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Some countries are getting old. Others are staying young — and getting much bigger.
These time-lapse demographic charts help to visualize the impacts of the demographic transition principles on a society. In the GIFs of the United States and Japan for example, you can clearly see the baby boomer generation and the 'greying' processes respectively.
Tags: population, demographic transition model, declining population, population, demographics, models.
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fascinating to see what's happening
Over time you can see some countries population increase, decrease, and stay about the same over the years. As more countries develop population increases in these areas. Some data showed Nigerias population to increase along with the United States. It also showed Japans to stay about the same or even decline.
A cool look at the DTM and population pyramids
"CATHOLIC Argentina, Mexico & Phillippines have more babies born per woman than MUSLIM Indonesia, Iran & Turkey."
Gapminder is a tremendous resource that I've shared in the past and total fertility rates is an ideal metric to see in this data visualization tool. As Hans Rosling said in one of his TED talks using Gapminder, religion and total fertility rates are not as connected as previously thought. In this particular mode, you can see how three predominantly Catholic countries (Philippines, Argentina and Mexico) compare in Total Fertility Rates to three predominantly Muslim countries (Indonesia, Turkey and Iran).
Questions to Ponder: Historically many have assumed that Catholic and Muslim populations would have higher birth rates; why is this changing? How important a factor is religion in changing fertility rates? What are other factors impact a society's fertility rate?
Tags: population, demographics, visualization, religion.
awesome site for development economics
The American birthrate is at a record low. What happens when having it all means not having children?
The demographic transition is an important model in human geography that explains many of the declining birth rates in the more developed parts of the world and the high fertility rates in less developed countries. This is often discussed within a demographic and economic context. This article from TIME Magazine struck quite a nerve recently. While it noted that from 2007 to 2011 the fertility rate dropped 9% in the United States, it wasn't the statistical analysis that got people talking (here is another article on the topic). What did strike a nerve was the discussion of the cultural shifts that are at the roots of this demographic decline, the cover picture that glamorizes a childfree life and a subtitle (when having it all means not having kids) that idealizes not having children. The demographic transition has what some call a 'cultural lag' where a large family size is still culturally preferred even if it no longer makes the same agricultural and economic sense as it did in the past. This piece demonstrates the new secularized 'post-cultural lag' values that see children as obstacles to preferable career paths and a limitation on their freedoms. For one commentator that was opposed to this article's cultural perspective see this article. While these pieces are decidedly not neutral on the subject, that is the point; opinions widely differ on the cultural impact of these demographic shifts.
Tags: USA, declining population, population, demographics, models, popular culture.
In recent research people found that some women are content with not having any children. People might think this way because without a child people are able to do more things like go out or travel. Some may not want children due to expenses. If more people do not want children birth rates could decline over the years.
Not to bulky on information but it gets its point across. why are theyre so many social stigmas around having a kid? A kid cost a little over a million dollars to raise why should it be looked down apon for choosing not to take the finacial and physical hardship. I personally have been on the fence about the subject because Im not a fan of this world is coming to and i wouldnt want to have someone I dearly care about to have to go through it. But thats neither hear nor there.
Deaths of white people outnumbered births for the very first time in US history, the Census Bureau revealed Thursday. The census predicts that significant drops in birth rates v death rates will be regular by 2025.
The United States as a whole does not have demographic numbers similar to European countries with declining populations...but 'white' America does. The NY Times also noted that this statistical benchmark happened, but it was quietly mentioned with many other demographic statistics without an analysis of how this will impact the United States.
Question to Ponder: how will this impact the United States in coming generations? What will the cultural, economic and political impacts be? Why explains the differents between the distinct populations in the United States?
Tags: USA, declining population, population, demographics, ethnicity.
Shrinking white demographics will definitely have an effect on voting blocks in the future. I would not be surprised if redistricting becomes a very important issue in upcoming elections. And why was there an attempt to down play the significance of this statistic in the NY Times. Are they trying to hide this fact from the public? What do they think will happen when it is discovered?
This is a fabulous map---but is the statement true?
I present this map (hi-res) without any context to my students and ask the question: is this statement true? How can we ascertain the truthfulness of this claim? What fact would we need to gather? This exercise sharpens their critical thinking skills and harnesses the assorted bits of regional information that they already have, and helps them evaluate the statement.
The answers to these questions can be found here.
Tags: density, social media, East Asia, South Asia.
It's quite amazing!
When we first looked at this picture in class there was no way that I thought this map could be true. We are warned all the time to be careful what we look at on the internet, because for the most part a lot of the information is not true. When we looked at this photo in class we zoomed in on the area in the circle and first determined what was included in that circle. Once we were able to detrmine what cities were within that circle we were then able to look up the population in each of those cities. We added up the total of each city to get the total population of the places within the circle. Then we researched the total population of the world. Once we were able to find this we subtracted the population from within the circle from the total population, and what we were left with was smaller than the total population within the circle. Which means that the map was true. I was shocked. There was no way that I thought this was true. What was interesting to me was the process we went through to determine that this map was even true. We had to detrmine the area we were working with and then research the information to get a solution. I think you learn a lot just by this simple picture. This map happened to be true however there are many picture listed under this map that are untrue that we are faced with all the time, that if we took the time to research we woudl realize are silly pictures. Just by researching information about a picutre like this can teach us a lot about a place.
"Every year, as a result of prenatal sex selection, 1.5 million girls around the world are missing at birth. How do we know these girls are missing if they were never born? Under normal circumstances, about 102 to 107 male babies are born for every 100 female babies born. This is called the sex ratio at birth, or SRB."
How do local cultures create these demographic statistics? How do these demographic statistics impact local cultures?
Tags: gender, technology, folk culture, statistics, China, population.
Gender imbalances in China have created a generation of men for whom finding love is no easy task
Cultural preferences for boys in China has led to a gender imbalance which has some unintended consequences, especially for the those seeking to have families with limited financial resources.
Tags: gender, China, population.
Taro Aso says he would refuse end-of-life care and would 'feel bad' knowing treatment was paid for by government
It's no secret that Japan's population is aging and can not replace itself. Since it is not a destination country for migrants, this is going to have serious economic ramifications as the percentage of the Japanese population over 60 is expected to rise above 40% over the course of this next generation. Given the harsh statements by the new Japanese finance minister, it's a huge political concern (although a difficult one mention in campaigns). Some have already questioned Japan's ability to survive this demographic implosion as adult diapers are now a bigger moneymaker in Japan than children's diapers.
Tags: Japan, declining population, economic, population, demographics, unit 2 population, East Asia.
Tell us how you really feel
Its clear that Japan is overpopulating. People are living long lives in a big country like Japan and people just keep reproducing. The Japense minister in my opion is very wrong here. A minister should never wish deaths upon his people.
The inhabitants of a small Greek island live on average 10 years longer than the rest of western Europe. So what's the secret to long life in Ikaria?
As more countries have entered the later stages of the Demographic Transition, we expect people to live longer than ever. On this island and other "blue zones" they attribute their long life to a traditional diet and an unpolluted environment.
Tags: aging population, medical, population, demographics, unit 2 population, Greece, Europe.
I think sometimes it is best to look to the past so that we might have a better future. A return to a simpler time, less stress, less to worry about. Even in the technology age of iphones, and tablets and the aways staying connected we need to go back to where we are not connected. I've seen to many people on "vacation" doing work whiel with their families..how is that healthy?? We need to slow down a bit, take it easy now and then and just unplug!
This article made me feel a lot of different emotions at once. I want to go to this island or a place like it because it has everything I wish the world around me could have. Growing up in New England, I've been told that most people from around here with die of lung related problems because of the high stress levels that lead to smoking and the pollution from the industries that have roots here and that has always made me upset. I don't want to smoke and inhale polluted air every day. I don't want all of my food to be processed and full of chemicals. This island proves that there is still somewhere pure in the world and if people were not selfish and inclined to find power, economies would not be based on selling products full of harmful chemicals to people all over the world. There is no intelligent reasons for cigarettes to be legal or even to exist, now that people are completely aware of the hundreds of poisons they inhale with every drag and exhale into the air around others.
This island is a dream come true with the pure air, pure wine and the people's habits of taking mid day naps. I wish it were possible to find other places like this or return places back to this kind of simplistic lifestyle. There is not enough purity left in the world.
There will soon be 7 billion people on the planet. Find out why you shouldn’t panic—at least, not yet.
This whole year, National Geographic has been producing materials on the impacts of a growing global population (including this popular and powerful video). Now that the year has (almost) concluded, all of these resources are archived in here. These resources are designed to answers some of our Earth's most critical questions: Are there too many people on the planet? What influences women to have fewer children? How will we cope with our changing climate? Are we in 'the Age of Man?' Can we feed the 7 billion of us? Are cities the cure for our growing pains? What happens when our oceans become acidic? Is there enough for everyone?
Tags: population, National Geographic, sustainability, density.
"Why Republicans Can't Afford to Concede the City Vote Ever Again."
Not trying to make a political statement, just bringing the geography into an analysis of the political landscape: the United States is an urban country and any political party hoping to win a national election must capture at least some of the major metropolitan areas of the country. That isn't ideological; that's simple urban geography and demographics making it's way into national politics. "The math of assuming that the cities will go to Democrats is just a losing game going forward for Republicans."
A refugee is a person who has been pushed away from their homeland and seeks refuge in another place. The United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees (UNHCR) provides a more narrow definition of a refugee as someone who flees their home country due to a “well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.”
As Neal Lineback notes in this Geography in the News post, not all refugees are covered by this definition. Environmental refugees have been forced to leave their homes beause of soil degradation, deserticfication, flooding, drought, climate change and other environmental factors.
Tags: environment, environment depend, migration, unit 2 population.
A map that details the countries with the highest count of refugees
Learn more: http://www.khanacademy.org/video?v=r1ywppAJ1xs Thomas Malthus's views on population. Malthusian limits.
This is a succinct (but not perfect) summary of Malthusian ideas on population. What do you think of his ideas? Any specific parts of his theory that you agree with? Do you disagree with some of his ideas? What did history have to say about it?
Tags: Demographics, population, models, APHG, unit 2 population.
Als wetenschapshistoricus die is afgestudeerd op vroege evolutietheorieen (voor Darwin) één van mijn favorieten!
Malthus is still very relevant.
We will be learning about Malthus in Chapter 2. Take a sneek peek!
Don’t Panic – is a one-hour long documentary broadcasted on BBC on the 7th of November 2013.
The visualizations are based on original graphics and stories by Gapminder and the underlaying data-sources are listed here. Hans’s — “All time favorite graph”, is an animating bubble chart linking health and wealth which you can interact with online here and download offline here.
Population growth in an important topic that is connected to economic development. If you've seen Hans Roslings TED talks, this is an hour-long version of many of the same concepts and data visualizations. His Gapminder data visualization tool, it is a must see for geography teachers to show the connections between population statistics and developmental patterns--let students see the data. This is an article that looks at a different factor, arguing that overpopulation isn't the real issue.
Tags: gapminder, population, demographic transition model, development.
Pânico, por isso, no Brasil?
Hans conveys big concepts and facts about population and development extremely well, usingh is gapminder website and quirky humour.
"The world divided into 5 regions, each with the population of China."
This map from Amazing Maps (a great follow on Twitter) is a clever way to divide the world into 5 equal population regions. In many world regional courses, discussion of Asia might be 1/4 of the course content, while the "NATO and the Americas region" might be about half of the class. Also, think about "the World News" that you see on TV: how much coverage do each of these 5 regions receive? Why is our news coverage unevenly distributed?
This map would go together nicely with this one to show the demographic importance of South and East Asia.
Tags: media, population.
Population and liveability are connected. Population distribution and density influence the characterisics from places - at all scales ( region, continent, country, state ,city, neighbourhood)
This map is mind blowning to try to grasp. To think that India has an equvilant population to every country in the Americans has me dumbfounded. Then comparin the economic instability of India to all the economic juggernauts that fit into the light blue regions really shows how poor the distrubution of wealth and population is throught the world.
"David Greene talks to writer Jeremy Miller about the American Centroid. That's the place where an imaginary, flat, weightless and rigid map of the U.S. would balance perfectly if all 300 million of us weighed the exact same."
Every 10 years the centroid (the center of U.S. population) is calculated using the latest census data. As the map above shows, the centroid has continued moved west throughout history, but in the last 60 years has moved to the south and west. The recent shift to the south coincides with the mass availability of air conditioning (among other factors) which opened up the Sun Belt. In this article in Orion Magazine, Jeremy Miller discusses the historical shifts in the spatial patterns of the U.S. population and the history of the centroid. you can listen to podcast versions of this article as well, one by NPR and a much more detailed one by Orion Magazine.
Questions to Ponder: Would the centroids of other countries be as mobile or predictable? Why or why not? What does the centroid tell us?
Tags: statistics, census, mapping, migration, population, historical, USA.
Awesome way to show how the settlement of the US continues to move west with the population growing on the West Coast at a faster rate. If you look at the biggest jump between 1850 and 1860 it shows the mass immigration into the US and the further migration to the western part of the US especailly with the gold rush starting in 1849. Great littel piece of information.
The centre of population in the USA has moved further inland and southward compared to Australia. Comparing urbanisation in USA and Australia.
Informative, short podcast that details the changing migration of the US
The UN projects Kenya to grow older and healthierSummary:
Tags: population, demographics, models, Africa, Kenya.
Aging populations in LDCs? Modern medicine and education at work
These projections given by the UN in regards to Kenya, specifically life expectancy and health, are very interesting and show how Kenya has the potential to grow.
What to Expect When No One's Expecting: America's Coming Demographic Disaster [Jonathan V. Last] on Amazon.com. *FREE* super saver shipping on qualifying offers. Look around you and think for a minute: Is America too crowded?
I have yet to read this book, but the title alone says that it could be an intriguing supplemental text for a unit on population (or an 'opposing viewpoint' to consider). For those that have read the book, please comment below.
Tags: USA, declining population, population, demographics, models.
I really wasn't sure where to put this scoop. There may be a time when the GMOs affect our fertility as many think GMOs are affecting herds fed GMOs. The physical environment might affect this as well. The social and economic challenges may impact fertility and plain selfishness and putting industrial needs over human needs could affect it as well. It looks like an interesting book so I thought I would make note of it.
"The nation's fertility rate has slipped below replacement levels partly because of the recession and a decline in immigration. That's raising concern about the nation's future."
During this recent recession, fertility rates in the United States have dropped with many speculating that the financial investment in child-rearing caused this shift. The big question is this: will birth rates bounce back when the economy fully recovers or is the United States population going to follow the example of Western Europe? What would the impact be for both of these scenarios?
Tags: USA, declining population, population, demographics, models, unit 2 population.
Pictured above is a still image of an interactive digital globe with population density data with colored bar graphs to symbolize the data. This is a great open-source platform for geographic data visualization. There are not many data layers currently, but possibly there will be more in the future (best viewed in Google Chrome).
Tags: population, demographics, unit 2 population, visualization, mapping.
"Pictured above is a still image of an interactive digital globe with population density data with colored bar graphs to symbolize the data. This is a great open-source platform for geographic data visualization. There are not many data layers currently, but possibly there will be more in the future (best viewed in Google Chrome)."
A look at how the notion of family is evolving in this country.
The traditional family is declining in social prominence in many developed societies (this is hardly a phenomenon unique to Canada) as fewer young people are choosing to marry and have children. How does this impact individuals, families, communities and countries?
Tags: Canada, declining population, population, demographics, unit 2 population.
This interactive dot distribution map of the United States 2010 census data has many great applications. The conversation can focus on the symbology of the map (for example, this could lead to a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of dot distribution maps) or notice how certain physical landforms are visible for either their high or low population density. One of the advantages of this map is that it uses census data at the block level. This means that the user can visualize distinct scale-dependent patterns. Sharp divisions (e.g.-urban vs. rural) might have less of a distinct edge as you zoom in.
UPDATE: This map now includes Canadian and Mexican census data as well as the United States.
Tags: cartography, technology, mapping, visualization, population, density.
This map is very useful in examining the distribution of people and geography in North America. It's easy to see that our once rural based country is completely dominated by cities, most of which are near the coast. It's fun to play around with as you can see where mountain ranges are as well as other topographic changes just by the concentrations of people, or lack there of.
Unicharm Corp.’s sales of adult diapers in Japan exceeded those for babies for the first time last year. At Daiei Inc. supermarkets, customers can feel Japan aging -- literally: It has made shopping carts lighter.
Japan's demographic shifts are well-chronicled: the Japanese are having fewer children and the improvements in healthcare mean that the elderly are living longer than ever. Combined this means that Japan's population pyramid is getting "top heavy." This population change is having huge econmic impacts as the percentage of Japanese people is now over 23%. Retailers and industries are heavily targeting this expanding demographic with financial clout that outspends all other cohorts.
Tags: Japan, declining population, economic, population, demographics, unit 2 population, East Asia, consumption.
The Brazilian government's geographic department (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística-roughly equivalent to the U.S. Census Bureau) has compiled an fantastic interactive world factbook (available in English and Spanish as well as Portuguese). The ease of navigation allows the user to conduct a specific search of simply explore demographic, economic, environmental and development data on any country in the world.
Tags: population, worldwide, statistics, mapping, zbestofzbest.
Over a bottle of vodka and a traditional Russian salad of pickles, sausage and potatoes tossed in mayonnaise, a group of friends raised their glasses and wished Igor Irtenyev and his family a happy journey to Israel.
My regional class has been learning about Russia this week and when I first started teaching a few years ago, I would teach that Russia had a population of 145 million. Today it is 141 million and part of that is due to migrants leaving a country that they see as lacking in economic opportunities and political freedoms (another part of the story is that birth rates plummeted after the collapse of the Soviet Union in what demographers have called the "Russian Cross"). In the last few years the population appears to have stabilized, but there are still many who do not see a vibrant future from themselves within Russia.
Tags: Russia, migration, Demographics, immigration, unit 2 population.
In the last 10 years about 1.25 million russians have emigrated out of Russia, but the way they do it is interesting. When they leave they dont sell their houses, or aparments, or cars they simply lock their doors and quietly slip away to the airports at night. The reasons for leaving are different thought, some are leaving because the prime minister is expected to return while some are leaving because of the awful econonmy. Either way the massive amounts of emigration is leading to a higher death rate then birth rate overall.