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Despite the gains, more Africans still die from Malaria even as the spotlight remains firmly fixed on HIV/AIDS.
This is just the map portion of a very detailed infographic on the medical geographic situation in Africa. Click here to see the full infographic.
Tags: Africa, medical, development, infographic, diffusion.
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A billion people worldwide live in slums, largely invisible to city services and governments — but not to satellites.
Most slums are systematically ignored by politicians and public utilities; squatter settlements are not built legally and they are treated as though they did not exist. Mapping these communities makes them visible, literally putting them on the map can be an important step to legitimize the needs and requests of these poor residents and grant them greater access to public, municipal resources.
Tags: mapping, GPS, podcast, GIS, poverty, squatter settlements, development, Africa, Kenya.
Slums also known as favelas, squatter settlements
Great how tech and globalization can help represed people in other countries.
The slum-mapping movement began in India almost a decade ago and migrated to africa, the idea of this is to make slums a reality to people who have never set foot in one before. The maps can be used in court to stop evictions or simply to raise awarance. I think this idea is on the right track of what needs to be done. These people need help and so many people incuding the governement pretend they arent their but with these maps as proof they can no longer do that.
"For millions of refugees across Africa life is a daily struggle. Many dream of one day returning to their homeland while others have spent decades building a new life. On World Refugee Day, BBC Focus on Africa's Anne Soy visits a Somali family in Nairobi, Kenya, who cannot imagine returning to their roots."
In addition to this video, see this photo gallery of refugees around the world for some additional context of 'regular life' for refugees.
Questions to Ponder: Is it the duty of a refugee to return to their home country as soon as it is safe? If you were a refugee, what geographic factors (economic, cultural, political, environmental) would shape you decisions to stay or return?
Tags: refugees, migration, Somalia, Africa,
Somali refugees build new lives in Kenya rather than returning home once the area is safe for them. Why?
I do not feel that Is the duty of refuge to return to their home if they don’t want to, even if is safe. If I were a refuge I would learn about the present situation of my home, if is safe or not or I would take in consideration, where would my family and I have a better future; like school, work and if I can practice my beliefs without any fear of being arrested or worst kill.
Africa may have achieved independence, but the old colonial ties are still important as France’s decision to send troops to Mali to fight Islamist extremists shows.
This is a very intriguing infographic (download high-resolution image here). How are old colonial patterns a thing of the past? How do old colonial patterns continue to affect the African continent?
Tags: Africa, states, language, infographic, historical, colonialism.
"The tiny black-eyed pea is about to wage battle in Malawi. The small country in southeast Africa is the site of a project to help with food security, nutrition and income. Western University researchers are among those who will work with 30,000 farmers to help diversify crops into protein-rich legumes, such as the black-eyed pea, a popular type of cow pea in Malawi."
Tags: food, agriculture, Africa, Malawi, unit 5 agriculture.
Review for you!
This fabulous collection of African maps from 1535-1897 represents an historical geographic vision of both Africa and colonial visions of an imagined Africa. I chose this particular map to display because it beautifully highlights the Mountains of Kong. For generations, European cartographers erroneously believed that this long mountain range extended north of the West African coast and across the continent. Currently this map collection is at Plymouth State, NH, but much of it is archive online here.
Tags: Africa, cartography, colonialism, map.
An interesting historical perspective on the geography of the African continent.
Love seeing the change over time. Especially on a continent we often know so little about.
January 19, 2013—The West African nation of Mali is making headlines after a wave of French military actions on Islamic extremist groups now controlling the northern part of the country. National Geographic Senior Writer Peter Gwin has...
This 6-minute video clip is a good way to help students understand the ethnic and geopolitical context of the Mali conflict. What impact did the superimposed borders of colonialism have in creating the conflict?
Tags: Mali, Africa, borders, political, conflict, war, colonialism, National Geographic.
La crisi propera no es deixa fer prou atenció als canvis geopolítics a l' Africa.
"The map [above] sorts the countries of the world into three groups based on their relative coup risk for 2013: highest (red), moderate (orange), and lowest (beige)."
While this is not predicting a coup in any of these places, this map is a visualization of data that was used to assess the factors that would make a coup likely (to see an alternate map, here is the Washington Post's review of the same data that mapped the 30 countries most likely to have a coup).
Questions to Ponder: What factors do you think would be important in compilling data of this nature? What makes a country susceptible to this type of governmental overthrow? What creates governmental stability?
Tags: political, conflict, unit 4 political, governance, Africa.
Factoren die meespelen zijn hieronder genoemd.
The algorithm for successful coups uses just four risk factors, one of which is really just an adjustment to the intercept.
The algorithm for any coup attempts, successful or failed, uses the following ten risk factors, including all four of the ones used to forecast successful coups.
Eighteen months ago, central Mogadishu was like an African Stalingrad.
Somalia's political troubles are not over, but it is no longer the drought-ridden country overrun by Islamist extremist that it was two years ago. For years it held the dubious title of "the world's most failed state." Al Shabbab, the militant group linked to Al Qaeda, left the capital of Mogadishu in 2011 and in 2012 lost their last stronghold. Piracy still exists off the Somali coast, but it has lessened as a semblance of political order is being restored to the Horn of Africa.
Tags: Somalia, Africa, political, conflict, war.
Many other countries complain about the US getting into things that aren't our business, but what I've noticed, if we don't intervene, it does become our problem because of all the ties we have around the world. One place fights another because they think something isn't going their way. But if one place goes down, there is other places that rely on the place that just fell. Then it becomes a butterfly effect and more people are affected than intended.
The Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali, is a magnet for tourists, but it is increasingly difficult for locals to live a normal life around it.
This New York Times short video is an intriguing glimpse into some of the cultural pressures behind having the designation of being an official world heritage site. The grerat mosque combined with the traditional mud-brick feel to the whole city draws in tourists and is a source of communal pride, but many homeowners want to modernize and feel locked into traditional architecture by outside organizations that want them to preserve an 'authentic' cultural legacy.
Tags: Islam, tourism, place, religion, culture, historical, community, Mali, Africa.
Jeffrey Gettleman, The Times’s Nairobi bureau chief, reports on how Kenya’s wildlife conservation corps is learning from a reformed poacher how to counter the growing threat to elephants.
In Somalia, former pirates are helping to patrol the coasts to prevent piracy. This idea of reforming and recruiting past criminals is also seen in Kenya as former poachers are trying to protect elephants that are essential to the local ecology as well as the tourism-driven economy. In addition to the attached video is this article which expands on these issues.
Tags: biogeography, tourism, Africa, consumption, resources, ecology, Kenya.
The hunger crisis in the Sahel region of Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger and Chad has been deepening since the start of this year.
The Sahel is a classic transition zone--a border that is not a sharp division, but a gradual shift from one region to the next. This area has environmentally marginal lands, but is as population pressures continue, marginal lands need to sustain more people.
The story of the "Lost Boys" of Sudan is a heartbreaking and inspiring tale of youth caught in cultural and geopolitical conflicts and fored to leave their homes. The film God Grew Tired of Us tells a moving story of young people overcoming incredible challenges and struggling to improve their own lives and those of family and friends left behind." Linked here is a lsson plan from National Geographic "to teach students about concepts of migration, cultural mosaics, sense of place, and forces of cooperation and conflict among communities" using this 90 minute documentary. The film can be viewed online on HULU as well as other media outlets.
Tags: culture, Africa, political, conflict, war, migration, development, APHG.
July 23, 2013 (JUBA) – South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir Mayardit, has issued a presidential decree removing the vice-president, Riek Machar Teny, and dissolved the whole government.
Just today I mentioned in class that South Sudan had some serious issues in establishing effective governance over their territory and building a legitimate government...then I read this. Starting a new country is difficult, especially with the hand South Sudan has been dealt--stay tuned.
Tags: South Sudan, political, Africa, states.
Here is a living example of how hard it is to start a new country. Imagine what our founding fathers int he US was doing back in 1783 when they were trying something new, with not much to look to in the past as an example. Even with all the history since then, and all the examples of how to for a working governemt, startnig a new country in the area of the world that was once controlled by imperialists and warlords is not going to be an easy task by no stretch of the imagination. We can only hope for the best for these people.
Unfortunately, these actions seem to be the one of a man who is trying desperately to hold on to his power. It is known that there was a power struggle between him and members of his government. It is the last thing this young country needs when it is trying to establish itself. Hopefully this move does not lead to the very thing South Sudanians were trying to get away from.
When filmmaker Shantha Bloemen was stationed in a remote village in Zambia as a worker with an international aid organization, she had to adjust to living in a different culture. But one thing struck her as oddly familiar: almost everyone in the village wore secondhand clothing from the West. Bloemen began to imagine stories about the people who used to wear the clothing, wondering if the original owners had any idea that the castoffs they had given to charities ended up being sold to Africans half a world away.
This PBS documentary shows some of the unexpected consequences of globalization and less well-publicized economic interactions. This online supplemental to the video allows users to track the journey of a T-shirt. For additional reading on topic, this article shows how some the same process is impacting the those in Haiti. The complex interactions that stem from globalization never cease to amaze me.
Tags: industry, economic, poverty, globalization, Africa.
I saw old coats in parts of India , .
It's fascinating to look at the effects of globalization, and a great look at how economies change. When people in the Western world drop a bag of clothes off at a charity, I doubt we think they'd end up in a village in Africa. Warning: it does get a little preachy at the end.
Is direct aid a good thing or not? How does secondhand clothing impact local economies?
The UN projects Kenya to grow older and healthierSummary:
Tags: population, demographics, models, Africa, Kenya.
Aging populations in LDCs? Modern medicine and education at work
These projections given by the UN in regards to Kenya, specifically life expectancy and health, are very interesting and show how Kenya has the potential to grow.
"Our lives, our cultures, are composed of many overlapping stories. Novelist Chimamanda Adichie tells the story of how she found her authentic cultural voice -- and warns that if we hear only a single story about another person or country, we risk a critical misunderstanding."
To gain a global perspective inherently requires understanding multiple perspectives. Africa is frequently portrayed as 'the other' but also homogenized within a single narrative that 'flattens' truth. How can we teach and learn about other places in a way that develops geographic empathy and shows the many stories of that can belong to any one place?
Tags: Africa, perspective, TED.
This is such an interesting TED talk. Chimamanda Adichie of Nigeria talks about the danger of a single story. That is, the danger of using one story to tell about an entire group of people or an entire country. She says that using a single story is dangerous because it focuses on stereotypes that are not necessarily untrue, but they are incomplete. There are so many more important pieces of a story of a group of people than just the single story. She believes that the single story robs people of their dignity and shows differences between people rather than similiarities. Her experiences in Nigeria, the United States, and Mexico are very interesting and lend meaning to her opposition of the single story.
This infographic is a great introduction to the historical genesis of South Sudan and the political uncertainty and difficulties that it now faces as an independent country.
Tags: South Sudan, political, sovereignty, Africa, territoriality, states, unit 4 political.
This pictorial diagram describes both physical and human characteristics of South Sudan. South Sudan is the world's newest country.
It is a rare opportunity that the world gets to witness the birth of a new nation. But with the birth of South Sudan, it seems the world was ready to welcome them in. After Sudan became free from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956, 39 of thier 55 years of freedom have been in war between the northern part and southern part of the country. It made sense to divide the two. They had different religion focuses, different terrain, and different ways of life. The split was based on a nation wide vote, which well over three million votes were cast. There was really no dispute about a border, one was already mad eby the land. The Sudan was a desert region and as you traveled South it turned into swamp and forests (apparently you can see the border clearly form an aerial view). The border was put in place and now the South Sudan is the 193 nation to join the United Nations. While the Sudan is much larger than the South Sudan, it seems this plan to seperate has worked for the better. Becoming a nation in July 2011, it recieved assistance from the U.N. in its period of transition. Overall, I think the South Sudan and the Sudan seperating was for the best. Now the countires are free to practice their own religions and lifestyles. All that is left to say is #Welcome193
South Sudan secceded from Sudan in 2011. North Sudan is Muslim, while South Sudan is Christian. This difference alone causes one t think of what impacts and consequences this new border will cause.
The filmmakers present a 12-step program to establish the world’s newest country: South Sudan.
What does a state need to have to be politically viable? If you were to start your own country, what would you need to do? This isn't just a hypothetical question since South Sudan is currently undergoing this process and having to answer these questions.
I don’t think that Northern Sudan is going to relinquish control of South Sudan that easily. I am going to employ the wait and see attitude to this “Hot Spot” issue.
Africa has a lot to offer the adventurous traveller. We've compiled a list of the must-see places any trip should include.
There are great iconic places of Africa in this Top 10 list (and yes, I'd love to see Victoria Falls from above).
Tags: tourism, Africa.
it's very cool spot on the plant, thats for sure.
Balancing the interests of stakeholders in the Malian polity will be difficult, however some key steps should be taken.
This is a great article for give to students to provide them with the geo-political context to understand the situation in Mali. It also give a great reminder for observers and the involved parties to not lump all Tuareg civilians in the north with the Islamists groups that are in control. "This failure to consistently distinguish between different groups in the North by multiple stakeholders...portends longer term trouble." For additional reading, see this Geography in the News article on Mali, tailor-made for classroom.
Tags: Mali, Africa, political, conflict, war.
France is ready to stop Islamist militants who control northern Mali, the French president says, following a plea for help by his Malian counterpart.
In April 2012, Islamist rebels seized power in Northern Mali and have declared independence, proclaiming this region The Islamic State of Azawad. Recently they have begun to amass armies on the southern limits of their territory and presumably are seeking to topple all of Mali. The former colonizer, France is being called upon to assist as is the United Nations. This area is part of a region known as the Sahel, the transition from a dry North Africa to tropical Sub-Saharan Africa, from a Muslim/Arab north to a Christian/Animist/Black region of Africa. The human and physical geographic divisions in this region plays a major role in this conflict.
Islamist militants control Northern Mali
What also was very dangerous about this was that Mali became a safe haven for terrorist groups such as Al-Qaeda, because of their Islamic ties to the rebels. If we allow them to control this region, who knows what they could plan. We spent all this time making them run, giving them a new base would undo a lot of work that has been done in the past 12 years.
A handful of AIDS cases were first recognized in the U.S. at the beginning of the 1980s. By 1990, there was a pandemic. In 1997, more than 3 million people became newly infected with HIV.
The spread of AIDS/HIV since the 1980s has varied greatly over time and space. The red lines represent Sub-Saharan countries and the dark blue line on this interactive is the regional average of Sub-Saharan African countries. The regional trend was on the rise at the end of the 20th century, but is now on a slight decline (but still an major impact on the continent). Countries such as Botswana and Zimbabwe have made some significant strides in limiting the spread of AIDS (Zimbabwe is the country that 'peaked' in 1997 and has had the steepest decline).
For many albinos — born with a partial or total lack of pigment in their skin, hair and eyes — life is difficult, and that is particularly true in Tanzania, where they are attacked for their flesh, the result of superstitious beliefs.
This is not a typical look at the cultural roots of prejudice and discrimination. It isn't racism per se (since albinism isn't a racial category strictly speaking), but it does show prejudice that is linked to physical appearance and skin color. There are deeply rooted folk traditions that endanger the lives of African albinos as explained in this podcast. This photo gallery shows some of Tanzania's albinos letting their light shine.
Tags: culture, racism, folk culture, Tanzania, Africa.
This website is an incredibly humorous parody of Eurocentric charitable organizations that, while well-intentioned, propogate many negative stereotypes about Africa.
Questions to Ponder: What do you think the 'point' of Radi-Aid is? Do you agree with their point? How does the media influence our idea of places?
Tags: Africa, development, NGOs, Norway.
When I saw this video in class I was confused at first. I now understand it to be a parody that pokes fun at Eurocentric charities that have good intentions but often undermine places such as Africa. Yes, Africa faces poverty and there are many charities to help support African countries, but the leaders of these charities must realize that Africa cannot exclusively be based on this one idea of poverty. I agree with the point of "Radi-Aid", that the African story is much more positive than what the Eurocentric world makes of it. Media always has the ability to influence our ideas about places. We see one commerical about a charitable organization trying to help Africa and the first thing we think of is how impoverished Africans are. Media exposes us to so many stereotypes which may not all be untrue, but incomplete.