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The unsung hero of the global economy: the shipping container.
NPR's Planet Money has produced an 8-part series following the commodity chain of the T-Shirt. This series explores cotton production, textile mills, sweatshops, outsourcing and in this podcast, the transportation infrastructure that moves goods globally. This podcast touches on the same topic as one of my favorite TED talks, how containerization enabled globalization.
Tags: transportation, industry, economic, globalization, technology, podcast.
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loved this series - a must see and must listen.
Shipping containers has helped mordern globalization in many ways. The amount of trade we do with other countries allows for a cheaper process. The amount of items we can trade now because of containerization is way more than we did with trucks.
"A floating vessel that is longer than the Empire State Building is high has taken to the water for the first time. Despite appearances, Prelude cannot strictly be described as a ship as it needs to be towed to its destination rather than travelling under its own power."
This is a floating testament that economies of scale will continue to push the limits. Today, the largest of the massive cargo ships are simply too big to get through the Panama Canal and have to travel down around the tip of South America. This is one reason why Nicaragua is planning to construct a canal to rival Panama's (Maps 101 readers can read more about the geographic implications of Nicaragua's plans in this article co-authored by myself and Julie Dixon or you can sign up for a free trial subscription to see what Maps 101 has to offer).
Tags: transportation, Nicaragua, globalization, diffusion, industry, economic.
This is a crazy and a testament to how we keep trying to move more and more material and conduct more and more operations across our world ocean.
The Worlds biggest ship to be launched soon by Shell is an amazing feat, created by human ingenuity. It is incredible that it is longer than the Empire state building. it is difficult to imagine how an object so long even moves by itself. Nicaragua is attempting to make a canal Bigger than Panamas to support a ship thate size of the prelude that will operate off the coast of Australia for the next 25 years. The fact that it needs to be towed to its destination makes one question if its really a ship or not. Regardless Shell will share the cost of the Oil vessell once its finished being built
Wow, this is interesting! I can't believe its that long! I wonder how long it took them to build it? Also, where is it going? Also, why would they need it to be so big? Why can't they just use a smaller ship and make more trips? But overall this is very cool.
Or the world's most terrifying runways, depending on your perspective and sense of adventure. Pictured above is the Matekane Air Strip in Lesotho. It is too short to start flying the conventional way so you drop on a cliff until the aircraft starts flying...if that is not your kind of funmaybe some extreme tourism would suit you in your travels more.
Tags: transportation, tourism.
Most people are scared enough to even go on a plan much less having to deal with some of these runways. This horrid runways include high altitude, short runways or even 90 degree turns to even advance onto the runway. Pretty scary if i might say so myself. Im surprised the St Maartens runways didn make the list with its threat of hitting a popular beach in the local proximity.
Some of these airports look to me as if planes won't make it. The one in Portugal goes over mountains and trees and is very short. Flying can be terrifying as it is but landing on some of these airport can be more nerve racking. This raises a question, was this the only land area these countries had to build a runway?
In a busy city like New York, there are never enough places for parking and lanes for traffic. There is simply not enough space for the flow to be smooth and efficient. Cyclists that attempt to assert their right to the street are often times referred to as cyclist activists or hipsters as though their activism or cultural differences makes them synonymous with an extremism that is more easy to dismiss. Many hold views that privilege a motorists right to space in the city above that of a cyclist. I saw this tweet by a NYC cycling organization that referred to "activist drivers" who park in the bike lane as attempting to create a "guerrilla can lane." They used the terms and language used against them and superimposed it on the larger motorist community which sees itself as having a more natural right to all space in the city. This video embedded above is an excellent spoof and highlights the dangers of being a cyclist in a motorist-centric world.
Tags: transportation, cycling, urban, planning, territoriality, space.
BIKERS. be aware of dangers on the street path
I find this to be very true. I have gone to big cities such as Boston and New York and it is always chaotic. I find that there is always terrible parking in the big cities. Also it seems very dangerous for the average civilian trying to get to his or her job on a daily basis. Me not being from around the area found it difficult to navigate.
Bikers in New York City should know better not to ride their bikes around the streets because it is so busy and the traffic can be difficult. I know people use bikes to commute to work or school but this is New Yorks job to create more bike paths for people who want to use their bikes to commute. This will be safer for people to ride their bikes whenever they want.
More than 1.4 billion airline passengers departed, landed, or connected through these massive facilities in 2012. Viewing them from above gives a sense of their gargantuan scale and global significance.
This ESRI storymap of the 25 busiest airports compliments nicely the storymap of the 50 busiest ports around the world. The busiest ports interactive clearly shows how East Asian manufacturing is impacting global economics (almost 90% of everything we buy arrives via ship). European and North American ports are few and far between on the busiest ports list but much more prominent on the busiest airport list.
Questions to Ponder: How do places of economic flows reshape the global economics? What do the rankings on these two lists suggest about regions of the world? What would strengthen in a particular mode of transportation indicate?
Tags: transportation, globalization, diffusion, industry, economic.
CD - The ways that places and people are interconnected with other places through trade in goods and services, at all scales.
Great site to see how globaliztions takes a hold. Many of the airport on the list of in the US and many are in China. Not surprising that the two leading economic powers in the world have the busiest airports. Also it is interening to see Las Vegas on the list. Seems that people need a place to blow off some steam from working so hard.
"Young entrepreneur Andy Didorosi believes that the way to Detroit’s new era depends on better leadership and a solid connection between the city and the suburbs. The city in 2012 axed its plans to build the M-1 light rail, the transit solution that would’ve bridged that vital connection, Didorosi bought a bus, had a local artist trick it out with a wicked mural, and he started the Detroit Bus Company. Dedicated to a more connected city, Andy Didorosi is bringing Detroit home one ride at a time."
In the 1950s, Detroit was the 4th largest city in the US with a population around 2 million as seen in some vintage footage of Detroit. As de-industrialization process restructured the US economy, globalization restructured the world’s economy, and Detroit’s local economic strategy crumbled. The tax base continued to shrink, city services were spread thin and the poor services encouraged people to migrate elsewhere, leaving current homeowners unable to sell their homes at a fair price. Today, Detroit is $18-20 million in debt with a population around 700,000 and is unable to pull out of this nosedive. Detroit filed for bankruptcy July 18, 2013 and became the largest U.S. city ever to file for bankruptcy and more importantly the first major American city to essentially fail (photo gallery of 'ruin photography').
With all this sad news, there are still glimmers of sucess as seen in this video. Some entrepreneurs and local have stepped in as the city government has been unable to manage the needs of a large city creating organizations such as the Detroit Bus Company.
Tags: transportation, urban, planning, poverty, community, economic, industry, Detroit.
Andy is creating a transportation system for the new Detroit. Once the inevitable downsize takes place his idea for transportation could take off.
Visualisation for bike shares across the world.
Many cities (including Denver) have active bike share programs to ease congestion and foster a less automobile-centric urban design. London, Paris and Mexico City are a handful of the international cities listed here but it isn't only the largest cities (Hello Lillestrøm, Norway!). In the U.S., it is the same with typical cities (NYC and Washington DC) as well as as some smaller cities (Chattanooga and Omaha). Is your city on the list?
Tags: transportation, urban, planning.
This is great...They should have this on the east bay bike path in the Bristol, Warren & Barrington area. I went out on it today and it was so busy they could have set up some traffic cops on it to pull some people over with so meny near collisions of people riding and walking together.
Essay #3 for the AP Human Geography 2013 exam focused on how railroads and highways impacted the size and form of U.S. cities. Andy Baker, one of the great readers on that question has put together an interactive map filled with tangible examples of how Indianapolis' land use history has been heavily influenced by the railroads and highways. This would be a great resource to prepare students to answer that FRQ.
Tags: transportation, urban, models, APHG.
Transportation planner plots pattern of airline travel across the globe.
This set of 9 images displays 58,000 flight paths from various perspectives. What patterns do you see emerging from this data? What does this tell you about the world today?
Tags: visualization, transportation, statistics, globalization, mapping.
Tags: transportation, mapping, place.
This comic strip would be funnier if it weren't so true. Studies have shown that children who are driven everywhere do not have as fully developed mental maps as children who walk through their neighborhoods or ride their bikes. For some lesson plans on mental maps, click here.
Melani Smith is Director of Planning and Urban Design at downtown Los Angeles based Meléndrez, a landscape architecture, urban planning, and urban design firm. Melani’s…
Changes are afoot to make Downtown LA (the center of a metropolitan area that is notoriously tied to freeways and the private automobile) more walkable and reshape the look and feel to make it more of a neighborhood.
Tags: Los Angeles, transportation, AAG, urban, planning.
This image is an excellent visualization to use when teaching about density, public transportation and urban planning.
Questions to Ponder: How is this a persuasive image? Do you argee with the argument that the planning office is making? Are there something important factors that this image ignores?
Tags: transportation, urban, planning, density, sustainability, unit 7 cities.
If you define a "car" as "a separate enclosed vehicle for every passenger or party", then the geometric fact about all cars, self-driving or not, miniaturized or not, is that they take vastly more space per passenger than effective public transit. This will not be a problem in low-density suburbs, but cities, by definition, are places with relatively little space per person. Self-driving cars will certainly improve the efficiency with which cars use space, so they will shift the calculus somewhat. But the bottom line will still be that if you want two crash-safe metal walls between every two strangers going down the same street, you will need a lot more space than if those two people can sit next to each other on civilized public transit.
You will also need vastly more metal and equipment, which means that the self-driving-car-replaces-transit fantasy involves massive industrial production with severe consequences for energy security and greenhouse-gas emissions.
As for the idea that somehow these cars will replace buses but not rail, this may be true around the margins.
What are the benefits for each? Drawbacks? You decide!
The railroad industry is eager to be the go-to oil shipper, but some worry it's moving too fast.
Many hoping to stop environmental degradation of Canada's Tar Sands and the Dakotas "Kuwait on the Prairie" have opposed the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline. It's been decades since crude oil has been shipped by rail in the United States but fracking technologies have opened up areas without oil pipelines to become major producers. As demonstrated in this NPR podcast, the railroad industry has seized on this vacuum and since 2009 has been supplying the oil industry the means to get their product to the market.
Tags: transportation, industry, economic, energy, resources, environment, environment modify.
The idea of using trains instead of oil pipelines in the North Dakota regions is smart, over the idea of the time and energy it takes to transport oil through pipes. Big industry always causes parts of the enviornment to suffer but the lesser of the evils must be chosen. In the area of shipping oil on trains it is the sandy prarie like areas that can suffer physically. With oil business fracking has also been a big issue were rocks deep beneath the ground are broken up to release oil up to the surface. Yes this brings companies lots of money, but causes harm to homes, leaking oil, causing explosions and even earthquakes. This can be tricky especially when these kinds of companies are supported by the federal government
"Forward on climate?" This news is backwards and at least 40,000 people who attended "Forward on Climate" rallies throughout our nation in February 2013 will continue to question, protest peacefully, and convince others that we MUST reduce our dependence on oil no matter how it is transported!
As steel and rail built this county, oil and rail will rebuild it.
"A year after Superstorm Sandy stranded many New Yorkers without power for days, a federal judge has ruled that New York City's emergency plans violate the Americans with Disabilities Act. Those shortcomings, the judge found, leave almost 900,000 residents in danger, and many say the ruling could have implications for local governments across the country."
I have many more questions than answers after listening to this podcast. Presumably, most governmental agencies during emergencies are seeking to assist the greatest number of people with limited time and resources; would this court ruling change that mandate? How will this impact urban planning in the future? Just how much can plans in times of emergency account for assisting the disabled? Do you think the City of New York was negligent?
Tags: disasters, NYC, transportation, urban, planning, podcast.
I am disabled, and while I am not in a wheelchair, I would implore the politicians to come up with accommodations for those that are, or have other severe forms of disabilities. I damaged my brain and spinal cord in an accident that cost me some of my psychological functions, as well as a lot of the fine motor skills in my hands and body. I remember what it was like before my accident, and I know that there was nowhere along the line that I asked to be disabled. The people in wheelchairs, or the people who cannot evacuate themselves from areas of danger, are people that should in fact be prioritized, not left behind, when it comes to evacuating during emergencies. In class our group discussed that the average able-body person should be prioritized during evacuation, but I kept thinking- what if something happened to them? What if they broke their leg during a flood evacuation? Should they be left behind? I would suggest that rather than answer these James Wan-like instances of moral quandary, we prepare for them and come up with access for the handicapped to be evacuated- in such an instance where NO ONE would have to be prioritized OR left behind. That is the only fair way to deal with this sort of idea, without leaving anybody behind. I have had dealings with people with disabilities, and a guy I know that is in fact wheelchair bound, is one of the most productively creative people of his age that I have encountered- wheelchair or not, he has produced, written, and directed two full length feature films before his 22nd birthday, one of which has screened at the Sundance Film Festival. I had the privilege of working with him during some photoshoots, and I was really quite inspired by what he does, enough to pursue film-making on my own. I feel that people today don't really care until something affects them. Negative thoughts against those that prioritize against the disabled in events of emergency do not enter my head; rather, I feel that there must be something we can work out now, in a time of no immediate emergency, that can save us all...
In my opinion I do not think it was all of New Yorks fault that some handicapp people could not get the help they needed. There are a lot of people in New York and not everyone could make it out even if they were not handicapp. I think these people should have a back up plan as well just incase. You could have a family member, neighbor, or friend come and help you and give you a ride.
This subject is the definition of a gray area matter. Of course you want to treat everyone equally and have everyone come out of a sotrm unscathed, but to do soo you have to tip the scales so much that it becomes unfair for un handicapped people. Sure New York could of done this better. But also some neglegence has to fall on the citizens. If your and elderly handicap person and know a major storm is comming you should try to evacuate immediatly, you dont need the news to give you the A Ok to go. Yes the City should have gave a heads up atleast 10 hours in advance so people could better prepare better but the citizens have to be away of their own situation. This comes down to an ancient survival theme the survival of the fittest were if you weak and not smart you die off simple ass that.
"This is a ship-shipping ship, shipping shipping ships." http://geographyeducation.org/2013/10/14/ship-shipping-ships/
The two industries that are the real backbone of globalization are transportation and communication. What has accelerated the pace of global interconnectedness is the scale of these devices and their ubiquity in facilitating massive global commerce. Economies of scale infuse our transportation and communicating technologies, boosting the diffusion of countless other technologies. China's transportation infrastructure, for example has undergone some amazing physical transformations that have made their economic growth possible. If, however, you only want to laugh at the tongue-twister of ship-shipping ships shipping shipping ships, this is the internet meme for you.
First, this is a fantastic photo...a freighter shipping other freighters. As my colleague Seth Dixon points out, this is a fantastic image of one of the important drivers of the acceleration of globalization in recent history.
Pretty sure that doesn't fit in the panama canal
This 1868 pocket map of Chicago shows the city in full-blown expansion, a mere 3 years before the infamous blaze
This interactive map with a 'spyglass' feature. Chicago is displaced during a economic boom period as the U.S. was expanding westward. Where where the railroads located then? Why have some of them vanished today? Notice anything curious about the coastline along Lake Michigan? Follow this link to see similar interactives of other major U.S. cities.
Tags: Chicago, historical.
Just not always for the better: "I've deliberately designed maps that are deliberately horrible to look at, and succeeded."
All maps are compromises; the Mercator projection preserves shape but distorts size, and so on. What about sacrificing locational accuracy to preserve the aesthetic design or readability? Just some things to think about as you peruse these redesigned subway maps.
Tags: visualization, transportation, mapping, NYC.
The Urban Observatory city comparison app enables you to explore the living fabric of great cities by browsing a variety of cities and themes.
Yesterday at the ESRI User Conference, the Urban Observatory was unveiled. The physical display contained images from cities around the world to compare and contrast diverse urban environments. The online version of this was announced during in a 10 minute talk by Jack Dangermond and Hugh Keegan. This interactive mapping platform let's users access 'big data' and have it rendered in thematic maps. These maps cover population patterns, transportation networks, and weather systems. This is a must see. Read Forbes' article on the release of Urban Observatory here.
Tags: transportation, urban, GIS, geospatial, ESRI.
Easy to find a picture of the city in the world.
I have been using Google Earth to check out a few different areas that I have and have not been to, particularly Washington D.C./Maryland, which I visited last month for the first time. I thought it was truly awesome and loved all the subtle differences as well as the larger and more obvious differences from RI. This Observatory is pretty interesting, and doesn't limit your observations to strictly visual perceptions, unlike most Astrological Observatories. It is a compendium of knowledge, information, and facts that define and characterize, categorize and redefine areas of the world. This seems like something out of Minority Report or Deja Vu (two really good sci-fi movies with visual observation technology that looks through time), both because of its appearance, and because of its general function. It also reminds me of some stuff that I've seen in the 1967 "The Prisoner" series, which really blew my mind about sociological portayals of the occasionally subversive human condition from entirely oppressing parties and circumstances. Hopefully this information will, as comes with great power, be treated with great responsibility... For all our sakes.
This is a look at 3 billion tweets - every geotagged tweet since September 2011, mapped, showing facets of Twitter's ecosystem and userbase in incredible new detail, revealing demographic, cultural, and social patterns down to city level detail, across the entire world.
In this this great social media dataset, patterns of population density are immediately evident, with areas with great population densities not surprisingly representing the greatest concentration of social media usage. On closer inspection though, the major transportation arteries (or in this particular map map of NYC, tourism districts) become much more visible than a population density map would suggest.
Tags: visualization, social media, transportation, globalization, mapping, NYC, tourism.
This is a small subset of 16 great maps created by Twitter, Inc. displaying the billions of geotagged tweets sent since 2009. In this this great social media dataset, patterns of population density are immediately evident, with areas with great population densities not surprisingly representing the greatest concentration of social media usage. On closer inspection though, the major transportation arteries become much more visible than a population density map would suggest.
Question to Ponder: What does this map say about transportation networks and those that use them?
Tags: visualization, social media, transportation, globalization, mapping.
Useful and interesting visuals. They help us to understand significant aspects like varying population density, variable intensity of use of social media, digital divide etc.
Communication and social media.
Investigate for yourself the mechanisms of global trade
This more clearly shows the regional restructuring of the global economy than just about anything I've ever seen, especially manufacturing. The 8 largest and busiest ports in the world are all in East or Southeast Asia (and 11 of the top 13). A quick glance at the historical charts will show that most of these were relatively minor ports that have exploded in the last 20 years.
Tags: transportation, globalization, diffusion, East Asia, industry, economic.
Synchronized and permutable orthoimagery and interactive map visualisation
I love interactive maps because it gives thorough visuals of areas that don't always stick out. This map is particularly cool because it's a view of the world's 50 largest ports that are used for international trade. The ports themselves are massive and it is noticeable that the majority of them are in China and Southeast Asia where many of the world's goods are produced. The U.S. has 4 ports on the list and while the NY and LA ones are expected, I was surprised to see Savannah as the fourth city. However, upon exploring it with the map, I can see how it is an extremely large port and is probably a main trade hub for the Southern U.S.
The ports around the world are major contributors to globalization because trade is historically one of the biggest industries that connects countries all over the world through the exchange of raw and manufactured goods and materials. Cargo ships are massive in size and can carry tons of goods around the world. I remember going to the naval base in Norfolk and at the port, there were piles of cargo stacked six crates high being loaded onto a ship to be sent to anywhere in the world. Port cities are vitally important to international trade which is a major piece of the world's economy so the enormity of these parts is definitely necessary and really interesting to see in terms of design.
A 150-yard-long chunk of State Highway 89 collapsed about 5 a.m. roughly 25 miles south of Page
Just a reminder that the Earth beneath our feet (and roads and buildings) are a part of a dynamic system that changes.
I am curious to see what the geologists reasoning for this to happen. when I drive I assuming the roads I take are safe but this goes to show you you never know what will happen. And the news reporter said it was still going down. Glad everyone involved made it out safe.
Elevated levels of nitrogen dioxide pop out over certain shipping lanes in observations made by the Aura satellite between 2005-2012. The signal was the strongest over the northeastern Indian Ocean.
Tags: transportation, globalization, diffusion, remote sensing, industry, economic, unit 6 industry.
The Straits of Malacca show up as a highly affected band - and this from traffic that is not even bound for, or related to, Malaysia.
Ships are causing pollution all over the ocean because of its fuels being used. Is there other fuels we can use for ships? By finding a safer fuel it could reduce the oceans pollution. Pollution probably effects the wildlife and drinking water as well and we often eat foods and drink from the water. It not only effects the ocean it effects us as well.
Before 1950s, not many lived in Indy suburbs. Then things changed: “@jalopnik: How the U.S. Interstate system was born jalo.ps/MWMBRGq”— Andy Baker (@AndyBakerIUPUI) January 29, 2013
Before 1950s, not many lived in Indy suburbs. Then things changed: “@jalopnik: How the U.S. Interstate system was born jalo.ps/MWMBRGq”
The highway system (and the widespread usage of air conditioning) in the later half of the 20th century dramatically changed the population settlement patterns of the United States and reshaping our cities.
Tags: transportation, urban, planning, density, unit 7 cities.
Very Interesting HUGGERS...we didn't always have highways to cruise on!