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Geography Education
Global news with a spatial perspective:  Interesting, current supplemental materials for geography teachers and students.
Curated by Seth Dixon
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India's Potty Problem

India's Potty Problem | Geography Education |

Which statement is true? 

A. 60% of all households without toilets in the world are in India.
B. India’s Muslims are less affected by the sanitation problem than Hindus.
C. India’s lack of toilets is worse than China’s.
D. Lack of toilets in India puts women at especially high risk.

Seth Dixon's insight:

This is the ultimate trick question because unfortunately, ALL of these statements are true.  India is a country of tremendous economic growth, but also filled with squalor; there are more cellphones than toilets in India.  The lack of adequate sanitation and toilets is serious enough that that Prime Minister Narendra Modi has made building toilets a national priority.  Comics are using their platform to bring this issue of uneven development to light.    

Tagsdevelopment, poverty, India.

Linda Lee King's curator insight, November 23, 2:55 PM

Call Matt Damion! 

Matt Davidson's curator insight, November 25, 5:55 PM

a nice article for year 7 (water) and 10 (global wellbeing)

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The World Is Becoming A Better Place

The World Is Becoming A Better Place | Geography Education |

"People who love to complain about how horrible everything is also love to point out that the world is always changing — and change is of course always horrible, because it destroys the way things used to be. It's easy to get depressed by all the 'everything is horrible' talk.  So it's nice to sometimes remind ourselves that some things — many things, in fact — are getting better all the time."

Seth Dixon's insight:

While it might be easy to concentrate on the negative aspects of globalization, the positives are worth remembering.  Even hunger problems in the developing world is getting better (but hardly eradicated). 

Tags: development, economic, globalization, war.

Caterin Victor's curator insight, November 10, 8:24 PM

I am very sorow, but the world is not better,  and not because of the changing, the thing the way it used to be, because the Arabs went crazy, nuts, with the ISIS, Daesh and in the desire of a Muslim Caliphat, and killing  everywhere  and anybody like phsichopats,  and the world became an ugly and dangerous place to live in. Democratie is allmost non existing, and the people are scared like hell.!!!  Is this a better place?? I doubt !!!    

Beth Marinucci's curator insight, November 12, 5:49 AM

Some good news . . .

Jake Red Dorman's curator insight, November 19, 5:10 PM

It is easy to talk about all the things that are wrong with the world today. It is a nice change in pace posting about something good going on in the world for once. Covering all regions of the world, this article is about how the world is becoming a better place. Thank god. Looking at the annual death because of battle, it is clear to see that the world is in fact, getting better. There are less deaths, which in turn also mean that there are less battles going on in the world. Poverty rate has also gone way down in the past couple of years. Even though there is still a huge amount of poverty, it has been getting better throughout the years. Another chart presented along with many other, was the life expectancy rate going through the roof. The best example is China, having their life expectancy at age 30 in the 1960's to age 75 now. There is still much room for improvement in the world such as disease, poverty, and climate changes, but this article makes me worry a little less about our world today.   

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The Greatest Invention?

"What was the greatest invention of the industrial revolution? Hans Rosling makes the case for the washing machine. With newly designed graphics from Gapminder, Rosling shows us the magic that pops up when economic growth and electricity turn a boring wash day into an intellectual day of reading."

Seth Dixon's insight:

What one invention has made the greatest difference in the lives of people all around the world?  The case can be made for the washing machine; it has been a major tool in transforming the lives of women and restructuring gender roles in industrialized societies. 

Tags: gapminder, poverty gendertechnology, industry, development, TED.

Kelli Jones's curator insight, October 19, 5:41 PM

I think that it is really interesting how something that almost everybody in todays society has and uses and doesn't really think about, can be described as a "miracle" to some people.

Bibhya Sharma's curator insight, October 27, 7:32 PM

unarguably one of the greatest inventions of mankind.

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Gender Empowerment and Education

"In this exclusive, unedited interview, 'I Am Malala' author Malala Yousafzai remembers the Taliban's rise to power in her Pakistani hometown and discusses her efforts to campaign for equal access to education for girls. Malala Yousafzai also offers suggestions for people looking to help out overseas and stresses the importance of education."

Seth Dixon's insight:

For younger audiences, hearing someone their own age discuss educational opportunities (or the lack thereof) based on gender can leave a profound impression. Today, Malala is a Nobel Peace Prize winner (deservedly so), as she's become an icon in her own right as she champions developmental opportunities for girls in cultures that historically have not had equal offerings for young women.  Watch this documentary to see who she was before she was thrust into the international spotlight, and hear her father's perspective.  Some, however, only see this as Western hypocrisy.    

Tags: developmentpoverty, gender, Pakistanmedia.

Jeremy Hansen's curator insight, October 10, 11:07 AM

A great video highlighting how lucky we are to be able to get an education, free of cost, without it being denied based on any qualifications. And from the mouth of a 16 year old.

analise moreno's curator insight, October 14, 8:01 PM

This was one of our focuses last chapter. I totally agree with this because woman and as well as men deserve education they need education to have a successful life. I like how she describes this so well and thoroughly she talks about what she wants and needs in her life.

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Ebola easier to stop now than later

Help must come within weeks, or Ebola will require unimaginable resources. Data sources: &
Seth Dixon's insight:

The Ebola outbreak has been a horrific event and its spread has demonstrated many of the principles of viral diffusion.  Hans Rosling, the face of Gapminder, shows that immediate action now can prevent this from becoming a much worse crisis.  

Tags: medical, development, diffusion, Africa.

Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, October 6, 12:36 PM

unit 1 diffusion!

Michael Mazo's curator insight, October 6, 2:54 PM

Ebola has been a growing concern for some time now. With its origin in Africa to its spreading throughout the world, people have become increasingly worried about contracting Ebola. With the initial diagnosis of the first patient infected with Ebola in the US, the CDC has been working constantly to prevent further spread of this infectious disease. Not only has this raised medical concerns, but as soon as the Ebola outbreak has entered the United States Biotechnology stocks began to rise. With the help of devices and programs stemming from Biotechnology there is great hope for eradicating the disease once and for all. Even healthcare workers are hesitant upon working with infected individuals, so hopefully biotech will enter with a grand entrance by providing materials or machinery to help prevent these workers from getting Ebola.

Wilmine Merlain's curator insight, October 16, 11:46 AM

Although Ebola is a disease that can be stopped now, different measures need to be taken now. With the vaccines that were administered to the Ebola aid workers that were working in the site of the outbreak, mass production of that vaccine should be created and made available to those who are believed to be infected with this parasite.

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Welcome to the Anthropocene

"A 3-minute journey through the last 250 years of our history, from the start of the Industrial Revolution to the Rio+20 Summit. The film charts the growth of humanity into a global force on the equivalent scale to major geological processes."

Seth Dixon's insight:

Many geologists and other scientists now recognize that we are in a new geologic era.  This new era, called the Anthropocene, is distinguished by the fact that one species (homo sapiens), is dramatically modifying the environment. These modifications are impacting geologic processes to such a degree that this time period is geologically distinct (see this remote sensing interactive for examples of environmental change).  Paul Crutzen, a Nobel Prize–winning scientist who champions the term Anthropocene declared, “It’s no longer us against ‘Nature.’ Instead, it’s we who decide what nature is and what it will be.”  This video is a great primer for discussing the nature and extent of human and environmental interactions as related to industrialization, globalization and climate change.  This is definitely one of my favorite resources.

Tags: Anthropocenedevelopment, industryland use, environment, environment modify.  

Diane Johnson's curator insight, September 22, 9:28 AM

More climate considerations

Olga Boldina's curator insight, September 24, 10:39 AM

добавить свой понимание ...

Javier Antonio Bellina's curator insight, September 24, 11:55 AM

El Antropoceno,  nueva era geológica

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The First Day of School Around the World

The First Day of School Around the World | Geography Education |
Take a look at the first day of school celebrations around the world!
Seth Dixon's insight:

Access to education is one of the great indicators of development and political stability--educators wish nothing but the best education possible for the next generation, but the experience is quite variable across the globe.  As many places have recently started school again, this article is a reminder that this practice is experienced differently around the world. 

TagseducationK12, developmentperspective, worldwide.

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What You Need to Know About the Ebola Outbreak

What You Need to Know About the Ebola Outbreak | Geography Education |
Questions and answers on the scale of the outbreak and the science of the Ebola virus.
Seth Dixon's insight:

This Ebola outbreak began in Guinea, near the border with Sierra Leone and Liberia, where a network of roads makes the movement of people, goods ideas possible.  Unfortunately though, those same roads make spread of diseases easier.  In the past African Ebola cases in isolated villages could be contained but increased transportation has accelerated the diffusion process.  If this spreads to Lagos, watch out.

medical, development, diffusion.

Alec Castagno's curator insight, October 6, 3:07 PM

A good resource that gives a general outline of the recent Ebola outbreak and its effects on the world. The outbreak comes from a border region with a very weak infrastructure and poor population, which has allowed for Ebola to spread like wildfire. The poor economic state of the area has let Ebola wreak havoc, and the modern level of globalization has allowed for the virus to spread out into the world. We see how Ebola has developed and spread throughout Western Africa, and when compared to American outbreak situation it highlights the deep differences in the capabilities of core and periphery countries.

Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, October 6, 3:11 PM

It's almost ironic that the Western World has chosen to wait so long to get involved and now because of it's spread fear has begun that Ebola might travel to the United States. By not sending aid in a timely fashion the US has allowed the virus to grow to a point that now the US finds itself in danger. To make a historical comparison it's almost akin to the Munich Agreements, France and England chose not to stop a growing and dangerous Germany out of fear of conflict only to find war on their door steps because of it. Why did the western world wait so long? Euro-centric bias or racism? Short sightedness? Regardless of the reason the United States and Western Europe are at risk from a nearly untreatable disease primarily through negligence.


Hector Alonzo's curator insight, October 6, 3:23 PM

This article shows how the Ebola virus began to spread in many of the countries on Africa and how likely the virus will arrive in the United States. The virus has crossed many borders in Africa already and, according to the article, has infected five people in the United States, but has been quarantined and is currently being treated.  The Ebola virus outbreak has shown how ill equipped certain parts of the world are, in terms of, having the necessary tools for combating a deadly disease. For example, the article provides a map that shows the areas in Africa are more infected with Ebola than others, illustrating how certain parts of the country are becoming more susceptible to the outbreak than others. So geographically, the Ebola virus has gone from a regional outbreak into a potentially global epidemic, what with the cases in the United States.

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Poop Stories

Poop Stories | Geography Education |

"From the time we’re about 6 years old, everyone loves a good poop joke, right? But is there something more meaningful lurking beneath the bathroom banter? Take a look at some international potty humor and then follow the jokes to a deeper understanding. Every laugh on this page reflects a life and death issue: the very real sanitation problems facing India today."

Seth Dixon's insight:

What is the most impactful way to assist underdeveloped societies?  Many will argue for food, clothing or education, but these comedians from India feel that access to sanitation will have more tangible impacts in the lives of the poorest Indians.  54% of people in India do not have regular access to toilets and these comedians are using their platform to not only get some laughs, but to advocate for social change. 

Tagsdevelopment, poverty, India.

Roman Mirando's curator insight, August 21, 10:21 AM

I do not want to use public bathrooms in the first place but this makes me want to not use them more. It is frightening that three children die every minute because of poor sanitation. Also, 1.5 million children die every year because of poor sanitation. These facts are so horrific and now I am going to make sure I am sanitized.

Amanda Morgan's curator insight, November 10, 4:19 PM

It is fascinating that a country so many lives are lost due to something we find simple and trivial, and really do not even think about but use on a daily basis.

Jessica Robson Postlethwaite's curator insight, November 18, 7:03 PM

World toilet day!

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Global Multidimensional Poverty Index

Global Multidimensional Poverty Index | Geography Education |

"The global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is an international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries. It complements traditional income-based poverty measures by capturing the severe deprivations that each person faces at the same time with respect to education, health and living standards."

Seth Dixon's insight:

The MPI was developed out of a desire to fill some of the gaps in the HDI's applicability and utility.  Allow me to quote the editor of one the NCGE's journals, the Geography Teacher, on the usefulness of the MPI website for classroom use: "With the infographics, maps, graphs, country briefings, and case studies, you have a ready-made lesson activities to demonstrate patterns of fertility, mortality, and health for a population unit, and access to health care, education, utilities, and sanitation for an Industrialization and Economic Development Unit. Connections can also be made to malnutrition and water, as well as to key concepts such as pattern and scale, to key geographical skills such as how to use and think about maps and geospatial data, and to the use of online maps and online data."  Also, this article from the World Bank also give a run-down on the key findings of the MPI in 2014. 

Tags: statisticspopulation, development, unit 2 population, unit 6 industry.

Catherine Smyth's curator insight, July 21, 11:21 PM

Making sense of poverty.


Gina Panighetti's curator insight, August 4, 4:54 PM

"Access"--North America Unit

MsPerry's curator insight, August 12, 7:01 PM

APHG-U2 & U6

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This Is the Traffic Capital of the World

This Is the Traffic Capital of the World | Geography Education |
There are only 650 major intersections here—but somehow only 60 traffic lights.
Seth Dixon's insight:

Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh and (as I often tell my students) it is the biggest city that nobody has ever heard of.  The infrastructure is so incredibly limited that traffic jams cost the city an estimated $3.8 billion in delays and air pollution.  This is an excellent article to explore some of the problems confronting megacities. 

Tags: Bangladeshtransportation, planning, density, South Asia, development, economic, megacities.

MsPerry's curator insight, August 12, 7:16 PM


Nicole Kearsch's curator insight, November 17, 12:32 PM

I didn't realize that traffic had so much to do with politics.  In the case of Dhaka there is no winning with trying to fix traffic pileups on the roads that they do have.  People are always blaming everyone else too.  The politicians with cars blame the rickshaw drivers for being too slow and clogging up the roads, but won't do anything to fix it.  The thought would be to create designated lanes for certain types of traffic.  A lane for cars, a lane for motorcycles and a lane for rickshaws.  This would create three different speed lanes causing there to be more flow than there is in the current situation.  Taking buses isn't a very good alternative either since the bus companies are privately owned and would be quite difficult to get them to work with one another and lower the competition between them.  However with loans from other countries projects can be made to create underground subway systems to alleviate some of the traffic issues.  However doing the construction like anywhere else in the world will cause more of a headache for people on the roads because of even more traffic.  Something needs to be done to fix this problem, even if it does make a group of people mad.  The key to this is figuring out which group will cause the least uproar about the changes that will need to be made, or fix the existing traffic lights as well as adding more to the intersections that exist.  Not that added traffic lights will fix the problem but it will be a start in the right direction. 

Wilmine Merlain's curator insight, November 18, 11:15 AM

As one of the world's largest growing megacities, its only evident that its city center would suffer common migration problems. While most megacities suffer from being overpopulated, Dhaka suffers from having world most congested traffic. Its interesting how something as simple as traffic lights have the possibilities of changing the way in which the people maneuver around the city. It's definitely different from what we're accustomed to in the states. Traffic runs from a set period of time making it easier to avoid being trapped in traffic all day long. I'd be interested in seeing how the people of Dhaka get around once the country develop highways.

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12 Data visualizations that illustrate poverty's biggest challenges

12 Data visualizations that illustrate poverty's biggest challenges | Geography Education |
Want to learn more about the issues surrounding poverty in the world today? We ve assembled a collection of some of the best data visualizations for just that.
Seth Dixon's insight:

This set of 12 graphics all show a particular facet on the topic of global poverty.  I've shared some of this before, but the compilation is definitely helpful.  In the graphic above, the connection between low female literacy rates and poverty is demonstrated quite powerfully.    

Tags: poverty, development, economic, visualization.

Erica Senffner's curator insight, June 9, 11:01 AM

Unit 6

Helen Rowling's curator insight, June 10, 6:37 PM


MsPerry's curator insight, August 25, 4:45 PM

APHG-Unit 2

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China Turns To Africa For Resources, Jobs And Future Customers

China Turns To Africa For Resources, Jobs And Future Customers | Geography Education |
In China's Second Continent, Howard French explores the Chinese presence in 15 African countries. The relationship goes beyond economics: more than a million Chinese citizens have migrated to Africa.

He says there's a debate about the long-term consequences of China's push into the African continent: Will it create development and prosperity, or will it lead to exploitation reminiscent of 19th-century European colonialism?

Tags: Africa, development, China, industry, economic, podcast.

Seth Dixon's insight:

This is an excellent podcast with many geographic strands running through it. 

Eli Levine's curator insight, May 31, 12:47 PM

Personally, I'm a little resentful that our money is being used to finance Chinese firms.  I'm also not happy that the Chinese aren't using local labor, which would boost economic activity in African societies.  I'm surprised if that's not more of a sore point for the people who live in these societies.


But anyway.


If we weren't so committed to spreading our political "religion" of democracy and Liberal values, we may have a shot at securing Africa for ourselves.  A pity that we're not as competitive a country as China.  However, if China wants to play international empire, I say let them.  They'll either do a better job than we've done or they'll be as corrupt and exploitative as we were and, thus, end their tenure on "top".  So long as we're able to defend ourselves over here, I see no reason to challenge the artificial empire of China.  That's just my interpretation of history.  Take from it what you will.


Think about it.

Bob Manning's curator insight, June 1, 11:43 AM

For Africa to develop, they need a better infrastructure.  China's investment in this area is allowing them access to the huge reserves of resources and growing labor pool.  Is this a repeat of colonialism?  Is there a way to do this in a sustainable manner that is mutually beneficial to both the Chinese and the African countries?

Nicole Kearsch's curator insight, November 3, 12:55 PM

The Chinese are leaving China and venturing to foreign lands for work and to get away from the Chinese people.  In Africa the Chinese have been going to work on jobs, a lot involving infrastructure in countries.  These assignments are usually short, a year or two, but many of the Chinese are deciding to just stay in Africa instead of going back to China after their working term is up.  They note that in China they can create and sell something then a few days later you have ten other people selling the same exact thing that you just created, and that doesn't seem to be happening in Africa, giving them a fairer advantage to what they are selling.  Africa however isn't too sure about the Chinese coming with their business.  They want a better relationship with China and for China to follow the rules that they have laid out about conducting business in their countries.

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A liter of acid can destroy someone's life

A liter of acid can destroy someone's life | Geography Education |
Almost 10 years ago, a young Pakistani woman was held down by her mother-in-law while her husband and father-in-law threw acid on her. Some 150 operations later, Bushra Shafi is working as a beautician in a hair salon in Lahore, started by a hairdresser who was moved to help victims of acid attacks when one of them came into her salon and asked simply: "Can you make me beautiful again?"
Seth Dixon's insight:

Like any form of violence against women, this is not entirely representative of the region in which this found.  But this type of crime is much more prevalent in South Asia than in any other region. 

TagsSouth Asia, development, Pakistangender, culturepodcast.

Nicole Kearsch's curator insight, November 17, 1:03 PM

Acid attacks on women seem to be more common than people may believe.  In Pakistan this is no different.  Someone can purchase quite easily a bottle of acid for very cheap, less than a dollar, and throw it in a woman's face and probably won't be charged.  Although it is now a crime not many assaults end up in court, and those that do usually don't make it to a decision.  Musarat Misbah was the owner of an upscale salon and is working to support these woman who are victims of acid attacks.  She has set up a fund to take donations after meeting someone who was victim of such an attack and asked her to make her beautiful again.  After reaching out to victims with the desire to help she has begun training them to themselves be beauticians and help others feel pampered.  I think that this woman is incredible.  She is one person who is doing more than anyone else in Pakistan for these innocent women who for whatever reason have become victim to such brutal attacks.  Not only has she set up a resource for these women to help pay for the many surgeries they have to go through to get their face back to looking somewhat like a face, but has also given them a job where they can feel comfortable among each other, knowing that they too have gone through the same things. 

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Too rich for its own good

Too rich for its own good | Geography Education |
The Democratic Republic of Congo is potentially one of the richest countries on earth, but colonialism, slavery and corruption have turned it into one of the poorest
Seth Dixon's insight:

One thing that baffles many students is how a resource-rich region can be an area of underdevelopment and poverty.  Understanding the historical geography is key for students being able to see that natural wealth does not correlate to enriching the local population.  Kinshasa, the capital that seemed so promising as the site of the famous "Rumble in the Jungle between Ali and Frazier, is now a city of chaos.  

Tags: Congo, political, conflict, resourcespolitical ecology, Africa.

Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, November 10, 10:13 AM

Democratic Republic of Congo

Jennifer Brown's curator insight, November 10, 11:25 AM

This baffles me! To have all of these riches but still be the poorest country on earth. I guess greed destroys everything!  From the slave traders to the blood diamonds, something needs to change.  

Giselle Figueroa's curator insight, November 17, 7:09 PM

This is a very good information for those people who do not know the situation in DR Congo (I include myself). Is very sad to see these kind of things or situation. The DR Congo is one of the richest countries on earth, but because of the colonialism , slavery and CORRUPTION have turned it into one of the poorest. This article mentions that there is a war in which at least more than 5 million of people have died. This historian, Dan Snow , is telling us how awful in the situation in DR Congo. In the end of this article, he answer many question made by the public, but the last question was the one that I find interesting. the question says if he could pick just one thing to change in Congo, what would be, he answer "The rule of law. People need protection when rights are violated, to start businesses and to find out where the money goes." I think that if that happen, life in DR Congo will be better.

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Scandinavian Energy Usage

Scandinavian Energy Usage | Geography Education |

Which countries consume the most electricity per person? You might guess the United States would top the World Bank’s list, but the Nordic countries of Iceland, Norway, Finland, and Sweden are actually at or near the top. Icelanders consume an average of 52,374 kilowatt hours per person per year, Norwegians 23,174 kilowatt hours, Finns 15,738 kilowatt hours, and Swedes 14,030 kilowatt hours. Americans are not far behind, with an average consumption of 13,246 kilowatt hours per person. The Japanese consume 7,848 kilowatt hours.

This image is part of a global composite assembled from data acquired by the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (Suomi NPP) satellite in 2012. The nighttime view of Earth was made possible by the “day-night band” of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite. VIIRS detects light in a range of wavelengths from green to near-infrared and uses filtering techniques to observe dim signals such as city lights, wildfires, and gas flares. The city lights of several major Nordic cities are visible in the imagery, including Stockholm, Sweden (population 905,184); Oslo, Norway (634,463); Helsinki, Finland (614,074), and Reykjavik, Iceland (121,490).

Tags: Europeenergyremote sensing, development, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Norway.

Nicole Kearsch's curator insight, October 16, 8:42 PM

Some very good points are brought up in this article.  Like most others I did not think that the Nordic states were huge consumers of electricity.  They however talk about how the cost of electricity because of alternative energy sources is a lot cheaper than it is in the United States.  Also they are at a much more northern latitude than we are, which means longer darker winters and nights.  This darkness creates a need for the use of more lights.  Even with the larger use of electricity the idea to keep in mind is that they are using a lot more renewable energy sources therefore producing less greenhouse gasses in the process.

Amanda Morgan's curator insight, October 23, 9:06 PM

This map, right from first view, is very indicative of the region.  The geography alone depicts that the area would have more darker hours than a country such as the United States where time zones come into play in large increments.  For example, primetime of electric use in Manhattan does not occur at the same time as the prime time of use in San Francisco. Also the price comes into play.  If the hours of darkness are longer most likely electricity would be cheaper because of the massive need for consumption.

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How Ebola sped out of control

How Ebola sped out of control | Geography Education |
The story behind the failure of the world's health organizations to stop the Ebola disaster.
Seth Dixon's insight:

We have witnessed the terrifying dispersal of the Ebola virus in West Africa.  Cultural practices have facilitated the spread of Ebola in West Africa, and a distinct set of cultural practices is one reason why many experts do not expect it to spread in the United States.   The videos in this TIME article answer some basic questions about how the disease is spread while this data interactive has a useful timeline, map and charts to show the data behind the outbreak.  

Tags: Ebola, medical, development, diffusion, Africa.

Bibhya Sharma's curator insight, October 7, 1:32 AM

is enough commitment shown by the developed countries, I dont think so.

Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, October 7, 4:24 AM

How Ebola sped out of control

Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, October 7, 9:53 AM

unit 1

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38 maps that explain the global economy

38 maps that explain the global economy | Geography Education |
Commerce knits the modern world together in a way that nothing else quite does. Almost anything you own these days is the result of a complicated web of global interactions. And there's no better way to depict those interactions than some maps.
Seth Dixon's insight:

Occasionally these lists that say something like "40 maps that..." end up being an odd assortment of trivia that is interesting but not very instructive; but I am of a fan of these list produced by Vox.  Not because they exhaustively explain the topic, but they give a strong visual introduction to a topic, such as this one on on the global economy.  

Tags: development, economic, globalization, industry, labor, unit 6 industry..

Mr. Lavold's curator insight, September 28, 7:05 PM

Many ideological issues  relate to economics - and many economic issues related to geography. Take a look at these maps and see if they help you understand the global economy and where Canada fits in. Consider how different ideologies might view these maps and the data that they contain.

Maghfir Rafsan Jamal's curator insight, September 28, 10:45 PM

I find a treasure.. :D

Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, October 1, 11:14 PM

Unit 6

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Why this Ebola outbreak became the worst we've ever seen

"The 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa has killed more people than sum total of all the previous outbreaks since the virus was first identified in 1976. This video explains how it got so bad."  

Seth Dixon's insight:

In a word, geography.  The geographic factors facilitated the diffusion of Ebola and have slowed down the preventative measure and limited their success.  This shows how porous borders, cultural patterns of health care, limited facilities a low literacy rates all contribute to to creating this nightmare.

Tags: medical, development, diffusion, Africa.

Brittany Ortiz's curator insight, October 6, 3:08 PM

It is very sad watching knowing how it took to so long to get Ebola out to the public and make it known of the very spreadable virus. It’s obvious how since the US can be at risk of getting the virus in our country they now want to make it very known and for people to be cautious of the idea that Ebola can eventually be in the US and spread. We should have been cautious of the virus many years ago, but the rate of the virus spreading, sky rocketed just this year. It’s obvious why it took so many years for the Ebola virus to be known, since it was just known for it to have been in a particular Sierra Leon and Liberia. Since it has spread from there to the border of Guinea and now potentially going to different parts of the world there is no question why there is a health scare in many countries.

John Nieuwendyk's curator insight, October 28, 10:20 PM

In just a few months the Ebola virus has cumulated out of control. More people became affected and died in the last five months than all of the combined deaths that have occurred since Ebola was first discovered in 1976. Ebola began to spread from rural areas to a border region in West Africa when ill people traveled to the city to work or go to the market, making international spread likely. Mounting a campaign to increase awareness of the risks and to contain the virus was nearly impossible due to the low illiteracy rates. Consequently, health workers were taking ill people away from family and their homes to contaminate centers. This caused much fear and mistrust and was not successful. More people became infected and the snowball effect ensued. When people did show up at ill-equipped hospitals, there were not enough beds or free space and most were turned away. Some health workers walked off the job fearing being infected because of the poor conditions. No gloves, masks or gowns were provided and workers feared for their own health. The ill patients went back into the community and Ebola continued to spread. The response of the global community was not fast enough, and help did not arrive in time before the spread of Ebola became an epidemic. It is clear that in a world that is so closely connected, we must have a global heath system that works.  

Giselle Figueroa's curator insight, November 4, 5:32 PM

Ebola is getting worst every day. one of the things that has caused the spread of this virus is the fact that many working people cross the border to other regions to work or to go to market. Back in days, you used to see this Ebola issue in very rural areas, but now is getting worst. In these areas were the Ebola is getting worst, they do not count with a good health system. Sometimes there are day when they do not have gloves, gowns and mask, and because of that, there have been health care workers who have just walked away from their jobs because they do not want to put in risk their life. This  is a very sad situation, which I hope it get better.

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Fragile States Index

Fragile States Index | Geography Education |

"Weak and failing states pose a challenge to the international community. In today’s world, with its highly globalized economy, information systems and interlaced security, pressures on one fragile state can have serious repercussions not only for that state and its people, but also for its neighbors and other states halfway across the globe.  The Fragile States Index (FSI), produced by The Fund for Peace, is a critical tool in highlighting not only the normal pressures that all states experience, but also in identifying when those pressures are pushing a state towards the brink of failure."

Seth Dixon's insight:

How can political stability and security be measured?  What constitutes effective governance?  The Fragile States Index (formerly known as the Failed States Index) is a statistical ranking designed to measure the effective political institutions across the globe.  There are  12 social, economic, and political/military categories that are a part of the overall rankings and various indicators are parts of the metrics that are a part of this index are:


•Demographic Pressures 


•Group Grievance

•Human Flight and Brain Drain


•Uneven Economic Development

•Poverty and Economic Decline


•State Legitimacy

•Human Rights and Rule of Law

•Public Services

•Security Apparatus

•Factionalized Elites

•External Intervention

Tags: political, statisticsdevelopment, territoriality, sovereignty, conflict, political, devolution, war.

Melissa Marshall's curator insight, August 28, 12:57 AM

How can political stability and security be measured? The Fragile States Index is a statistical ranking designed to measure the effective political institutions across the globe.

MsPerry's curator insight, September 1, 9:49 AM

APHG-Unit 4

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First taste of chocolate

"To be honest I do not know what they make of my beans," says farmer N'Da Alphonse. "I've heard they're used as flavoring in cooking, but I've never seen it. I do not even know if it's true." Watch how the Dutch respond to a cocoa bean in return or you can watch our entire episode on chocolate here.

Seth Dixon's insight:

What is the geography of chocolate like?  This video was produced in the Netherlands, the global center of the cocoa trade, but the world's leading producer of cocoa is Côte d'Ivoire.  There is a dark side to chocolate production; the dirty secret is that slavery is commonplace on cocoa plantations in West Africa.  Although the worst of the situation is glossed over in this video, it still hints at the vast economic inequalities that are part and parcel of the global chocolate trade and the plantation roots of the production.  What are some of your reactions to this video?  

Tags: chocolate, Ivory CoastAfrica, poverty, development, economic, globalization, industry, labor.

Keegan Johns's curator insight, August 27, 10:01 AM

I think it is good for them to see and taste chocolate because they work very hard to grow and harvest the beans, but don't even know what they are used for. These people deserve to know what they are helping create because they work so hard and don't get paid that much for it.



Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, September 10, 2:39 PM

Sad how the people who do the hard work so often enjoy the fruit of their labour.

Jennifer Brown's curator insight, November 11, 3:06 PM

After watching this video it got me thinking, If they are harvesting these beans what do they use them for? Also I have a friend that works for a chocolate producing Madagascar company called Madescasse. To think that continent that grows the cocoa bean but doesn't use it to produce it's own chocolate is interesting to me. Then again I guess they wouldn't have all the ingredients need and selling the beans means more than eating a chocolate bar

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Why caste still matters in India

Why caste still matters in India | Geography Education |

INDIA’S general election will take place before May. The front-runner to be the next prime minister is Narendra Modi of the Bharatiya Janata Party, currently chief  minister of Gujarat. A former tea-seller, he has previously attacked leaders of the ruling Congress party as elitist, corrupt and out of touch. Now he is emphasising his humble caste origins. In a speech in January he said 'high caste' Congress leaders were scared of taking on a rival from 'a backward caste'. If Mr Modi does win, he would be the first prime minister drawn from the 'other backward classes', or OBC, group. He is not the only politician to see electoral advantage in bringing up the subject: caste still matters enormously to most Indians."

Seth Dixon's insight:

This article from the Economist is dated since Mr. Modi is now the prime minister of India, but this analysis of how caste was used as a political asset in the election is a timely reminder that while the caste system has been officially abolished, the cultural ripples are still being felt today in a myriad of ways that impact social interactions (marriage, jobs, etc.). 

Tagsfolk cultures, culture, development, Indiasocioeconomic, economic, poverty, gender.

James Hobson's curator insight, November 11, 1:22 PM

(South Asia topic 7)

It is interesting to see how geography helps to determine the extent to which the caste system is felt in India. One's social status is less relevant in cities and urbanizing regions because of the types of jobs required in these areas. One might also argue that outside influence may be a factor as well. Back in rural regions, however, it is very much still attached to one's line of work. It seems as if this is done to protect and carry on one's family name and heritage (disregarding how detriment it may be). Given this, I still believe the system does more harm than good from my perspective, though perhaps just ever-so-slightly less due to this driving reason.

I hope believers in the caste come to realize that not everybody is meant to be a priest or doctor or ruler. If lower castes did not exist, there would be nobody to preach to or to cure or to rule over. Similarly, certain roles in society are often discriminated against, though these jobs are just as important, if not more, than those in high regard. Take for example waste management. Perhaps this is why lack of toilets is a problem in certain regions?? Hmmm...

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, November 19, 12:21 PM

This article highlights a few key points about the political and cultural geography of India. Culturally, the caste system still has ripple effects throughout the country. Especially in rural areas where caste system norms still are very much observed. For example in on rural section of the North, people are murdered for marrying outside of the caste. Politically, the caste system is now being used as a tool by politicians to solicit votes. By promising what is essentially affirmative action measures for lower caste populations politicians are able to cater to large amounts of voters playing of the fact that caste still means a lot in India's political and cultural geography. 

Melissa Marie Falco-Dargitz's curator insight, November 23, 12:11 PM

Caste will take more than a few generations to lose its social privilege/oppression. The verbal history passed from parent to child enforces the idea of caste, even when it has been done away with by law. This social hierarchy effects business, marriage, and politics.

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Ethiopia's Dam Problems

Ethiopia's Dam Problems | Geography Education |

"Ethiopia is three years from completing a dam to control its headwaters, and while Egypt points to colonial-era treaties to claim the water and to stop the project, the question remains as to who own the Blue Nile."

Seth Dixon's insight:

This 7-minute Geography News Network podcast (written by Julie and Seth Dixon) touches on some key geographic concepts.  85% of the Nile's water comes from the Blue Nile that originates in the Ethiopian highlands--it is the Blue Nile that Ethiopia has been working on damming since 2011.  The Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam (GERD) will be located  near the border with Sudan.  Egypt is adamantly opposed to Ethiopia's plan and is actively lobbying the international community to stop construction on the dam, fearing their water supply with be threatened. 

Tags: Ethiopia, Africa, development. environment, water, energy, borders, political.

Lorraine Chaffer's curator insight, July 20, 8:00 PM

Option: Inland water 

dilaycock's curator insight, July 21, 9:09 PM

Useful example to illustrate the interactions and tensions between natural resources and political systems.

Kate Buckland's curator insight, July 26, 10:38 PM

At least the Murray-Darling Basin is within one country - even if it covers 4 states!

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Gallery: What inequality looks like

Gallery: What inequality looks like | Geography Education |
Artists, designers, photographers and activists share one image that encapsulates what inequality means to them.
Seth Dixon's insight:

Photographers are great social observers, often finding the perspective to tell a story.  This gallery of shows a dozen images from all over the world highlighting various forms of inequality.  

Tags: poverty, images, development, economic, perspective.

Mirta Liliana Filgueira's curator insight, June 16, 9:28 AM

Galería de Imágenes acerca de la desigualdad como consecuencia de la pobreza.

Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, June 17, 9:32 AM

powerful images that define unit 6!

Rianne Tolsma's curator insight, June 18, 7:07 AM

add your insight...

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Portraits of people living on a dollar a day

Portraits of people living on a dollar a day | Geography Education |

"More than a billion people around the world subsist on a dollar a day, or less. The reasons differ but the day-to-day hardship of their lives are very similar. A book by Thomas A Nazario, founder of the International Organisation, documents the circumstances of those living in extreme poverty across the globe, accompanied by photographs from Pulitzer prizewinner Renée C Byer. Living On A Dollar a Day is published by Quantuck Lane."

Seth Dixon's insight:

Extreme poverty is defined by the World Bank living on under $1.25 per day.  The geography of of extreme poverty highly uneven--two thirds of the extremely poor live in just 5 countries (India, China, Nigeria, Bangladesh and DR Congo).  This photogallery seeks to to show the daily life and realities of those living in extreme poverty.  This article from the Guardian argues that development should measured in human rights gains more than economic advancements. 

Tags: poverty, images, development, economic, perspective.

Ms. Harrington's curator insight, June 17, 8:33 AM

Extreme poverty is defined by the World Bank living on under $1.25 per day.  The geography of of extreme poverty highly uneven--two thirds of the extremely poor live in just 5 countries (India, China, Nigeria, Bangladesh and DR Congo)   - Seth Dixon

Rianne Tolsma's curator insight, June 18, 7:07 AM

add your insight...

MsPerry's curator insight, August 25, 4:47 PM

APHG-Unit 2 & Unit 6