The coming tidal wave of connected, communicative deviceswidely referred to as the Internet of Things (IoT)brings with it crucial challenges for the current networking paradigm. Traditional networking architectures do not suitably address the size and scope of all the potential applications of the IoT, leading to a need for a different set of protocols. A new open access book from Apress Media, Rethinking the Internet of Things: A Scalable Approach to Connecting Everything, proposes a fundamentally new architectural paradigm for the Internet of Things.
Author Francis daCosta, Founder of Advanced Cybernetics Group, MeshDynamics, and Knowmadic, argues that many product managers and pundits think of the IoT as just another area where traditional networking protocols such as IPv6 can be applied. In the IoT, much of the communication will be machine-to-machine and in tiny snatches of data, which is the exact opposite of networks such as the traditional Internet. Thus, burdening these devices with protocol stacks, processing, and memory to allow true peer-to-peer networking wastes resources and increases risk.
In Rethinking the Internet of Things, daCosta outlines his three-level model of end devices, propagator nodes and integrator functions that mimics systems in nature. He envisions a crowd of devices speaking and listening, each unconcerned with what's happening anywhere else in the network. I believe that the Internet of Things represents a completely different worldview: one where the machines take care of themselves and only trouble us for exceptions, daCosta explains.