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Fury, anarchy, martyrdom: Why the youth of Brazil are (forever) protesting, and how their anger may consume the World Cup.
Protests in public spaces are colliding with the Brazil's World Cup/Olympic dreams. The government wants to show the world the best that the country has to offer and protestors are using this moment to highlight the social ills in their country and some of the collateral damages of these major sporting events. This may not seem like a sports issue per se, but one of social unrest that happens to be more highly publicized because of the coming international sporting events to Brazil. Many see the money that went to constructing massive stadiums as money that bypassed those that needed it most and the poor neighborhoods (favelas) that were demolished to make way for an 'ideal city' that the world would see. The world's eye is on Brazil and both sides know it.
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it is great to know that young people in countries like Brazil are standing up and being heard though it costs some their lives to protest social ills. it is interesting how sporting events like the World Cup or usually tied to government and poltics. A country wants to show the world the best that their country has, but these young people are letting the world know that the poor are being overlooked, and what the opulance of big cities and beautiful stadiums does not reflect how poor people are being overlooked. I support these demonstraters and it is important that young people everywhere gain the courage to protest for Just causes
These protests, though partially caused by events going on currently, could not have come at a worse time. If this civil unrest continues into the days of the 2014 World Cup, there could be darker days for Brazil lying ahead. Adding millions of tourists to the mix is certainly not going to help the problem. If this problem is not fixed, it will have big implications for the 2016 summer olympics that are set to happen in Rio. All the preparation that has gone into preparing for these events will all be for naught if the events are plagued by civil unrest and protests.
(Sidebar I used this article while gathering information for my research paper). Even though this is happening in Brazil i would like to beleive that this is exaclty what the United States founding fathers would of wanted us to do if our goverment was blatanly mistreating us like the politicians in Brazil. The youth of brazil realized what a moumentus occasion this was and didnt waste their chance to show the world their problems which forced the hand of the politicians into a political reform. Great example of how can make a difference if you have enough followers.
Infographics showing the distribution of the Roman Catholic population in the world, where it has risen and fallen in recent years.
As mentioned earlier, a South American pope was a symbolic recognition of the demographic shift in the Church's population away from Europe.
Tags: culture, religion, Christianity.
This graph and article relay the information that Latin American countries are still so prodominately Catholic. Politically, it is understandable then that the newest Pope originates from Latin American countries, and he is therefore able to reach out to the audience of the majority and relate to them.
RIO DE JANEIRO — Look at most maps of Rio de Janeiro. The beaches are easy to spot, as are the iconic ocean-front neighborhoods of Copacabana and Ipanema. In the middle is a vast forest.
A nonprofit organization run by current and former favela residents called Redes da Mare has started the first mapping program to systematically chart out the favelas for municipal governments. We take for granted what having an address on a named street means in a modern society; it is a portal to public utilities, recognition with businesses and countless other social benefits. Being left 'off the map' is synonymous with being left behind. By finding their way on the city maps they are removing some of the social stigma that sought to treat them as if they did not exist.
Tags: Brazil, urban, squatter, mapping.
Being left off the map is ludicrous. It should be surprising how many there are,what they pick for addresses, and population statistics. Hopefully this will also help them to get aid for poverty relief.
Wal-Mart de Mexico was an aggressive and creative corrupter, offering large payoffs to get what the law otherwise prohibited, an examination by The New York Times found.
Wal-Mart officials worked hard to ensure that zoning regulations were changed so that they could bring a store to a coveted location. They built a Wal-Mart in the shadows of arguably Mexico's most important world heritage site--the pyramids of Teotihuacán. This investigative report uncovers the illegal steps that Wal-Mart took to force through their agenda.
Questions to Ponder: Why would Wal-Mart be so keen on this particular location? Why would some in Mexico oppose this project so fiercely? Would Wal-Mart behave in such a manner in the United States?
Tags: Mexico, industry, planning, culture, location, place.
I think that some in Mexico oppose this project so fiercely, because by building a Walmart on their historical land, is affecting their culture and those pyramids is what represent the people from Teotihuacán. I personally feel that Walmart was acting like the big powerful institution that they are and didn’t care about a historical landmark. Walmart only agenda was to make money. I bet if it was in the United States Walmart wouldn’t even dare to build on a historical landmark. United States have laws against situation like this one.
Wal-Mart is one of the greatest stores that have been around for decades. Wal-Mart has helped many families in the United States. It is time it goes global and Mexico is a great starter point because it is close to home base and it can help the people of Mexico get jobs so violence could decrease and not have so many deaths. But I also wonder how Wal-Mart was able to expand to Mexico.
That 52k bribe really worked because Mexico really needs it. The way the Mexican economy is going anything will help. But adding a Wal-Mart might destroy the calm ness of the city because the roads are going to be more congested with all the cars going in and out of the Wal-Mart. People might have to relocate to other areas if they do not want to be part of that noise and traffic it will create.
This is just another crime one could add to the list of Wal-Mart's illegal activities. They are all about making a profit, and do not care what they do in order to enlarge it. This is not only legally wrong but also morally wrong. These are some of the most ancient areas in the world. Putting a Wal-Mart smack in the middle of it is surely going to affect the area, both ecologically and economically. However, if decimating an ancient land means adding to their mountain of profit, so be it. It is very easy to see Wal-Mart is guilty of crimes like this, but unfortunately their huge international market presence is what keeps them from being convicted of anything.
This video shows that the human spirit of beauty and joy can come shining through from the poorest of places. Slums are not new, but rapid population growth coupled with rural-to-urban migration patterns have led to an increasing amount of slums. Despite all the stereotypical images of destitute poverty, slums can also be places with a strong vibrant communities with residents filled with innovation, hope and ambition. For more on this organization, see their Facebook page.
Tags: urban, squatter, poverty, South America, community, Paraguay.
Another example of frugal innovation and what we can learn from people who are often times discounted.
SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — Puerto Ricans faced a fundamental question on Election Day: Should they change their ties with the United States?
Lost in the election day enthusiasm throught much of the United Statees was coverage about Puerto Rico. A 'non-binding referendum' was on the ballot to reconsider the 114-relationship with the United States as a territory. 54% voted for a change, while 46% favored the status quo. The second question was asking how to change that relationship: 61% voted for statehood, 33% endorsed a sovereign free association, and 5% for independence. President Obama has gone on record stating that he'll support the will of a clear majority. We'll see what this means, but we are a lot closer to 51 states than we've ever been before. For more information, see Matt Rosenberg's assessment.
Tags: USA, political, states, autonomy.
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) — South American engineers are trying to tackle one of the continent's greatest natural challenges: the towering Andes mountain chain that creates a costly physical barrier for...
At the NCGE conference, noted author Harm De Blij mentioned a daring project that would link Eastern South America with the Pacific as engineers were planning to tunnel under the Andes mountains. Here is a link to an article on this intermodal transportation project that would lower the shipping costs from East Asia to the Southern Atlantic. Government officials in both Argentina and Brazil have described the project as a matter of "national interest."
Tags: transportation, LatinAmerica, globalization, industry, economic, development, unit 6 industry.
In Argentina there is a proposed plan to build a tunnel that would be the longest tunnel in the Americas through the mountains. It would make billions of dollars worth of Chinese electronics, Chilean wine, Argentine food and Brazilian Cars cheaper and more competitive. It would save millions on shipping and safe time on shipping as well. The only pass through the Andes at the moment is in the south and gets buried in snow in the winter stranding shipments. If this is put into place many people believe that it cut travel time by a third.
This is one of the hugest developments for this region since the digging of the Panama Canal. This project will have a huge effect on the world's economy as shipping methods will now be easier and more efficient in this region. It's construction will also bring about a large amount of jobs in every country that will be affected by it. Because the Andes run through most of the western part of South America, this is going to be a win-win for all involved. The hardship of it's construction must not go unsaid, but the result will be worth all of it.
Photographer Anthony Suau documents the surging influence of the drug cartels in Northern Mexico and the efforts by police to maintain law and order...
The issus connected to drug trafficking are intense in Mexico for a variety of geogaphic factors. This is not something we typically see as a part of the the new global economy, but it certainly has been connected to the processes of globalization. Visit this topic on scoop.it for more sources on the Mexican Drug Trade.
Some four decades after welcoming foreign assembly plants and factories, known as maquiladoras, Mexico has seen only a trickle of its industrial and factory workers join the ranks of those who even slightly resemble a middle class.
Despite making such consumer goods like BlackBerry smartphones, plasma TVs, appliances and cars that most people in the US, for instance, consider necessities, Mexican workers in these factories seldom get to enjoy these items because, as this article argues, the labor system keeps them in poverty. Foreign investment in these businesses keep unions out and attracts workers from poorer areas, allowing low-cost labor to prevail. Less than $8 a day is the going wage - great for the bottom line and consumer prices but very bleak for those who toil in this system.
Some U.S. politians complain that they can't live on $400,000 a year and these workers are living on $7.50 a day that's only $2,737.50 a year if they work every day.
What still needs to change?
This article talks about how the maquiladora labor system dosen't provide enough money for it's workers. Many in Mexico are living in poverty and can't afford much more than dinner because of their low wages.
Amsterdam, eat your heart out. This South American country has big plans for marijuana fans.
The distribution of narcotics impacts virtually every country in the world; there are incredibly divergent strategies on how to mitigate these problems that are a result of sophisticated distribution networks. What is the best way to stop the flow of dangerous drugs and the illegal activities that accompany the drug trade? If you were in charge, what strategies would you recommend?
I like how they feel that the prohibition on marijuana just made the use of it worse. I feel like that is a problem in many countries, people only want to do it because it's illegal and it makes them look like a rebel. Also it's only marijuana I mean thats barely a drug anyway, it's not like they legalized cocaine or heroin something that can cause harmful damage to a person's body.
Uruguay is definitely taking steps in the right direction here. Instead of leaving drugs in the hands of street dealers and cartels, they are putting them in regulated establishments. One could argue this is only going to promote drug use, but it will do the exact opposite. Marijuana is proven to be safer than alcohol, and is wildly popular. Uruaguay will soon see a decline, in crime, hard drug use, and an increase in social capital and most likey appetite.
Ambitious development plans for the 2016 Summer Olympics, as well as the 2014 soccer World Cup, involve large-scale evictions from numerous slums, whose residents are refusing to leave.
The urban revitalization issues in Rio de Janiero are not new, but they will intensify in global importance (or at least coverage) as the time for the World Cup and Olympics approaches. What are the aesthetics and economics behind revitalization? What are the social issues that should be addressed?
I think it's good for these people to stand their ground on the olympic building. There country gave up on them so why should they be forced to move and supposrt their government. I think when this happened in 2008 in Beijing it was wrong. They were showing the tourists only a portion of what their country is like and not letting them see just how bad it can be at times. The popel in brazil are not letting that happen so easily.
The people protesting the destruction of their homes in the slums of Brazil are right to do so. The government wants to destroy homes that while they are shabby, have been host to more than one generation of some families strictly so they may host the FIFA World Cup 2014 and the 2016 Summer Olympics. I understand that government is glad to host these events because it will bring tourism to the country and bring in large profits but in doing this, they are neglecting their own people!
Brazil is not in a good financial state to take on the endeavors of building the stadiums and hosting the massive crowds that come to both events. Rio de Janeiro also has a very high crime rate. Destroying the favelas to clean up the city and make more space will only displace the poor and lead to further problems for the country because before a nation focuses on the rest of the world, it needs to secure and take care of itself and Brazil is not doing so. It is cruel politics to displace thousands of people and will not do any good after the few weeks of the Olympics comes to an end and Brazil is left with another mess to clean up.
"Methane from a landfill will flow to a power plant, helping to keep the lights on in the city."
When Mexico City’s government shut down the giant Bordo Poniente landfill last December, officials announced that they had a full-blown plan for the site...the city aims to capture the methane gas produced by the landfill to fuel a power plant that could supply electricity to as many as 35,000 homes.
Over the past 18 months thousands of Haitians have flocked to a small town in rural North Carolina.
This video is filled with geographic content. How does immigration change the cultural and economic profile? While large cities are typically the destinations for migrants why are these Haitians coming to this small town?
"Protests are ongoing in Brazil as people took to demonstrating against high World Cup spending....the unrest is the worst the nation has seen in two decades."
The origins of the protests were based on hikes in public transit fares, but a movement of general discontent began, with many voices and multiple perspectives. While the World Cup is a rallying point, many argue that it isn't the World Cup they are angry about, but corruption and social inequality. FIFA is starting to think of contingency plans if protests continue and threaten the World Cup. The lack of clear leadership some feel is the reason why the protest have lost some steam in July as stated in this NPR podcast. This photo essay of the protest movement with a gallery of 39 photos is quite intriguing.
Tags: sport, Brazil, images, South America.
South America is a land of natural exotic beauty that will leave you speechless, a land of mystery and great historic importance. If you make a trip to the southern hemisphere, be sure to include these precious gems.
Per treballar sobre itineraris de viaatge amb Google Earth
Ten beautiful places to visit in South America. The picture of the waterfalls shown above, shared by three countries, is my number one.
When I travel the world, these places are definitely on the list. Sights like these are not found anywhere near RI.
Earlier this month, the president told a newspaper the solution to partisanship is politics and more politics.
Quick facts about the "new" Mexico:
Does that help in explaining why Mexicans aren't leaving to go to the United States anymore? In fact, more Mexicans are leaving the United States than entering in a clear example of changing push and pull factors.
I went on vacation to Cancun just before the fall semester began, and it is amazing how what I expected to see based on all that I had heard differed from the reality. I also visited Cancun about five years ago, and the changes from then to now were enormous. We always hear about the bad in Mexico, but we never hear about the good that is going on every day. I can only comment in regards to Cancun, which I understand is probably one of the safer, more developed areas in Mexico due to the high volume of tourism, but even the lesser developed areas in and surrounding Cancun are improving. I saw trucks filled with Mexican workers striving to clean the streets and neighborhoods and to build and repair roads and bridges and so forth. Even in the tourist section where I spent most of my time, restaurant workers and hotel workers and store associates made such an effort to help others, residents and travelers, in any way possible. It is amazing to see how far a place can come with dedicated, hardworking people at the forefront. It is not surprising that Mexico's GDP is expected to grow by nearly 4 percent this year.
It is very impressive how far Mexico has come in what seems like such little time. I am very interested to see if there will be a great influx of American immigration into Mexico in the coming years. It is also interesting to think about NAFTA in this situation: so beneficial to Mexico; will this become a problem for the US?
This article is particularly interesting. It is so common to hear about the drug wars going on in Mexico, but much less common to hear how the country is doing economically. It makes sense that their economy is growing, as the United States imports many goods and products from across the border. This goes hand in hand with how the Mexican government also pays their workers more than most Chinese workers recieve. Mostly it is their geographic location to the United States that is making their economy grow.
Tags: Brazil, urban, squatter, images, urban ecology.
Sometimes images speak louder than words. The pictures of the favelas of Rio are absolutely flooring. People live in these. People have to withstand flooding, overcrowding and little to no sanitation system. These houses are not made to stand, there is no strong foundation or insulation. This really opens a person's eyes to what poverty is.
The favelas in Brazil are a fascinating sight because of the way they are built on hills with raw and old materials and also how they are often out of sight of Brazil's major tourist areas. The favelas house the impoverished of Brazil and are often their own little cities with markets and neighbors trying to survive on little money. The favelas are also breeding grounds for gang activity and drugs which the Brazilian government has tried and often failed to control because the police are seen as the enemy in the favelas.
Being built on hillsides makes them so interesting because they have carved their own narrow streets and built long bridges on stilts to prevent and mudslides from taking their homes and roads down the hill with them. The people have adapted to this poor lifestyle in some onnovative ways and these photos provide a glimpse into it.
beautiful from an putside perspective, but it's terrifying to me how close and cramped those houses are, how far up steep mountains they are. It reflects to horrible poverty going on in Brasil today.
ESPN Video: With the FIFA World Cup two years away, will Brazil be ready to host soccers premiere event?
This short sports documentary (12 minutes) looks at some of the socioeconomic and urban planning issues that are a part of the logistics for a country to prepare for a sporting event on the magnitude of the World Cup. The discussion of demolitions in the favelas (squatter settlements) is especially intriguing. Major sporting events of this magnitude that last for two weeks can reshape local geographic patterns for decades.
Tags: sport, Brazil, planning, squatter.
I know my soccer, and I know Brazil knows its soccer considering the country has one of the richest histories in the world. The nation eats, sleeps, and breathes the beautiful game and to host a World Cup right now is immaculate timing. Some of the best players (possibly ever) in the world would be playing next year, all from star-studded nations. The forecast for this spectacle will surely be one of the best in history, but that's if it all goes to plan. There's been many videos and articles of Brazil coming into more problems than solutions. Repairing and even building new stadiums have set back schedules and have even angered many locals. In some cities, there have been cases of gentrification, places such as favelas have fell victim. Being such a passionate fan of the sport, it's almost upsetting that all of these people are being misplaced to house the tournament which has been anxiously waited on since 2010. The main picture says it all with the three hands covered in blood... A nation which cares so much about a sport, where it is a way of life and prosperity, is in fact doing more harm than good in some areas. In the end I hope Brazil can get back on schedule, and leave as little people harmed in the process so the world can enjoy one of the greatest sporting events come summer of 2014.
The World Cup is getting closer and all eyes are on Brazil. The Favelas are seeing the worst of it. To improve their country for it's soon to be influx of tourists, the Favelas are going through practically forced renovations. Not to mention safety hazards in Brazil are being pushed to the limits with the building anf remidelling of the soccer stadiums. Just last month 2 construction workers part of the rebuilding were killed by an accident. The question is especially true. Will Brazil be ready? Soccer fans around the globe sure hope so.
This map of Cuba, National Geographic's first map of Cuba in over 100 years, has an incredible backstory.
While touring the National Geographic headquarters, the cartographer Juan Valdés (pictured here with me) told me the story of his early days living in Cuba before Castro, Pictured is one of his 36 meticulous drafts produced to create this cartographic masterpiece of his home country. To hear it in his own words, embedded in this link is a 18 minute video of his talk at National Geographic on Cuba and the production of the map. The last 7 minutes are especially helpful for mapping students to see all the decisions and stages involved in creating a professional reference map.
Tags: cartography, mapping, National Geographic, Latin America, Unit 1 GeoPrinciples.
Below street level in Mexico City, archaeologists have found a jumble of bones dating to the 1480s.
In the 1970s, construction workers unearthed numerous archaeological finds as the subway was being constructed. The Mexican government decided to clear the several block of old colonial buildings to reveal the Templo Mayor, the ancient Aztec religious center. Not coincidentally, the Spaniards built their religious center in the same place. During the colonial era, the indigenous residents who spoke Spanish in Mexico City still referred to this portion of the city as la pirámide. Today more finds such as this one are continuing to help us piece together the past of this immensely rich, multi-layered place filled with symbolic value.
Tags: Mexico, LatinAmerica, historical, images, National Geographic, colonialism, place and culture.
This is so interesting! When you think about Mexico today we often think only about the drugs and wars and mass poverty that has consumed much of it. To think abou the true history of Meixco from the Aztecs that we are still unearthing today and learning from is amazing. Things like this helps us learn so much more about the past and tie things together.
I think it's always awesome when something like this is discovered about the ancient Aztecs or Mayans. It portrays to us a picture of a complex society and culture much like the European society during that time. Their cities were massive, with a population of over 100,000 at one time (greater than the city of London or any other European city). I especially liked the picture of the artists recreation of the Aztec city. It's no wonder why the Spaniards were in awe when they came upon the city of the Aztecs. It was interesting to look at the religious sacrifcing aspect of the society. It was this aspect that the Spaniards and other colonizers used to justify their killing of them. Pagan sacrifices were seen as most unholy and barbaric. However, it is forgotten that the Spanish were doing the same thing during the Spanish Inquisition. So, perhaps the only thing that separated these two societies was techonolgy rather than cultures.
As morbid as this is, I love learning about the Aztec culture and the fact that they discovered so many bones here makes me infinitely more curious about what is buried under the rest of the city and how well it may be preserved.
Presidential candidate says Mexicans have voted for change of direction after exit polls project win for his PRI party.
For the first time in 12 years, Mexico's president will be from the PRI party (which dominated and led power from the 1920's to 2000). Enrique Peña Prieto won the election, in large part due to Mexico's dissatisfacation with the PAN's handling of the escalating drug violence. A few decades back, the PRI kept the violence out of the streets with some tacit agreements with the drug cartels to stay within particular territories.
Residents of hillside shanties above the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince protest against plans to clear their homes for a flood-protection project.
Even before the earthquake, Port-au-Prince was a city filled with slums. The earthquake exacerbated so many of the urban, economic and environmental issues. This eviction of the flood plains has class implications as the poor feel that they are being unfairly targeted in plans to improve the city.
I did my research project on malnutrition in Haiti and couldn't help but feel bad for the people there. Yes before the earthquake they were suffering from hardships but the earthquake made it worse for them. Nature has an influence on the way we live, we depend, adapt and modify the environment all the time. But what happens when you can't depend on it. Haiti's agriculture is shot, the soil is not sustainable to feed their population. The earthquake left families without homes and living in tents with no running Water. Very sad
TED Talks Eduardo Paes is the mayor of Rio de Janeiro, a sprawling, complicated, beautiful city of 6.5 million.
What should city planners be doing to maintain a vibrant city? The Mayor of Rio de Janeiro explains his vision for cities and city management for the future.
Explore educational and professional development resources for teachers and classrooms on Annenberg Media's learner.org. Companion to the Annenberg Media series Power of Place.
Maquiladoras, outsourcing, migration and regional differences within Mexico are main themes in this video. This is a resource of videos that many are very familiar with, but this is worth repeating for those not familiar with the Annenberg Media's "Power of Place" video series. With 26 videos (roughly 30 minutes each) that are regionally organized, this be a great resource for teachers.
"Distilling ethanol from tropical sugarcane takes less land and uses less fossil fuel than starting with corn grown in temperate climes. That makes Brazilian ethanol, unlike the pampered and grotesquely wasteful American version, competitive with hydrocarbons and genuinely good for the environment."
Although ethanol is working well for Brazil, there is a growing literature supporting the idea that wide-scale ethanol production is not sustainable or environmentally beneficial. This is a great example to demonstrate that economic and environmental policies are locally dependent on geographic factors and are not universally transferable. For a simple explanation of the differences in the economic and environmental differences in the production of sugar and corn-based ethanol, see: http://cei.org/studies-issue-analysis/brazilian-sugarcane-ethanol-experience
Great idea here. i know that using corn is much more expensive than sugar, nut imagine the tade we can get with Brazil if we imprt more sugan ans then use it for gas. It will probably still be cheaper than the regular gas, and the corn ethanol. In the long run if this is used, along with the shale oil depositis the US has, we can reduce our dependance on oil from areas like the middle east and other countries which in turn can create many jobs here in the US.
Here we have just one example of how technological advances have helped solve some of our world's energy problems. Ethanol is slowly becoming a popular commodity. However, until ethanol can be used in every single vehicle, it will not overtake traditional gasoline, and gas prices will continue to be high. Because these hybrid vehciles are becoming more and more popular, less gas is being bought, and us non-hybrid users are paying the price for it. This is a good step in the right direction, but the process needs to move faster if we are truely going to all benefit from the use of these alternative fuels.