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The railroad industry is eager to be the go-to oil shipper, but some worry it's moving too fast.
Many hoping to stop environmental degradation of Canada's Tar Sands and the Dakotas "Kuwait on the Prairie" have opposed the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline. It's been decades since crude oil has been shipped by rail in the United States but fracking technologies have opened up areas without oil pipelines to become major producers. As demonstrated in this NPR podcast, the railroad industry has seized on this vacuum and since 2009 has been supplying the oil industry the means to get their product to the market.
Tags: transportation, industry, economic, energy, resources, environment, environment modify.
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The idea of using trains instead of oil pipelines in the North Dakota regions is smart, over the idea of the time and energy it takes to transport oil through pipes. Big industry always causes parts of the enviornment to suffer but the lesser of the evils must be chosen. In the area of shipping oil on trains it is the sandy prarie like areas that can suffer physically. With oil business fracking has also been a big issue were rocks deep beneath the ground are broken up to release oil up to the surface. Yes this brings companies lots of money, but causes harm to homes, leaking oil, causing explosions and even earthquakes. This can be tricky especially when these kinds of companies are supported by the federal government
"Forward on climate?" This news is backwards and at least 40,000 people who attended "Forward on Climate" rallies throughout our nation in February 2013 will continue to question, protest peacefully, and convince others that we MUST reduce our dependence on oil no matter how it is transported!
As steel and rail built this county, oil and rail will rebuild it.
If you've never been to Detroit and only know what you see in the news, a story about the city's future could seem confusing. Detroit is bankrupt.
Yes, the news about Detroit has been grim, as de-industrialization has negatively impacted this region more than any other in the United States. Still, many consider Detroit's economic problems akin to flesh wounds and organ failure. Extending the analogy, they see Detroit as having 'good bones,' something to build on for a new future. This article represents some visions of that new future.
Tags: urban, economic, industry, Detroit.
2033 seems pretty hopeful for the city that was once the Ford motor capital and the city of Rock and Roll. It is interesting to note in this article the various before and after images and the way they hope that this bankrupt city be look in 15 years. There are hopes to completely transform certain landscapes and renovate old warehouses for recreational/educational purposes. There is hope for the city of Detroit as developers continue planning and working on investing money making condemned areas livable and changing the economic culture of each neighborhood.
Looking at these pictures it it is amzaing to think that by 2033 Detroit could look like this. However I think the most confusing part to me would be where the money is coming from to rebuild this city. The city was recently declared bankrupt. How is it that they are going to be able to afford the billions of dollars needed to get detroit to this point? However if the plan does go well and detroit ends up building all of these attraction sites and educational building I believe that Detroit will no longer have a fear of debt, and the culture there would be a lot different. I think this would be a place that families and people vaction to. There would be many nice state parks to visit, a beautiful downtown area with hotels and other attractions. This is the exacct opposite of the type of experience you would have going to Detriot today. By making these changes and moving forward I think there is a huge culture change to will occur for the better of Detroit. If they can pull it off I don't think Detriot will have to worry about bankruptcy in the future.
"This is a ship-shipping ship, shipping shipping ships." http://geographyeducation.org/2013/10/14/ship-shipping-ships/
The two industries that are the real backbone of globalization are transportation and communication. What has accelerated the pace of global interconnectedness is the scale of these devices and their ubiquity in facilitating massive global commerce. Economies of scale infuse our transportation and communicating technologies, boosting the diffusion of countless other technologies. China's transportation infrastructure, for example has undergone some amazing physical transformations that have made their economic growth possible. If, however, you only want to laugh at the tongue-twister of ship-shipping ships shipping shipping ships, this is the internet meme for you.
Tags: transportation, globalization, diffusion, industry, economic.
First, this is a fantastic photo...a freighter shipping other freighters. As my colleague Seth Dixon points out, this is a fantastic image of one of the important drivers of the acceleration of globalization in recent history.
Pretty sure that doesn't fit in the panama canal
"With Europe sputtering and China costly, the 'stars are aligning' for Mexico as broad changes in the global economy create new dynamics of migration."
I’ve posted earlier about the end of cheap China; the rising cost of doing business in China coupled with the higher transportation costs to get goods to North American and European markets have made manufacturing in Mexican much more competitive on the global market. Many investors are turning to Mexico as an emerging land of opportunity and Mexico is now a destination for migrants. This is still a new pattern: only 1 percent of the country is foreign-born compared to the 13 percent that you would see in the United States. Mexican migration to the United States has stabilized; about as many Mexicans have moved to the U.S. (2005-2010) as those that have moved south of the border.
Tags: Mexico, industry, location, place, migration.
This is really interesting news that I do not think many people in the United States know about, but I hope they do learn about this. Many people in the United States still think of Mexico using the stereotypes surrounding poverty, drug wars, violence, Swine flu, border issues, and so forth. People think that Mexicans want to come to the United States for opportunity when, in reality, there is just as much opportunity in Mexico. I hope this trend continues and that people in the United States look past the stereotypes and understand that Mexico is a land of opportunity and that they have the potential to be a great nation.
Mexico could be on the rise to become one of the world's manufacturing powers. The workforce is already there, now it's up to companies and people to build jobs for the citizens and immigrants moving in. Amazingly, a country which had so much migration away from the country is now moving back, and with they're not doing it alone but with people from around the world. "Build it and they will come". That being said, Mexico not only has appealing labor rates compared to China and other areas of the world, but the proximity to the United States makes opportunity very appealing. Being next to the U.S., a country which imports so much of its supplies, can be a gold mine for Mexico. In the future it is possible for the tables to turn. Where there was once Mexicans crossing the border for work, it could be Americans crossing the border into Mexico for work. An extreme statement, but anything can happen in this day and age.
The wealth of a nation can come from many differnet aspects, jobs land, ecnomy, resoucres, and labor force. In many contries like china and indina they have lots of factorys and factory workers. However what ahppens when the cost of living and transporations go up, should we give workers a pay raise? NO. The answer is to find people who are able to work for cheeper. This lead to the mass influx of mexican factorites and the mass influx of forign workers fleeing to mexico for the jobs and simple life.
It was very interesting to see how even workers form the US were going to mexico in search of jobs becuse ten years ago it was the exact oppisit.
Picture this: Tourists visiting one of your city's most prominent attractions are unable to see it because of smog, haze and a bevy of other airborne pollutants. What's the solution?
Pollution is becoming ubiquitous in our urban environments. If your primary concern is the environment, it is clear that this situation in Hong Kong must be changed. But what if the environment is not the concern of policy makers? What economic and planning arguments could you make in favor of a more sustainable course?
Tags: pollution, China, development, economic, megacities, East Asia, industry, sustainability, urban ecology.
Economic sustainability pertains to the notion of an economy or function of that economy being able to last not just for a short period of time, but for a long time. In this a article, there is great smog about the air, and it shows that in the case of Hong Kong, ships are a large source of pollution. Hong Kong is a port, and its economic purpose involves many ships docking and traveling in the area, but the emissions from the ships clearly causes a negative impact on the environment. Yes, one or two ships, once a year might not cause such damage to the air quality, but what they have now means that the ships not only are great in numbers and frequency but also that they will keep on coming! The Hong Kong economy revolves around using Hong Kong as a port, but if this pattern of pernicious decay has continued to the point where the damage is now obvious, and is set to continue for the foreseeable future, it will likely become uninhabitable. It might be time for development of cleaner fuel methods, if the people of Hong Kong plan to keep using their aera as a port, but sooner or later they are going to have to find a new location.
Instead of dealing with the issue of pollution they would rather post a background for tourist reasons. It is important to identify the issues that truly effect the people that live in Hong Kong and how to develop the proper use of sustanaible energy and Earth freindly alternatives to make clean and air and Earth a better place to live in. This correlates weith the tension that whenever there is development and urbanization there tends to be issues with the environment and a destruction of the beauty of nature for the sake of growth in big business. A better solution for the smog problem is to find other energy sources that are not gasoline or coal related to that do the job, of getting is us what we need in terms of energy. A good idea is an energy source that is not based on limited resources
It's sad that pollution is taking over todays world. People who are tourists cant even take a picture with the worlds real environment. Faking the scenary is almost as pathetic as people not recycling in general. Instead of taking time to fake scenary to look good people should start taking care of their surroundings.
More than 1.4 billion airline passengers departed, landed, or connected through these massive facilities in 2012. Viewing them from above gives a sense of their gargantuan scale and global significance.
This ESRI storymap of the 25 busiest airports compliments nicely the storymap of the 50 busiest ports around the world. The busiest ports interactive clearly shows how East Asian manufacturing is impacting global economics (almost 90% of everything we buy arrives via ship). European and North American ports are few and far between on the busiest ports list but much more prominent on the busiest airport list.
Questions to Ponder: How do places of economic flows reshape the global economics? What do the rankings on these two lists suggest about regions of the world? What would strengthen in a particular mode of transportation indicate?
CD - The ways that places and people are interconnected with other places through trade in goods and services, at all scales.
Great site to see how globaliztions takes a hold. Many of the airport on the list of in the US and many are in China. Not surprising that the two leading economic powers in the world have the busiest airports. Also it is interening to see Las Vegas on the list. Seems that people need a place to blow off some steam from working so hard.
"Young entrepreneur Andy Didorosi believes that the way to Detroit’s new era depends on better leadership and a solid connection between the city and the suburbs. The city in 2012 axed its plans to build the M-1 light rail, the transit solution that would’ve bridged that vital connection, Didorosi bought a bus, had a local artist trick it out with a wicked mural, and he started the Detroit Bus Company. Dedicated to a more connected city, Andy Didorosi is bringing Detroit home one ride at a time."
In the 1950s, Detroit was the 4th largest city in the US with a population around 2 million as seen in some vintage footage of Detroit. As de-industrialization process restructured the US economy, globalization restructured the world’s economy, and Detroit’s local economic strategy crumbled. The tax base continued to shrink, city services were spread thin and the poor services encouraged people to migrate elsewhere, leaving current homeowners unable to sell their homes at a fair price. Today, Detroit is $18-20 million in debt with a population around 700,000 and is unable to pull out of this nosedive. Detroit filed for bankruptcy July 18, 2013 and became the largest U.S. city ever to file for bankruptcy and more importantly the first major American city to essentially fail (photo gallery of 'ruin photography').
With all this sad news, there are still glimmers of sucess as seen in this video. Some entrepreneurs and local have stepped in as the city government has been unable to manage the needs of a large city creating organizations such as the Detroit Bus Company.
Tags: transportation, urban, planning, poverty, community, economic, industry, Detroit.
Andy is creating a transportation system for the new Detroit. Once the inevitable downsize takes place his idea for transportation could take off.
........"Linking the Chinese pollution data to mortality statistics from 1991 to 2000, the researchers found a sharp difference in mortality rates on either side of the border formed by the Huai River. They also found the variation to be attributable to cardiorespiratory illness, and not to other causes of death."
High levels of air pollution in northern China – much of it caused by an over-reliance on burning coal for heat – will cause 500 million people to lose an aggregate 2.5 billion years from their lives, the authors predict in the study, published in the journal the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Also read this compilation of articles and resources to get a sense of how bad the pollution is is China.
les chemins de la puissance: la Chine, les revers de la croissance économique chinoise.
Estudios sobre los graves efectos de la polución en la salud pública china
We talked in class about how certain poor working conditions or pollution emissions are permissible in countries whose laws allow for such situations, and how countries like the US arrange for certain work to be done in those countries. This 'work' stuff all centers around an ever-necessary "profit" that exists as a carrot being dangled in front of a horse as it runs all of its life, blinded to everything else. It is almost cartoonish, that for a percentage increase in profit due to minimalized expenses, a moral businessman might yield and give in to the temptation of exposing workers to dangerous conditions... or that all businesses might do the same thing... It is socially dangerous; a hazard like bullying, or cheating, using others as human shields to collect the damage while someone else collects the benefits. I don't think that any life form should be exposed to such unfairness, because it just does not resonate with my philosophical consciousness that any individual should have a better life than another (or worse). And why make it worse for someone? Why pollute their areas? Why steal their natural resources? Why... Capitalism at all? I do not think greed is innate to human nature, because selflessness does occur, and is often leaned towards in conventional modern morality/ethics. I think that the vicious cycle that capitalism puts us in causes us to self-servingly run around like angry rats trying to feed ourselves, which causes us to take out risks on other people, and polluting other people's living space. It really is sad, because this planet is alive... there is so much life on this planet, assumedly and debateably from this planet, this planet that we consider our home. To be killing ourselves by not keeping our home clean and healthy is like a very bad habit- it's like smoking. And it is taking a toll on the planet, as well as its inhabitants
"Technology is reshaping our economic geography, but there’s disagreement as to how. Much of the media and pundits like Richard Florida assert that the tech revolution is bound to be centralized in the dense, often 'hip' places where 'smart' people cluster.
From 2001 to 2012, STEM employment actually was essentially flat in the San Francisco and Boston regions and declined 12.6% in San Jose. The country’s three largest mega regions — Chicago, New York and Los Angeles — all lost tech jobs over the past decade. In contrast, double-digit rate expansions of tech employment have occurred in lower-density metro areas such as Austin, Texas; Raleigh, N.C.; Columbus, Ohio; Houston and Salt Lake City. Indeed, among the larger established tech regions, the only real winners have been Seattle, with its diversified and heavily suburbanized economy, and greater Washington, D.C., the parasitical beneficiary of an ever-expanding federal power, where the number of STEM jobs grew 21% from 2001 to 2012, better than any other of the 51 largest U.S. metropolitan statistical areas over that period." Read more.
Goes to the 2013 FRQ #1
Rust Belt cities are hoping that immigrants can help rebuild our their shrinking communities. Washington should gear policy to helping them.
Not tech .... But we are impacted in Michigan .....
Laxmi's story of being kidnapped and trafficked in Nepal is not an isolated case but, as this graphical account shows, things are not always what they seem.
Teaching about human trafficking and child slavery can be very disconcerting and uncomfortable. How much of the details regarding these horrific situations is age-appropriate and suitable for the classroom? The BBC is reporting on events with sensitive stories to both give a human face to the story, while protecting the identity of under-aged victims (to read about the production of this comic, read Drawing the News.) I encourage you to use your own discretion, but I find this comicbook format an accessible, informative and tasteful way to teach about human trafficking in South Asia to minors. It is a powerful way to teach about some hard (but important) aspects of globalization and economics.
As geographer Shaunna Barnhart says concerning this comic, "It moves from trafficking to child labor to pressures for migration for wage labor and the resulting injustices that occur. There's differential access to education, gender inequality, land, jobs, and monetary resources that leads to inter- and intra-country trafficking of the vulnerable. In the search for improved quality of life, individuals become part of a global flow of indentured servitude which serves to exploit their vulnerabilities and exacerbate inequalities and injustice. Nepali children 'paid' in food and cell phones that play Hindi music in 'exchange' for work in textile factories - cell phones that are themselves a nexus of global resource chains and textiles which in turn enter a global market - colliding at the site of child labor which remains largely hidden and ignored by those in the Global North who may benefit from such labor."
Tags: Nepal, labor, industry, economic, poverty, globalization, India.
Where is Human Rights Watch? Human trafficing is a crime to humanity!!
"77 Photos of the mass production of the Earth's natural resources. In the picture above, a Tibetan villager works in a salt field. Salt has been the most common food preservative, especially for meat, for thousands of years."
Tags: consumption, agriculture, resources, labor, industry, economic, unit 6 industry.
Coal, steel, gold, iron, copper, aluminum and oil are all incredibly important commodities. Agricultural products such as rice, cotton, corn, wheat and coffee all travel far beyond their area of origin. Where do these resources come from? How are they produced? This gallery of 77 pictures is a fantastic tour of the resources that are key cogs in the global economy.
Just in time for Industry!
intensive or extensive agriculture? Why?
Americans like to buy jewelry and flowers all year, not just for Valentine’s Day. How much do they spend annually, and who would probably spend the most?
This is a fabulous set of maps that shows the value of GIS to assess the market feasiblity for any given commodity. On this Valentine's Day, it is especially interesting to map out the zip codes that purchase the most flowers, jewelry and diamonds.
"A floating vessel that is longer than the Empire State Building is high has taken to the water for the first time. Despite appearances, Prelude cannot strictly be described as a ship as it needs to be towed to its destination rather than travelling under its own power."
This is a floating testament that economies of scale will continue to push the limits. Today, the largest of the massive cargo ships are simply too big to get through the Panama Canal and have to travel down around the tip of South America. This is one reason why Nicaragua is planning to construct a canal to rival Panama's (Maps 101 readers can read more about the geographic implications of Nicaragua's plans in this article co-authored by myself and Julie Dixon or you can sign up for a free trial subscription to see what Maps 101 has to offer).
Tags: transportation, Nicaragua, globalization, diffusion, industry, economic.
This is a crazy and a testament to how we keep trying to move more and more material and conduct more and more operations across our world ocean.
The Worlds biggest ship to be launched soon by Shell is an amazing feat, created by human ingenuity. It is incredible that it is longer than the Empire state building. it is difficult to imagine how an object so long even moves by itself. Nicaragua is attempting to make a canal Bigger than Panamas to support a ship thate size of the prelude that will operate off the coast of Australia for the next 25 years. The fact that it needs to be towed to its destination makes one question if its really a ship or not. Regardless Shell will share the cost of the Oil vessell once its finished being built
Bob Simon reports on the decline of America's former industrial capital and the people determined to bring it back
Detroit is the largest city to declare bankruptcy and more importantly the first major American city to essentially fail as a major metropolitan area. Sections of the city are reminiscent of a post-apocalyptic bestselling novel: 80,000 buildings stand empty, 40% of the streetlights don’t work, and it routinely takes police one hour to respond to a 911 call.
Tags: urban, economic, industry, Detroit.
The Detroit "Renaissance" is an interesting one to say the least. There is an obvious opportunity to lay the foundations for something new and bold after clearing the rubble that has become detroit. But who is going to be displaced once the rubble's cleared and the trendy cafes, art studios, and co-ops are erected? Who amongst the poor and already displaced will be held up high, encouraged, and supported to help create this new Detroit? Cutting costs from health care and pensions, from those who already live in this city and are struggling, doesn't sound particularly productive. Especially after referencing having posession of extremely valuable art pieces that could be sold off. This article really sheds a light on the pro's and con's that are associated in capital investment in a bankrupt and wartorn American city.I don't think that the poor and hungry care about paint on a canvas. They need access to opportunity and the resources to seize it.
Think everyone should just pull themselves up by their bootstraps? Try this one on for size.
This video shows the place matters; a Washington D.C. educator shows how food deserts and other spatial problems of poverty impact his students on a daily basis. We usually look at life expectancy data at the national scale and that obscures some of the real issues of poverty in developed countries. Above is a map that shows the Gini index which measures the degree of economic inequality (the Gini coefficient was recently added to the APHG course content for the Industrialization and Economic Development unit). Here are some maps and data from the World Bank that utilizes the Gini Index as well as an interactive Gapminder graph.
Tags: industry, location, place, migration, APHG, poverty, socioeconomic.
Just incredibly awesome, but so, so sadly true.
Educating in poverty
Do you find this information surprising?
Where did your T-Shirt come from? Where did the food your parents bought at the grocery store come from? What's the origin of the components in your cell phone? These questions all allude to what geographers call a commodity chain analysis. Analyzing where the consumer goods that we use every day came from can make global issues hit a little closer to home and reinforce concepts such as globalization. The website Follow the Things is a great resource for teaching students about commodity chains and mapping out your own personal geographies.
Tags: industry, economic, globalization, consumption.
Great website by colleague Ian Cook at Exeter University
About Globalisation, flows and production today.
Where did your T-Shirt come from? Where did the food your parents bought at the grocery store come from? What's the origin of the components in your cell phone? These questions all allude to what geographers call a commodity chain analysis. Analyzing where the consumer goods that we use every day came from can make global issues hit a little closer to home and reinforce concepts such as globalization. The website Follow the Things is a great resource for learning about commodity chains and mapping out your own personal geographies.
"Pittsburgh, called 'hell with the lid taken off' in the 19th century because of its industrial filth, is now an academic leader in the green movement."
This is a great article on regional sustainability initiatives and education in the Pittsburgh area. Given Pittsburgh's history, that makes these clean industrial projects all the more impressive.
The city's fiscal crisis is an opportunity to harness the region's economic promise.
Earlier this week when Detoit filed for bankruptcy I posted that Detroit has failed as a major U.S. city. While Detroit's days of being the 4th largest city in the U.S. and a prominent industrial center are over, that doesn't equate with the total economic ruin of the region. Some are seeing this as an opportunity for for their businesses build a new Detroit out of Motown's ashes, foster regional collaboration and restructure the economic base of the city. The region is still rich with resources.
When filmmaker Shantha Bloemen was stationed in a remote village in Zambia as a worker with an international aid organization, she had to adjust to living in a different culture. But one thing struck her as oddly familiar: almost everyone in the village wore secondhand clothing from the West. Bloemen began to imagine stories about the people who used to wear the clothing, wondering if the original owners had any idea that the castoffs they had given to charities ended up being sold to Africans half a world away.
This PBS documentary shows some of the unexpected consequences of globalization and less well-publicized economic interactions. This online supplemental to the video allows users to track the journey of a T-shirt. For additional reading on topic, this article shows how some the same process is impacting the those in Haiti. The complex interactions that stem from globalization never cease to amaze me.
Tags: industry, economic, poverty, globalization, Africa.
I saw old coats in parts of India , .
It's fascinating to look at the effects of globalization, and a great look at how economies change. When people in the Western world drop a bag of clothes off at a charity, I doubt we think they'd end up in a village in Africa. Warning: it does get a little preachy at the end.
Is direct aid a good thing or not? How does secondhand clothing impact local economies?
We've all heard stories about the horrible air quality in Beijing (especially during the 2008 Olympics). Here's a picture of Beijing by Tom Anderson that I find riveting. The skies are obviously polluted but this image shows two competing cities that are vying for control of China's future. In the foreground we see a cosmopolitan capital that is sophisticated and technologically advanced, engaged in the great connections that come from industrial growth. On the other side we see the industrial city that is recklessly producing copious amounts of consumer products with little regard for the environment or worker safety that can be seen as the dirty side of globalization. Both images are true reflections of China in the 21st century and the tension between the two will be one of China's great issues in the foreseeable future.
Tags: pollution, China, development, economic, megacities, East Asia, industry.
Traduction : Tout le monde a entendu parler de l'"airpocalypse" qui décrit l'horrible qualité de l'air à Pékin (particulièrement pendant les JO de 2008). Ici est présentée une photo (prise par Tom Anderson) véritablement fascinante. Le ciel est obstrué de fumées et de pollution, mais cette photo montre surtout 2 "villes" en concurence rivalisant pour obtenir le contrôle du futur de la Chine. Au premier plan, nous pouvons voir une capitale cosmopolite, sophistiqué, technologiquement avancée, engagée par les connections qui naissent de la croissance industrielle. D'autre part, en arrière plan, on distingue la ville industrielle qui produit imprudemment une quantité copieuse de biens de consommations, avec peu d'intérêt pour les normes environnementales ou la sécurité au travail, qui peuvent être vus comme les grands oubliés de la globalisation. Les deux plans sont les deux reflets de la Chine au 21ème siècle, et leur opposition sera l'un des grands enjeux du pays dans les années à venir.
A major capital and one that will only grow in global importance.
By Neal Lineback and Mandy Lineback Gritzner, Geography in the NewsTM and Maps.com KEYSTONE PIPELINE AND CANADIAN TAR SANDS CONTROVERSY Supporters and protesters continue to lobby both the White House and U.S.
This is a Geography in the News dealing with the background of the Keystone pipeline proposal and Canadian tar sands.
One thing I bet most people did not know is that we get most of our foregin oil from Canada ans not an OPEC country at all. This source really can help the US, but it does have drawbacks. Expensive to refine, dangerous to ship in the proposed pipeline as it can corrode the pide easily. Again seems a cost benefit analysis needs to be done, especailly with the US have large oil reserves in shale oil. Is that source of oil cheaper to produce thereby growing domestic oil production?? Or is it cheaper to import the oil because of other considerations, like labor and environmental regulations?
Investigate for yourself the mechanisms of global trade
This more clearly shows the regional restructuring of the global economy than just about anything I've ever seen, especially manufacturing. The 8 largest and busiest ports in the world are all in East or Southeast Asia (and 11 of the top 13). A quick glance at the historical charts will show that most of these were relatively minor ports that have exploded in the last 20 years.
Tags: transportation, globalization, diffusion, East Asia, industry, economic.
I think this is perfect for my geographystudents this week. Worth to use in a study of global tradestructures.
Synchronized and permutable orthoimagery and interactive map visualisation
If Pyongyang is as bent on war as it wants us to believe, why is it keeping the inter-Korean Kaesong industrial complex open?
News reports coming out of North Korea are grim and threatening right now. However, this Washington Post article argues that it might be all for show. The Kaesong Industrial Complex was opened in 2002 as a gesture of peace. Located just across the northern side of the border, it is staffed by South and North Koreans (South Korea get super cheap labor, North Korea gets an infusion of currency, both get positive PR). The Kaesong Industrial Complex continues to operate with the permission of the North Korean government. Were that to ever change and North Korea shut down this joint venture, THEN we'll know that they are serious. Watch this short video for an overview of the geopolitical situation on the Korean peninsula as of March 2013.
Tags: North Korea, war, labor, industry, economic, conflict, unit 6 industry.
Very interesting insight.
Elevated levels of nitrogen dioxide pop out over certain shipping lanes in observations made by the Aura satellite between 2005-2012. The signal was the strongest over the northeastern Indian Ocean.
Tags: transportation, globalization, diffusion, remote sensing, industry, economic, unit 6 industry.
The Straits of Malacca show up as a highly affected band - and this from traffic that is not even bound for, or related to, Malaysia.