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In Minnesota, ‘industrial’ operation shows effort to balance economic, environmental sustainability.
In the long run, a successful farmer needs to find a balance between economic and environmental sustainability. Some big farms are working towards that so the 'big-equals-bad' narrative about agriculture may be easy, but it doesn't tell the whole story about modern agriculture.
Tags: GMOs, sustainability, agriculture, agribusiness.
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The author of thid article shares how his father moved to the farm in search for economic prosperity and opportunity. Then as a soon he desires one day to make his fathers farm into a place were organic food would be sold one day. Due to land projects and government needing the land his fathers orginal agricultural enterprise in the Minnesota region shifted. I was very suprised after reading this article that the best way to have economic and environmental sustainability is to work with with the markets and develop genetically modified foods as the most viable way to create a surplus in a highly urbanized growing landscape. I found it very saf fake food is prefered over real food that ws once made though the old school agricultural process of sowing reaping and harvesting natural foods to be placed in the market and provided to people.
Unfortunately in today's society, in order to participate successfully in the global economy, you have to have a big farm. Foods must be grown in a certain way in order to have the best yield and appease the consumers. The small farming approach just won't yield enough for the 7 billion people living on the planet. As bad as big farming may be, it has kept us all afloat and has even yielded surplus. In my opinion the problem is not with the big farming equation, the problem is what we do with the abundance of surplus we do away with.
"Later this week, there will be a memorial service on the Penn State campus (Oct 26th-see details here)."
This summer I unexpectedly found myself at the estate sale of the great cultural geographer, Wilbur Zelinsky. I heard earlier through the Penn State geography department that he had passed away, but was startled to find myself discussing his legacy with his children. This picture (that was being held up by the most amazing magnet ever) on his filing cabinet seems like a perfect tribute to his intellectual legacy. Read the full article with additional pictures here.
With Halloween right around the corner, the Salem Witch trials loom large in the collective American psyche. While many emphasize the supernatural and the scandalous, this Maps 101 podcast (based on the article written by Julie Dixon and yours truly) gives the geographic and historic context to understand the tragedy of the 1692 witch trials.
Tags: seasonal, historical, colonialism.
لوحة عظيمة مثل صاحبها
The outbreak of the Salem Witch Trials really are really something that produces many questions. Perhaps the most obvious question is why did these trials happen all of a sudden? A community largely based off of agriculture produces an atmosphere of superstition. This can be seen in the events that led up to the Salem witch trials. With the land barely producing enough to sustain the town, people look for a scapegoat to blame. Neighbors turned on neighbors in order to obtain more land claiming that each other were witches. It is interesting to see that in a time of crisis one can a helping hand is not always the popular choice; as seen in the Salem Witch Trials the opposite extreme is taken place.
The PRB World Population Data Sheet is a great resource; now you can access that same data through this interactive map.
سكان العالم 2013
use in populations unit
The human popluation debate will always seem to be an issue. One can almost assume that the less developed countries are going to have the highest popluation but the most problems as well. A country that is classified as less developed are most definitely going to have low incomes due to the low number of jobs available, poor human development because there isn't enough people to be taking care of each other.
Bob Simon reports on the decline of America's former industrial capital and the people determined to bring it back
Detroit is the largest city to declare bankruptcy and more importantly the first major American city to essentially fail as a major metropolitan area. Sections of the city are reminiscent of a post-apocalyptic bestselling novel: 80,000 buildings stand empty, 40% of the streetlights don’t work, and it routinely takes police one hour to respond to a 911 call.
Tags: urban, economic, industry, Detroit.
The Detroit "Renaissance" is an interesting one to say the least. There is an obvious opportunity to lay the foundations for something new and bold after clearing the rubble that has become detroit. But who is going to be displaced once the rubble's cleared and the trendy cafes, art studios, and co-ops are erected? Who amongst the poor and already displaced will be held up high, encouraged, and supported to help create this new Detroit? Cutting costs from health care and pensions, from those who already live in this city and are struggling, doesn't sound particularly productive. Especially after referencing having posession of extremely valuable art pieces that could be sold off. This article really sheds a light on the pro's and con's that are associated in capital investment in a bankrupt and wartorn American city.I don't think that the poor and hungry care about paint on a canvas. They need access to opportunity and the resources to seize it.
"This Geography News Network Article podcast is an historical description of Christopher Columbus's role in discovering the Americas."
From grains to grapes to cabbage and many other crops the harvest season has been in full swing in the Northern Hemisphere.
So few of my students have actual experience working on a farm and being part of the food producing process. This gallery of 38 photos around the world is a great visual to reinforce how important the harvest is for sustaining life on this planet. The picture above shows the a Hmong hill tribe woman harvesting a rice terrace field at Mu Cang Chai district, northern Vietnamese province of Yen Bai. The World Bank on Oct. 7 lowered its 2013 growth forecast for East Asian developing countries to 7.1 percent and warned that a prolonged US fiscal crisis could be damaging to the region.
Tags: agriculture, food production, landscape, images.
Nothing like agriculture to put a dose of "reality check" into urban/suburban students' lives.
An image our Grad 11 students can at least have some empthy with....
Well see as how my page is called World Photography, i figurd this would be a good article/gallery to put up. Along with so georgous photos one can really see the imporance of farming on a culture and farming world wide. The gallery of photos is increadible, and with a caption to match each photo you are able to see geographilycly and cultulary where certan foods and plants are produced. This makes me feel that cultures are all some what connected, the tobbco from your cigretts comes from mexico, and the nice wine that you drink when your out to dinner is from a vineyard in germany. Its a small idea but food is very cultualy influncing
Think everyone should just pull themselves up by their bootstraps? Try this one on for size.
This video shows the place matters; a Washington D.C. educator shows how food deserts and other spatial problems of poverty impact his students on a daily basis. We usually look at life expectancy data at the national scale and that obscures some of the real issues of poverty in developed countries. Above is a map that shows the Gini index which measures the degree of economic inequality (the Gini coefficient was recently added to the APHG course content for the Industrialization and Economic Development unit). Here are some maps and data from the World Bank that utilizes the Gini Index as well as an interactive Gapminder graph.
Tags: industry, location, place, migration, APHG, poverty, socioeconomic.
Just incredibly awesome, but so, so sadly true.
Educating in poverty
Do you find this information surprising?
"Submarine canyons were identified by the pre-SONAR mappers, but it wasn’t until this technological advancement that we realized how common a feature they are. We now know that there are hundreds (perhaps thousands depending on your definition) of submarine canyons incising into continental shelves and slopes all over Earth."
Tags: physical, environment, water, geomorphology, erosion, landforms.
submarine canyons are a natural underwater phenomenon with no clear explainable cause. They are located in parts of the world sush as New Zealand and off the coast of Santa Monica california. These canyons at the bottom of the ocean may have been ancient rivers from before prehistoric times, and the erosion and subduction of the tectonic plates over millions of years leave the remains of channels of rivers from the past. Another theory is that they are caused by water forces that caused the sea bed to erode and make way for an actuall canyon. With the use of Sonar technology we are still discovering phenomons of the submarine world as sciene progresses. These canyons are common and are found all over the Earth and give is an understanding of what the world may have looked like long ago.
"Portland is a city that some residents praise as a kind of eden: full of bike paths, independently-owned small businesses, great public transportation and abundant microbreweries and coffeeshops. And then there’s a whole other city. It’s the city where whole stretches of busy road are missing sidewalks, and you can see folks in wheelchairs rolling themselves down the street right next to traffic. It’s the city where some longtime African-American residents feel as if decades of institutional racism still have not been fully addressed."
Portland, Oregon is often discussed as a magnet for a young demographic that wants to be part of a sustainable city that supports local businesses and agriculture. This podcast looks behind that image (which has a measure of truth to it) to see another story. Relining, gentrification, poverty, governance and urban planning are all prominent topics in this 50 minute podcast that provides as fascinating glimpse into the poorer neighborhoods of this intriguing West Coast city. When in cities, we often use the term sustainability to refer to the urban ecology, but here we see a strong concern for the social sustainability of their historic neighborhoods as well.
Tags: neighborhood, gentrification, urban, place, culture, economic, race, poverty, place, socioeconomic.
Recently I came across a craigslist post from a gentleman who was trying to rally individuals to Portland with him for a journey on the "Michigan Trail" to Detroit. He made promise that the intention was to perform rejuvinating work in Detroit alongside it's current residents and that there would be "no gentrification." Not that I found these statements or intentions to be profound or useful in anyway, but this podcast really put a nail in the coffin for me. The effects of gentrification are well known for both their positive and negative aspects. But the bottom line is this, regardless of intention the poor and diverse populations will be displaced unless it is from them that this renaissance takes place. Not Portlandia hipsters looking for some sort of "promise land." Portland apparentely has it's own issues with gentrification and a class of social and cultural norms that make it difficult to make the case for cities on the rise to take the same path.
I don't think that Earth offers everything for everyone. Given the situation of predetermination about birthplace and essentially upbringing, social class, and outcomes, in an infinite universe (infinite until proven otherwise), a single small planet cannot possibly offer us everything we are destined to need in the universe, let alone the towns that we are limited to. I do not believe in choice, I believe in destiny... I do not blame people for racism or crimes, as HORRIBLE as they may be. I think that people are made into what they are by the world around them, in existential and defining ways. Yeah, there is plenty of room for improvement and change in Oregon, but realistically, there is also more room for improvement in other areas too. I don't really see humans as the sort of people that will ever get better without some sort of divine intervention. I am taking the perspective of separation of paradise and purgatory that was mentioned in this article, and applying it to a different scale, but I do believe that mankind is to be condemned by the universe, due to its faults and inability to play well with others. The world freaks out when kidnapping victims are found after a decade of abuse and captivity, but this same world breeds animals for slaughter and consumption... Earthlings clearly have been taught to not care about those that are different, whether in looks or species... I think the kidnapping situation is vile and appalling, but I also think that breeding species for slaughter (which affects more living beings) is democratically more of an issue.
Take part in Earth Science Week 2013! Held October 13-19, ESW 2013 will promote awareness of the many exciting uses of maps and mapping technologies in the geosciences. “Mapping Our World,” the theme of ESW 2013, engages young people and the public in learning how geoscientists, geographers, and other mapping professionals use maps to represent land formations, natural resource deposits, bodies of water, fault lines, volcanic activity, weather patterns, travel routes, parks, businesses, population distribution, our shared geologic heritage, and more. Maps help show how the Earth systems – geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere – interact.
Some awesome activity ideas and unit plans on this site for teachers to do with Earth Science!
"Watch The Scarecrow, the companion film for Chipotle's new app-based game. Then download the free app at www.scarecrowgame.com and join the quest for whole sustainable food."
This video (and earlier videos in the same vein) is extremely risky business. These videos perfectly encapsulates the beliefs, values and ethics that underscore the organic farming movement and resonate with consumers. This is a key part of Chipotle's advertising campaign, food with integrity. Many within the agricultural industry are not amused, and as a group they are Chipotle's suppliers. “In general, this romanticized view of agriculture is not going to be able to feed the world,” said Tom Super who is the spokesman for the National Chicken Council. Many in the industry think that Chipotle pushing its values on consumers. See this article for more on the tension between Chipotle and agricultural suppliers.
Tags: food, agriculture, food production, agribusiness.
Sounds good. I liked the video I saw.
If the Owners of Chipotle are actually growing and raising their animals organically they have no choice but to approach their competitors aggressively. Growing high volume quality food is a much more expensive and slow process then genetically modifying animals to create higher yields. I thought the commercial was beautifully done and struck a tone I wish I heard more often.
This video probably set some of the leading fast food chains and restuarants on edge. Chipotle is starting an organic agricultural revolution, and with good reason. Most fast food cooperations are like the scare crow foods in the video, not using one hundred percent animal products, and using chemicals to enhance them. It is like that in other places too. Mnay farmers now are breeding chickens to have much larger breasts because that is what is in demand. But none of this is good for our bodies. Chipotle is one of many organic companies trying to go back to the basics and feed us food that is also good for us. They are showing us that this agricultural revolution can feed the people of the world.
"Charles Marville photographed Paris' transition from medieval hodgepodge to modern metropolis. Marville made more than 425 photographs of the narrow streets and crumbling buildings of premodern Paris, including this view from the top of Rue Champlain in 1877-1878."
This NPR podcast adds some great insight into Charles Marville's 19th century photography currently on display at the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C. The urban transformations designed by Haussmann made Paris the global capital of modernity and the many cities around the world copied the principles of Haussmannization. A photographic glimpse into Paris before and during these changes that brought about social upheaval is a marvelous tool for an historical geographic analysis of urbanization.
Tags: urban, historical, Paris, place, France, podcast, images.
Full album & lyrics: http://www.marblesthebrainstore.com/brain-beats-2 Music by Renald Francoeur, Drawing by Craighton Berman, Video by Don Markus "Tour the ...
Geography is so much more than knowing where place are--but that is an important starting point to be able to intelligently discuss global patterns. After watching that video, you should be able to ace this quiz.
Great way to learn the countries of the world, continent by continent or island by island.
The chorus gets a little old, but I dare you not to like this video.
This data visualization from the U.S. Census Bureau shows distribution of Hispanic or Latino population by specific origin. http://go.usa.gov/D7VH
Questions to Ponder: What geographic factors account for the differences in settlement patterns of those of Puerto Rican origin and those of Mexican origin? How do these patterns shape the cultural patterns in the United States and affect particular places?
Tags: migration, USA, mapping, census, ethnicity.
Both of these maps represent a Hispanic settlement pattern. However, one represents the Mexican settlement pattern while the other represents the Puerto Rican settlement pattern. Between the two there are some differences in where each ethnic group settles when migrating to the US. The Mexican settlement pattern is much more dispersed than the Puerto Ricans. However, there are large Mexican settlements located throughout California (the largest being in the SoCal region). There seem to be mostly settled in the big city areas, which include states such as Texas, Arizona, and even as far east as the Great Lakes region.
The Puerto Ricans, however, seem more inclined to coastal areas of the US. The large cluster of Puerto Ricans settling on the New England Coast seems to represent this idea, as well as the large cluseter in Florida.
This source is interesting because it uses U.S. Census Bureau data to show where Puerto Ricans and Mexicans generally live in the United States. This source shows that we cannot merely generalize about the entire Hispanic population. We cannot just say, "Hispanics live in this particular region" because in reference to this source, that is false. We notice that Puerto Ricans generally live in Florida and in the northeast, probably because the east coast of the United States falls along similar longitudinal lines as Puerto Rico itself. Similarly, we notice that Mexicans tend to migrate to southern California and areas in Texas and Arizona since these places are along the U.S. border with Mexico, so it would make sense for Mexicans to live in these areas. This is a great source.
"A geyser is a rare kind of hot spring that is under pressure and erupts, sending jets of water and steam into the air. Roughly two-thirds of the world's geysers are in Yellowstone National Park in the United States. Where are some other geyser hotspots around the world? Click here for the answers."
We all know we women can blow an idea sky high. So who is imitating who here?
Once again incredible photography
imagen del dia :D
A geographer and a biologist at Salem State University team up to curate a new exhibition, featuring confounding views from both satellites and microscopes
When I teach why scale is an important concept in geography, I say that depending on the situation a scientist might need a microscope or a telescope to properly understand a phenomenon. Most images give us enough context clues to help us determine the scale of the image, but this set of 15 images does not. So is it micro or macro?
Tags: scale, perspective.
Gives a whole new meaning to the sense of scale.
Try your eyes at this!
With rapid urbanization under way, cities want to call their own shots. Increasingly, they can.
This article could just as easily been titled, "The rise of the modern city-state." Parag Khanna (known for his TED talk, Mapping the Future of Countries) argues in this article that governance is happening increasingly at the city scale. "In the face of rapid urbanization, every city, state or province wants to call its own shots. And they can, as nations depend on their largest cities more than the reverse."
Questions to Ponder: Is this devolution? How so? How does this make us rethink political power and 'the state?' How might this shift reshape the world? How might this concept relate to the term primate cities?
Tags: political, urban politics, urban.
The end of Soverign nation states has alot to do with how interact with other states into a more integrated regional economy. The global community is realizing its importance of woking together to mazimize on trade and technology building as an economic world effort. This would blur the lines of independent soverign countires and bring regions together for economic puprposes even redrawing regional lines. Cities want more autonomy on responding to urbanization and move more away from being identified as a nation state. It is the desire to listen less to what washington has to say and act more as an independent state which makes more decisons with the regions around it to mazimize on rapid city growth and the money making opportunities that a re created from a rapidly changing global community.
Good examples: NYC, Washington DC, Brasilia, Hong Kong, London, and many more.
"This is a ship-shipping ship, shipping shipping ships." http://geographyeducation.org/2013/10/14/ship-shipping-ships/
The two industries that are the real backbone of globalization are transportation and communication. What has accelerated the pace of global interconnectedness is the scale of these devices and their ubiquity in facilitating massive global commerce. Economies of scale infuse our transportation and communicating technologies, boosting the diffusion of countless other technologies. China's transportation infrastructure, for example has undergone some amazing physical transformations that have made their economic growth possible. If, however, you only want to laugh at the tongue-twister of ship-shipping ships shipping shipping ships, this is the internet meme for you.
Tags: transportation, globalization, diffusion, industry, economic.
First, this is a fantastic photo...a freighter shipping other freighters. As my colleague Seth Dixon points out, this is a fantastic image of one of the important drivers of the acceleration of globalization in recent history.
Pretty sure that doesn't fit in the panama canal
Factories are finding that years of doing business overseas has withered what once was a thriving textile and apparel work force in the United States.
Historically, waves of immigrants came to the United States to work in textile mills. Since 1990, 77% of manufacturing jobs have been outsourced to places with lower wages as the industry has become automated. Today though, specialty items that still need to done by hand are coming back to the U.S. and wages in that sector are rising as American consumers want a "made in the USA" label.
Tags: manufacturing, North America, labor, USA.
There's nothing like Ivy Group when bringing you the best in 21st century online wealth generation!
Due to the growing demands of more domestically made goods. companies have been opening jobs for American workers for specialized jobs that machines cannot do. in the past year there have been issues concerning the fires in Bangledesh, and companies having been creating jobs with promises to train people from scratch, there also have been difficulties in finding people to work for them or groups of young people that are interested in finding those kind of jobs, in areas such as Minnesota. They are also attracting immigrant workers and people with Spanish and math skills to grow their companies. i think that it is going to take a while to grow a culture of Americans that are interested in taking jobs that involve menial or detailed meticulous requirements. Anyways it is better as an American culture to know that more of the products we use actually get to say made in the USA
News concerning sewing and apparel
The Shinn Study Abroad Committee is dedicated to giving students at Rhode Island College opportunities to make the world their campus. This is a program designed to globalize the educational experiences here at my school by allowing students to study abroad. I have worked on this committee the last 3 years and wholeheartedly support this program; when I was going to school, help from programs such as this one allowed me to complete my research and internationalize my own educational experience. On November 15th, 2013, we will hold a raffle ($5 per ticket, $20 for a book of 5) to raise funds for this worthy goal. If anyone wishes, you may also choose to donate to help sustain the webpages that I manage. The first one is Geography Education on scoop.it and the second one is geographyeducation.org. These sites do incur some costs (URL, hosting fees, etc.) and I would like for the activity to at least pay for itself. If you feel this site's has helped you out, I'd appreciate it if you'd consider returning the favor.
Studying abroad isn't something that everyone can afford and this is a great cause to give people an opportunity they might not have had. I think it is important to travel the world so that you have a better understanding of others.
Few know "boondocks" is a relic of U.S. military occupation in the Philippines.
I imaged that the term 'the boondocks' was of Asian origin, but I was surprised to learn how this U.S. military lingo was able to become a mainstream term. The Tagalog word bundok means mountain and given the guerrilla warfare tactics, U.S. soldiers thought of their enemies as hiding 'in the boondocks.' This term spread throughout the military to mean an isolated region, but today the term has morphed from its military-based meaning of mountainous jungles to one that can also describe a sparsely populated rural America. This is a fascinating article from NPR's Code Switch team that focuses on issues of culture, identity and race.
Tags: language, toponyms, historical, conflict, culture, diffusion.
We have all heard the phrase living in the "Boonies" The boondocks was a word that was taken from a philipino word called Bundok, that meant the guerilla warfare they were experiencing from phillipino insurgents during the Spanish American War with the America. In this war which Teddy Roosevelt helped lead we gained US Puerto Rico and Guam as new Territories from the Treaty of Paris. The war was fought against Emilio Aguinaldo who was a master at guerilla tactics against American soldiers. This was a desperate war involving coloniazation or exerting our power as a country against other countries that ammassed a huge death toll. Now that we know the word boondok, is not an all American word that was popularized in the 1950's but it was actually taken from the Phillipino language during a time of fighting in the Jungle or the Sticks. But boondocks also refers to a people living around mouintainous regions. Just some food for thought.
These quotes are actual complaints received by a travel agency; some tourists were shocked to discover that their foreign excursion would actually have foreign experiences. I think all of these tourists need just a little more global awareness before they leave their front porch next time.
It seems that people bring their own comforts and cultural expectation and bring it to other countries getting upset because things are not the same as they are back home. This article also displays an air of igornace on behalf of the travelers as they appear that they do not know what there getting into before travel. One should study and learn extensively about what to expect on all levels including travel times this brings realistic expectations for the traveler himself. One should understand travel distance, whether they are a developing country with slower internet, customs traditons, language, popular foods, finding information online that will help you prepare for the trip ahead to create a clear expectation. This article shows that people do prepare sometimes and bring an unrealistic expecation to places they visit other than there own country. God forbid they are in any way inconvienienced.
As funny as these quotes are, it's also slightly infuriating how ignorant some people can be when visiting a foreign place. Personally, I'm envious of their general experience of leaving their homes to experience a more exotic place and it's a shame that travelling is so commercialized and the concept of the "Ugly American" is just laughed off. The point of travelling is to experience something new, not the same normal thing just with different scenery.
In a busy city like New York, there are never enough places for parking and lanes for traffic. There is simply not enough space for the flow to be smooth and efficient. Cyclists that attempt to assert their right to the street are often times referred to as cyclist activists or hipsters as though their activism or cultural differences makes them synonymous with an extremism that is more easy to dismiss. Many hold views that privilege a motorists right to space in the city above that of a cyclist. I saw this tweet by a NYC cycling organization that referred to "activist drivers" who park in the bike lane as attempting to create a "guerrilla can lane." They used the terms and language used against them and superimposed it on the larger motorist community which sees itself as having a more natural right to all space in the city. This video embedded above is an excellent spoof and highlights the dangers of being a cyclist in a motorist-centric world.
Tags: transportation, cycling, urban, planning, territoriality, space.
Seems like a bit of trivial pursuit on the part of the officer doesn't it? It is especially true when you are on the receiving end of such seeming nonsense.Reminds me of the many times in my young adult life when I was "Routine Checked", for driving in certain East Baltimore neighborhoods. Can somebody say Enough.
BIKERS. be aware of dangers on the street path
I find this to be very true. I have gone to big cities such as Boston and New York and it is always chaotic. I find that there is always terrible parking in the big cities. Also it seems very dangerous for the average civilian trying to get to his or her job on a daily basis. Me not being from around the area found it difficult to navigate.
Gerrymandering is the practice of redrawing congressional districts after a decadal census to favor one political party over the other.
This interactive mapping activity is an excellent tool to introduce the idea of redistricting in general and gerrymandering to be more specific. The creation of a new congressional district, or the loss of an old one, affects every district around it, necessitating new maps. Even states not adding or losing congressional representatives need new district maps that reflect the population shifts within their borders, so that residents are equally represented no matter where they live. This ritual carving and paring of the United States into 435 sovereign units, known as redistricting, was intended by the Framers solely to keep democracy’s electoral scales balanced. Instead, redistricting today has become a part of the political game—a way for elected leaders to entrench themselves in 435 impregnable garrisons from which they can maintain political power while avoiding demographic realities. And how is gerrymandering a part of the current government shutdown? Read Thomas Friedman's opinion on the subject or an opinion from the Economist.
Tags: gerrymandering, political, mapping, census, unit 4 political.
Do these look like they are contiguous and compact? Many of the issues in the House of Reps is that districts have been created that are super majority for one party and the only competition is in the primary. This creates extremism and diminishes the opportunity for dialog. Only radicles can be elected in the primary election and those that represent the majority are defeated. One great example was Dick Lugar in Indiana.
Personally I think Gerrymandering is unfair and should not be allowed, because it gives a political party to much of an advantage over the other. It really is of no surprise that our government finally shut down. By packing certain states and restructuring districts to create more of an advantage for your political party is corrupt. How are we supposed to run a successful government when we are altering districts and packing districts to favor a certain party? That is unfair and shouldn't be allowed. After all these years we should have some system in place to make government election as fair as possible. But by allowing parties to set different districts we will never reach that point. Gerrymandering is destorying our government, and we can see that from the most recent government shut down. There needs to be some changes made.