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Australian Government to Increase Number of Aborigines in Tertiary Education

Australian Government to Increase Number of Aborigines in Tertiary Education | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
Indigenous people are the most highly governed people in Australia. At every level of government there are additional structures for indigenous people on top of those that exist for the rest of Australia.

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Dodgy visas could cost Australian jobs - The Age

Dodgy visas could cost Australian jobs - The Age | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
The Age
Dodgy visas could cost Australian jobs
The Age
Recent leaks from the Department of Immigration have revealed Australia's 457 visa scheme is riddled with visa fraud and rorts.

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Australian Defence Force engages Taliban in Afghanistan

Australian soldiers with the security element of the Reconstruction Task Force in Afghanistan were involved in a series of attacks with Taliban extremists in...

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Indigenous art flies around the world - Yahoo!7 News

Indigenous art flies around the world - Yahoo!7 News | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
Indigenous art flies around the world
Yahoo!7 News
A new piece of Indigenous art is taking to the skies on a Qantas plane to promote Australian culture around the world.

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What the Australian aid cuts mean for the Pacific... and Kiwis - Devex

What the Australian aid cuts mean for the Pacific... and Kiwis - Devex | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
What the Australian aid cuts mean for the Pacific...

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Taniac's curator insight, April 3, 2014 8:08 PM

Australian aid

Dana Canoza's curator insight, April 3, 2014 8:26 PM

Australian Aid

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Mobile broadband adds $33.8b to Australian economy: report

Mobile broadband adds $33.8b to Australian economy: report | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
The rising use of smartphones and tablets led to a $33.8 billion increase in economic activity during 2013.

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Mikaela Stevens's curator insight, April 3, 2014 8:24 PM

This article is about the com citation industry in australia

Maddie's curator insight, April 3, 2014 8:46 PM

This is a great article for the large communication industry in Australia.

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The wrong stuff

The wrong stuff | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
THE Department of Defence is spending millions of dollars on luxury items that appear to bear no relevance to its sworn role to defend the nation.

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Mikaela Stevens's curator insight, April 3, 2014 8:27 PM

This article is about the suatraoian defence force 

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The Great Garbage Patch exposed › Science Features (ABC Science)

The Great Garbage Patch exposed › Science Features (ABC Science) | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
Bridget Harrington's insight:

Waste

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UNITED KINGDOM: Call for improved management of coastal fisheries

UNITED KINGDOM: Call for improved management of coastal fisheries | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it

A CONSERVATIONIST group has called for improved management of Scotland’s coastal fisheries – claiming they are overfished and massively under-resourced compared to England.

 

The Sustainable Inshore Fisheries Trust (SIFT) believes trawling and shell-fish dredging is harming the country’s coastal ecosystem.

They are seeking tougher sanctions on trawlers and dredgers operating inshore – including a three-mile limit – claiming fin-fish stocks of herring and cod in some areas, including the Clyde, had all but “collapsed”.

 

The trust, responding to the Scottish Government’s proposals on Inshore Fisheries Groups (IFGs), also believe recreational sea angling, traditional shellfish creeling and scallop diving were being impacted, as were wildlife tourism and recreational diving.

 

SIFT says its research shows that IFGs, which have responsibility for managing inshore waters, are lagging far behind their equivalents south of the border, both in terms of resources and overall remit.

 

But fishermens’ leaders – while agreeing IFGs were under-resourced – last night refuted claims of overfishing, claiming official statistics countered the accusation.

 

The coastline of mainland Scotland, together with its main islands, stretches to more than 11,500 miles, almost double that of mainland England and its main islands.

 

England’s network of ten Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authorities (IFCAs) have a combined annual budget of over £8.6million, deploying over 40 vessels and with access to three Royal Navy offshore patrol vessels.

 

In comparison, SIFT says direct expenditure by Scotland’s IFGs is just £2m per year and they have access to two planes, the occasional rigid-hulled inflatable boat in summer and three mini frigates, two of which are used mainly for offshore enforcement.

 

SIFT director Charles Millar said: “There is little doubt that the management and compliance monitoring of Scotland’s inshore waters is being starved of resources and falls far behind the situation in England.

“In essence Scotland is trying to manage inshore fisheries that cover almost twice the length of England’s coast with less than 25% of the budget.

“The Scottish Government’s current review of the proposals of IFGs represents a great opportunity for Scotland to redress the balance and show its commitment to the sustainable management of our valuable coastal seas”.

 

He added: “We are concerned at the constitution of inshore fishery groups and believe the management has been neglected.

“Over-fishing and the use of fishing gears which damage habitats have not only been permitted but promoted.

 

“As a consequence the inshore ecosystem has been degraded and the valuable fin-fish stocks have collapsed to the point that coastal communities no longer enjoy a mixed and vibrant economy.”

 

He said the organisation was also concerned that the recent consultation on the IFGs was lacking in proposals that will have a positive impact on the marine environment and encourage the regeneration of inshore habitats and commercial fish stocks.

 

SIFT chairman Robert Younger added: “The IFG proposals focus on the short term commercial interests of the commercial shell fish industry.

“This is because the IFG’s are structured to favour the interests of the commercial trawling and dredging sector and therefore were never likely to produce management proposals that genuinely served the public interest.

 

“If coastal communities such as those on the Clyde are to have confidence in IFGs, then they and their constitutions must be adapted so that they manage inshore waters for the benefit of all stakeholders, not just the privileged few.

 

“We can learn much from the English IFCAs which are managed as a public resource by a cross section of the public. Scotland’s IFGs typically exclude everyone except commercial fishermen and they are dominated by the mobile fleet. This is no way to manage a public asset.”

 

SIFT claims the trawling and dredging fisheries continue to exercise undue influence over inshore fisheries policy.

 

The organisation has in particular been focusing on the Firth of Clyde and claim that, since trawling and dredging were allowed into the close inshore waters from the 1960s, recreational sea angling had all but disappeared.

 

Mr Miller said that there had been extensive job losses in boat chartering, hospitality and tackle sales.

 

He added that the Firth was once a fin fishery of cod and herring, but claimed these had also collapsed.

 

He said: “We want an ecosystem which supports a sustainable, econimically-viable mixed fishery for everyone’s benefit.

 

“We want to restrict damaging forms of fishing, such as trawling and dredging, by creating separate zones for sustainable fishing methods such as creeling and angling.”

 

Archie McFarlane, secretary of Clyde Fishermens’ Association, said the history of IFGs was a political minefield, but agreed they have been under-resourced.

 

However, he categorically denied accusation of over-fishing, stating the figures were routinely monitored by Marine Scotland and showed this not to be true.

 

by ALISTAIR MUNRO

 

Bridget Harrington's insight:

Sift of the United Kingdom want improved fishing conditions

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3Rs and Waste Management in TOKYO(English version) - YouTube

3Rs and Waste Management in TOKYO (Sharing the experience and technology for overcoming the waste problem) (3Rs and Waste Management in TOKYO(English version): http://t.co/2G7llxuotZ via @YouTube)...
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Dredging the Great Barrier Reef: Use and misuse of science

Dredging the Great Barrier Reef: Use and misuse of science | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it

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Merri 's curator insight, July 19, 2014 1:09 AM

The issues of mismanagement of the GBR are discussed and the need for more comprehensive plan.

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Report-2-World-Heritage-Area-at-Risk-GBR.pdf


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Merri 's curator insight, July 19, 2014 12:52 AM

this report recommends a need for further independent and credible research surrounding the GBR to clarify the extent of the impact of tourism and the resources sector use on the natural asset. Emphasis on the monitoring of cumulative effects is essential. In addition, this report highlights the need for educational campaigns amongst not only the Australian public but also internationally. More information on the reef ecosystem, causes and effects of particular activities, and risk assessments would help the public – and stakeholders – to understand potential conflicts and make informed decisions. It also contains some useful graphs and tables.

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Efforts to boost air quality getting little traction in DFW - Fort Worth Star Telegram

Efforts to boost air quality getting little traction in DFW - Fort Worth Star Telegram | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
Efforts to boost air quality getting little traction in DFW Fort Worth Star Telegram But the association of more than 6,500 physicians said it was fed up with seeing patients suffering from the region's air quality problems, which are among the...
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Bob Geldof takes swipe at Australia's foreign aid cuts | World news ...

Bob Geldof takes swipe at Australia's foreign aid cuts | World news ... | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
Bob Geldof has attacked the Australian government's cutting of foreign aid programs, saying that as one of the richest countries in the world it had an “obligation” to help poorer regions. In a question-and-answer session at the ...

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Physiotherapy in the Australian Defence Force - My Health Career

Physiotherapy in the Australian Defence Force - My Health Career | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
The Australian Defence Force requires the services of physiotherapists for a range of services, which, depending on the type of employment, can include clinical, managerial and rehabilitation work. Some physiotherapists can ...

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2DayFM investigations ensue following death of royal nurse

The Australian Communications and Media Authority will investigate the prank call by two 2DAY FM jocks that lead to the death of a London nurse.

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2DayFM investigations ensue following death of royal nurse

The Australian Communications and Media Authority will investigate the prank call by two 2DAY FM jocks that lead to the death of a London nurse.

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Australia hits fast forward on bid to attract Asian tourists

Australia hits fast forward on bid to attract Asian tourists | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
Tourism Australia has pushed the fast-forward button on attracting Asian visitors to Australia with an extra $48.5 million allocated to the cause today.

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Mikaela Stevens's curator insight, April 3, 2014 8:29 PM

This article is about Australian defence force 

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Australia's trade performance sinks

Australia's trade performance sinks | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
Australia's trade performance continues to sink when compared with its peers and competitors.

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Mikaela Stevens's curator insight, April 3, 2014 8:23 PM

This article is about trade in the Australian culture 

Maddie's curator insight, April 3, 2014 8:30 PM

This is an article that I found from Mikaela that looks into Australian Culture.

SFX Resource Centre's curator insight, July 27, 2015 1:46 AM

Trade

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Coastal erosion battle escalates

Coastal erosion battle escalates | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
The battle to save some of the state's most spectacular beachfront properties from severe erosion is set to escalate.

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Lauren Majarres's curator insight, July 17, 2013 7:58 PM

There has recently been major coastal erosion threats around the beaches at Byron Bay, where local residents are now threatening to involve the state government. Local home owners have sent local council letters demanding they be allowed to protect their properties before the erosion issue becomes worse, where their properties would then have to be removed or demolished in the case of severe erosion. 

Montana Meucci's comment, July 23, 2013 10:09 PM
Recent erosion has significantly engulfed the beaches at Byron Bay. If the situation worsens properties may have to be removed or demolished, hence, landowners affected by coastal hazards can seek approval of their local council to construct works on their land to protect their property.
sasha nicolas's curator insight, July 28, 2013 7:29 PM

there has been threats of erosion on Byron Bay.

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WORLDWIDE: Mackerel – what is the issue?

WORLDWIDE: Mackerel – what is the issue? | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it

The lack of an international agreement on mackerel fishing in the North East Atlantic means that catches have been well in excess of the TAC advised by ICES since 2009. This situation cannot continue indefinitely and corrective action is required to reduce fishing mortality to levels which are consistent with the management plan and long-term Maximum Sustainable Yield.

 

Mackerel is a highly migratory fish stock and as such is managed under a Coastal States Agreement. Signatories to this agreement have both the right to harvest (utilize) the fish stock and the responsibility to co-operate with other Coastal States on the sustainable management of the stock. The reality is that since 2009 the Coastal States have failed to reach agreement on quotas shares. Both Iceland and the Faeroes have set their own autonomous quotas; the EU and Norway have continued to set a joint TAC based on the previously agreed sharing arrangements from the Coastal States agreement; and ICES continues to advise a scientifically calculated catch, as a result total catches are greatly exceeding ICES advice.

 

ICES still considers the stock to be at full reproductive capacity and of a sufficient size for reproduction to support a commercial fishery but the trend is towards a decrease in spawning stock biomass. The ICES recommendation for 2013 is in accordance with the management plan. They advise a total catch of between 497,000 to 542,000 tonnes.

 

To put this into a UK context. In 2011 total catches of NEA mackerel were estimated at 930,000 tonnes. UK fishermen landed 94,400 tonnes (around 10% and mostly exported) and UK consumption was 15,247 tonnes finished product or around 38,000 tonnes round weight (this represents 4% of total NEA landings).  

 

The MSC suspended certification on the seven MSC certified mackerel fisheries in the North East Atlantic in April 2012 because of the inability to agree on quota allocations within the TAC, therefore compromising the management system. For the same reason in January 2013 the MCS has downgraded mackerel and advises only eating it occasionally.

 

There have been changes to the distribution and timing of migrations, and mackerel spawning patterns and ICES has stated there is insufficient information to reliably estimate the size of the 2009-2011 year classes. The results of the next egg survey, due in 2013, will give an important indication of the status of the SSB, independent of fishery derived results. In addition a Nordic survey (to be carried out jointly between Norway, Iceland and Faroe Islands) will be carried out during summer 2013.

 

Fish do not respect geographical boundaries so it is imperative that fishing nations co-operate to jointly implement effective management regimes. It is crucial that the EU, Norway, Iceland and the Faeroes re-establish and ratify the Coastal States' agreement.

 

Paul Williams, CEO of Seafish says "It is important to recognize that science and the fishing industry are in agreement on this one - stocks of mackerel are plentiful.  What we are all looking at though is the future of the stock and the cautionary advice now being received from some certification bodies if this situation remains unresolved.  The UK industry and supply chain is completely aware of the issue and has a good recent track record of working with environmental organizations to provide the best advice to consumers.  That advice as it stands is that we can continue eating mackerel, albeit it with a greater awareness of the issues surrounding it, and due political process will find a solution in time to quotas."

 

For a more in-depth view of the situation please take a look at our guidance on the issu: http://www.seafish.org/media/750990/seafishguidancenote_mackerel_201301.pdf.

Bridget Harrington's insight:

Lack of international agreement of mackerel agreement

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PUBLICATION: Climate change adaptation in fisheries and aquaculture – compilation of initial examples

PUBLICATION: Climate change adaptation in fisheries and aquaculture – compilation of initial examples | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it

Abstract

 

This circular contains a selection of current and recent climate change adaptation activities and measures in the fisheries and aquaculture sector. These examples provide an overview of the types of adaptation activities and programmes rather than a comprehensive review of adaptation activities addressing fisheries and/or aquaculture. Some of the highlighted activities are specifically targeted at addressing climate change impacts in fisheries or aquaculture, and others address related areas (e.g. coastal management and capacity building activities) that also have benefits for fisheries or aquaculture. In addition to specific examples, the publication provides an overview of climate change impacts on global fisheries and aquaculture and potential adaptation and mitigation strategies.

 

Descriptions for 26 current or recent activities and programmes focused specifically on or benefiting fisheries and/or aquaculture (and other sectors if relevant), primarily in developing countries, highlight the diversity of potential adaptation actions at the local to regional scales. This circular is intended to provide a starting point for planners, policy-makers and practitioners who are involved in sectors related to fisheries and aquaculture around the globe.

 

Authors

 

Shelton, C.

 

FAO: Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular – No. 1088 – 2014 – View Full Study: http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3569e/i3569e.pdf

 

Bridget Harrington's insight:

How fisheries are adapting to climate change

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PIRatE Lab's curator insight, March 16, 2014 11:08 AM

FAO: Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular – No. 1088 – 2014 – View Full Study: http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3569e/i3569e.pdf

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Environmental impacts of dredging and other sediment disturbances on corals

Environmental impacts of dredging and other sediment disturbances on corals | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it

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Merri 's curator insight, July 19, 2014 12:16 AM

 Exploration of the impact of dredging intensity and frequency on coral.

 

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REEF_DREDGE_Doc_Spreads.pdf


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Merri 's curator insight, July 19, 2014 12:32 AM

This report provides an overview of what dredging involves, the current status of dredging projects along the Reef’s coast and the latest research on the impacts of dredging and dumping.

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Air quality drops to "unhealthy" for several major cities in Montana - KRTV Great Falls News

Air quality drops to "unhealthy" for several major cities in Montana - KRTV Great Falls News | Geographical issues overview | Scoop.it
Air quality drops to "unhealthy" for several major cities in Montana
KRTV Great Falls News
GREAT FALLS -- Thick smoke from wildfires in Washington are blanketing Montana, creating unhealthy air quality conditions.
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