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"CATHOLIC Argentina, Mexico & Phillippines have more babies born per woman than MUSLIM Indonesia, Iran & Turkey."
Gapminder is a tremendous resource that I've shared in the past and total fertility rates is an ideal metric to see in this data visualization tool. As Hans Rosling said in one of his TED talks using Gapminder, religion and total fertility rates are not as connected as previously thought. In this particular mode, you can see how three predominantly Catholic countries (Philippines, Argentina and Mexico) compare in Total Fertility Rates to three predominantly Muslim countries (Indonesia, Turkey and Iran).
Questions to Ponder: Historically many have assumed that Catholic and Muslim populations would have higher birth rates; why is this changing? How important a factor is religion in changing fertility rates? What are other factors impact a society's fertility rate?
Tags: population, demographics, visualization, religion.
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awesome site for development economics
Hijab is an Islamic concept of modesty and privacy, most notably expressed in women’s clothing that covers most of the body.
What is the geography of hijab? Covering one's head pre-dates Islam in the Middle East but many associate this practice strictly with Islam and only for women--read this article (with teaching tips and supplemental resources) for more context on this cultural and religious practice.
Tags: Islam, perspective, religion, culture, National Geographic.
"Burka Avenger is a new Pakistani kids' show about a mild-mannered teacher who moonlights as a burka-clad superhero."
I first learned of the Pakistan's new animated TV series the Burka Avenger last week from an NPR podcast and eagerly wanted to know more. Some are hailing the Burka Avenger to be Pakistan's answer to Wonder Woman, fighting for the rights of the oppressed. There has also been a lot of criticism concerning the role of the burka juxtaposed with this heroine. For many, they see the burka solely as a symbol of female oppression and feel that a heroine shouldn't be donning the clothing of the oppressed (my opinion?--C'mon, it's the logical masked outfit for a female superhero trying to be incognito in the tribal villages of Pakistan). I find this pairing of traditional gender norms and clothing coupled with pop culture's superhero motifs to be a fantastic demonstration of how cultures mesh together. Globalization doesn't mean all cultures are the same; we often see highly localized and distinct regional twists on global themes.
Tags: Pakistan, gender, popular culture, SouthAsia, globalization, culture, Islam.
This TV show is very different from something we would see here in the US. What was interesting was that the superhero in this video was fighting for education. The basis of the show was that the schools were shut down, and a superhero (a teacher) was trying to help the students and fight for education. This is a constant struggle for the people of Pakistan. They don't have education like we do. Their culture is much different than ours. We really take advantage of all the opportunities that we have in education. We don't need to have a "superhero" to save education in the US because we have education easily available to us, whereas the people in Pakistan do not. That is all they want. They want to learn new things and become educated. This TV show represents what the people of Pakistan want and want to fight for. I think ultimatley the show represents the culture they want and are fighting for.
This short introduction to the television show is comical and seems interesting to many different age groups. It highlights a teacher in a burka helping the children and trying to stop bad people. It shows that gender has nothing to do with the ability to defend and help someone. If this woman can do it in a burka, anyone could. I think it will show a positive message in Pakistan where gender equality isn't fully understood. While many people will treat it as just another crime-fighting television show, hopefully some children will take some positive messages away.
My geography class watched this. It is an interesting example of how different cultures can mesh together, such as the Burka Avenger and Wonder Woman. It is really interesting that the Burka Avenger is a school teacher by day, which shows how highly educators are thought of in the society.
When Anum Hussain heard about the Boston Marathon bombing, she immediately panicked, worried that the culprits would be like her. The 22-year-old Muslim was in the offices of Hubspot, the Cambridge marketing-software company she works for.
This is an interesting article; place and context mediate cultural interactions. I can only imagine how incredibly difficult it would be to be a Muslim in the Boston area right now. This geographer wishes that everyone could feel safe everywhere.
Tags: terrorism, religion, Boston, Islam.
A Muslim friend of mine went through hell in high school, and was often called a terrorist. People used to knock his books over in the hallways and took his religious cap from him. They would talk behind his back, mock his holy garb, and blame him for events such as the bombing of the twin towers on 9/11/01, which was ridiculous because he was not even a teenager at the time that event happened. He shall remain nameless for purposes of respect and privacy, but this allusion is in order to establish my opinion that if people had gotten to know more Muslims at a younger age, as I have in this case, they would not associate Muslims with terrorism in their first impressions with these people. My friend is a kind, musically inclined, and peaceful artist, and I am open to believing that these qualities reflect more accurately what Muslims are about, at least to me, than the negative connotations of dangerous radicals within that religious sect. It seems the media's portrayal of the truth is more important than the truth itself to many people, for it is weighted with shining gold credibility spoken through shiny white teeth on an HDTV screen in high resolution... not from upset protests by bearded, turban-clad Muslims, however innocent they may actually be. The Muslims that have wonderful qualities have been overshadowed not by the dangerous radicals, but by the extreme portrayals and labelings from the media.
Being from around the area and listening and watching the tv during the boston bombings all I really thought about was how the city and families were effected by the tragic event. However I never really thought about how it impacted muslim people in the area. For people to put a blame on all muslim people is not right. We are not all the same, which means not all muslims are the same. Some muslims have lived their whole lives in the US and for people to catogorize them all as terrorists isn't right. All people should be treated them same way. It is sad to read the article and think that some muslims in Boston walk around in fear of being beat up or killed just because of their culture. The bombings effected an entire city and muslim people people should be able to mourn with the rest of the city. They grew up there just like we did. So what makes them so different from me and you? Not all muslims are killers like the two boys from the bombings. It is really sad to me that they have to live their lives in fear everyday in a place that they call home, just because of their culture. No one deserves to live like that. I can't even imagine how difficult it is for muslim people in Boston.
Terrorism is a huge problem in our Country today. I'm not trying to racist saying this but I feel like they do it to themselves. Coming into our country and terrorizing our nation thats okay? Yes not every Muslim is a terrorist im not saying that but you never know if they are or not. Since 911 we cant trust anyone, and theres a reason for that. I understand that they should not have to feel any different then the average American but the past is what we all dwell on.
TED Talks At TEDGlobal University, Shereen El Feki shows how some Arab cultures are borrowing trademarks of Western pop culture -- music videos, comics, even Barbie -- and adding a culturally appropriate twist.
This TED talk cleverly discusses the cultural processes of globalization by examining two examples from the Islamic world. The examples of the TV station 4Shbab and the comic book series The 99 show that all global cultural interactions don’t have to result in a homogenous “melting pot.” Local cultural forces can tap into the powers of globalized culture that can create dynamic local cultures that are both intensely local and global.
Questions to Ponder: What does the speaker mean when she by refers to cultural interactions as a mesh (as a opposed to a clash or mash) of civilizations? What other examples of cultural meshes can you see that show these processes?
Tags: TED, religion, culture, Islam, globalization, popular culture, unit 3 culture.
I like how different cultures use trademarks from Western pop culture to create their own Barbies, comics, and videos so they are still culturally appropriate and up to date with society
Religion plays a huge role in the Arab world and although times are changung they are trying to stay true to their culture. Sherren el feki says that meshing of civilization is important. Taking popular culture and meshing it with culture will be successful. For instance the comic book 99, fitst Islam superhero. The 99 I to represent the 99 attributes. The 99 superheroes will hopefully join forces with Americas superman,etc. it is not meant to be a clash but to mix the different cultures in both ancient in modern ways.
I don't think popular culture and folk culture interact very well. They believe in completely different things and live different types of lives according to their values. The speaker means that the cultural interaction is intertwined together because of the islamic people who have borrowed cultural ideas from other ancient and modern civilizations and adapted it to their own. That's why it's meshed as a opposed to clashing or mash. For example, the music video channel that's like MTV. I think it's kind of funny how they made the people in that music video, that's from the USA, look like we also worship Allah. Also, the comic books show religious values in it, especially since the characters come from it. They want young people to not get sucked in to the outside world or modern culture from different societies, so instead they want to incorporate their religion with our ideas of culture.
The Muslim Brotherhood has been gaining power in several countries since the Arab Spring. The rise of Islamist power in the Middle East is culturally and politically complex. This interactive lets the user click on selected countries to see how groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood or Hamas are impacting them politically.
Tags: Middle East, religion, Islam, political.
In a country this battered, fractured, dysfunctional – how much can she really hope to achieve?
The issue of female education in Pakistan has exploded after Malala Yousafzai was attacked by the Taliban for publicly advocating for girls to receive more schooling. This attack has lead several media outlets to take a more serious look at the gendered cultural and economic opportunities (or lack thereof) for girls within Pakistan. This NPR podcast also speaks of the real options in front of so many girls like Malala and the cultural and political contexts within which they navigate their lives.
Tags: gender, South Asia, podcast, culture, Islam, development, unit 3 culture, education.
Malala surely deserves every accolade she has received from her efforts to improve the education of women in Pakistan. Not only did she stand up to the powers that kept her down, but she continued to do so even after those powers put a bullet in her head. She's an inspiration for all girls not only in Pakistan, but in every place where this is still an issue.
These girls are being deprived an education because they are females- crazy. And when Malala was trying to make change she was gunned down on the school bus, in front of other kids. I feel sorry for those children, they are the future, why not have them all educated. I couldn't imagine leaving in a society that my future would be limited.
I really love this article because the young girl being interviewed is angry and has had enough of the sexism in Pakistan. Malala Yousafzai has definitely become a role model for girls in her homeland and she has advanced girl's education by a large margin during her fight. The school systems in Pakistan are lacking because of the environments and the materials teachers focus on and Pakistani boys get a very different education in their religious schools but the girls have begun to work harder to equal up to them and make it to universities. There are still many restrictions on the jobs women can take but girls are beginning to fight that too. Pakistan has now had female political officials which has shown the generations of schoolgirls that they can truly do anything they set their minds too and Malala has helped prove that the movement can't be stopped by surviving her assassination attempt and continuing to campaign.
The violent backlash against the American film is taking place in Muslim societies, but it doesn't seem to correlate with Islam's reach.
This is a good reminder that the generalizing about "all Muslims" is as inaccurate as generalization about "all Christians" or any other group. The world and people are much more nuanced than that.
Tags: MiddleEast, Islam, conflict.
All over the world Muslims have begun their holiest month of the year by fasting from dawn until dusk each day, broken each evening by large, communal meals.
This photoessay is a visual and cultural delight. Pictured above is a Pakistani boy who prays next to plates of fruits donated to worshippers to break their fast (Karachi, July 21, 2012). On the first day of the holy fasting month of Ramadan, we see the communal ethos of Ramadan.
In a nation of 230 million people, 700 languages and some 300 ethnicities, ethnic Chinese are one of Indonesiaâ€™s historic minorities.
Religion and ethnicity are often connected, but not always. This case study of such a group, the Chinese Muslims of Indonesia, provide an interesting glimpse into the economic, historic and political patterns of these cultural groups that are parts of communal identities.
Photojournalist Diana Markosian spent the last year and half covering Russia's volatile North Caucasus region.
These 33 photos are arranged to tell the cultural story of life in Chechnya, especially the life of young women coming of age in the aftermath of the war. As the architecture of this mosque suggests, the influence of traditional Islamic values and Russian political authority have greatly shaped the lives of the Chechen people.
I find learning about the young women during the rapid redefiniition of their culture into a Muslim state is of great interest. It is also of interest that the society is meshing traditional Islam with the Russian way of governing to create a reemerged society.
"Forget politics. Muslim countries are poised to experience a new wave of change -- but this time it's all about demographics."
For generations the talk about demographics has been that Muslim-majority societies have cultural factors that keep fertility rates high despite the global trend that indicates that fertility rates will drop as societies become more wealthy and developed. This 'cultural immunity' is not as impermeable as was once thought and we are now seeing falling birth rates and fertility rates throughout the Muslim World. This article is heavy on statistics and charts, which would be a benefit to student as a potential Free Response Question.
Bahrain put down an uprising and said it would introduce changes. But so far, little has changed in a country where Shiite Muslims make up most of the population but have very little power.
In Pakistan's tribal areas, alcohol bootleggers, lured by enormous profits, have created clandestine delivery services to evade recent crackdowns by the Taliban and the police.
This 2010 New York Times video shows in a poignant way how the past and the present, the global and the local comibine to create underground cultural practices among the wealthy in Pakistan.
Tags: Pakistan, popular culture, SouthAsia, globalization, culture, Islam.
You should never force someone to do what you want and you cant stop them from doing what they want. In the Muslim religion drinking is prohibited so observant Muslims will not drink regardless if its available. If heroin was sold at gas stations in the United States tomorrow I wouldn’t go out and buy it. It is important that people in positions of power give there society the respect to make there own decisions the same way we respect the decisions of a president. Prohibition didn’t work and our war on drugs has been putting massive amounts of money in the hands of criminals.
It is crazy to think that alcohol is illegal in Pakistan. In the US is so easily accessible that I never really thoughout about it in other places. In Pakistan it is illegal to sell or consume alcohol. However this doesn't mean that it is not there. Selling alcohol is a very risky business. Getting cuaght with alcohol at the very least ends in a $350 fine or a police bribe. However this the minimum punishment. Many bootleggers have been shot and killed trying to sneak the alcohol in. This is why the risk is so high and many people try to keep their bootlegging to a minimum. Many of the men get upset when they get big orders becuase it means that there is more of a chance to get caught. They said a small buisness makes about $4,000 a year, which may seem small to us in the US, but it is 3 times the average salary in Pakistan. However there are some bootleggers who make up to $30,000. WIth this being said because alcohol is illegal and the business is so risky alcohol is not cheap, which means for the most part alcohol is mostly consumed and sold to the rich. However is it easy to find. Getting alcohol in Pakistan to bootleg was compared to ordering pizza in the US. But it comes at a price. It is amazing how their Islamic culture impacts them so much. One guy even said that he wouldn't tell his parents he drinks alcohol because in Islam it's basically considerd a sin. It is amazing how different things are. Throughout the video none of the men showed their faces, and were even scared that the camera was present. It is amazing to me how different things are in Pakistan, and that people risk their lives to sell alcohol.
Bootlegging is more of a class status issue, the rich want it and they buy more liquor than the lower, middle class. there religion says it is a sin to drink and everyone listens.
I think it is crazy that they think drinking is compared to adultery. I think because we live in a society were drinking is a norm, most gatherings involve some kind of alcohol, whether it be toasting to a special occasion or grabbing a drink to catch up with an old friend.
Dynamic infographic on world religions (don't be intimidated by the page being in Russian... The graphic is not).
Religious traditions are interconnected and often share common roots and ancestries. This stunning infographic is an attempt to visually reconcile these disparate strands of faith into one cohesive whole (the image above is far too small to do it justice, but I tried to show the image at various scales).
Tags: perspective, culture, religion, culture, infographic, diffusion.
This is incredible. All the religions of the world have branched off from the few stems and to think of all the turmoil religious wars have caused throughout the world's history is amazing when looking at this tree. They all came from the same ideas and ideals and yet the different branches and twigs that have been twisted and flipped around over time have torn families and countries apart. All of these religions are worshipped in different places across the world and it's just mindblowing to see where they all came from and what they have morphed into.
Iranian-American comedian Maz Jobrani takes to the TEDxSummit stage in Doha, Qatar to take on serious issues in the Middle East -- like how many kisses to give when saying “Hi,” and what not to say on an American airplane.
This comedian doesn't just get laughs; he uses stand-up as a platform for discussing important social issues and to foster greater cultural understanding. His big goal is to break stereotypical perspectives of Muslims and show that "there are good people everywhere." Here is another of his entertaining and educational TED talks.
Tags: Middle East, TED, globalization, culture, Islam.
Humor ??? The most important in life !! Can somebody imagine the everyday, Hard, Dangerous, Tedious, Blunt and Dul life without HUMOR ??? Ask the Jews people !!! The Humour, the Inteligent one, helped them living thru the hardest time to conquer, and to survive, and to remain still as "Israel", one of the Happyest Country. So, is Humor Important ?????
This comedian sure does his best job at showing that the Middle East is not the chaotic war zone we see on American television every day, and what a better place to do it in than Qatar, a place where he would have a very diverse audience. He made light of each race in the audience, drawing laughs instead of slander. He made jokes about Lebanese, Qataris, Saudis, and Iranians, amongst others. This really broke many of the stereotypes that exist about people of Middle Eastern descent in our society. Instead of seeing them protesting or fighting amongst themselves, we see them enjoying each other’s company just as every race in America does every day.
Two opposing groups battle to define the word jihad on public buses and subways.
This New York Times video highlights two current media campaigns that are in their own struggle to shape the meaning(s) of the word jihad for the American public. While the definition of "Holy War" is often quoted, it also means a struggle. When you hear the word jihad, who's jihad do you think of first? The cultural context within which a word is used might not be the same context in which the message is received and interpreted. This disconnect can be a part of cultural conflicts and misunderstandings.
Tags: Islam, perspective, religion, culture, USA.
The Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali, is a magnet for tourists, but it is increasingly difficult for locals to live a normal life around it.
This New York Times short video is an intriguing glimpse into some of the cultural pressures behind having the designation of being an official world heritage site. The grerat mosque combined with the traditional mud-brick feel to the whole city draws in tourists and is a source of communal pride, but many homeowners want to modernize and feel locked into traditional architecture by outside organizations that want them to preserve an 'authentic' cultural legacy.
Tags: Islam, tourism, place, religion, culture, historical, community, Mali, Africa.
For over 1400 years, Mecca has been one of the most important cities in the Arabian Peninsula. By the middle of the 6th century, there were three major settl...
As the heart of Islam, Mecca brings in pilgrims from around the world. This documentary gives a great overview of the historical, spiritual and cultural reasons why this is sacred space to over one billion Muslims. Additionally, this documentary contains an analysis of the logistics that are a part of the Hajj.
Tags: Islam, tourism, place, transportation, religion, Middle East, culture.
Acts of violence against Muslim Americans and their houses of worship have increased, especially in the weeks since Ramadan began this year.
Tags: religion, Islam, culture, conflict, terrorism, unit 3 culture.
Protesters upset over an American-made video denouncing Islam attacked the United States Consulate in Libya, while Egyptian demonstrators stormed over the walls of the United States Embassy in Cairo.
The idea of anti-U.S. protests in the Middle East and Northa Africa on the 11th anniversary of the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11 was initially quite shocking. As always, a greater understanding of the cultural context and timing helps explain (not necessarily justify) the situation. The video produced by "Sam Bacile" that has sparked the controversy is truly reprehensible and as cultural insensitive as it gets. Still, the protests, by blindly lashing out at the United States embassy, only exacerbate the cultural problems.
UPDATE: This public gathering of Libyan's in Benghazi to apologize for the death of Chris Stevens is quite poignant.
Questions to Ponder: How does one single YouTube video impact geopolitics? Culturally speaking, what makes this such a powerfully charged issue? Will this issue become fodder for the election?
Tags: MiddleEast, political, culture, Islam, religion.
Protestors were upset over an American made video denouncing Islam and attacked the United States Consulate in Libya and demonstrators stromed over walls of the United States Embassy in Cario. The video was insensitive and sparked anger throughout many. With the way the internet reaches and how social media works many more people in far reach areas are able to view these videos and create problems like this.
On the 11th anniversary of the terrorist attacks of September 11th in the United States, anti-U.S. protestors attacked Benghazi due to their anger toward an American-made YouTube video that denounced Islam. It is amazing to see the impact that one single Internet creation can have. It shows the power that particular media and social outlets such as YouTube and Facebook have.
Young Iranians are tuning out. Of those encountered on a visit, many seemed less interested in religious fanaticism than in sex, drugs and rock ’n’ roll.
Often we fall into the trap of assuming that the political rhetoric of the governmental regime is is culturally representative of the people of that country (such as this picture above. Listen to this podcast on the Iranian nuclear program for an example of the religous/political rhetoric: http://www.scoop.it/t/regional-geography/p/2016189455/iran-s-nuclear-fatwa-a-policy-or-a-ploy ). And yet, people are still people, and kids are just kids, even in a conservative theocratic government.
"One of the most pernicious misunderstandings in the West about Iranians is that they are dour religious fanatics...In the 1970s, disgruntled young Iranians rebelled against a corrupt secular regime by embracing an ascetic form of Islam. Now they’re rebelling against a corrupt religious regime by embracing personal freedom — in some cases, even sex, drugs and rock ’n’ roll."
Laws restricting Islamic symbols in the public sphere are fuelling political distrust and a shared sense of injustice.
One of the free response questions in the 2012 AP Human Geography test focused on increasing Muslim population in many European countries. The Muslim community has (in the view of most Europeans polled) has not adequately assimilated into European society, and with many Europeans feeling a cultural threat, have created a politically charged situation. Has Europe failed to integrate Muslims or have Muslims failed to integrate in Europe? Is this a problem? Why or why not? To see the APHG test question, click here: http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap_frq_human_geo_2012.pdf
(eTN) - The headline news in eTN about the takeover of Timbuktu by Islamists compels tourism stakeholders to think sincerely why such events are happening at the map of tourism? With the rebels, including Islamist factions preaching Sharia of ...
Tourism, with it's elements of geographical voyeurism, can be seen as a potent symbol of what many extremists are trying to eliminate. Also, it gets international attention in a hurry.
Read Religious architecture of Islam for travel tips, advice, news and articles from all around the world by Lonely Planet...
This is an excellent article that can be used in a thematic class for analyzing religion, the human landscape, the urban environment and cultural iconography. For a regional geography class, this show great images from Indonesia, Spain, Egypt, Syria and Israel/Palestine.
Studying the architecture of Islam makes it so obvious that, of course, Islamic peoples pushed the frontier of knowledge whe Europe was rediscovering how to write words. In today's world I feel like Islam is portrayed as "backwards" and completely stuck in time. Perhaps their social policies do not seem to catch ours in terms of modernity and progress, but there is no denying that Muslims do have extremely elegant and complex modes of expression.
The Islamic traditions and beliefs are very genuine and passionate which can be admirable. The value of the many significant structures and various holy sites are immense. Some of them include Dome of the Rock, and Mecca which play a key role in the Islamic religion. These areas are among the most sacred to the religion and the great architecture in these areas show how special they really are. There are mosques all over the world, many of them spanning from Europe into soutwest Asia in countries such as Spain all the way to Indonesia. Within the vast region it is visible to see the glimmering jewels and bright colors to highlight such sacred grounds.