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Complex systems: counterintuitive behavior and ...

Complex systems: counterintuitive behavior and ... | Global Brain | Scoop.it
Presentation on the counterintuitive behavior and disproportionate causal effects of complex system. Illustration using the the example of restaurant dynamics determined by the quality. The simulation is applied to Discrete Duty and Analogue Action.
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Global Brain
The prospects of an emerging global intelligence on the internet and elsewhere
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The Global Brain and the Future Information Society - Vienna 2015: Call for Papers

The Global Brain and the Future Information Society - Vienna 2015: Call for Papers | Global Brain | Scoop.it

 

The Global Brain can be defined as the self-organizing network formed by all people on this planet together with the information and communication technologies that connect and support them. As the Internet becomes faster, smarter, and more encompassing, it increasingly links its users into a single information processing system, which functions like a nervous system for the planet Earth. The intelligence of this system is collective and distributed: it is not localized in any particular individual, organization or computer system. It rather emerges from the interactions between all its components—a property characteristic of a complex adaptive system. Such a distributed intelligence may be able to tackle current and emerging global problems that have eluded more traditional approaches. Yet, at the same time it will create technological and social challenges that are still difficult to imagine, transforming our society in all aspects.

 

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Coding is made child's play by new electronic building blocks - The Guardian

Coding is made child's play by new electronic building blocks - The Guardian | Global Brain | Scoop.it
The SAM electronic building system promises to turn anyone into an instant engineer
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Moving from the Internet of Things To The Internet of Everything

Moving from the Internet of Things To The Internet of Everything | Global Brain | Scoop.it
Internet of Everything. Image source:cloudtweaks.com “More relevant and valuable connections will change the world.” Or at least, that is the viewpoint of
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Summit IS4IS | International Society for Information Studies (ISIS)

Summit IS4IS | International Society for Information Studies (ISIS) | Global Brain | Scoop.it
ISIS Summit Vienna 2015 THE INFORMATION SOCIETY AT THE CROSSROADS Response and Responsibility of the Sciences of Information Vienna University of Technology, June 3-7, 2015 http://summit.is4is.org Call for papers The Global Brain and the Future...
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Economic complexity: A different way to look at the economy

Economic complexity: A different way to look at the economy - Foundations & Frontiers - Medium
By W. Brian Arthur; External Professor, Santa Fe Institute; Visiting Researcher, Palo Alto Research Center. 
Economics is a stately subject, one that has altered little since its modern foundations were laid in Victorian times.
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Why Elon Musk's Batteries Scare the Hell Out of the Electric Company

Why Elon Musk's Batteries Scare the Hell Out of the Electric Company | Global Brain | Scoop.it
Climate: Now or Never
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What's Missing from the Industrial Internet of Things Conversation? Software - Wired

What's Missing from the Industrial Internet of Things Conversation? Software - Wired | Global Brain | Scoop.it
These days, you can hardly have a technology conversation without talking about the Internet of Things (IoT).
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Second-Order Science: A Vast and Largely Unexplored Science Frontier

Second-Order Science: A Vast and Largely Unexplored Science Frontier | Global Brain | Scoop.it

Context: Many recent research areas such as human cognition and quantum physics call the observer-independence of traditional science into question. Also, there is a growing need for self-reflexivity in science, i.e., a science that reflects on its own outcomes and products. Problem: We introduce the concept of second-order science that is based on the operation of re-entry. Our goal is to provide an overview of this largely unexplored science domain and of potential approaches in second-order fields. Method: We provide the necessary conceptual groundwork for explorations in second-order science, in which we discuss the differences between first- and second-order science and where we present a roadmap for second-order science. The article operates mainly with conceptual differentiations such as the separation between three seemingly identical concepts such as Science II, Science 2.0 and second-order science. Results: Compared with first-order science, the potential of second-order science lies in 1. higher levels of novelty and innovations, 2. higher levels of robustness and 3. wider integration as well as higher generality. As first-order science advances, second-order science, with re-entry as its basic operation, provides three vital functions for first-order science, namely a rich source of novelty and innovation, the necessary quality control and greater integration and generality. Implications: Second-order science should be viewed as a major expansion of traditional scientific fields and as a scientific breakthrough towards a new wave of innovative research. Constructivist content: Second-order science has strong ties with radical constructivism, which can be qualified as the most important root/origin of second-order science. Moreover, it will be argued that a new form of cybernetics is needed to cope with the new problems and challenges of second-order science.

 

Müller K. H. & Riegler A. (2014) Second-Order Science: A Vast and Largely Unexplored Science Frontier. Constructivist Foundations 10(1): 7–15. Available at http://www.univie.ac.at/constructivism/journal/10/1/007.introduction


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Why 'Six Degrees of Separation' Breaks Down Inside Cities - CityLab

Why 'Six Degrees of Separation' Breaks Down Inside Cities - CityLab | Global Brain | Scoop.it
Inspired by Milgram's famous experiment, an analysis of Twitter networks and geography reveals how personal connections get lost at the city level.
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How Baidu Recorded The Largest Migration on Earth Using A Mapping App

How Baidu Recorded The Largest Migration on Earth Using A Mapping App | Global Brain | Scoop.it
During the Chinese New Year, people traditionally return to their families in villages all over China. 30 years ago, this event triggered the migration of about a million people over just a few days.
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5 Hard Questions about Emerging Technologies We Can't Afford Not to Ask - Scientific American

5 Hard Questions about Emerging Technologies We Can't Afford Not to Ask - Scientific American | Global Brain | Scoop.it
In the near future access to information and new technology may make profits and privacy obsolete, and force us to redefine the boundaries between humanity and machines
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An Introduction to Natural Computation (Complex Adaptive Systems): Dana H. Ballard: 9780262024204: Amazon.com: Books

An Introduction to Natural Computation (Complex Adaptive Systems) [Dana H. Ballard] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. It is now clear that the brain is unlikely to be understood without recourse to computational theories.
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Smart Connected Products: Killing Industries, Boosting Innovation

Smart Connected Products: Killing Industries, Boosting Innovation | Global Brain | Scoop.it
“I work in the automobile industry.” “I work in the pet products industry.” “I work in the small appliance industry.” We make statements like these all the time.
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33rd Square | Artificial Intelligence Start Up Works Towards Computer Sentience

33rd Square | Artificial Intelligence Start Up Works Towards Computer Sentience | Global Brain | Scoop.it
Sentient Technologies is the latest big artificial intelligence company to emerge from stealth with heavy funding. The company which claims to have developed the largest distributed AI system claims it will help automate decision-making.
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China closing in on Silicon Valley as home of internet giants, research shows

China closing in on Silicon Valley as home of internet giants, research shows | Global Brain | Scoop.it
Tencent and Baidu are only non-US digital media companies in top 10 by revenue, but country has four of top 10 fastest-growing firms, report saysChina is eroding Silicon Valley’s pre-eminent position as the home of the world’s largest internet...
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Silicon Valley Bets Millions That This Site Can Improve Our Democracy

Silicon Valley Bets Millions That This Site Can Improve Our Democracy | Global Brain | Scoop.it
The list of investors in petition site Change.org's new $25 million funding round reads like a potted history of the internet industry, from Bill Gates and Arianna Huffington to the co-founders of Yahoo, Twitter, LinkedIn, and eBay.
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Google Opens Its Cloud to Crack the Genetic Code of Autism

Google Opens Its Cloud to Crack the Genetic Code of Autism | Global Brain | Scoop.it
Google has spent the past decade-and-a-half perfecting the science of recognizing patterns in the chaos of information on the web.
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The Internet of Things Is Far Bigger Than Anyone Realizes (Part 2)

The Internet of Things Is Far Bigger Than Anyone Realizes (Part 2) | Global Brain | Scoop.it
Last week I talked about how people are thinking too small when they think about the Internet of Things (See Part 1).
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Emergence: A unifying theme for 21st century science

Emergence: A unifying theme for 21st century science | Global Brain | Scoop.it

When electrons or atoms or individuals or societies interact with one another or their environment, the collective behavior of the whole is different from that of its parts. We call this resulting behavior emergent. Emergence thus refers to collective phenomena or behaviors in complex adaptive systems that are not present in their individual parts.

 

By David Pines, Co-Founder in Residence, Santa Fe Institute

https://medium.com/sfi-30-foundations-frontiers/emergence-a-unifying-theme-for-21st-century-science-4324ac0f951e


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Book Review: The State of the Future 2013-14

Book Review: The State of the Future 2013-14 | Global Brain | Scoop.it
The State of the Future 2013-14 by Jerome C. Glenn, Theodore J. Gordon, and Elizabeth Florescu; The Millennium Project, Washington, D.C.; $39.95 US + shipping (soft cover) and 29.95 (download) ; 2014.
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Lost in the City: Revisiting Milgram's Experiment in the Age of Social Networks

Lost in the City: Revisiting Milgram's Experiment in the Age of Social Networks | Global Brain | Scoop.it
As more and more users access social network services from smart devices with GPS receivers, the available amount of geo-tagged information makes repeating classical experiments possible on global scales and with unprecedented precision.
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Scaling: The surprising mathematics of life and civilization

Scaling: The surprising mathematics of life and civilization | Global Brain | Scoop.it
So what is “scaling”? In its most elemental form, it simply refers to how systems respond when their sizes change. What happens to cities or companies if their sizes are doubled?
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Software Created That Self-Repairs to Thwart Cyber Attacks

Software Created That Self-Repairs to Thwart Cyber Attacks | Global Brain | Scoop.it
 Cyber Security Computer scientists have developed software that not only detects and eradicates never-before-seen viruses and other malware, but also automatically repairs damage caused by them....
[[ This is a content summary only.
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Report: Internet of Things To Hit 25 Billion Units, $264 Billion by 2020 - T.H.E. Journal

The number of things connected to the Internet and in use will grow 30 percent from this year to next, for a total of 4.9 billion, according to a new report from market research firm Gartner, and will hit 25 billion by 2020.
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