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The Global Population in 2100

The Global Population in 2100 | Global Growth Relations |
Solving many of the world’s biggest environmental challenges may have just gotten more difficult.

The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the UN recently released population data indicating the midline estimate - more than 10.8 billion by 2100 - is 800 million higher than the 2010 prediction.

Today’s rural-to-urban migration will continue in full force, with upwards of 84% of the planet living in cities at the close of the century (compared to 52 % today).

Of course population isn’t the only factor contributing to humans’ planetary impact. Consumption may be equally important when looking at the drivers of environmental change across the Earth. Nevertheless, population will continue to be a major consideration as we work to address issues ranging from energy and food security to water availability, species loss, pollution, urban planning and more in the decades ahead...

Via Lauren Moss

Africa and Asia!!!



Aleasha Reed's curator insight, September 27, 2013 9:14 AM

By the year 2100 our global population is calculated to reach 10.8 billion. The United States is expected to grow another 150 million by this time. Our population right now is 313.9 million right now. Our big cities will continue to grow, and new ones will arise as the years pass.

M-Christine Lanne's curator insight, November 11, 2013 2:44 AM

La démographie, une donnée déterminante  pour l'évolution du climat et la pression sur les ressources naturelles. Nous finissons hélas par être trop nombreux sur terre pour ce qu'elle peut supporter au rythme actuel...

MissPatel's curator insight, December 17, 2014 2:09 AM

A future to look forward to? Your potential future? Good, bad or ugly? 

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12 Scalable Link-Building Tactics

12 Scalable Link-Building Tactics | Global Growth Relations |

'Through all the debates about link-building and link-earning, one thing is clear: High-quality links are still an essential part of any SEO strategy. This post offers 12 of today's most effective and scalable tactics to build your link portfolio.


The tactics listed in this post are from the 4-part newsletter series launched a couple of weeks ago.


Below are the guidelines covered by the series, mostly about implementing some of the most scalable link-building tactics today. These can be used by agencies, SMBs and enterprise-level companies'.


Read More:

Via Antonino Militello
Linda Allen's comment, September 18, 2013 1:42 PM
Excellent share! Thank you!
9Dotstrategies's curator insight, September 18, 2013 10:56 PM

Scalable Link Building Tactics from Moz

Elsie Whitelock's curator insight, September 23, 2013 8:44 AM

a bit heavy for non techie types but useful

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Global Mobile Advertising Stats - an infographic /@BerriePelser

Global Mobile Advertising Stats - an infographic /@BerriePelser | Global Growth Relations |
Global Mobile Advertising Stats an infographic The Mobile advertising market is growing fast with more

Via WordPress SEO & Social Media
WordPress SEO & Social Media's curator insight, September 18, 2013 2:42 AM

Global Mobile Advertising Stats - an infographic /@BerriePelser

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The How-To Guide to Responsive Email Design [Infographic]

The How-To Guide to Responsive Email Design [Infographic] | Global Growth Relations |

Responsive email design has been growing steadily in popularity, and it’s no surprise as to why: 47% of email opens are on a mobile device, and some brands see upwards of 70%. These brands turn to responsive design techniques to create better experiences for their subscribers, and in many cases, increase their click and engagement rates.

This infographic is a how-to guide showing what is possible with responsive email design and how to implement these concepts successfully.

Via Lauren Moss
Mr Tozzo's curator insight, September 18, 2013 5:24 PM

The How-To Guide to Responsive Email Design [Infographic]

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Social Media Made Easy: Guiding Patients to Credible Online Health Information and Engagement Resources

Social Media Made Easy: Guiding Patients to Credible Online Health Information and Engagement Resources | Global Growth Relations |

Within the changing dynamic of health care, health care professionals (HCPs) are no longer the sole sources of health information. Recent estimates suggest that 83% of Internet users with chronic conditions such as diabetes go online to look for health information.1 People with diabetes seek online information about the condition, treatment options, practical strategies and tools for managing diabetes in their daily lives, scientific breakthroughs, and advocacy efforts.2 


Yet, a Google search for “diabetes” returns 290 million results. A search for “diabetes online support” yields close to 36 million results. This can be overwhelming for anyone.


Some HCPs assist with this information overload by filtering and narrowing down online resources and search results for their patients. SurroundHealth, an online learning community for nonphysician HCPs, recently surveyed its members about the use of educational technology in health care. Many respondents reported that they used time during patient interactions to refer patients to online resources. Eighty-two percent of HCPs in private practice reported having referred patients to specific online resources, compared to 60% of HCPs in outpatient clinics and 52% of HCPs in hospital settings.


The HCPs who made referrals intended to help patients overcome common online obstacles such as difficulty distinguishing between high-quality information and material that is out of date, inaccurate, or overly promotional.3 Connecting patients to credible online health information during office visits can facilitate more appropriate use of health care resources, shorter clinical encounters, more patient-centered decision-making, and, in some cases, reduced barriers to treatment adherence.4,5


This article explains how online health information and engagement resources are integrated into patients' overall health care experiences. In addition, it addresses common HCP concerns about patients accessing online resources and will outline steps that busy professionals can take to help connect patients to appropriate online resources.

 Online Health Information Resources Versus Online Health Engagement Resources

Online health information resources push information out to the patient, whereas online health engagement resources promote the sharing of information, as well as support and interaction among patients.

Within an online health information resource, the information flows in one direction—from the content author to people with diabetes. The content reflects the perspectives and priorities of the author or author's organization. The author determines what information to share and when and how to share it. Typically conveyed in an objective manner, the information is usually vetted for factual accuracy before publication.


Examples of online health information resources for people with diabetes include Web sites of the American Diabetes Association (ADA;, the National Diabetes Education Program (, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Diabetes Public Health Resource ( In addition, people with diabetes can find credible health information resources via online learning centers affiliated with medical centers such as the Joslin Diabetes Center (


In contrast, online health engagement resources are social-networking tools and platforms (e.g., blogs, Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, and other online community sites) that allow active, two-way sharing of information (Table 1). Created by participants or community members, content often focuses on the real-life challenges of living with a particular disease or condition and offers emotional support, encouragement, coping, and problem-solving. People with diabetes often determine for themselves which specific health engagement resources are most useful and credible based on their life situation and learning needs. The information in health engagement resources is not guaranteed to be vetted for factual accuracy and may reflect an individual's opinion or experiences.


View this table:In a new windowTable 1.

Comparison of Social Networking Tools and Platforms


Examples of online health engagement resources for people with diabetes (, Diabetes Social Media Advocacy (DSMA) (, Children With Diabetes (, and You Can Do This Project ( In general, the goal of health engagement resources is not to undermine the professional-patient therapeutic alliance or replace medical recommendations, but rather to serve as a source of inspiration, offer motivation and encouragement, and provide a sense of community.

View this table:In this window In a new windowTable 2.

Comparison of Health Information and Health Engagement Resources


Limited formal evidence exists of the effect of patients' involvement in social media on their overall health. However, research is underway to determine whether participation in a controlled social network of HCPs, patients, friends, and family members has a positive effect on knowledge, attitudes, and diabetes self-care management.6 Although providers seek evidence to support the use of social media in improving diabetes care, people with diabetes view social media as tools to facilitate connecting with others, not as an intervention or a treatment approach.


Well-known blogger Kerri Sparling, who has type 1 diabetes, commented in a recent column titled “Proof Is in the People,”7 on HCPs' interest in evidence: “Through connecting online, and in person, people living with diabetes have concrete proof that they are not alone, and that there is health worth fighting for, even after a diabetes diagnosis. Social media … shows people that there isn't such a thing as a ‘perfect diabetic,’ but there can be an educated and determined one. It lets people know they aren't alone in the ebb and flow of their diabetes management. It doesn't encourage people to wallow in their troubles, but serves to inspire them to do the best they can, and to seek out the best healthcare they can find, both at home and in their doctor's offices.”


Although the characteristics of health information resources differ from those of health engagement resources (Table 2), many people with diabetes consider both to be part of their overall online experience (Figure 1). In combination, online health information and health engagement resources represent informal learning and support that can complement the more formal information and education that people with diabetes receive from their HCPs.


Online health information and health engagement resources represent informal education and support that can complement the more formal education people with diabetes receive from their health care team during office visits. 

These resources are also there for HCPs' use. By going online and becoming acquainted with the different resources, HCPs may gain a better perspective on how their patients experience and learn from such sites. However, even with a deeper understanding of the value of online resources for patients, HCPs may struggle with concerns about protection of patient privacy, their professional responsibility, and the time constraints involved in staying up to date on available resources.

 Overcoming Concerns About Privacy and Time

HCPs may hesitate to learn about or participate in social media because of concerns related to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and uncertainty about how much to engage with people (possibly patients) online. HIPAA protects patients' privacy by limiting the ways in which their information is shared with others. Patients can choose to share or engage online and provide personal health information, whether about their care and treatment, health care decisions, or details of their patient-professional interactions. HCPs' reading of content that patients chose to share online does not violate HIPAA. However, commenting in a public setting to an individual patient without the patient's signed consent may be considered a HIPAA violation or cause concern that the patient's privacy is not being protected or respected.8 


Even if an HCP has a signed patient consent form, when commenting within a public viewable health engagement resource, the professional should provide only general health information and avoid specific, individualized medical advice. Privacy-protected e-mail is the best tool for direct online communication about medical care with individual patients.


Lack of time is another deterrent to embracing social media for busy HCPs. In addition to more traditional avenues of continuing education (e.g., medical meetings, symposia, and peer-reviewed journals), HCPs may benefit from supplementing their education with social learning and curation. Curation is the process of evaluating a range of available resources and identifying specific ones that are most appropriate for patients' needs. Like a museum curator selecting pieces of art to include in a display, HPCs can identify and select online resources to share with their patients. Ultimately, the curated resources that professionals share with their patients can be an effective strategy to both enhance direct-to-patient education and save time during in-office education. In addition, posted patient experiences within the resources can help HCPs themselves learn about patients' challenges and insights related to new treatments and technologies.

 Patients' Perceptions of HCPs' Involvement in Social Media

Because of the availability of social media tools, people with diabetes can now congregate and interact with each other online without restrictions of geographical location. Thus, online networking and engagement by people with diabetes is collectively referred to as “the diabetes online community.” This online community also includes friends, family, and HCPs who work with people with diabetes.


DSMA holds weekly Twitter chats, known as #DSMA, for people with diabetes. During the 20 June 2012 chat, participants were asked to comment about whether having HCPs using social media was valuable. Responses included, “Yes, it will help them learn more about the 24/7 aspects to living with diabetes,” “Yes, but I worry about ‘big brother medical care’,” and “Yes, to connect on a more human level, but no lecturing/knowing what's best.” Overall, the #DSMA community consensus appeared to be that participation by HCPs in social media would be valuable and could help HCPs further their understanding of the complex issues that people with diabetes must deal with daily.9


Building the Bridge From Office Visit to Online Interaction: Time-Saving Approaches 

Helping patients access online health engagement resources does not have to be a time-consuming endeavor, and professionals do not have to actively use all social media platforms and tools. Professionals can use the steps to curate credible resource suggestions for their patients.

1. Solicit and review recommendations.

Ask staff members and patients to share their favorite online health information and engagement resources for diabetes. A listing of many health engagement resources can also be found at the Diabetes Advocates Web site (; click on the tab for Members and Resources). Diabetes Advocates identifies a number of health engagement resources specifically for people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, for parents of children with diabetes, and for Spanish-speaking people with diabetes.


Seeking input from patients regarding health engagement resources is crucial because HCPs may not have the necessary objectivity to identify the most useful engagement resources. People with diabetes of varying ages and life situations are sharing their experiences through health engagement resources. Relying on patients to help identify the most useful health engagement resources ensures a synergy between patients' needs and the recommended resources. Remember that self-policing among individuals within online diabetes communities also helps to ensure that the most credible and useful resources gain validation and trust.


HCPs should ask their staff members and patients the reasons the resources they recommend are highly preferred and use that rationale to inform their own recommendations. Seeking input positions HCPs as curators and navigators on behalf of patients and decreases the appearance of bias or of “endorsement” by professionals.

2. Create a list of credible online resources to proactively share with patients during office visits.

Before sharing the list, HCPs should first access and review the recommended online resources to become familiar with what they offer patients. HCPs or health care organizations that have their own Web sites can also share resource links via their sites.


HCPs should use the opportunity to emphasize to patients that a diabetes care plan is based on individual needs. If patients want to make changes to their plan based on online information or conversations, they should first discuss the proposed changes with their HCP.


HCPs should emphasize characteristics that indicate that a resource may not be credible. These include sites that:

Sell a specific product or service

Display numerous advertisements, which may indicate potential for editorial bias

Tout a quick fix or cure

Use sensationalized stories and testimonials to persuade patients to take a specific action


Likewise, HCPs should teach patients how to recognize credible resources. These include sites that:

Clearly identify the backgrounds and experience of the content author and the reason for sharing the information

Offer a balanced perspective or information that is vetted and backed by a trusted organization such as the ADA

Provide current and frequently updated content

Seek input from credentialed medical advisors for any clinical content about diagnosis and treatment


3. Assess patients' use of online resources and level of health literacy.

Identify the health information and engagement resources patients are using, and gauge their level of understanding of such health information. Ask patients how the resources are helping them, and offer to address specific questions related to the information. Ask patients what tips and advice they would give other patients who want to reach out to online communities. Integrate this advice into ongoing discussions with other patients.


The number of patients who look online for diabetes-related information and resources is expanding. HCPs who proactively encourage patients to investigate reputable online health information and engagement resources may help improve their patients' problem-solving skills in managing diabetes day to day while also potentially strengthening the HCP-patient relationship.

Via Plus91
Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, November 4, 2013 5:53 AM

Health Information Literacy

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Content Curation Guide for SEO

Content Curation Guide for SEO | Global Growth Relations |

Via Marc Rougier, Lauren Moss
SEO's content curation leads to time saving!
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Full Text of Obama CYA Speech: 'Our Leadership is at Stake'

Full Text of Obama CYA Speech: 'Our Leadership is at Stake' | Global Growth Relations |
"Our ideals and principles, as well as our national security, are at stake in Syria," president tells nation.


This is the full text of US President Barack Obama's speech on Syria, as provided by the Federal News Service:

My fellow Americans, tonight I want to talk to you about Syria, why it matters and where we go from here. Over the past two years, what began as a series of peaceful protests against the repressive regime of Bashar al-Assad has turned into a brutal civil war. Over a hundred thousand people have been killed. Millions have fled the country. In that time, America has worked with allies to provide humanitarian support, to help the moderate opposition and to shape a political settlement.

But I have resisted calls for military action because we cannot resolve someone else's civil war through force, particularly after a decade of war in Iraq and Afghanistan.

The situation profoundly changed, though, on Aug. 21st, when Assad's government gassed to death over a thousand people, including hundreds of children. The images from this massacre are sickening, men, women, children lying in rows, killed by poison gas, others foaming at the mouth, gasping for breath, a father clutching his dead children, imploring them to get up and walk. On that terrible night, the world saw in gruesome detail the terrible nature of chemical weapons and why the overwhelming majority of humanity has declared them off limits, a crime against humanity and a violation of the laws of war.

Historical background

This was not always the case. In World War I, American GIs were among the many thousands killed by deadly gas in the trenches of Europe. In World War II, the Nazis used gas to inflict the horror of the Holocaust. Because these weapons can kill on a mass scale, with no distinction between soldier and infant, the civilized world has spent a century working to ban them. And in 1997, the United States Senate overwhelmingly approved an international agreement prohibiting the use of chemical weapons, now joined by 189 governments that represent 98 percent of humanity.

On Aug. 21st, these basic rules were violated, along with our sense of common humanity.

No one disputes that chemical weapons were used in Syria. The world saw thousands of videos, cellphone pictures and social media accounts from the attack. And humanitarian organizations told stories of hospitals packed with people who had symptoms of poison gas.

Moreover, we know the Assad regime was responsible. In the days leading up to Aug. 21st, we know that Assad's chemical weapons personnel prepared for an attack near an area they where they mix sarin gas. They distributed gas masks to their troops. Then they fired rockets from a regime-controlled area into 11 neighborhoods that the regime has been trying to wipe clear of opposition forces.

Shortly after those rockets landed, the gas spread, and hospitals filled with the dying and the wounded. We know senior figures in Assad's military machine reviewed the results of the attack. And the regime increased their shelling of the same neighborhoods in the days that followed. We've also studied samples of blood and hair from people at the site that tested positive for sarin.

When dictators commit atrocities, they depend upon the world to look the other way until those horrifying pictures fade from memory. But these things happened. The facts cannot be denied.

The question now is what the United States of America and the international community is prepared to do about it, because what happened to those people, to those children, is not only a violation of international law, it's also a danger to our security.

Consequences of inaction

Let me explain why. If we fail to act, the Assad regime will see no reason to stop using chemical weapons.

As the ban against these weapons erodes, other tyrants will have no reason to think twice about acquiring poison gas and using them. Over time our troops would again face the prospect of chemical warfare on the battlefield, and it could be easier for terrorist organizations to obtain these weapons and to use them to attack civilians.

If fighting spills beyond Syria's borders, these weapons could threaten allies like Turkey, Jordan and Israel.

And a failure to stand against the use of chemical weapons would weaken prohibitions against other weapons of mass destruction and embolden Assad's ally, Iran, which must decide whether to ignore international law by building a nuclear weapon or to take a more peaceful path.

This is not a world we should accept. This is what's at stake. And that is why, after careful deliberation, I determined that it is in the national security interests of the United States to respond to the Assad regime's use of chemical weapons through a targeted military strike. The purpose of this strike would be to deter Assad from using chemical weapons, to degrade his regime's ability to use them and to make clear to the world that we will not tolerate their use. That's my judgment as commander in chief.

But I'm also the president of the world's oldest constitutional democracy. So even though I possessed the authority to order military strikes, I believed it was right, in the absence of a direct or imminent threat to our security, to take this debate to Congress. I believe our democracy is stronger when the president acts with the support of Congress, and I believe that America acts more effectively abroad when we stand together.

This is especially true after a decade that put more and more war-making power in the hands of the president, and more and more burdens on the shoulders of our troops, while sidelining the people's representatives from the critical decisions about when we use force.

A slippery slope?

Now, I know that after the terrible toll of Iraq and Afghanistan, the idea of any military action, no matter how limited, is not going to be popular. After all, I've spent four and a half years working to end wars, not to start them. Our troops are out of Iraq, our troops are coming home from Afghanistan, and I know Americans want all of us in Washington, especially me, to concentrate on the task of building our nation here at home, putting people back to work, educating our kids, growing our middle class. It's no wonder, then, that you're asking hard questions. So let me answer some of the most important questions that I've heard from members of Congress and that I've read in letters that you've sent to me.

First, many of you have asked: Won't this put us on a slippery slope to another war? One man wrote to me that we are still recovering from our involvement in Iraq. A veteran put it more bluntly: This nation is sick and tired of war.

My answer is simple. I will not put American boots on the ground in Syria. I will not pursue an open-ended action like Iraq or Afghanistan. I will not pursue a prolonged air campaign like Libya or Kosovo. This would be a targeted strike to achieve a clear objective: deterring the use of chemical weapons and degrading Assad's capabilities.

Others have asked whether it's worth acting if we don't take out Assad. As some members of Congress have said, there's no point in simply doing a pinprick strike in Syria.

Let me make something clear: The United States military doesn't do pinpricks.

Even a limited strike will send a message to Assad that no other nation can deliver. I don't think we should remove another dictator with force. We learned from Iraq that doing so makes us responsible for all that comes next. But a targeted strike can make Assad or any other dictator think twice before using chemical weapons.

Israel can defend itself

Other questions involve the dangers of retaliation. We don't dismiss any threats, but the Assad regime does not have the ability to seriously threaten our military. Any other — any other retaliation they might seek is in line with threats that we face every day. Neither Assad nor his allies have any interest in escalation that would lead to his demise. And our ally Israel can defend itself with overwhelming force, as well as the unshakable support of the United States of America.

Many of you have asked a broader question: Why should we get involved at all in a place that's so complicated and where, as one person wrote to me, those who come after Assad may be enemies of human rights? It's true that some of Assad's opponents are extremists. But al-Qaida will only draw strength in a more chaotic Syria if people there see the world doing nothing to prevent innocent civilians from being gassed to death. The majority of the Syrian people and the Syrian opposition we work with just want to live in peace, with dignity and freedom. And the day after any military action, we would redouble our efforts to achieve a political solution that strengthens those who reject the forces of tyranny and extremism.

Finally, many of you have asked, why not leave this to other countries or seek solutions short of force?

And several people wrote to me, we should not be the world's policeman. I agree. And I have a deeply held preference for peaceful solutions. Over the last two years my administration has tried diplomacy and sanctions, warnings and negotiations. But chemical weapons were still used by the Assad regime.

Encouraging signs

However, over the last few days we've seen some encouraging signs in part because of the credible threat of U.S. military action as well as constructive talks that I had with President Putin. The Russian government has indicated a willingness to join with the international community in pushing Assad to give up his chemical weapons. The Assad regime has now admitted that it has these weapons and even said they'd join the chemical weapons convention, which prohibits their use.

It's too early to tell whether this offer will succeed, and any agreement must verify that the Assad regime keeps its commitments. But this initiative has the potential to remove the threat of chemical weapons without the use of force, particularly because Russia is one of Assad's strongest allies.

I have therefore asked the leaders of Congress to postpone a vote to authorize the use of force while we pursue this diplomatic path. I'm sending Secretary of State John Kerry to meet his Russian counterpart on Thursday, and I will continue my own discussions with President Putin. I've spoken to the leaders of two of our closest allies, France and the United Kingdom. And we will work together in consultation with Russia and China to put forward a resolution at the U.N. Security Council requiring Assad to give up his chemical weapons and to ultimately destroy them under international control.

We'll also give U.N. inspectors the opportunity to report their findings about what happened on Aug. 21st. And we will continue to rally support from allies, from Europe to the Americas, from Asia to the Middle East who agree on the need for action.

Meanwhile, I've ordered our military to maintain their current posture, to keep the pressure on Assad and to be in a position to respond if diplomacy fails. And tonight I give thanks again to our military and their families for their incredible strength and sacrifices.

The burden of leadership

My fellow Americans, for nearly seven decades the United States has been the anchor of global security. This has meant doing more than forging international agreements. It has meant enforcing them. The burdens of leadership are often heavy, but the world's a better place because we have borne them.

And so to my friends on the right, I ask you to reconcile your commitment to America's military might with a failure to act when a cause is so plainly just.

To my friends on the left, I ask you to reconcile your belief in freedom and dignity for all people with those images of children writhing in pain and going still on a cold hospital floor, for sometimes resolutions and statements of condemnation are simply not enough.

Indeed, I'd ask every member of Congress, and those of you watching at home tonight, to view those videos of the attack, and then ask: What kind of world will we live in if the United States of America sees a dictator brazenly violate international law with poison gas and we choose to look the other way? Franklin Roosevelt once said our national determination to keep free of foreign wars and foreign entanglements cannot prevent us from feeling deep concern when ideals and principles that we have cherished are challenged.

Our ideals and principles, as well as our national security, are at stake in Syria, along with our leadership of a world where we seek to ensure that the worst weapons will never be used. America is not the world's policeman. Terrible things happen across the globe, and it is beyond our means to right every wrong. But when, with modest effort and risk, we can stop children from being gassed to death and thereby make our own children safer over the long run, I believe we should act. That's what makes America different. That's what makes us exceptional.

With humility, but with resolve, let us never lose sight of that essential truth.

Thank you. God bless you, and God bless the United States of America.

Via littlebytesnews

God save America... Or?

littlebytesnews's curator insight, September 11, 2013 5:05 AM

So the bottom line he's looking to save his butt for drawing the redline....and now wants to take credit for diplomacy, that may or may not fail, but he still wants to threaten Assad and bomb Syria?? 


However, as I said before, if I was Assad I'd be skeptical on trusting Obama..after all he had Gaddaffi killed even after he gave up his WMDs and was not a threat to the US but helped AQ take over Libya and assassinate him.



"The decision by Libya was last night hailed by both London and Washington as a victory in the so-called war on terror and that the invasion of Iraq had sent a clear message to any other nations seeking to develop WMD.

Libya's willingness to give up its WMD program is essentially another step in the process that was started earlier this summer when it agreed to accept responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing and to pay $10m (£5.6m) in compensation to the relatives of each of the 270 people killed in the 1988 attack on the airliner.

Libya has been making efforts to return to the international fold and develop closer trade links with the West since 1999, when it handed over two Libyan suspects to stand trial under Scottish law at a purpose-built court in the Netherlands. In January 2001, one of those suspects, Abdel Basset al-Megrahi, was convicted. His co-accused was cleared.

In exchange for the compensation and the acceptance of responsibility, the United Nations in September formally lifted sanctions against Libya that had been in place since 1991. America's own sanctions have remained, with Washington insisting they would stay in place until Libya proved it "changed its ways". The UN resolution also demanded that Libya give up any WMD.



However, ten years later the Obama administration turned on Gaddaffi and helped have him assassinated by Islamic terrroists....and then Benghazi happened....if I were Assad I would be very skeptical of trusting the Obama admin not to have Assad assassinated after he gives up his chemical weapons. 


Video:Belgian journalist held prisoner in Syria says rebels used gas | ;


Obama Open To Diplomacy After Samantha Powers Said Exhausted All Options


Kerry Rhetorically Speaks,Russia& Syria Like 'Rhetorical' Idea for Averting War ;


Assad loyalists "forming human shields" to protect from US strikes


 China, joins Russia, Has Warships “Observing” Close to Syria ;


The U.S. has intercepted an order from Iran to militants in Iraq to attack the U.S. Embassy and other American interests in Baghdad in the event of a strike on Syria,


Video: “Allahu Akbar!” @SenJohnMcCain, @statedept allies caught Executing Restrained Kneeling Pro-Assad Civilians ;


Iran Threatens To Unleash Hezbollah, Kidnap Americans If U.S. Strikes Syria ;


Video:Terrorists Coming Thru Southern Border;Hezbollah training in Mexico! ;

and likely in the US already as sleeper cells, thanks to our porous borders that this threat from Iran could become a reality if Obama strikes Syria. 


Putin right,Kerry lied:Top intelligence reports   confirm jihadists overpowering 'moderates' | ;


The Truth About Al Qaeda Infiltration in Syria


Allen West to Congress: Don't Let Obama Make You a Scapegoat for Syria ;


Obama gets Cold Feet -Syrian's celebrating&call admin a joke


EXCLUSIVE: Syrians In Ghouta Claim Saudi-Supplied Rebels Behind Chemical Attack ;


Syrians vow to “burn America’s skies” on Obama’s Facebook ;


A report released on Monday contains an email exchange between two senior officials at British-based contractor Britam Defence where a scheme 'approved by Washington' is outlined explaining that Qatar would fund rebel forces in Syria to use chemical weapons.

Barack Obama made it clear to Syrian president Bashar al-Assad last month that the U.S. would not tolerate Syria using chemical weapons against its own people.

Read more:



Russia warns US of 'catastrophic consequences' of Syria intervention



On Fox News today with Neil Cavuto: Wayne Simmons frmr CIA op claims he has human evidence that the FSA is the secular/humanitarian group&the US shld help&bomb Syria air&palace...however that's contrary to other reports, including reports from victims of the attack.



video evidence shows Syrian rebels using the chemical weapons in Syria


UN Diplomat: Jihadists May Have Used Gas - Not Assad ;

Syrian rebels used Sarin nerve gas, not Assad’s regime: U.N. official

Testimony from victims strongly suggests it was the rebels, not the Syrian government, that used Sarin nerve gas during a recent incident in the revolution-wracked nation, a senior U.N. diplomat said Monday.

Carla del Ponte, a member of the U.N. Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria, told Swiss TV there were “strong, concrete suspicions but not yet incontrovertible proof,” that rebels seeking to oust Syrian strongman Bashar al-Assad had used the nerve agent.


Liberal Hypocrisy in Iraq and Syria ;


President Obama is weighing a military strike against Syria that would be of limited scope and duration, designed to serve as punishment for Syria’s use of chemical weapons and as a deterrent, while keeping the United States out of deeper involvement in that country’s civil war, according to senior administration officials.

The timing of such an attack, which would probably last no more than two days and involve sea-launched cruise missiles — or, possibly, long-range bombers — striking military targets not directly related to Syria’s chemical weapons arsenal, would be dependent on three factors: completion of an intelligence report assessing Syrian government culpability in last week’s alleged chemical attack; ongoing consultation with allies and Congress; and determination of a justification under international law.


Remember Bashar the Reformer?

American officials who for ego or because of animosity toward George W. Bush did their best to end Assad’s isolation. It’s always fun to read their statements reporting Assad’s willingness to solve mutual problems.

Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-Ca.), who took time out to tour the markets to maximum benefit for Syrian state television.Sen. John Kerry (D-Mass.), more John Kerry, and even more John Kerry. That second story reminds how the Obama administration once went so far as to give Syria spare parts for its planes.The late Sen. Arlen Specter (R-Penn.), at the time still a Republican, might have acted as a tour guide: His trip with Nelson and Kerry was his 16th taxpayer-funded trip to Damascus, and it was not his last.Secretary of State Hillary Clinton may not have gone herself, but she used her senate colleagues’ experience meeting Assad to justify her description of him as a reformer. “There’s a different leader in Syria now,” she told CBS’s Face the Nation, explaining, “Many of the members of Congress of both parties who have gone to Syria in recent months have said they believe he’s a reformer.”Rep. Dennis Kucinich (D-Ohio) spent nearly $8,000 on two trips to Damascus, while Rep. Gary Ackerman (D-NY) spent nearly twice that, according to Legistorm.Gen. David Petraeus repeatedly asked President George W. Bush for permission to go tête-à-tête with Assad in Damascus; let’s be glad Bush said no, both because it saved Petraeus the embarrassment and denied Assad a propaganda coup.

Perhaps in this age of budget-cutting, it would be useful to ask Pelosi, Kerry, and Nelson—all of whom still serve publicly—about what in hindsight they see as the value of their trips to Syria


 U.S. 'backed plan to launch chemical weapon attack on Syria and blame it on Assad's regime' |



Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from green infographics!

Infographic: How 10 Historical Planners Have Shaped Today's Cities

Infographic: How 10 Historical Planners Have Shaped Today's Cities | Global Growth Relations |

Urban design isn’t easy, so when we find a way to make cities work, we often stick with it for a decent chunk of time. Throughout history, urban planners have presented different ideas on how to design successful cities, and their impact is still being felt today.

This infographic looks at how ten urban planners have shaped cities, including London, Paris and Washington D.C.

Via Lauren Moss

History lesson for city planning!

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Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from visualizing social media!

Infographic: The Blogconomy and Blogging Stats

Infographic: The Blogconomy and Blogging Stats | Global Growth Relations |

This infographic has some interesting data and statistics regarding blogging. For example, 61% of US consumers have made a purchase based on a blog post.

See the graphic for more..

Via Lauren Moss

Blog history and statistics!

Jeff Domansky's curator insight, September 17, 2013 6:23 PM

Valuable reference point for bloggers. Another H/T to Lauren Moss for sharing it.

jmwakasege's curator insight, September 25, 2013 11:54 PM

Very detailed infographic to date about blogging.

Rosemary Davey's curator insight, September 30, 2013 6:53 AM

Looking forward to seeing how ENv2 changes this dynamic.

Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from Trends in Sustainability!

Panda faeces 'could be answer to energy problems' - Telegraph

Panda faeces 'could be answer to energy problems' - Telegraph | Global Growth Relations |

Scientists have identified bacteria found in the guts of pandas that can break down plant material into ethanol for use as an alternative fuel.

Researchers have isolated 40 species of bacteria from the faeces of two pandas at Memphis Zoo, Ya Ya and Le Le, capable of improving biofuel production.


They found the microbes were highly efficient at breaking down the fibrous material in plant into sugars that would then be fermented by other bacteria.

They were looking for the bacteria in pandas because the endangered species eats almost exclusively a diet of woody bamboo.

Their guts have evolved to digest the bamboo rapidly to allow them to get enough nutrients from this nutritionally poor food.

Via Olive Ventures

Always nature gives solutions!

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Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from Digital Presentations in Education!

Animoby - Create Presentations, Tutorials and Animations

Animoby - Create Presentations, Tutorials and Animations | Global Growth Relations |
Animoby is a new way of doing presentations, tutorials and animations, with pictures, drawings and even audio. Show and explain with the speed and agility you want.

Via Baiba Svenca

New presenter!!!

Agora Abierta's comment, September 24, 2013 3:51 AM
I use some similar tool: educreations
Agora Abierta's comment, September 24, 2013 3:51 AM
I use so similar tool: educreations
Anisa Dedej's curator insight, September 29, 2013 5:51 AM

Animoby. Creare presentazioni, tutorial e animazioni

Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from Modern Marketer!

9 Ways to Use Instagram for Business

9 Ways to Use Instagram for Business | Global Growth Relations |
Whitney Larsen shares 9 great ways that companies can use Instagram for business. Yet another wonderful social media platform that can be used wisely to aid in the success of your business.

Via The Fish Firm

Photo marketing!!!

Mertens Marketing's curator insight, September 11, 2013 6:53 AM

1.              Show Your Products

2.              Identify with a Lifestyle

3.              Show What Your Products Can Do

4.              Inspire

5.              Go Behind the Scenes

6.              Run a Campaign/Contest

7.              Give Shout Outs

8.              Offer Tips and Make Tutorials

9.              Be Entertaining

Mit schönen Beispielen

Carlos Bisbal's curator insight, September 12, 2013 8:25 AM

Nueve formas de en que las empresas pueden utilizar Instagram para los negocios. Esto convierte a Instagram en otra excelente plataforma de social media que podemos utilizar con prudencia para ayudarnos a obtener el éxito en nuestros negocios.


Sir Alex Ferguson Reveals Eight Secrets of Success in Managing Teams

Sir Alex Ferguson Reveals Eight Secrets of Success in Managing Teams | Global Growth Relations |
If you had a chance to interview him, what would you ask the man who many regard as the best coach in the history of European football, and perhaps sports as a whole? I can imagine many fans have

Goaaaaaaaaaalll !!!

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Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from Digital Marketing & Communications!

Pinterest gets into advertising with promoted pins experiment

Pinterest gets into advertising with promoted pins experiment | Global Growth Relations |
Pinterest has announced a monetization experiment that will bring ads to its platform in the form of promoted pins from businesses. CEO and founder Ben Silbermann confessed that the ...

Via Alex Butler

Let's see it how it will goes!

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Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from Digital Marketing & Communications!

Customer Service on Twitter

Customer Service on Twitter | Global Growth Relations |
The two things that customers want most often when they follow businesses on social media are discounts and social care (unless you believe the study that I wrote about earlier today that says people just want to feel closer to their businesses).

Via Alex Butler

Customer responsibility!!!

Gretel Posadas's curator insight, September 18, 2013 8:47 AM

Customer Care via Twitter why not...

malek's comment, September 18, 2013 5:48 PM
@Ioannis: what a sharp insight? thumb up
Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from Trends in Sustainability!

Carbon footprint from food waste bigger than most countries'

Carbon footprint from food waste bigger than most countries' | Global Growth Relations |

Food waste isn't just a devastating misuse of natural resources, it's also a huge part of the world's carbon footprint, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).


Every year, the world throws out about 1.3 billion tons of food -- a startling one-third of the food produced. And that creates a greenhouse gas footprint bigger than all countries, except for China and the U.S.


How? Because of the immense amounts of energy, water and chemicals used for agriculture and food production. The food supply chain produces about 3.3 billion tons of carbon a year.


That means 30 percent of the world's farmland -- about 3.5 billion acres -- is wasted.


And not counting seafood, wasting all that food costs about $750 billion a year, about the GDP of Switzerland, says FAO.


"All of us -- farmers and fishers; food processors and supermarkets; local and national governments; individual consumers -- must make changes at every link of the human food chain to prevent food wastage from happening in the first place, and re-use or recycle it when we can't," said FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva. "We simply cannot allow one-third of all the food we produce to go to waste or be lost because of inappropriate practices, when 870 million people go hungry every day."


"Food wastage reduction would not only avoid pressure on scarce natural resources but also decrease the need to raise food production by 60% in order to meet the 2050 population demand," writes FAO in its report,"Food Wastage Footprint: Impacts on Natural Resources."


The UN study is the first to examine the impacts of global food waste from an environmental perspective, looking specifically at consequences for the climate, water and land use, and biodiversity.

Via Olive Ventures
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Your House Is Burning. What Do You Take?

Your House Is Burning. What Do You Take? | Global Growth Relations |
Photograph by BRETT ROGOWSKI   The Burning House is a brilliant project that seeks to answer a simple question: If your house was burning, what would you take with you? It's a conflict between...

Most of the times we forget the basics.


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Tiny, enclosed pod offices for the post-apocalyptic web worker

Tiny, enclosed pod offices for the post-apocalyptic web worker | Global Growth Relations |
You work on the internet, so why walk much further than three feet from your desk? As long as you have a network connection, there's no need to venture out into the apocalyptic outside world.

Nice future workplace!

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Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from Public Relations & Social Media Insight!

12 Awesome Pinterest Tools To Power Up Your Marketing - Jeffbullas's Blog

12 Awesome Pinterest Tools To Power Up Your Marketing - Jeffbullas's Blog | Global Growth Relations |

Pinterest’s meteoric rise has spawned a number of tools, services and third-party apps. Many of them have come and gone never to be heard of again. But a few power players have emerged offering complete marketing suites to help brands capitalize on the rise of visual social media.


In this article I will share 12 tools to help you power up your pinning by improving the way you create content, interact with your audience and track your results....

Via Jeff Domansky

Pinning boost!

Jeff Domansky's curator insight, September 13, 2013 2:35 AM

Excellent resource. 12 Pinterest tools to help you power up your pinning and social media marketing by improving the way you create content, interact and track your results.

Jeff Domansky's curator insight, September 14, 2013 4:44 PM

Prractical Pinterest tools

Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from green infographics!

Global warming in one unmistakably compelling chart

Global warming in one unmistakably compelling chart | Global Growth Relations |
If you have any doubt the balance of the globe has warmed over the last century, view this chart.

Produced by NASA, the chart illustrates how temperatures have compared to “normal” from 1880 to present, from pole to pole.

From the 1880 to the 1920s, blue and green shades dominate the chart, signaling cooler than normal temperatures in that era.  Then, from the 1930s to the 1970s, warmer yellow, oranges, and reds shades ooze in, balancing the cooler shades.

The rapid warming at the northern high latitudes especially jumps out in recent decades, reflecting “Arctic amplification” or more intense warming in the Arctic.  Although the warming is most pronounced up north, it is apparent at almost every latitude.

But since the 1970s, the blue and green shades rapidly erode and oranges and reds take over, dramatically.

Find more information at the link...

Via Lauren Moss

Global warming facts!

Marc Kneepkens's curator insight, September 10, 2013 7:29 PM

This chart is clear. Global warming is increasing at an alarming pace.

Owen Roberts, BSc, MBA's curator insight, September 23, 2013 8:16 AM

GLOBAL WARMING - Here is an chart developed by NASA that shows how much global temperatures have changed during the last 140 years.  Quite compelling. 

Hein Holthuizen's comment, September 29, 2013 4:00 AM
There is no doubt about an general increase of temperature. Whether it is worrysome is not to be seen on this small scale. We had colder periodes like ice ages and now we are likely in a interglacial. So global temperatures change over time. Nice picture btw.
Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from Trends in Sustainability!

How to make money out of the environment - while saving it | Spear's WMS

How to make money out of the environment - while saving it | Spear's WMS | Global Growth Relations |

To some eyes, the mountainous shrublands that cover the high Andean slopes above Bogotá look like an unproductive wasteland; indeed, that is the meaning of the word páramo, first used by Spanish Conquistadors to describe this wild and remote place. But as I squelch through the wet grasses, breathless with altitude, I am told by Colombian conservationists how valuable this landscape actually is — economically as well as environmentally. Not only does it help to reduce flooding on the plains below, but it also purifies the water used by the people and industry in Bogotá, and it does these jobs much more cheaply than concrete-engineered solutions would cost.


The environment and its services may not be your cup of tea — or indeed glass of fresh Colombian water — but a global revaluation of their economic benefit is under way. Alongside the management of fiscal deficits, banking regulation and packages to stimulate growth, this theme — money growing on trees and in lakes and on hillsides — is now starting to feed into our thinking about the global economy. How best to keep the services provided by nature is a question that is rising in prominence, and fast.

Via Olive Ventures

One way to gain moneys, work with nature!

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Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from Trends in Sustainability!

Beetlemania: should we all be eating insects?

Beetlemania: should we all be eating insects? | Global Growth Relations |
Would you like flies with that? Like two billion people across the world, we all need to develop the insect-eating bug. Our infographic looks at what entomophagy can bring to the table

Via Olive Ventures


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Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from visualizing social media!

Infographic: Marketing Success with Google+

Infographic: Marketing Success with Google+ | Global Growth Relations |

Google+, the world’s second biggest social network, is changing the online landscape.

The Google+ Guide from Vocus provides everything you need to know in a step-by-step format, from setting up your page to engaging better and measuring success.

Via Lauren Moss

New statistics for google+!!!

Business and Marketing's comment, September 13, 2013 1:39 AM
I love infographic .It is the easiest way to explain what we are trying to say or what we have achieved in our life time or business.
Martin (Marty) Smith's curator insight, September 20, 2013 5:47 AM

Google plus remains the most disruptive social network. I do a lot of SOWT (Strengths, Opportunities, Weaknesses, Threats) analysis. One thing comes up over and over. Many competitors are killing each other on Facebook and or Twitter, but few seize the high ground that is Google plus.

Jean-Marc Trésor's curator insight, September 27, 2013 12:03 PM


Rescooped by IOANNIS APOSTOLOU from visualizing social media!

The State of Twitter in 2013 [INFOGRAPHIC]

The State of Twitter in 2013 [INFOGRAPHIC] | Global Growth Relations |
Since its inception over seven years ago, Twitter has built a community of over 200 million monthly active users, and over 170 billion tweets have been posted in total.

On average, users spend 170 minutes on the site each month and have 208 followers. Twitter is also undergoing a mobile revolution with 80% of its users accessing the site via a mobile device. 63% of brands use multiple Twitter accounts, with YouTube leading the way as the most-followed brand with 33 million followers...

Via Lauren Moss

Twit twit twit twit!!!

9Dotstrategies's curator insight, September 11, 2013 11:12 PM

About the State of Twitter in  2013....


Mehdi BH's comment, September 12, 2013 5:03 AM
Interesting !
Samantha Kelly's curator insight, September 14, 2013 7:32 AM

Twitter has changed my life and opened up a whole new world! In Ireland there are over 81k active users.