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I found this image on social media from a great geography teacher (link to his site--looking for APHG group activities? Try this). This picture taken at the Jewish Community Center (JCC) in Memphis, TN shows an intrguing linguistic combination that I had never imagined before. This is referred to as cultural syncretism, where two or more cultures or cultural traits combine together to make something new. Globalization and migration are making more cultural combinations than we've ever seen before in this human mosaic we call home.
Tags: language, culture, the South, APHG, religion, landscape.
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Boston-born Jennifer Grout has amazed Middle Eastern viewers, reaching the Arabs Got Talent final despite speaking little Arabic
Born and raised in Boston, Grout's Arabic accent has inspired debates about whether she is merely pretending to be a westerner. Her fellow contestants are from different parts of the Middle East, and include Mayam Mahmoud, 18, billed as Egypt's first hijab-wearing rapper.
TV shows have regionalized networks, but sometimes the audience wants something beyond their local borders and that pushes the limits of what many think that audience might want or even redefine the audience itself. Hijab-wearing rappers and blond-haired, blue-eyed girls from Boston singing in Arabic (watch here) certainly blur the distinction between what we think is Middle Eastern and what think of as American. Globalization is increasing erasing those cultural lines.
televised events like this can help us see how integrated certain regions have become. One would never think to see a New England girl on an Arabs Got Talent show, but now ethnic diversity is become more prevalent opening up our minds to what we should be expecting worldwide in terms of cultural representation, and ethnic representation. Also the idea of female rappers in Muslim areas demonstrates how women are stepping up defying cultural norms and playing roles that have been traditionally expected for men.
Few know "boondocks" is a relic of U.S. military occupation in the Philippines.
I imaged that the term 'the boondocks' was of Asian origin, but I was surprised to learn how this U.S. military lingo was able to become a mainstream term. The Tagalog word bundok means mountain and given the guerrilla warfare tactics, U.S. soldiers thought of their enemies as hiding 'in the boondocks.' This term spread throughout the military to mean an isolated region, but today the term has morphed from its military-based meaning of mountainous jungles to one that can also describe a sparsely populated rural America. This is a fascinating article from NPR's Code Switch team that focuses on issues of culture, identity and race.
Tags: language, toponyms, historical, conflict, culture, diffusion.
We have all heard the phrase living in the "Boonies" The boondocks was a word that was taken from a philipino word called Bundok, that meant the guerilla warfare they were experiencing from phillipino insurgents during the Spanish American War with the America. In this war which Teddy Roosevelt helped lead we gained US Puerto Rico and Guam as new Territories from the Treaty of Paris. The war was fought against Emilio Aguinaldo who was a master at guerilla tactics against American soldiers. This was a desperate war involving coloniazation or exerting our power as a country against other countries that ammassed a huge death toll. Now that we know the word boondok, is not an all American word that was popularized in the 1950's but it was actually taken from the Phillipino language during a time of fighting in the Jungle or the Sticks. But boondocks also refers to a people living around mouintainous regions. Just some food for thought.
" 549 players from 62 different countries play in MLS in the United States"
In the United States, soccer is not as prevalant as it is in so many other countries around the world (but it is growing in importance in the United States as well). This cultural discrepancy accounts for both of the spatial distribution of where athletes playing in Major League Soccer in the United States come from--answer: all over. Also, American fans of the English Premier League have distinct preferences based on different cultural meanings behind team affiliations.
Tag: sport, spatial.
This might be interesting for those interested in football (soccer).
Ethnicity in action HUGGERS!
Perfect example of cultural diffusion.
Michael Slackman, The Times's Berlin Bureau Chief, looks into the city's obsession with a popular street dish that combines sausage, ketchup and curry powder.
This short video on the street foods of German cities is a rich, tangible example to show cultural patterns and processes. Culture is not static and this New York Times video can be used to teach the various concepts of culture; per the updated APHG outline, the initial concepts of culture are:
Question to Ponder: How are these 5 major elements of culture seen in this video?
Tags: food, migration, culture, diffusion, globalization, consumption.
" Currywurst is a great example of globalization and how different cultures and customs have made their way across the globe to other countries. They continue with their traditional customs but allow other cultures to migrate their way and blend with others. In this article the currywurst is a blend of Germany, The USA, and India by way of the UK. THe sauage is the German aspect, the ketchup is the USA, and curry is India's tradition,"
I found this video to be very interesting. The video talks about Berlin's signature dish the currywurst. Currywurst is one of most well known dishes in Berlin, and is a dish the natives say every tourist should try. What was interesting to find was that the dish had elements from a few different places. Currywurst is made of pork sausage which and fried and cut into pieces. Pork suasage is a very widely used and popular meat that have in germany. However on the curry worst dish they put ketchup, which is very american like. They also sprinkle it with curry, which comes by way of India from Great Britian. It is amazing ti me that a country's signature dish has ingredients from two other countries! You would think that a signature dish would be made entirely of ingredients from their homeland. However the country is becoming more and more like other country adding sushi bars, soup kitchens, fast food, and etc. It just goes to show how much things have changed. Before country's were trying to use their own products as much as possible. Now we have such good transportation systems that people are moving to new places and food is being transported all over the world. Now we are at a point where even a country's signature dish uses products from many different country's. We have almost completely eliminated folk culture. It is almost sad in a way.
More than 1 million flag-draped and face-painted Catalans held hands and formed a 250-mile human chain across the northeastern Spanish region Wednesday in a demonstration of their desires for independence.
September 11th means different things is different places. While many Americans were remembering the terrorist attacks of 2001, it was Catalonian National Day. In addition to the festivities, they organized a massive public demonstration to support independence and to garner international attention. They created a 'human border' that sretched across the region to apply pressure on the Spanish government to allow a vote that would let Catalonia break away and form their own country. While this energy and enthusiasm swept Barcelona, the Spanish government stopped the protest from spreading into neighboring Valencia (many Valencians speak Catalan).
Questions to Ponder: How do events such as this in public places impact the political process? Is it significant that the link about the Spanish government stopping Valencia comes from a Scottish newspaper? Why? How can social media and technology (such as the hastags #CatalanWay #ViaCatalana) impact social movements?
Tags: Catalonia, Spain, political, devolution, autonomy, Europe, culture.
Challenge yourself to identify some seventy languages by their sound alone. Learn more about how languages sound and where they're spoken.
This is a great game that let's you first listen to and then attempt to identify the language that is being spoken. What's even better, you have "three lives" and after the game is complete, you will be provided with the more information about the languages that you were not able to identify.
Tags: language, culture, trivia, games.
very easy, :D
I recently got my hands on a fabulous atlas entitled Mapping Mormonism which shows the historical geographies of this particular Christian denomination (see a review here). I'll briefly share just this one cartogram above that is from the atlas; it displays territory not by the size of the landmass but by the LDS population living within the given territory. While we would expect to see Utah to be very large on this cartogram, are there other pockets of large LDS populations that are surprising to you? What explains the small spatial distribution patterns of limited diffusion that you see? The LDS church is well-known for its missionary program and proselytizing efforts—does that play a role in this map?
On a related side note I found a curious political/religious map of the United States (a map that is partially explained by understanding some of the patterns on the map above). The most typical religious maps show where particular religions are pre-dominant. This map shows territories marked not by the faith of the residents but by the religion of the local congressmen. This make me wonder: Is this map religious or political? Is there valuable information to glean from this maps or is it simply a fun curiosity? How does the religious geography of the United States impact political geography (or vice versa)?
Tags: religion, culture, diffusion, mapping, historical, cartography.
"Lyrics to 'This Land Is Your Land' from WoodyGuthrie.org. And if you can't watch the video for some reason, here's a transcript."
This video that I originally found on Upworthy shows that even classic songs of Americana that might seem jingoistic may have had a subversive beginning. I never knew there was a final verse to this Great Depression era song that references iconic cultural landscapes; know that I've heard it I see why it isn't taught to school kids, but I wish it was.
Tags: poverty, place, USA, landscape, culture, music.
"I first learned to appreciate this anthem as a child watching the movie Chariots of Fire with my father. My father was an avid runner in the early 80's and still continues to run to this day; he also is a devout Christian who seeks to earnestly honor the Sabbath Day. Clearly the movie Chariots of Fire would resonate deeply with him and become a Dixon family classic to be watched over and over."
I greatly enjoyed writing this article about the geographic imaginations and yearnings that are embedded in the great nationalistic anthem 'Jerusalem.' The audio, lyrics and analysis are all available here.
Tags: UK, landscape, culture, religion, Christianity, music.
What America can learn from one of the most sustainable food nations on Earth.
Many feel that corporate expansion within the food industries is inevitable because that's what we are currently experiencing in highly globalized countries such as the United States. Bolivia proves an example of a country that that has rejected corporate hegemony in the marketplace because they support traditional food choices and local vendors. Keep in mind that we shouldn't overly romanticize Bolivia, but they are a compelling example showing that consumers can impact food options.
Tags: food, globalization, South America, folk cultures, indigenous, culture, Bolivia.
In the US we loose sight of what it means to invest in your community. If you shop and Wal-Mart sure you’re going to buy a pair of ski’s on the cheap but the guy down the street from you that owns a ski shop is going to go out of business. Then he’s is going to pack up and leave and open up a store somewhere that Wal-Mart hasn’t gotten too. If you pay up to a corporation very little money comes back down, but if you pay across to your community then the wealth, safety and living style improves. With the case of Bolivia and Mc Donald’s, they know that giving there money to there friends and family making food is worth a lot more to there lifestyle then giving it to a corporate chain. This restaurants and food stands are going to spend that money in the community, that money isn’t going to get wired to the Cayman Islands.
Here is an exmaple of one country that has retained it's social norms over generations. The community has been the provider for life's supplies for thousands of years in every country. Bolivia has taken the "If it ain't broke, don't fix it" approach. Not only are they still stressing the importance of fresh food from local vendors, they are also creating their own improved fast food system. The rest of the world could surely learn from Bolivia, though one could say it is much too late to do so.
There are 8 major English dialect areas in North America, presented on the map. These are shown in blue, each with its number, on the map and in the Dialect Description Chart below, and are also outlined with blue lines on the map. The many subdialects are shown in red on the map and in the chart, and are outlined with red lines on the map. All of these are listed in the margins of the map as well.
This map is incredibly busy, but the best elements of this interactive map are the links to YouTube videos of particular accents and pronunciation examples. It's not winning any cartographic prizes but the links make the map it worth perusing given its rich detail. See also this article about the map from GeoCurrents.
Tags: language, North America.
Very cool map with links to video/audio of the local dialect.
This is fascinating to me
You may have heard that the highest-paid employee in each state is usually the football coach at the largest state school. This is actually a gross mischaracterization: Sometimes it is the basketball coach.
"Muslims call it the Noble Sanctuary. Jews and Christians call it the Temple Mount."
What happens when various religious groups claim the same territory as their own?
Beautiful way to show this conflicted area.
This site means so much to the Abrahamic religions. Currently the the real estate is mostly contested by Muslims and Jews. There are so many strong feelings that war can break out any time because of The Temple mount. What is left is to wait and see what happens from a poltical statement or even a biblical prophecy stand point. Those who believe in God should beleive that one day true peace will exist in this contested area. Right now with Netanyahu and other leaders a battle is waging for true ownership of the land. As years progress treaties and ceasefires are always modified to soothe the tension that exists in these areas.
"The popularity of Quinoa has grown exponentially among the health-conscious food consumers in the developed economies of the world. Quinoa (pronounced KEEN-wah) is rich in protein and is a better grain for those seeking to lose weight. Quinoa has historically be rather limited but this diffusion is restructuring the geographic patterns of many places."
This map from a Geography in the News article shows that Quinoa has historically been grown almost exclusively in the highlands of the Andes Mountains. This was a localized food source for generations but this new global demand has increased the economic possibilities for Quinoa growers. At the same time, local consumers that have traditionally depended on cheap Quinoa to supplement their diet are now effectively priced out, as stated in this Al-Jazeera article.
Questions to Ponder: What modern and traditional agricultural patterns can we see in the production of Quinoa? How have global and local forces reshaped the system?
Tags: agriculture, food production, food, globalization, South America, folk cultures, culture, Bolivia.
Quinoa has been named the Grain of the Year by a branch of the UN. It is wonderful to have this grain available. But the increased production of growing it in South America has been a blessing and put a strain on that area. It is being grown in parts of North America now. That seems to help.
I have tried Quinoa, and thought that it was satisfactory, but I do not feel that it is worth importing to the US, given the negative effects that were mentioned in the article, such as harm to the poor, and malnutritioning the natives of Bolivia. While it might be making money for the Bolivians (well, some of them), it is something that is damaging the soil as well... As the Bolivians plant and harvest this crop for purposes of exporting, the over-abundance of their agricultural efforts is harming the land, making it less fertile for people to grow Quinoa and other crops in. I can see why the immediate desire to produce this crop arises, and it is logical, because little else will thrive in the Bolivian environment, but after examining the lasting impact, I would have to say that it reminds me of consumption of fossil fuels as a primary energy resource in first world countries today. Using something that will only be available for a short time, and something that harms the environment and Earth, does not seem like something that we humans should get involved in, especially in such a day and age where the ignorance card cannot be played, and other excuses for us to continue with bad habits are dwindling away. I look forward to the colonization of other worlds, but hope that by then we have perfected our methods instead of harming the environment in capitalistic rat races.
This phenonomo with quinoa has spread though out the world, but is also having local affects at the same time . This newly discovered heathy grain is beoming more and more popular due to how healthy it is. While it is a diffuclt crop to grow, the areas of the world where it is harevested are also in need of the grain to help sustain the nutrition of there people. However due to this recent spark in demand thoughout the world, the local price has skyrocketed and locals arent able to afford the grain anymore. This almost seems unfair, however its a common trend with certin popular foods.
"Portland is a city that some residents praise as a kind of eden: full of bike paths, independently-owned small businesses, great public transportation and abundant microbreweries and coffeeshops. And then there’s a whole other city. It’s the city where whole stretches of busy road are missing sidewalks, and you can see folks in wheelchairs rolling themselves down the street right next to traffic. It’s the city where some longtime African-American residents feel as if decades of institutional racism still have not been fully addressed."
Portland, Oregon is often discussed as a magnet for a young demographic that wants to be part of a sustainable city that supports local businesses and agriculture. This podcast looks behind that image (which has a measure of truth to it) to see another story. Relining, gentrification, poverty, governance and urban planning are all prominent topics in this 50 minute podcast that provides as fascinating glimpse into the poorer neighborhoods of this intriguing West Coast city. When in cities, we often use the term sustainability to refer to the urban ecology, but here we see a strong concern for the social sustainability of their historic neighborhoods as well.
Tags: neighborhood, gentrification, urban, place, culture, economic, race, poverty, place, socioeconomic.
Recently I came across a craigslist post from a gentleman who was trying to rally individuals to Portland with him for a journey on the "Michigan Trail" to Detroit. He made promise that the intention was to perform rejuvinating work in Detroit alongside it's current residents and that there would be "no gentrification." Not that I found these statements or intentions to be profound or useful in anyway, but this podcast really put a nail in the coffin for me. The effects of gentrification are well known for both their positive and negative aspects. But the bottom line is this, regardless of intention the poor and diverse populations will be displaced unless it is from them that this renaissance takes place. Not Portlandia hipsters looking for some sort of "promise land." Portland apparentely has it's own issues with gentrification and a class of social and cultural norms that make it difficult to make the case for cities on the rise to take the same path.
I don't think that Earth offers everything for everyone. Given the situation of predetermination about birthplace and essentially upbringing, social class, and outcomes, in an infinite universe (infinite until proven otherwise), a single small planet cannot possibly offer us everything we are destined to need in the universe, let alone the towns that we are limited to. I do not believe in choice, I believe in destiny... I do not blame people for racism or crimes, as HORRIBLE as they may be. I think that people are made into what they are by the world around them, in existential and defining ways. Yeah, there is plenty of room for improvement and change in Oregon, but realistically, there is also more room for improvement in other areas too. I don't really see humans as the sort of people that will ever get better without some sort of divine intervention. I am taking the perspective of separation of paradise and purgatory that was mentioned in this article, and applying it to a different scale, but I do believe that mankind is to be condemned by the universe, due to its faults and inability to play well with others. The world freaks out when kidnapping victims are found after a decade of abuse and captivity, but this same world breeds animals for slaughter and consumption... Earthlings clearly have been taught to not care about those that are different, whether in looks or species... I think the kidnapping situation is vile and appalling, but I also think that breeding species for slaughter (which affects more living beings) is democratically more of an issue.
In Pakistan's tribal areas, alcohol bootleggers, lured by enormous profits, have created clandestine delivery services to evade recent crackdowns by the Taliban and the police.
This 2010 New York Times video shows in a poignant way how the past and the present, the global and the local comibine to create underground cultural practices among the wealthy in Pakistan.
Tags: Pakistan, popular culture, SouthAsia, globalization, culture, Islam.
" This article explains the differences in cultures across the map. THe people in Pakistan due to their cultures are forbidden to drink. So as a result alcohol being banned is in high demand. THey have bootleggers who seel alcohol to the rich and high in power and rick their lives doing so. If caught they could be fines up to 350.00. It is a very ricky job, but in the end does pay off for the bootleggers."
You should never force someone to do what you want and you cant stop them from doing what they want. In the Muslim religion drinking is prohibited so observant Muslims will not drink regardless if its available. If heroin was sold at gas stations in the United States tomorrow I wouldn’t go out and buy it. It is important that people in positions of power give there society the respect to make there own decisions the same way we respect the decisions of a president. Prohibition didn’t work and our war on drugs has been putting massive amounts of money in the hands of criminals.
It is crazy to think that alcohol is illegal in Pakistan. In the US is so easily accessible that I never really thoughout about it in other places. In Pakistan it is illegal to sell or consume alcohol. However this doesn't mean that it is not there. Selling alcohol is a very risky business. Getting cuaght with alcohol at the very least ends in a $350 fine or a police bribe. However this the minimum punishment. Many bootleggers have been shot and killed trying to sneak the alcohol in. This is why the risk is so high and many people try to keep their bootlegging to a minimum. Many of the men get upset when they get big orders becuase it means that there is more of a chance to get caught. They said a small buisness makes about $4,000 a year, which may seem small to us in the US, but it is 3 times the average salary in Pakistan. However there are some bootleggers who make up to $30,000. WIth this being said because alcohol is illegal and the business is so risky alcohol is not cheap, which means for the most part alcohol is mostly consumed and sold to the rich. However is it easy to find. Getting alcohol in Pakistan to bootleg was compared to ordering pizza in the US. But it comes at a price. It is amazing how their Islamic culture impacts them so much. One guy even said that he wouldn't tell his parents he drinks alcohol because in Islam it's basically considerd a sin. It is amazing how different things are. Throughout the video none of the men showed their faces, and were even scared that the camera was present. It is amazing to me how different things are in Pakistan, and that people risk their lives to sell alcohol.
Conflict Kitchen is the only restaurant in the world that serves cuisine solely from countries with which the U.S. is in conflict.
Questions to Ponder: What do you think the purpose of Conflict Kitchen is for the restaurant owners? Many people choose restaurants for a cultural experience; what type of cultural experiences are these patrons searching for by eating at Conflict Kitchen? What political overtones are there to these cultural encounters?
Tags: food, political, culture.
Interesting Business Model
Any Ethnic conflicts here HUGGERS?
Initially I wasn't really sure what I thought about this resturant. My initial reaction was that I hated it and thought it was a bad idea. I to seemed like we were supporting another country by serving their food. However there is a cultural experience involved when we go out to eat. Many people go out to italian resturants to get the experience of italy and etc. However after really thinking about it the US is typically in conflict with another countries government, not the people who live there. By selling the food of countries we are in conflict with almost gives us an idea about what exactly the culture is there. I think it almost educates people in such a way. I think that might be the purpose on the resturant. By eating at this resturant it opens peoples eyes to what people of that particular country are consuming on a regular day basis. That experience can be good or bad, but either way it still opens up peoples eyes to the type of world other countries are living in. I think by eating there you open yourslef up to a new cultural experience, which I belive is exactly the point that the kitchen is trying to serve. Even if it is through food.
"Whenever I am living abroad, people always say the same thing, insisting that I am très Américain. Sometimes it's the words I use, or the way I talk. But back in America, a strange thing happens. People say I have a British accent; they insist I have a European quality."
For those who have lived abroad, the sense of belonging to one place is elusive. This article is a great look at personal geographies and how individuals negotiate belonging to multiple communities. Increasingly, people live in many places throughout their lives; some cultures are intensely connected to particular places but some are highly mobile.
Questions to Ponder: What does it mean to belong in a place? What are some barriers to belonging? Are some places easier to belong to? How come?
Tags: place, culture.
Intersting article.. a good read.
I think the discussion of what makes a place a home especially if you are living out of your birth country is worthwhile.
Hijab is an Islamic concept of modesty and privacy, most notably expressed in women’s clothing that covers most of the body.
What is the geography of hijab? Covering one's head pre-dates Islam in the Middle East but many associate this practice strictly with Islam and only for women--read this article (with teaching tips and supplemental resources) for more context on this cultural and religious practice.
Tags: Islam, perspective, religion, culture, National Geographic.
Dynamic infographic on world religions (don't be intimidated by the page being in Russian... The graphic is not).
Religious traditions are interconnected and often share common roots and ancestries. This stunning infographic is an attempt to visually reconcile these disparate strands of faith into one cohesive whole (the image above is far too small to do it justice, but I tried to show the image at various scales).
Tags: perspective, culture, religion, culture, infographic, diffusion.
"Burka Avenger is a new Pakistani kids' show about a mild-mannered teacher who moonlights as a burka-clad superhero."
I first learned of the Pakistan's new animated TV series the Burka Avenger last week from an NPR podcast and eagerly wanted to know more. Some are hailing the Burka Avenger to be Pakistan's answer to Wonder Woman, fighting for the rights of the oppressed. There has also been a lot of criticism concerning the role of the burka juxtaposed with this heroine. For many, they see the burka solely as a symbol of female oppression and feel that a heroine shouldn't be donning the clothing of the oppressed (my opinion?--C'mon, it's the logical masked outfit for a female superhero trying to be incognito in the tribal villages of Pakistan). I find this pairing of traditional gender norms and clothing coupled with pop culture's superhero motifs to be a fantastic demonstration of how cultures mesh together. Globalization doesn't mean all cultures are the same; we often see highly localized and distinct regional twists on global themes.
Tags: Pakistan, gender, popular culture, SouthAsia, globalization, culture, Islam.
This TV show is very different from something we would see here in the US. What was interesting was that the superhero in this video was fighting for education. The basis of the show was that the schools were shut down, and a superhero (a teacher) was trying to help the students and fight for education. This is a constant struggle for the people of Pakistan. They don't have education like we do. Their culture is much different than ours. We really take advantage of all the opportunities that we have in education. We don't need to have a "superhero" to save education in the US because we have education easily available to us, whereas the people in Pakistan do not. That is all they want. They want to learn new things and become educated. This TV show represents what the people of Pakistan want and want to fight for. I think ultimatley the show represents the culture they want and are fighting for.
This short introduction to the television show is comical and seems interesting to many different age groups. It highlights a teacher in a burka helping the children and trying to stop bad people. It shows that gender has nothing to do with the ability to defend and help someone. If this woman can do it in a burka, anyone could. I think it will show a positive message in Pakistan where gender equality isn't fully understood. While many people will treat it as just another crime-fighting television show, hopefully some children will take some positive messages away.
My geography class watched this. It is an interesting example of how different cultures can mesh together, such as the Burka Avenger and Wonder Woman. It is really interesting that the Burka Avenger is a school teacher by day, which shows how highly educators are thought of in the society.
Iranian-American comedian Maz Jobrani takes to the TEDxSummit stage in Doha, Qatar to take on serious issues in the Middle East -- like how many kisses to give when saying “Hi,” and what not to say on an American airplane.
This comedian doesn't just get laughs; he uses stand-up as a platform for discussing important social issues and to foster greater cultural understanding. His big goal is to break stereotypical perspectives of Muslims and show that "there are good people everywhere." Here is another of his entertaining and educational TED talks.
Tags: Middle East, TED, globalization, culture, Islam.
Humor ??? The most important in life !! Can somebody imagine the everyday, Hard, Dangerous, Tedious, Blunt and Dul life without HUMOR ??? Ask the Jews people !!! The Humour, the Inteligent one, helped them living thru the hardest time to conquer, and to survive, and to remain still as "Israel", one of the Happyest Country. So, is Humor Important ?????
This comedian sure does his best job at showing that the Middle East is not the chaotic war zone we see on American television every day, and what a better place to do it in than Qatar, a place where he would have a very diverse audience. He made light of each race in the audience, drawing laughs instead of slander. He made jokes about Lebanese, Qataris, Saudis, and Iranians, amongst others. This really broke many of the stereotypes that exist about people of Middle Eastern descent in our society. Instead of seeing them protesting or fighting amongst themselves, we see them enjoying each other’s company just as every race in America does every day.
A growing body of mortality research on immigrants has shown that the longer they live in the United States, the worse their rates of heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes.
This article highlights a fascinating cultural shift that impacts the migrants that come to the United States. The second generation might have more money but they tend to live shorter lives than their parents. As the next generation becomes integrated into American pop culture, unhealthy habits follow (smoking, drinking, high-calorie diets and sedentary lifestyles).
Tags: migration, popular culture, population, food, culture.
Scholars Online Videos feature top scholars answering a specific question in his or her field of expertise. These brief and informative videos are designed to supplement the Choices Program curricula.
In this Scholar's Online video, Jennifer Fluri briefly answers this question: How has Afghanistan's geography affected its history? This video nicely shows how contested international disputes have geographic dimensions to them. The very borders of Afghanistan were created out of geopolitical maneuverings.
Tags: Afghanistan, borders, political, culture, Central Asia, historical, colonialism.
about The Middle East and frontiers: a short video to better understand this country's history.
If you take a look back at history, the only people to ever sucessfully conquer Afghanistan were the Mongols. The rugged, mountainous terrain made this plac hard to live in and hard to control. The Mongols were a very mobile people and were able to control the area by aslo being very tolerant of the natives. Eventually it bacame hard to notice the difference between a Mongol and a native Afghan, they assimilated the Mongols.