break of an international conference held in Brussels, a Spanish tourist asking a local for the way in Berlin, and many other similar situations.

The way English is used as a lingua franca is heavily dependent on the specific situation of use. Generally speaking, ELF interactions concentrate on function rather than form. In other words, communicative efficiency (i.e. getting the message across) is more important than correctness.[4] As a consequence, ELF interactions are very often hybrid.[5] Speakers accommodate to each other's cultural backgrounds and may also use code-switching into other languages that they know.[6] Based on the Vienna-Oxford International Corpus of English (VOICE) and additional research, the following features of ELF lexicogrammar have been identified:[7][8]

However, these features are by no means invariant or “obligatory”. Rather, these forms do not seem to compromise effective communication within an ELF setting when they do occur.

English as a lingua franca (ELF) can be defined as “an additionally acquired language system which serves as a common means of communication for speakers of different first languages”. Here's the Wikipedia entry for ELF.


Via Nicos Sifakis
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

The term 'English as a lingua franca (ELF)' is ambiguous since it equates English as the language of global communication in the period of globalization with other international languages (like French, German, Russian, Spanish, Arabic, Mandarin etc) which function as lingua francas in limited areas. Therefore, the more correct term would be 'English as the global lingua franca (EGLF)' to emphasize the uniqueness of the phenomenon. The failure to recognize English as the global lingua franca as a new phenomenon distinct from many national varieties, and particularly from the US and UK national standards, leads to the continued educational practicies when English is still taught as a foreign language (EFL), which promotes the linguistic and cultural domination and gives grounds to the theories of linguistic and cultural imperialism.

The acquisition by English at the turn of the 20th century of the global status has taken the world by storm, and, as a result, while the fact of the globalization of English is widely recognized, its standard is still in the process of formation, which, in its turn, creates difficulties in language learning and teaching.    

more...
Loredana Carson's curator insight, April 29, 2013 12:11 AM

ELF students differ dramatically from domestic students in how they use English language skills throughout their graduate studies.

Vocabmonk's curator insight, September 8, 8:21 AM

English as a Lingua Franca.

Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Why Mandarin Won’t Be a Lingua Franca | Las Vegas Blog

Why Mandarin Won’t Be a Lingua Franca | Las Vegas Blog | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
The odds against a Chinese dialect ever gaining traction as an international language are formidable A Russian, a Korean, and a Mexican walk into a bar. How do they communicate? In English, if at all, even though it’s not anyone’s native language. Swap out a bar for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in China this week, and the attending heads of state from those three countries still have to communicate in English: It’s the only official language of the APEC, even when the APEC gathers in Beijing. Mark Zuckerberg recently scored points during his own visit to Beijing when he made some remarks in Mandarin. The news sparked talk about whether China’s economic rise means Mandarin could someday rival English as a global language. Don’t count on it. Fluency in Mandarin will always be helpful for foreigners doing business in China, much like mastery of Portuguese will give you a leg up in Brazil. But Mandarin poses no threat to English as the world’s bridge language, the second tongue people turn to when communicating and doing commerce across borders. Thanks to the British empire, native English speakers are strategically sprinkled across the globe. English is also the native language of shared popular culture – music, movies, even sport, with the recent ascendance of England’s Premier League. And English is undeniably the language of the technologies connecting us all together. Most languages don’t even bother to coin terms for things like “the Internet” or “text” or “hashtag.” It’s little wonder that an estimated 2 billion people will speak functional English by 2020, the vast majority of them having learned it as their second language. English is an inherently neutral language: There is no gender in English as there are in Romance languages. There are no class or generational distinctions baked into the language, as there are with so many languages that feature different you’s with different verb conjugations – the deferential you (boss, elder, stranger) versus the familiar you (friend, subordinate, child). ...
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Andres Martinez is very convincing in advising us on why Mandarin won't be a lingua franca in the foreseeable future. No doubt, the intrinsic qualities of languages play their part when a language is chosen as a means of global communication.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Political Economy and English as a ‘Global’ Language | Ricento | Critical Multilingualism Studies

Political Economy and English as a ‘Global’ Language
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Thomas Ricento has made an important statement on the importance of linguistic aspects in studying the effects of globalization. However, like many others in the field he has failed to see the forest for the trees. At present, English is no longer a foreign language or, as he writes, a "Global" Language but the Global Language. 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

The Use of English in a Globalised World

The Use of English in a Globalised World | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Overall, the prevalence of the English as a lingua franca has had enormous effects on people throughout the world. The benefits of learning this language have cut across scientific, technological, economic, educational, cultural and political arenas so that English is constantly being learned as a second or a third language for many different purposes.
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Thejas Jaganath, writing about the benefits of learning English in the globalized world, sounds very convincing, even though her statistics is questionable, particular about the use of English in science publications, where she errs on the side of caution. Surprisingly, she has not realized yet as a watcher of the English language in the global arena that English is no longer " a global lingua franca" or "one  of the most dominant languages for research and education" but the global lingua franca and the language of science and research, ignoring which may marginalize any scientific organisation or a scientist.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Morocco’s Minister of Higher Education: Students Must Master English to Access Science Universities

Morocco’s Minister of Higher Education: Students Must Master English to Access Science Universities | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
After various statements made by Lahcen Daoudi, Minister of Higher Education, in which he highlighted the importance of English for students aspiring to build a
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Mr. Lahcen Daoudi has taken the right path to ensure that Morocco  does not stay by the roadside of the world science if the Moroccan scientists fail to master English as the language of science of the globalized world. However, are Moroccan scientists ready to acquire English language skills in less than a quarter of a year,and wouldn't it be easier to achieve this goal at a more measured tempo?

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Bruce Maiman: English already is the national language - The Sacramento Bee

Bruce Maiman: English already is the national language - The Sacramento Bee | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Bill sold as bilingual education is swimming against the tide of global commerce.
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

What Bruce Maiman is saying seems to be everybody's knowledge. Still, people have to be reminded that English is now the global language, and insisting on linguistic and cultural isolation of children from immigrant families under the pretext of 'bilingual education' is depriving them of English language skills they will need in the world where all science is done in English, and where the role of English as the language of international communication is growing.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

TOEFL Celebrates English Language Day on 23 April with Discounts, International News - By Indiaedunews.net

TOEFL Celebrates English Language Day on 23 April with Discounts, International News - By Indiaedunews.net | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
TOEFL Celebrates English Language Day on 23 April with Discounts, International News, TOEFL Celebrates English Language Day on 23 April with Discounts News
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

April 23, English Language Day, is marked this year by the TOEFL Practice Online offering  discounts for test-takers in the program whose services are getting ever more popular as a prerequisite for entering colleges and universities in English speaking countries, which top the lists of the most prestigious institutions of higher education in the world.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Word lovers rejoice to mark OK's birth | Life | Saudi Gazette

Word lovers rejoice to mark OK's birth | Life | Saudi Gazette | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
The tone of truth and moderation
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Now that English has become the recognized language of global communication, it is interesting to note that long before it had achieved its global status, one English word, namely "OK", entered practically all  languages of the planet, and made possible to convey the meanings of consent and approval across languages and cultures. The English language has spread around the world, with the number of speakers in excess of two billion, but "OK" still remains the most popular word wherever you go.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Make English the medium
of instruction - Education | The Star Online

Make English the medium <br/>of instruction - Education | The Star Online | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
ONE of the main reasons why our progress is behind many developed nations is the literacy of its citizens.
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

The tale of two nations: Singapore and Malaysia. Singapore has chosen English as the language of government and, correspondingly, the medium of instruction at all levels of education. Malaysia, in search of natinal  identity, has replaced English with Bahasa Malaysia.  As a result, now that English has become the global language,  Malaysia is losing out in world competition, falling behind in its economic and scientific development. Retaining one's national or ethnic identity in the globalized world without English language skills is a way to linguistic and cultural isolation and backwardness. 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Enhanced English education sought in Japanese elementary schools

Enhanced English education sought in Japanese elementary schools | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
A governmental panel on education reform will propose enhancing English-language education in elementary schools by making it an official subject for fifth- and sixth-graders. As a way of nurturing people ...
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

 Steps undertaken by the Japanese educationalists to enhance English language education both at school and university levels show that the Japanese society has finally realized that linguistic and cultural isolation impede Japan's successful policies in international relations. 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Johnson: What might have been

Johnson: What might have been | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
THE English poet William Barnes (pictured) is no household name. But that is almost a shame, because he represented a strand that we don’t otherwise see much of:...
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Now that English has become the language of the world, more and more attention is paid to its inherent properties to understand what makes a language a global lingua franca. Purity, as it appears, is not a quality that makes for any language to achieve any recognition as a means of interlingual and intercultural communication. 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Pilot bilingual education starts in Dutch primary schools CCTV News - CNTV English

Pilot bilingual education starts in Dutch primary schools CCTV News - CNTV English | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Dutch education authority on Wednesday announced that trial bilingual education will start this year in 12 primary schools.
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Bilingual education is nothing new, and frequently it is compromised by dubious hidden agendas, when under the pretext of maintaining schoolchildren's ethnic languages and cultures, attempts are made to isolate whole ethnic groups linguistically and culturally. In case of the Netherlands, however, the pilot bilingual education in primary schools is meant to make the future generation o f the Dutch truly bilingual, with English used as teaching medium at a young age. 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Embrace English ... without losing Arab identity | Arab News — Saudi Arabia News, Middle East News, Opinion, Economy and more.

Embrace English ... without losing Arab identity | Arab News — Saudi Arabia News, Middle East News, Opinion, Economy and more. | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Arab News, an English-language daily, is a leading source of commentaries and news on Saudi Arabia, sports, business, Islam, lifestyle and more.
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

As English spreads around the world as the language of global communication, fierce arguments about its negative impact on local languages and cultures break out in countries and regions known for their traditional lingual and cultural isolation, and Saudi Arabia is no exception in this respect. Ibrahim Naffee, writing for Arab News, is quite right in pointing out that embracing English should not lead to losing Arab identity. A new generation of Arabs is developing a multiple identity: while retaining their language and culture, they become part of the global community with English as the common language, and sharing an incipient global culture.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Student group makes learning second language, culture easier | Penn State University

Student group makes learning second language, culture easier | Penn State University | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Penn State’s Transition Partners program is a peer-to-peer organization where student mentors help international students who come to the University through the Intensive English Communication Program (IECP) practice speaking English, learn about...
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Heather Hottle's story is narrative of the Age of Globalization, even though she is, perhaps, unaware of   it as she treats English as just a foreign language that foreign students have to learn in order to pursue their educational programs in an English speaking country. The Intensive English Communication Program (IECP ) was initiated in Penn State back in 1976, but it's only now, when English has become the language of the world, that educators come to realize that classes and lectures are not enough to acquire English language skills sufficient for full and equal participation in the life of the contemporary society.

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Vlad Rassypninsky from Metaglossia: The Translation World
Scoop.it!

Spaniards speak better English than ever: study - The Local

Spaniards speak better English than ever: study - The Local | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Spain is continuing to see big gains in its English language skills, with the country reaping the rewards of increased investment into language education, a new study shows.

Via Charles Tiayon
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

By defining English as one of seven basic skills, the Spanish government has clearly shown that it understands the role that Global English plays in global economy now as well as the risks any nation takes by pursuing the policies of cultural isolation by failing to provide their citizens a favorable environment for improving English language skills.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

How English became language of science

How English became language of science | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Nina Porzucki in her essay about English as the language of science takes a Hollywood perspective on how and why English has become the language of Academia. German has never been the language of science, the position that English has attained in the epoch of globalization. German was a language of science along with a group of other European languages, but  it  was not the language of science in the multipolar science world of late 19th-first half of the 20th century, when scientists had to be multilingual to be in step with the developments in their research fields.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Focus on English at Spain’s schools - Education | The Star Online

Focus on English at Spain’s schools - Education | The Star Online | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Hello everybody, how are you?" asks the teacher, and two dozen Spanish-accented voices reply in unison, in well-drilled English: "I'm fine, thank you."
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

As Spain struggles with its response to the demand of enhancing English language skills of its citizens by means of intensive English immersion schemes in "bilingual colleges", Anna Cuenca draws attention to what she sees as the negative aspects of the new approach to English language teaching. However, the alternative to the new teaching approach is watching the further deterioration of English language skills at the times when English has established itself as the global language of the globalized world.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Do You Speak American . What Lies Ahead? . Global American . Global | PBS

Do You Speak American . What Lies Ahead? . Global American . Global | PBS | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

David Rohde draws a rather alarming picture of the spread of English around the world, and in his confused vision it's not clear, whether it's English that takes the world by storm or it's the world that takes English by storm. The confusion is a result of failing to see the difference between the use of English for global communication and its use in local speech communities in the form of so-called Englishes. 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

English skills and our education standards – Lok Wing Kong

English skills and our education standards – Lok Wing Kong | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Our political leaders, particularly the education minister, are in total denial state that our education system is shamefully low.

In The Higher Education ranking,
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Long Wing Kong makes a strong point in support of enhancing English language skills in Malaysian universities.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

New Rule: U.S. Startups With Eyes on Global Markets Are Picking Asia Over Europe

New Rule: U.S. Startups With Eyes on Global Markets Are Picking Asia Over Europe | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Should your company join them?
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

The global expansion of U.S.-based companies has often been hindered by language barriers. Not in Asia any more, as new trends seem to suggest. With Asia leading in English strengthening its positions as the world's universal language in business and commerce, it's no longer necessary there to localize your products  immediately when bringing them to Asian markets. 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

TutorGroup, World’s Largest English-Language Learning Institute, Adds SBI Group as Investor | Business Wire

TutorGroup, World’s Largest English-Language Learning Institute, Adds SBI Group as Investor | Business Wire | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
TutorGroup, the leading online education platform and largest English-language learning institution in the world, added SBI Group (formerly known as S
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

The globalized world's lingua franca is English, particularly as the common language of business communication. The demand for English language teaching in real-time  interaction settings, however, seems to outpace the supply. What's more, traditional brick-and-mortar schools cannot accomodate a great number of those would-be students who find it hard to adapt to fixed time-tables, localities as well as to fit in groups of their language levels. TutorGroup, the world's largest English-language learning institution, makes it possible for teachers and students to ensure  English  language teaching and learning "when they want and where they want, and at their own pace".

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

More than a language - Mumbai Mirror -

More than a language - Mumbai Mirror - | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Pune-based Zensar has made teaching English the thrust of its philanthropic initiative.
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Mudar Patheria, writing for Mumbai Times, states that English in India is " the biggest destiny transformer with the smallest educational effort". The author also points out that English is a lingua franca that binds businesses across the country, connects India to the world and is "a social cum professional enabler". However, while acknowledging the role of English in India, the author also claims that only 4 per cent of Indians are fluent in the global lingua franca, which seems to contradict statements about "connectedness" of Indians through English both in India and in the world.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Does English Still Borrow Words From Other Languages?

Does English Still Borrow Words From Other Languages? | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Malaysian Digest was started by a group of writers and editors who believed that Malaysia should be given more choice in what they read.
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

The question asked in the headline is not rhetorical. Hasn't the trend changed, and now it's other languages that borrow more from English as the global lingua franca, whose influence over other languages and cultures is growing at ever greater pace? However, the word borrowing and word lending phenomena are not so simple as to claim that English is no longer the number one borrower of words in the world. Moreover, now that the greatest amount of information is generated in the English language, it is only natural that it is borrowing words to describe other cultures and subcultures. 

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Vlad Rassypninsky from English as an international lingua franca in education
Scoop.it!

Nigeria's use of Pidgin English ruffles the feathers of purists

Nigeria's use of Pidgin English ruffles the feathers of purists | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it

In a country of 170 million, with hundreds of local languages and dialects, pidgin, rather than official Standard English, is the glue that increasingly binds disparate communities...


Via Nicos Sifakis
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Nigerian Pidgin English may ruffle the feathers of purists, as Robert Leslie writes in the China Post, but it is English, though it's not its standard form that has become the Global Lingua Franca in the globalized world of today.  The fact that it is fast becoming Nigeria's lingua franca must not be regarded as posing a threat to English as Nigeria's official language. Rather, as a form of a stepping stone, it facilitates the less educated people in Nigeria in eventually acquiring standard English, which opens doors to world-wide communication and to new opportuties in business and education.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Big Bang Theory en Francais est Magnifique!

Big Bang Theory en Francais est Magnifique! | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
Beliefnet Voices – A parents' eye on media, culture, and values
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

As Nell Minow points out, "Friends" has been key to the changing marketplace of global television. However, she should know that "Friends" has been just another popular American sitcom, and not the most popular  at that. The title of her post, however, may be misunderstood: American sitcoms appeal to the world TV viewers not because they arehighly entertaining and are dubbed into local languages, but because American culture and the English language   are the most influential factors in developing the global culture and the global language of the increasingly globalized world.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Vlad Rassypninsky
Scoop.it!

Be Remarkable, Girls! - JEJU WEEKLY

Be Remarkable, Girls! - JEJU WEEKLY | Global Lingua Franca | Scoop.it
[This article is written by a JDC Junior Journalist. The JDC Junior Journalist p...
Vlad Rassypninsky's insight:

Can one learn the English language, which has become   the key to world-wide communication in the increasingly globalized world, in a non-English speaking milieu, relying exclusively on classroom practices?  Certainly, it is a rhetorical question, since everybody knows that the answer  is in the negative. On the other hand, not all people can afford  learning English in an English-speaking country. One of the solutions to this vicious circle problem is offered by the phenomenon of the Jeju Global Education City in Korea, which makes it possible to create English language oases in  any non-English-speaking environment. 

more...
No comment yet.