Geographical Terminology Stage 2 (Cardinal Directions)
250 views | +0 today
Follow
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Nicoletta
Scoop.it!

What are song lines? - YouTube

Colin Jones, lecturer in Aboriginal History, talks about his culture, his history and his art.
Nicoletta's insight:

This YouTube clip explores cardinal direction, songlines and the navigational tools of Indigenous Australians. This is a short and simple explanation that defines songlines as oral maps.

 

The HSIE K-6 Syllabus emphasises the importance of incorporating the Aboriginal Perspective within the classroom. This is a great opportunity for teachers to do that. One of the outcomes in stage 2 of the HSIE syllabus is ENS2.5 that requires students to explore certain geographical terminology, including cardinal directions. This clip highlights the importance of cardinal directions to many Indigenous Australian groups and how cardinal direction and other navigational tools informed many traditions and ways of life, for example facilitating trade between Aboriginal communities across Australia.


The concept of songlines as oral maps of the land is a concept that would be engaging and exciting for stage 2 students. It also consolidates teaching about cardinal directions.


The following is an activity that can be adapted from the information explored in this paper to support the outcome ENS2.5 in particular subject matter relating to cardinal directions and geographical terminology.

 

Background:

 

1. Teachers should read ‘Songlines and Navigation in Wardaman and other Aboriginal Cultures’ by Norris and Harney.  This is a very insightful read for teachers in relation to Aboriginal culture, traditions, navigation, trade and much more. Much of the content of this paper is related to a range of K-6 HSIE topics and teachers can adapt aspects of the content in an age appropriate manner for their students.

http://www.atnf.csiro.au/people/Ray.Norris/papers/n315.pdf

 

 

2. Teachers can invite an Aboriginal Elder from the local community into the classroom to discuss with students the importance of Songlines to Indigenous Australians and to share some examples of simple Songlines with the students.

 

Mapping and Treasure Hunt:

 

In small groups students are asked to hide some treasure in the classroom. The students must then create two different treasure maps that can be used to locate the hidden treasure. One map will be a visual map (either computer generated or drawn by hand) and the other is an oral map or songline. Students are to try to navigate their fellow group members to find the hidden treasure (in the classroom) using firstly the visual map and then the songline. Students are to use the four cardinal directions to inform their maps. For example, head east ten steps then turn to the north and walk two steps.

 

Tip: Teachers can put markers on the classroom walls to indicate the four cardinal directions.

 

Reference List:

 

Board of Studies. (2006). Human Society and Its Environment K-6 Syllabus. NSW: Board of Studies.

 

 

 

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Nicoletta from iPads, MakerEd and More in Education
Scoop.it!

Barefoot World Atlas Review | Mac|Life

Barefoot World Atlas Review | Mac|Life | Geographical Terminology Stage 2 (Cardinal Directions) | Scoop.it

"Geography lessons aren’t always the easiest subject to sit through in school, but for younger learners seeking a more interactive hands-on way to explore and absorb important knowledge about the world around them, Barefoot World Atlas is a delightful, information-rich resource for the iPad that proves learning can be a lot of fun."


Via John Evans
Nicoletta's insight:

Barefoot World Atlas is a bright, vibrant, fun and engaging ipad app that is packed with information and has the potential to be an invaluable tool in the HSIE classroom. This app is interactive and engaging for students throughout all stages of primary school. Barefoot World Atlas can assist in geographical skill development such as consolidating students understanding of geographical terminology and exploring cultures and societies from around the world.  The HSIE K-6 Syllabus emphasises the importance of informing our teaching with a Global Perspective; teachers should facilitate learning that promotes students’ skills and understanding of globalisation, interdependence, identity and cultural diversity, this app can support the promotion of the Global Perspective in the HSIE primary school classroom.

 

For example, in Stage 2 of the HSIE K-6 Syllabus, students are required to learn geographical terminology, including learning the four cardinal directions. This learning is directly related to outcome ENS2.5 of the HSIE K-6 Syllabus. Barefoot World Atlas would be an invaluable tool in consolidating students understanding of the four cardinal directions. Teachers can visually demonstrate to students via the use of the interactive atlas the position of the North and South Pole, the four cardinal directions, the line of the equator plus much more.

 

Stage 2 teachers can incorporate the Barefoot World Atlas into the Stage 2 classroom to consolidate and evidence students understanding of the four cardinal directions. Get students to locate the North and South Pole on the globe, next get students to locate a certain country on the globe as a starting point, then get students to explore the country to the North, South, East and West of the starting country. 

 

 

Reference List:

 

Board of Studies. (2006). Human Society and Its Environment K-6 Syllabus. NSW: Board of Studies.

 

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Nicoletta from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
Scoop.it!

Maps By Night: Indigenous Navigation

Maps By Night: Indigenous Navigation | Geographical Terminology Stage 2 (Cardinal Directions) | Scoop.it
On Friday 24 January 2014, Professor Ray Norris gave a talk on Aboriginal astronomy and navigation at the National Library of Australia in Canberra.
In Australian Aboriginal cultures, mental maps are built on songs and ceremony.

Via A/Prof Jon Willis
Nicoletta's insight:

 The National Library of Australia hosted an extremely interesting exhibition called ‘Maps by Night’. Jon Ray Norris was the presenter for Indigenous Navigation that was one of the topics covered as part of this exhibition. This is a great resource for both primary and secondary teachers and it provides teachers with invaluable knowledge of many aspects of Aboriginal culture and traditions.

 

I will discuss this resource in reference to teaching Stage 2 HSIE, however, this is also a valuable resource that can inform and link to many key learning areas and stages.

 

This presentation discussed the incredible ways that Aboriginal Australians navigated throughout the country before the use of technology such as the compass. The exploration of trade, ceremony, storytelling and culture highlights the importance that directions and navigation had to many indigenous communities and it also links to many components of the HSIE syllabus. The presenter discusses how many indigenous groups used astronomy, stone arrangements, oral maps (otherwise known as Songlines) and stories as effective and accurate navigational tools.

 

The importance of direction and cardinal directions (north, south, east and west) is explored throughout this presentation. This directly links to Outcome ENS2.5 of the K-6 HSIE syllabus, where students are to learn and explore geographical terminology including cardinal directions. The presenter discussed many Aboriginal stories and songlines that relate to direction and cardinal direction. It could be enlightening for students if the teacher invites a local Aboriginal Elder to come and share some of these stories and oral maps with the students and to discuss with the students the importance of these tools for the Indigenous community.

 

This resource could also inform the following Stage 2 content areas in the HSIE K-6 Syllabus:

 

Exploring the special relationship of Aboriginal people to the land (CUS2.4)Knowledge of original Aboriginal nations and boundaries (CCS2.2)Groups associated with places and features, sites, places and environments (ENS2.6)Investigate aspects and versions of local history including Aboriginal traditions (CCS2.2)

 

 

Reference List:

 

Board of Studies. (2006). Human Society and Its Environment K-6 Syllabus. NSW: Board of Studies.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Nicoletta
Scoop.it!

TeacherLED Interactive Whiteboard Resource Map Maker

TeacherLED Interactive Whiteboard Resource Map Maker | Geographical Terminology Stage 2 (Cardinal Directions) | Scoop.it
Nicoletta's insight:

Mapmaker is a simple yet fun educational tool that allows students and teachers to create maps for a range of purposes. This is an effective resource that can assist stage 2 students in consolidating their understanding of the cardinal directions North, South East and West, which is a key feature of outcome ENS2.5 of the HSIE K-6 Syllabus.  A compass rose is visible on the map template so students can use this to navigate.


The following is an activity that uses Mapmaker in a stage 2 classroom to consolidate students understanding of cardinal directions.

 

Activity

Equipment:

Blank map template (either in paper form or on the computer).Optional, interactive whiteboard.

Procedure:

All students are provided with a blank map template either in paper form or on the computer.The teacher is to inform the students of the starting point on the map.The teacher will then give the students a series of directional instructions, using the geographical terminology of cardinal directions. For example, “Take two steps to the North and one step to the East and there you will locate a school”. Students are then required to place an image of the school in this square of the map. Next, “take one step to the west and two steps to the south and there you will place a bus stop”. The teacher will give a series of instructions along the same line as these.After the teacher has completed the instructions, students compare their maps to the teacher’s and see if they were able to come up with the same map.


NB: Mapmaker is also available as an interactive whiteboard program that can be an excellent way for the teacher to model to the students the activity.

 

Reference List:

 

Board of Studies. (2006). Human Society and Its Environment K-6 Syllabus. NSW: Board of Studies.

 

 

 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Nicoletta
Scoop.it!

The Language of Maps Kids Should Know

The Language of Maps Kids Should Know | Geographical Terminology Stage 2 (Cardinal Directions) | Scoop.it
The vocabulary and concepts of maps kids should learn to enhance their map-skills & geography awareness. Concise definitions with clear illustrations.
Nicoletta's insight:

Global participation, interdependence, cultural diversity and globalisation are all key ideas in the HSIE K-6 Syllabus. Students learning the appropriate skills and terminology to navigate the globe and map is of critical importance to these key ideas and lay an important foundation for Stage 3 and Stage 4 outcomes that expand on this global perspective. Globes and maps assist in connecting students with their own community and importantly with the rest of the world.

 

This is a comprehensive yet concise blog post explaining the relevant geographical terminology that students should be learning throughout the Primary School years, with particular focus on terminology relating to maps. This blog post covers topics including the equator, the Tropic of Capricorn, Tropic of Cancer and cardinal directions. This geographical terminology is directly linked to the Stage 2 outcome ENS2.5 in the HSIE K-6 Syllabus. As part of this outcome students are required to learn this geographical terminology.

 

This post is an extremely useful and practical tool for teachers to understand key geographical terminology but it also provides various visual images that would be beneficial to utilise in the classroom. For example, the blog post has included a rotating 3D globe, an image of a compass rose and images of a variety of different map projections.

 

Reference List:

 

Board of Studies. (2006). Human Society and Its Environment K-6 Syllabus. NSW: Board of Studies.

more...
No comment yet.