Geography Education
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Undiscovered Possibilities - Google Earth

"While Germans tend to talk about privacy and how the internet takes away our freedom, chief Almir of the Surui tribe in Brazil came up with an idea when he first came in contact with Google Earth. He saw it as a great tool to visualize the devastation of the rainforest. With the help of Google providing the knowledge and equipment he started the project and provided an unfiltered perspective never seen before. This is a growing project on a growing problem that should matter to all of us. It’s never a service or product itself that matters; it’s what you do with it. Check the video and see for yourself."

Globalization inherently brings serendipitous juxtapositions. In this clip we see the merger of geospatial technologies to protect indigenous cultures and their cultural ecology.

Amy Marques's curator insight, January 29, 2014 11:03 PM

This is a great example that shows the positive and negative effects of globalization. The negative effects is that the chief Almir and the Surui tribe have changed from their original roots through contact with the outside world. Their language and clothing has been altered because we see the cheif speaking brazilian portugese and the tribe wearing western clothing. The positive aspect is that they are trying to protect their ancient rain forests by using the benefits of globalization. I think its great that Google is helping this tribe, of course Google is getting tons of recognition for this, but they are doing wonders for this group of people. With the technology provided the tribe will be able to be put on the map and educate its group.

chris tobin's curator insight, February 6, 2014 11:12 AM

this will help protect the forest and decrease deforestation hopefully, also protecting global climate and environment.   How does this affect the large companies in paper mills, timber and especially the specialty tree plantations.........roads cutting through the rainforest ......wildlife........

Michael Amberg's curator insight, March 23, 2015 10:54 PM

This is an interesting way to educate people around the world of the places that most people don't think about. its interesting to see the technology with the tribes people to see how it actually benefits their folk culture by preserving the land.

Geography Education
Supporting geography educators everywhere with current digital resources.
Curated by Seth Dixon
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Using 'Geography Education'

Using 'Geography Education' | Geography Education |

"This story map was created with ArcGIS Online to guide users on how to get the most out of the Geography Education websites on Wordpress and"

Seth Dixon's insight:

This story map will introduce you to ways to get the most out of my Geography Education websites.  Updates are available on social media via Twitter, Facebook, Tumblr, Instagram, and Pinterest

I’ve organized some of more ‘evergreen’ posts by the AP Human Geography curriculum unit headings as well as ‘shortlist’ for each unit.       

  1. Geography: It’s Nature and Perspectives (shortlist)
  2. Population and Migration (shortlist)
  3. Cultural Patterns and Processes (shortlist)
  4. The Political Organization of Space (shortlist)
  5. Agriculture, Food Production and Rural Land Use (shortlist)
  6. Industrialization and Economic Development (shortlist)
  7. Cities and Urban Land Use (shortlist)

Luis Cesar Nunes's curator insight, September 30, 2015 7:18 AM

Geography education

aol helpdesk's curator insight, November 11, 2015 5:14 AM

#facebook #help center

Catherine Smyth's curator insight, November 17, 2015 7:40 PM

Shifting to a disciplinary-based approach to teaching geography in the primary classroom requires a clear grasp of the big ideas in the discipline. Explore how curator Seth Dixon organises knowledge for geography education.

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Historical Figures, Campus Controversies

Historical Figures, Campus Controversies | Geography Education |
Around the world, student activists are demanding that building and statutes commemorating historically figures whose legacies are now seen as morally dubious.


A new wave of international student activism has targeted names, mascots, statues and other symbols of historical figures at colleges and universities. Activists argue that the symbols should be removed as offensive reminders of hatred and violence. Many school officials acknowledge the historical complexities, but they argue that a better approach would be to teach students about the morally questionable acts of the past. Still others defend the symbols as harmless traditions.

Seth Dixon's insight:

Everyone who was been on a road trip with me knows I love monuments and statues.  As markers of memory, history, and place, monuments both reflect regional identity and are simultaneouly used to reshape how we think about communal identities.  Consequently, they can be hotly contested or be seen as a great unifying symbol.  This article has some great examples from the news about how identity and heritage are being recontructed with some controversial monuments. 

  • Jefferson Davis at UTexas
  • Brown U and Slave Trade
  • Harvard and 'Veritas'
  • Amherst and its namesake
  • John Calhoun and Clemson/Yale
  • Cecil Rhodes at Oxford and Cape Town

Tags: historical, monuments, landscape.

Dennis Swender's curator insight, Today, 9:49 AM

James Banks' authentic unum eventually becomes the imposed unum, without which progress cannot be measured. 

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'Sedated by software': No one knows how to read maps anymore, experts say

'Sedated by software': No one knows how to read maps anymore, experts say | Geography Education |
The Royal Institute of Navigation are concerned about the nation's cartographical know-how and have suggested schools start teaching basic navigation.
Seth Dixon's insight:

Today, many are unable to navigate without GPS devices, but they still need to learn map reading skills. They are convinced that their apps can do all the work and that an old fashioned paper map is outdated technology, but their spatial thinking skills become atrophied. Spatial skills are crucial for understanding the world as a global citizen, to understand your local environs and for making scientific discoveries.  So teach a kid how to read a map...the sooner the better. 


Tagsmapping, K12, location.

Ruth Reynolds's curator insight, Today, 1:11 AM

I agree !!! and it is fun

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Israel to create a new egalitarian prayer plaza at Western Wall

Israel to create a new egalitarian prayer plaza at Western Wall | Geography Education |
The government approved a plan to allow pluralistic, and mixed-gender prayer, at Judaism’s holy site.
Seth Dixon's insight:

In the past, Israeli policewomen have detained members of the religious group Women of the Wall for breaching orthodox rules governing prayers at the site. This is Judaism's most holy site and orthodox traditions have legally prevailed here, defining who could be there and who could perform which religious rites (often on gender lines).  This fight represents a struggle to redefine the meaning and usage of public space in Jerusalem (among other complex issues).  The article states that "this marks an unprecedented move by the Israeli government to officially recognize the rights of Conservative, Reform and other Jewish denominations to hold organized prayer at the site."


Tags: Israel, culture, genderspace, religion, Judaism,
Middle East.

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Mexican culture...Beyond Sombreros and Tequila

Promotional Video Campaign of "Viva Mexico"
Seth Dixon's insight:

I love Mexico and love celebrating Mexican culture...this video is a reminder to not solely focus on the past, but to see a vibrant modern Mexican culture as well. 


TagsMexico, folk cultures, culture, tourism.

Jose leon's curator insight, February 7, 2:25 AM

Watching this video really made me happy since I am Latino. When people think of Mexico they think of a poor country with corrupt politicians. It's funny because the country of Mexico isn't poor it's just the politicians keep it all to themselves. Many of there children take a private plane to Europe just to eat dinner and come back the very same day. This video shows that it is so much more than that. I had no idea that Mexico was number one automotive industry, and the country is extremely beautiful which is no real surprise to anybody. It has 9 out of the 11 ecosystems. Many of the avocadoes that people eat most likely came from Mexico since it’s number 1 exporter, along with tomatoes, mangoes, and guayabas. The Mexican people also have strong family values along with 1134 traditional festivals. 

Alex Smiga's curator insight, February 7, 7:40 PM

Watch the video guay

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Persian (or Arabian) Gulf Is Caught in the Middle of Regional Rivalries

Persian (or Arabian) Gulf Is Caught in the Middle of Regional Rivalries | Geography Education |

"Tensions between Iran and Saudi Arabia have been escalating on many fronts — over wars in Syria and Yemen, the Saudis’ execution of a dissident Shiite cleric and the Iran nuclear deal. The dispute runs so deep that the regional rivals — one a Shiite theocracy, the other a Sunni monarchy — even clash over the name of the body of water that separates them.

Iran insists that it be called the Persian Gulf, and has banned publications that fail to use that name. Yet this riles Arab nations, which have succeeded in pushing various parties to use their preferred term — Arabian Gulf."

Seth Dixon's insight:

Is it the Persian Gulf or the Arabian Gulf?  This mini-controversy is part of a broader fight to exert greater regional power and influence (see also this article on GeoCurrents on the same topic). 


Tags: placeregions, language, toponyms.

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Why don't black and white Americans live together?

Why don't black and white Americans live together? | Geography Education |
In many parts of the US, Americans of different races aren't neighbours - they don't go to the same schools, they don't always have access to the same services.
Seth Dixon's insight:

This article is filled with good geography (and more specifically AP Human Geography) vocabulary.  Redlining, blockbusting, and racial covenants are all discussed as spatial process that have shaped socioeconomic and racial characteristics in American cities. 


Tags: neighborhood, urban, socioeconomic, racepoverty, spatialhousing.

Bonnie Bracey Sutton's curator insight, February 2, 9:30 AM

We have the same separation in DC. East of the River...

Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, February 4, 10:01 AM

unit 7

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Eratosthenes calculation for the size of the earth around 240 BC

Seth Dixon's insight:

Eratosthenes is often referred to as the "father of geography" for creating meridians and parallels on his maps to organize global information, classifying climatic zones, and as shown in the video, calculating the circumference of the Earth. Plus, he coined the terms so he gets the credit. If you have never pondered the meaning of the word "geometry," the accomplishments of Eratosthenes will certainly show that the mathematical prowess was at the heart of expanding our collective geographic knowledge. 


Tagsmapping, math, location, historical.

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How geography shapes international politics

How geography shapes international politics | Geography Education |
Tim Marshall explains how world geography colors national development and foreign relations.
Seth Dixon's insight:

I haven't read the book yet, but am interested to see how Tim Marshall handles the topic to see it is a nuanced telling of how geographic impacts politics or if it strays into environmental determinism.  Based solely on the reviews it should be worth a read and my copy is on it's way. 


Tags: book reviews, historical, geopolitics.

Jacob Clauson's curator insight, February 4, 9:56 AM


Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, February 4, 10:04 AM

want to read...unit 4

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Women expand their home on the range

Women expand their home on the range | Geography Education |
According to the U.S. Agriculture Department, the number of women-operated farms increased from 5 percent to 14 percent between 1978 and 2007. Today, counting principal operators and secondary operators, women account for 30 percent of all farmers in the United States, or just under 1 million.Some women regard themselves less as entrepreneurs and more as gentle stewards of the land, or bulwarks against corporations overtaking family farms and developers sweeping in with seductive offers. Others are drawn to the farm-to-fork movement, where locally grown produce and meat hold much greater appeal. Also, more women are inheriting farms and ranches.
Seth Dixon's insight:

When we discusss gender in an agricultural context, it is usually to point out that around the world, women are approximately half of the agricultural workforce, and in less developed countries they often comprise the majority of the the agricultural sector.  U.S. students find this shocking, given that traditional cultural norms often perceive farm work as a very masculine domain.  However, that has slowing been changing in the last 30 years as more women in the U.S. are owning and operating farms.  There isn't one simple reason to explain this shift, but it is indicative of broader social changes.


Tags: gender in agriculture, cultural norms, gender, agriculture, labor.

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The end of bananas as we know them?

"A deadly fungus, known as Panama disease, is decimating banana plantations around the world and threatens to wipe out the most common species, the Cavendish banana. Scientists in Honduras are working to create a resistant banana before the disease hits Latin America, where the majority of the fruit is grown. NewsHour's Mori Rothman reports."

Seth Dixon's insight:

Questions to Ponder: How is this a geographic issue?  What are the spatial and regional implications?


Tags: physical, food production, agribusiness, agriculture, diffusion, medical.

Jeremy Hansen's curator insight, January 27, 3:58 PM
Seth Dixon's insight:

Questions to Ponder: How is this a geographic issue?  What are the spatial and regional implications?

Sharon McLean's curator insight, January 27, 6:04 PM

Interesting article for new NSW Geography Syllabus: Sustainable Biomes-technological factors that influence agricultural yields. 

Tom Cockburn's curator insight, January 28, 4:03 AM

Part of multiple eco threats...varoa mite decimating bees,climate warming and man made ones like fracking and war

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Geography as a Primary Source

Geography as a Primary Source | Geography Education |

"A geographic perspective is a way of looking at and understanding our world. When you view the world through the lens of geography, you are asking who, what, where, when, and how people, places, and things are distributed across the surface of the earth, and why/how they got there. In other words, it means that you are analyzing something with a geographic perspective. The understanding and use of a geographic perspective is critical for decision making skills in the 21st century. Using spatial concepts such as location, region, movement, and scale to help us understand:

  • Interactions - How the world works
  • Interconnections - How systems in our world are connected
  • Implications - How to make well-reasoned decisions"

---@natgeo, Geography as a Primary Source

Seth Dixon's insight:

This is a field guide designed by National Geographic to help students strengthen their geographic skills. 


Tags: National Geographicperspective.

Corine Ramos's curator insight, January 26, 11:11 AM

This is a field guide designed by National Geographic to help students strengthen their geographic skills. 


Tags: National Geographic, perspective.

Sally Egan's curator insight, January 26, 4:34 PM

This provides a great introduction to Geography.

Jeremy Hansen's curator insight, January 27, 3:59 PM

This is a field guide designed by National Geographic to help students strengthen their geographic skills.

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How Meteorology Changed Agriculture Forever

How Meteorology Changed Agriculture Forever | Geography Education |
Early meteorology helped farmers predict yield, transforming the agricultural industry.


Complaining over the weather is not new, but the science of studying the weather, and its effects on business, is fairly recent. Around [1920], economists were also starting to use statistical methods to predict yield. Although cotton’s price, as shown on the New York Cotton Exchange, fluctuated daily, a “well-known American economist” discovered that he could make the most accurate total yield predictions—more accurate than those of the government crop reports—by analyzing the average weather conditions from May to August. It was now possible to predict when the crops would have a bumper year or a poor one.


Tags: physicalweather and climate, food production, agribusiness, agriculture.

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How well do you know the world's countries?

How well do you know the world's countries? | Geography Education |
The average person's geography skills are fairly poor beyond their region. Test your knowledge of the countries at HowStuffWorks.
Seth Dixon's insight:

The questions are more "recall" than "higher order thinking" questions, but this batch of 30 questions is still a fun break from the regular routine. 


Tags: trivia, games.

Audrey DeSisto's curator insight, Today, 4:32 PM

On to geography...

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iScore5 now ready for Android devices

iScore5 now ready for Android devices | Geography Education |

Game while you learn. It's FUN!

•  100s and 100s of AP-style Questions from easy to hard.
•  A leaderboard to rank your scores against students around the world.
•  You can iScore5 anywhere - much easier to carry around than a book!
•  Tell your parents you ARE STUDYING when they see you on your phone!
Seth Dixon's insight:

iScore5, everyone's favorite app for AP Human Geography used to be only available through the Apple Store.  They now have explanations for answers since many many previous users requested that addition and have made their app open to be used on Android devices (available in the Google Play Store -$4.99). With five levels of questions at increasing difficulty, bonus and double bonus rounds and a study mode with extensive vocabulary, APHG students and teachers alike will find this a great test prep resource that is both fun and an intellectually stimulating way to get that score that they are looking for.   Closer to the APHG exam there will be a free trial related to FRQ practice which looks to be an exciting new addition to this great (and growing) product.    


Tags: APHG, teacher training, edtech.

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Pope Francis, Russian Orthodox patriarch to meet in Cuba

Pope Francis, Russian Orthodox patriarch to meet in Cuba | Geography Education |

"After a split of more than 1,000 years, the persecution of Christian by extremists in the Middle East and Africa have brought the two churches closer."


Pope Francis and the leader of the Russian Orthodox Church will meet in Cuba next week in a first-ever encounter between the heads of the Catholic and Russian Orthodox churches since the Great Schism of 1054.


Tags: religionChristianity.

Megan Mattei GIS's curator insight, February 7, 11:41 AM

This meeting is very monumental for the Christian faith and all its sectors because the two heads of each faith have not met in 962 years. Hopefully this meeting will only bring positive outcomes especially for the Christians being persecuted in the Middle East. It will be interesting to see if the two leaders continue to meet and make actions towards peace in the Middle East together. If the people of both faiths truly believe and carry out what their faith teaches, there will not be any problems with this meeting or continued action among the Christian faiths. 

Phil LAUGRAND's curator insight, February 8, 6:37 AM

alleluia !

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There’s a Philly Sign Language Accent

There’s a Philly Sign Language Accent | Geography Education |

"Speech with a drawl, twang, clipped consonants, broad vowels, slurred words or extra diphthongs might give away that the speaker is from the American South, Boston, the Midwest or elsewhere. The spice that a certain region may lend to spoken language can even be strong enough to flavor non-audible language as well. Indeed, American Sign Language (ASL) has its own accents. And like its audible counterpart, one of the strongest regional accents in ASL is that of Philadelphia residents, reports Nina Porzucki for PRI."


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Romania’s lost generation: inside the Iron Curtain’s orphanages

Romania’s lost generation: inside the Iron Curtain’s orphanages | Geography Education |
Romania's Soviet-era approach to child rearing led to one of history’s most comprehensive studies on the effects of institutionalisation on young children.
Seth Dixon's insight:

In the past I have highlighted pro-natalist government policies (and private encouragement) such as Singapore's National Night and Denmark's "Do it for Denmark!" Those programs and policies are designed to slow down declining populations; agency, choice and the well-being of the next generation are deeply embedded into the fabric of those plans.  This horrific, historical example shows everything that could go wrong with enforced pro-natalists policies in an authoritarian government.  


TagsRomania, declining populations, historicalgovernance.


Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, February 4, 9:58 AM

unit 2

Dorothy Retha Cook's curator insight, February 4, 5:08 PM

Being isolatex out does just asmuch jarm as being institutionalized in

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Out of the Mouth of Babes...

Out of the Mouth of Babes... | Geography Education |
Brielle, Ellen’s periodic table expert is back and now taking on world countries. Are you ready to learn a thing or two from this 4-year-old whiz? Stay tuned for more Brielle-iant episodes!
Seth Dixon's insight:

If Ellen says she is awesome and adorable, it's because she's awesome and adorable. 


Tags: fun, trivia.

Elizabeth Engel's curator insight, February 3, 2:08 PM

this little girl knows everything about the periodic table! she sure has a brain full of knowledge!

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Ptolemy's Map and Geographia

Seth Dixon's insight:

Who was Ptolemy and what were some important contributions to geography?  This student-produced video does a nice of introducing him to a modern audience.

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QUIZ: Can you match the country to what it used to be called?

QUIZ: Can you match the country to what it used to be called? | Geography Education |
France has not always been called France.
Seth Dixon's insight:

Everybody know that Istanbul was Constantinople, but some countries have also known by other names.  This quiz of 18 countries is fairly easily, but I must object to the website's characterization for a perfect score: "You're basically a professional historian."  The word you were looking for was geographer...and if you now have a song stuck in your head, here is the They Might Be Giants version and the old school Four Lads version of Istanbul (Not Constantinople)--you're welcome. 


Tags: trivia, games, place, toponyms.

Ruth Reynolds's curator insight, February 1, 8:46 PM

I am a citizen of which country?

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If Atlantic and Pacific Sea Worlds Collide, Does That Spell Catastrophe?

If Atlantic and Pacific Sea Worlds Collide, Does That Spell Catastrophe? | Geography Education |
While the Arctic ice melt is opening up east to west shipping lanes, some 75 animals species might also make the journey


Tags: physical, weather and climate, Arcticbiogeography, climate change.

Maricarmen Husson's curator insight, January 31, 6:14 PM

.Mientras que el derretimiento del hielo del Ártico se está abriendo de este a oeste  , especies de unos 75 animales también podrían hacer el viaje.

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Revisiting Alexander von Humboldt

Revisiting Alexander von Humboldt | Geography Education |
On why a Prussian scientific visionary should be studied afresh…In a superb biography, Andrea Wulf makes an inspired case for Alexander von Humboldt to be considered the greatest scientist of the 19th century. Certainly he was the last great polymath in a scientific world which, by the time he died in Berlin in 1859, aged 89, was fast hardening into the narrow specializations that typify science to this day. Yet in the English-speaking world, Humboldt is strangely little-known.
Seth Dixon's insight:

Alexander von Humboldt has been described as the last great ancient geographer concerned with understanding an eclectic cosmography as well as the first modern geographer. He is honored far and wide throughout Europe and especially  Latin America for his explorations, but given that people are confused as how to categorize him and classify his contributions, today he is under-appreciated.  Geographers need to reclaim his memory and call his extensive, globetrotting work on a wide range of subjects ‘geography.’  Here is another article and TED-ED video on the most influential scientist that you might not have heard of (at least until today).


Tags:  historicalbiogeography.

Tony Burton's curator insight, January 29, 11:32 AM

An interesting biography, but, strangely, Ms Wulf almost completely ignores Humboldt's time in Mexico. In some ways, his time in Mexico was more pivotal in terms of geography than his time in South America. Claiming that Humboldt is a virtual unknown in Europe is a gross distortion of the facts; there have been numerous books about Humboldt over the last thirty to forty years, let alone before that time!.

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A Geotaggers' World Atlas

A Geotaggers' World Atlas | Geography Education |

"Every city has a picturesque spot or two where the probability of a photo being taken at any given time is pretty high. Now there's a world atlas of maps showing the routes people follow while taking these pictures in every city around the world:Mapbox's Eric Fischer has been working on the "Geotaggers' World Atlas" for five years, using locations of photos uploaded on Flickr over a decade. In his city maps, which now span the world, he connects the dots between subsequent photos taken by a photographer—representing their path in sketchy lines that criss-cross across the city."


Tags: mapping, visualizationsocial media, tourism.

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These are the world’s best countries. (Sorry, America — you’re No. 4.)

These are the world’s best countries. (Sorry, America — you’re No. 4.) | Geography Education |
A new project from U.S. News & World Report has an ambitious goal: Ranking the world.
Seth Dixon's insight:

I'm not endorsing the ratings or the methodology behind the ratings, but they are certainly fodder for discussion. 

Corine Ramos's curator insight, January 25, 12:39 PM

I'm not endorsing the ratings or the methodology behind the ratings, but they are certainly fodder for discussion. 

Suggested by Thomas Schmeling!

All the roads that lead to Rome

All the roads that lead to Rome | Geography Education |

"As the saying goes, 'All roads lead to Rome.' Folks at the moovel lab were curious about how true this statement is, so they tested it out. They laid a grid on top of Europe, and then algorithmically found a route from each cell in the grid to Rome, resulting in about half a million routes total. Yep, there seems to be a way from Rome from every point."


Tags: fluvial, mobility, transportationmapping.

Gilbert Faure au nom de l'ASSIM's comment, January 24, 11:09 AM
a new geography of europe! fascinating for politicians
Gilbert Faure au nom de l'ASSIM's curator insight, January 24, 11:10 AM

une nouvelle géographie de l'Europe! pour les politiques!!

Leonardo Wild's curator insight, January 24, 1:00 PM

But many roads didn't leave Rome ... a small detail that has been lost to history.