Geography Education
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How Vietnam became a coffee giant

How Vietnam became a coffee giant | Geography Education |

"Think of coffee and you will probably think of Brazil, Colombia, or maybe Ethiopia. But the world's second largest exporter today is Vietnam. How did its market share jump from 0.1% to 20% in just 30 years, and how has this rapid change affected the country?"

Seth Dixon's insight:

Vietnam is a historically tea-drinking country, and when the French colonized, they brought coffee.  Culturally they still prefer tea, but in the 1980s, the government say this as a major export crop that they were climatically primed to produce.  This rapid growth has bolstered the economy, but has had some adverse environmental impacts as well.  The article is rich in geographic topics to bring into the classroom.


Tags: Vietnamagricultureglobalization, SouthEastAsia.

Bob Beaven's curator insight, April 16, 3:38 PM

When Vietnam is thought of often the images of a war fought fifty years ago come to the minds of a majority of Americans, not the second largest coffee producer in the world.  Although many Vietnamese still prefer Tea over Coffee, selling the crop as an export has greatly helped the country's economy.  Coffee production also seems to be changing Vietnam, the country is not really a hardline communist country anymore, it has relations established with the United States and wanting to penetrate the US Market shows that the country does not hate the US.  However, the effects of the war make coffee farming a dangerous business in the country as there are many undetonated ordinances left in the nation from the Vietnam War.  Yet, the nation is forging ahead in coffee farming and it is greatly aiding the nation, today only 10 percent of the people in the country live below in the poverty line.

Lora Tortolani's curator insight, April 20, 2:48 PM

Even though Vietnamese people still drink tea today, they have turned to gowing and exporting coffee as one of their major sources of income.  This exportation has decreased those living under the poverty line from 60% to only 10% in the last 20 years. 

Jared Medeiros's curator insight, April 28, 5:24 PM

Vietnam definitly does not come to mind when thuinking globaly about the coffee giants of the world.  Its a good thing for their people though that the crop is booming.  60% under the poverty line down to 10% in 30 years is astonishing, and im sure the people of Vietnam are very grateful to have such a globaly desired good.  I would hate to see what the country would look like today if this resource was unavailable to them.

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